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    2018.4

    History
  • Alkhaov A.A.
    Role of the Black Sea Fleet in creation of the Black Sea coastline (1837-1839)

    The paper discusses a role of the Black Sea Fleet in creation of the Black Sea coastline in 1837-1839. A number of important aspects of this subject are considered: the resources of the Black Sea Fleet involved at implementation of landings, its function and a general significance; actions of squadrons of the fleet when carrying out landing operations; and participation of naval military ranks in fights with the Circassian militias ashore. At the same time attention is paid to close interaction of the Black Sea Fleet and the Separate Caucasian Corps.

    pdf 17-26.pdf  (179 Kb)

  • Barazbiev M.I., Murzakhanov Yu.I.
    Studying ethnography of the people of Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Adyghea (1918 - 1940): bibliographic aspect

    Bibliographic manuals and indexes, being a special genre of scientific research, substantially predetermine the subsequent researches in the field and also set conditions for translation of the available scientific knowledge, i.e. it is possible to claim that the scientific and methodological value in the last decades considerably increases. This is promoted also by that circumstance that the role of science history in structure and content of scientific knowledge becomes more and more significant. The researcher begins work with preliminary acquaintance with scientific literature, with studying the printing sources devoted to various plots of the considered problem. And here the main sources are the bibliographic indexes making it possible not only to reveal material, necessary for further studying, but also to track the main stages of research interest in the matter. Formation and development of bibliographic tradition of studying the people of Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Adyghea as independent scientific direction within the bibliography of local history of the North Caucasus, still remains a problem of the future. Bibliographic editions are a special type of sources for studying various questions related to the organization of scientific activity, history of scientific societies, institutions and organizations, first of all, local, being engaged in studying and development of regional history, identification of historiographic plots. During the period 1918 - 1940 considered by authors of the present paper, there is a formation of the Soviet bibliographic tradition connected, first of all, with certain changes of the bibliographic repertoire, ideologically mediated approach to the bibliographic text, etc., when the study of local lore ceased to fit into a framework of the developing political system.

    pdf 27-35.pdf  (148 Kb)

  • Burykina L.V., Korchemkina E.E.
    Activities of public authorities of Adyghea for overcoming consequences of natural cataclysms in the 1920-1930s

    In the paper, based on a wide range of documents and materials, a history is recreated of such element of interaction of the person with the nature as the influence of natural disasters on everyday life and activity of the population, government institutions and the public of Adyghea in the 1920 1930s. Also, the critical analysis of specific measures of the authorities and society on overcoming consequences of natural cataclysms and emergency situations, on assistance to affected population of the area is given. Authors have arrived at a conclusion that regular floods and hailstorms negatively affected social and economic development of the region and without the coordinated actions of the Soviet Union, regional and local authorities sustainable development of agriculture would be impossible.

    pdf 36-44.pdf  (144 Kb)

  • Emtyl R.Kh.
    B.M. Dzhimov, a researcher of history of Adyghes

    The paper analyzes questions of a research of history of Adyghes in the North Caucasus and Kuban by the erudite caucasiologist, Adyghe researcher B.M. Dzhimov. The paper focuses attention on a contribution to development of historical science of the Adyghe people of Kuban and the Caucasus and on the fundamental monographs prepared by the scientist on this problem. Also, his assessment of Perestroika events in the country, including in Adyghea and in Kuban is noted.

    pdf 45-48.pdf  (96 Kb)

  • Koichuev A.D.
    Role of the people of the Karachay Autonomous Region in defense of the Caucasus (1942-1943)

    The paper shows participation of the population of the Karachay Autonomous Region in defense of the North Caucasus against the German fascists and their patriotic and heroic actions in days of the Great Patriotic War.

    pdf 49-53.pdf  (125 Kb)

  • Tonkikh (Zaritskaya) T.V.,
    Formation of an education system in Novorossiysk and a role of Komsomol in "educational revolution" (1900-1920s)

    In this study, the condition of an education system in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century is considered, taking an example of the city of Novorossiysk. During this period, political factors defined a vector of modernization of an education system, having affected consciousness of society and change of social stratification. The state provided to the younger generation a role of the leader of labor and driving force of modernization of national economy. However, the bulk of youth was semiliterate. The Party and Komsomol system helped youth to realize the potential effectively through "educational revolution", including through workers' faculties.

    pdf 54-64.pdf  (176 Kb)

  • Khuako Z.Yu., Zhade Z.A.
    Sociocultural measurement of formation of a system of national journalism in the North Caucasus in the 1920-1930s

    This paper considers various aspects of formation of a system of mass media in the conditions of the Soviet autonomy. Special attention is paid to historical sociocultural measurement of mass media, characteristic of components of a system of periodicals, features and typology of newspapers and magazines in the multiethnic region and in variety of the sociocultural environment.

    pdf 65-73.pdf  (157 Kb)

  • Chunikhina T.N.
    Formation of institute of the head of the rural settlement in the Russian Federation: historical and legal analysis (1993 - 2018)

    In the paper, based on federal, regional and municipal legislative instruments, the historical and legal analysis of transformation of the status of the head of the rural settlement is given. Process of change of the purposes and objectives of activity of heads, volume of their powers, spheres of responsibility, order of interaction of local governments with heads of rural settlements is characterized.

    pdf 74-83.pdf  (178 Kb)

  • Schneider W.G., Shkhachemukov R.M., Abregova Zh.O.
    The Soviet national policy in the North Caucasus (1917 the end of the 1950s): features of methodology of research

    The paper shows how the authors see the bases of methodology upon which history of the Soviet national policy in the North Caucasus is investigated. In the text, the theoretical fundamentals of a research of such phenomena as ethnic and cultural integration, sociocultural interaction, national construction and some others are analyzed. According to authors, these processes were characteristic of the Soviet national policy in the North Caucasus during the considered period. Therefore it is necessary to have a fair idea of modern methods of a research of these phenomena, of features of terminology and the content of the basic concepts.

    pdf 84-93.pdf  (159 Kb)

    Sociology
  • Bespalova A.A., Vyalykh N.A.
    Social features of medical care consumption in the South of Russia

    This study examines what are features of alternative (conservative and liberal) and hybrid (conservative liberal and liberal conservative) models of social behavior of medical care consumers in the south of Russia. The results suggest that (1) most of inhabitants of the South of Russia adhere to the conservative - liberal (states - liberal) model of social behavior in health sector now; (2) society of the South of Russia shows high level of adaptability to transformations in the social sphere; (3) most of the population are ready to adapt, in the presence of support from the state, to new conditions of delivery of health care; (4) the social behavior in health sector, as a rule, is reflexed, has a certain logic and the sequence, and is by its nature flexible and situational.

    pdf 94-102.pdf  (191 Kb)

  • Burtsev S.A.
    Leadership discourse among the Russian young people: potential of vertical social mobility

    The author of the paper believes that the research of the solidary communities focused on joint active actions for growth of vertical social mobility is relevant for definition of an activity contour of vertical social mobility of the Russian youth. According to the author's position, whatever effective organizational forms of youth were represented, solidarity of youth is defined by mutual compliance of the organization and a discourse of leadership. The leadership discourse leaning on the power and career reproduces the regressive or stagnating social mobility of youth. The leadership discourse as a key concept represents set of valuable dominants and interpretations of current problems that is a collective intentionality of youth in relation to a problem of the ascending social mobility. Solidary actions of youth in a corridor of opportunities of the ascending social mobility, according to