Problems of Human Physiology
On M.R.Kudaev's anniversary
The name of M.R.Kudaev, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, the Honored Worker of Science of the Adygheya Republic, Head of Faculty of Pedagogy and Pedagogical Technologies of the Adygheya State University, the good teacher and the instructor is well known not only in the Northern Caucasus but also throughout Russia.
A.U. Thabisimova, V.A. Yaroshenko
Ecological aspects of Meloidae family trib concentration in the vertical zones of the Northwest Caucasus
On the basis of the analysis of the Meloidae fauna the distribution of some species in the vertical – zones of the Northwest Caucasus was found out. The maximum quantity of species is concentrated in a zone of plains and mountains: 50 species, up to the height of 1200 m b.s.l., and 3 species, up to the height of 2700 m b.s.l.
Geological and Mineralogical Sciences
Mineral fertilizers of Adygheya
One of the major problems of the development of agriculture in Adygheya and Kuban is provision with local mineral raw material. Works on the estimation of phosphorite and potash glauconite deposits, unfortunately, are not completed. The author of the paper presents the additional information, trying to stimulate interest to mineral riches of the republic.
Historical and political Sciences
Yermolov on Caucasus
In clause the period of A.P. Yermolov’s activity is considered. Connected with his stay on Caucasus (1816-1827) as the commander of the Caucasian case and manager by a civil part on Caucasus and in Astrakhan Areas. Is opened not only his military activity, on and outstanding abilities of the manager and state man.
Foreign intervention in the Caucasian War
The paper discusses the aspiration of the largest foreign powers, namely England, Austria, France, Turkey to influence internal policy of Russia, including the Northwest Caucasus, during the Caucasian War. To attain the object all available means were used, namely money, the weapon and people (the officers, agents and military advisers were sent by them).
Peasants’ migration to the Northwest Caucasus in the 1820s – 1850s
The migration of peasants from the central and southern areas of the Russian empire to the Northwest Caucasus in the 1820s – 1850s is analyzed in the paper. The author emphasizes that resettlement of peasants not only laid the foundation for the future economic well-being of the region but also promoted easing of agrarian crisis in other parts of the country.
Food problem in the 1930s: state and ways of its decision (according to data from some areas of the Central Russia)
The paper discusses provision of agricultural population of the Central Russia in the 1930s with the foodstuffs basing on data from the Moscow, Ryazan and Tula areas united before 1937 in the uniform Moscow area. Ways of the decision of a grain problem are analyzed, namely an increase of areas under crops, introduction of crop rotations and improvement of a seed affair and agricultural specialization of areas. Productivity of actions made by the Communist Party and State structures is appreciated
Sociological and Cultural Studies
S.A. Rezin'kova, S.A. Korzhakova
Basic elements of a subject domain in an expert system of monitoring of social stratification
The analysis is given of measurements of the social stratification, a basis of an expert system of monitoring of social stratification.
Philological Sciences: Linguistics
On one experience of the analysis of art translation
In the paper a complex communicative-pragmatic analysis of the translation of a short story of French writer E.Dabi from positions of strategies of translational activity is undertaken.
Expression of denying in the Adyghe languages
The expression of denying in the Adyghe languages is basically connected with a verb. Therefore in this paper the verbal denying expressed by morphological formants is considered.
Linguistics and regional geographic aspect in teaching the English language The union of the literature and cinema
In our country various data on this or that State taught during language training are named regional geography. The education by means of foreign language assumes knowledge of culture, history, religions and traditions of the country of studied language.
Economic Sciences and Problems of Financing
Specific features of agricultural cooperation (1865-1917)
Cooperation takes a special place among numerous political and public organizations. Having been checked by time, ideas and principles of cooperation have found their own place in various political systems. It is no mere chance that within crises and hard times of war great increase of activity of cooperative companies was marked.
Regional investment policy: the institutional-economic mechanism
The paper is devoted to problems of formation of a favorable investment climate in a region. The administrative resource of the region is considered as one of the most important means of achieving the purpose. Approaches to the decision of some problems, namely contradictions between the usual hierarchical structure of a control system and necessity of introduction of horizontal connections, the coordination of functions of its separate elements and changes of traditional norms of behaviour are defined.
E.B. Chuyako, E.A. Khachemizova, Yu.I. Tarasov
Methodical aspects of an estimation of òðóäîîáåñïå÷åííîñòè and labour inputs of manufacture of agricultural production
Methodical aspects are examined of an estimation of job placement and laboriousness in manufacturing agricultural production.
V.V. Teshev, V.A. Teshev
How one can improve an investment climate in Russia
Measures on the nearest and on mid- and long-term prospects which should improve an investment climate in Russia are given.
Some aspects of cooperation and their role in development of an infrastructure of the market
This article is devoted to analysis of acute problems standing before the regional producers of agricultural production, such as ensuring an uninterrupted production and effective sale of agricultural production. The author considered the opportunities of cooperation and integration of agricultural producers for the purpose of realization by them of infrastructure functions as one of the possible ways of stabilization of crisis situation in agricultural complex.
Normalization of the cost price as a component of the organization of exchange-distributive relations between participants of the integrated formation
The paper considers cost price normalizing in integrated formations. Some approaches to the decision of this problem are considered. The methodical scheme of determination of direct and overhead expenses is offered.
Function of the State in sphere of management of regional agrarian and industrial complex
It is justified in the paper that the mechanism of the government is needed for its influence on elements of branch economy, namely agriculture. The author mentions acute problems of regulation of subjects of agrarian and industrial complex in conditions of market economy when levers of the government and the requirement of the spontaneous market should aspire to a condition of optimum synchronism.
Sciences of Law
Theoretical problems of the suffrage of the Russian Federation
Theoretical problems of the suffrage of the Russian Federation are considered.
Some aspects of the evolution of a principle of freedom of the contract in domestic civil law
An attempt is made to consider a principle of freedom of the civil-law contract from the point of view of its evolution that is to investigate it in a context of its change and development. In this connection an experience of pre-revolutionary civil law, works of the Soviet scientists – jurists, and also a state of modern domestic civil law are generalized and investigated.
Constitutional-legal regulation of the international activity of the regions of the Russian Federation
An analysis is made of the constitutional-legal regulation of the international activity of the regions in the Russian Federation. The paper gives a detailed differentiation of powers between the centre and subjects of the Russian Federation for achievement of mutual benefit and observance of the constitutional – legal principles.
The mechanism of protection of property rights for the participants of the limited liability company
The paper is devoted to a pressing question of modern civil law: to a problem of protection of property rights of the Open Company participants. The general and special ways of protection of their property rights, as well as specific features of the mechanism of pre-judicial and judicial protection of the broken rights of the participants of the limited liability company are considered.
On legal problems of lease of land-plots
Legal collisions of ground and civil law concerning lease of land as civil-law bargain are examined in the paper.
On opportunities of criminalistic researches of the hand-written texts executed in Adyghe
Necessity of development of a technique of criminalistic researches of hand-written texts executed in Adyghe is considered.
On functions of a search
In the paper the following functions of a search are recognized: a reconnaissance function of a search, a function of fixing and certification, research and constructive functions. The tasks decided at each of stages are determined.
Qualifying attributes of taking bribes
Basing on judicial-investigatory practice the author considers problems of qualification of the qualified kinds of taking bribes. Allocating a clause with qualifying attributes, the legislator recognizes that these attributes essentially influence a degree and character of public danger of the given act according to which the certain limits of its punishability are established. Those are: taking bribes by the person occupying the state post of the Russian Federation or the state post of the subject of the Russian Federation, and equally by the head of institutions of local government (P.3, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); taking bribes by a group of persons on preliminary arrangement or the organized group (item ”a”, P.4, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); corruption passive par sollicitation (P.4 item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); reception of a bribe for illegal actions (inactivity) (item 2 of item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation); the large size of a bribe (P.4, item 290 in Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).
Separate aspects of the criminal liability of minors
The present paper is devoted to one of the most acute questions of the present, namely to the criminal liability of minors. This problem is of great importance especially in conditions of significant growth of criminality among minors and perpetrating by them of heavy, violent, profit-motivated crimes.
The paper examines both the general bases of the criminal liability stipulated by working criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, and the basis of attraction to the criminal liability of the persons who have not reached full age. Besides the author investigates age groups of minors and gives the characteristic of each of them and provides arguments for decreasing age of the criminal liability for minors.
The author uses foreign experience in the decision of a problem of attraction of minors to the criminal liability and considers various approaches to this question of domestic experts.
The historical precondition of the development of non-cash monetary circulation
The development of non-cash monetary circulation in Russia occurred under the direction of the State. The initial stage is characterized by absence of due legal regulation in the legislation of the Russian Federation. In the Soviet period regulation of settlement relations was carried out by circulars of the State Bank of the USSR. Civil Code of the Russian Federation provides 4 forms of calculations: payment orders, the letter of credit, the collection and the check. The main principles of realization of non-cash monetary circulation are generated at a level of the law.
The concept of international law subjectivity
The concept “law subjectivity” refers to legal categories that are seldom used in normative-legal acts of the states and in sources of international law. For this reason neither the general theory of law nor the theory of international law has a generally recognized definition of this concept. Some scientists under subjectivity of law understand the precondition of the law relation, others, an opportunity of being the participant of the law relation, consisting of two elements – legal capacity and capability of actions.
Evolution of the theory and practice of international law subjectivity
The theory and practice of international law subjectivity have passed long evolution. In different epochs of human development the circle of subjects of international law frequently varied. Thus, in Ancient Rome the basic subjects of international law were the peoples and their governors and at present time those are the states, nations and peoples, the international organizations and state-like formations. Separate lawyers expand a circle of the subjects of international law.
On legal institutes of the state of emergency in foreign countries
The paper is devoted to legal institutes of the state of emergency in foreign countries. The author gives information on the kinds of the state of emergency in the USA, Great Britain and France. It is examined which agencies in these countries have the right to solve the problem on introduction of the state of emergency, the bases for introduction of this state and the consequences of its introduction.
The social right in the system of jurisprudence
The sociology of the right is a young science the potential of which was realized not to the full. It is an independent scientific discipline, the root system of which reaches the territory of both jurisprudence and the general sociology.
Political Sciences and Social Movements
A.I. Utkin, V.V. Kulakov
Basic sources of financing of the left-wing radical parties of Russia in the beginning of the 20th century
The basic sources of financing of the left-wing radical parties of Russia in the beginning of the 20th century are considered.
The Osetin-Ingush conflict: problems of territory
The paper discusses the principal cause of the Osetin-Ingush interethnic conflict ended in bloodshed on October 31 and on November 1 and 2, 1992. The basis of the conflict was an immemorial territorial question that was warmed up and became more complicated at three political regimes: at czarism, at the Soviet power and in the modern Russian Federation. Two fraternal people went to its overcoming for a long period of time, but this process is difficult because of the opposite concepts and approaches.
A.S. Buzarov, A.I. Utkin, V.V. Kulakov
Political-philosophical-methodological principles of comprehension of historic facts, phenomena, tendencies and processes
The political-philosophical-methodological principles of comprehension of historic facts, phenomena, tendencies and processes are considered.
On some features of the political regime in modern Russia
The paper gives the characteristic features of the political regime in modern Russia. The political regime in Russia is regarded as a composite conglomerate of elements of various political regimes.
Public corporations and bodies of the government in Russia: setting up and development of the mechanism of interaction
The paper discusses the essence of public corporations as institutes of a civil society. The legislative base determining their legal status is analyzed; the characteristic is made of the mechanism of interaction of public associations and bodies of the government during the formation of a civil society and a lawful state in modern Russia; special attention is given to setting up and development of the mechanism of social partnership.
Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences and Problems of Training the Pedagogical Staff
Correlation of motives and needs: the theoretical analysis of scientific approaches
The paper examines various approaches to the definition of the basic motivational components: motives and needs. Works of both Russian and foreign researchers are analyzed.
Planning of the contents of a teaching material and the formation of motivation of educational activity of students
The formation and development of motivation of educational activity is one of the complicated pedagogical problems. The decision of the problem depends on some psychological and pedagogical conditions. The paper examines the opportunity of development of educational motivation through the contents of education. Special attention is given to rational use of motivational opportunities of the contents of a teaching material during its planning.
Educational potential of the Adyghe folklore
Today special attention is necessary to turn to the Adyghe folklore promoting education of rising generation in spirit of patriotism, humanism, honesty and courage, diligence and humane mutual relations between people, modesty and respect for the grown-up.
Researches of influence of manipulation orientations of the person during a dialogue on his sociometrical status in a group
The author identifies basic theoretical approaches for the definition of the concept of “manipulation” and gives the results of the researches directed on studying the dependence of the sociometrical status of the person in a group on his manipulation orientations. Respondents with a high level of Machiavellism were revealed to have high sociometrical status by gnostic and communicative criteria.
Specificity of artistic speech as a psychological factor of intensification of teaching Russian
This article is dedicated to students' work with literary texts. Advice and recommendations on shaping spiritual perception and expressive manner of transfer of Russian classics' artistic speech to the audience are given in it.
Russian culture in the adaptation process of foreign students
This article is devoted to the role of language in cultural adaptation of foreign students. The problem of mutual understanding, elimination of language barrier and acquirement of communicative skills in conditions of polymorphism of cultures is examined in it.
Social project as way of forming communicative competence of university students
Key notions of communikative competence and ways of its formation in university students working at socially significant projects.
Frustrational tolerance as a competence of the teacher and the student in teaching russian as a foreign language
The problem of origin of frustrations arising in educational process is examined during the process of adaptation of social environment and in interpersonal interaction. The necessity of the teacher of Russian as a foreign language, and of foreign students studying at the preparatory department to frustrations is actualized from the position of competent approach.
Creation of frustrational tolerance of foreign students at the elentary level education from the competent approach position
Conditions and levels of creating the competence of tolerance to frustrations, arising at interaction of a person with social environment, and also interpersonal and interethnic relations are examined. Set of characteristics of the person having the competence of frustrational tolerance is submitted.
Problem of continuity of training of children of preschool and younger school age: working aspect
Clause is devoted to realization of a principle of continuity between preschool education and elementary school by means of designing educational and game activity of children of the grown-up preschool, which forms the basis for the further formation of educational activity at learning elementary schools. As the basic method the designing is considered.
F.V. Tlekhurai, D.N. Lukhmanov
The bases of the concept and programs of social - geographical studying of the Adygheya Republic with a view of creation of the electronic atlas
The paper describes some features and the contents of social – geographical studying of the mountain and plain-mountain territories, technique of mapping of the population and settlements for regional geographical atlases.
V.A. Yaroshenko, A.U. Tkhabisimova
Biotopical distribution of family Meloidae in the Adygheya ecosystems
The authors show the character of distribution of mesophil and xerophil groups of Meloidae in the Adygheya ecosystems. The peak of Meloidae activity falls to the spring-and-summer period.
A.U. Thabisimova, V.A. Yaroshenko
Differentiated character of trophic specialization of Meloidae
Meloidae in the Northwest Caucasus. Meloidae are distributed both in natural and in artificial biocoenosis. In the region 29 species have been revealed damaging cultural plants belonging to 9 families.
Literature and Literary Critisizm
An integrative field of a moral - aesthetic continuum in Nartiada
Through principles of the organization the paper discloses the moral – aesthetic contents of Nartiada as various versions (Adyghe, Ossetic, Abkhazian, Checheno-Ingush) of “Narty” epos. The analysis of this epos has shown that this field as a continuum has in turn two integrative fields: “being good to somebody – justice” and “dignity – conscience”. Elements of the field correlate among themselves and at the same time synthesize all elements of moral – aesthetic culture, being dependent on them in their existence.
Problems of Computer Science and Computer Facilities
A.M. Doronin, D.A. Romanov, M.L. Romanova
The man-machine interaction and its parameters
The paper describes the man-machine interaction as a way of optimization of information processes in the noosphere.
S.A. Korzhakova, A.V. Korzhakov
Research of the aprioristic information on the expenditure of fuel in carburettor engines
The paper discusses the results of research of the expenditure of fuel in carburettor engines after installation of the acoustic-magnetic device on them. The results have been received on the basis of methods of mathematical statistics and the theory of an error.
Organization and ways of improvement of quality of selection of candidates for military service under the contract
The paper describes a system of selection of candidates for military service under the contract.
Reading a course of lectures. The review of E.A.Sheudzhen's book “Historiography. Questions of the theory and methodology. A course of lectures”.
The offered course is an attempt to reconstruct the traditional structure of a historiography as subject matter, having strengthened in consciousness of students the definition of “an image of a science”. This concept includes a view of scientists and society on a place of a historiography in a system of sciences, its social role, influence on other forms of spiritual culture and on value-ethical standards of members of scientific community.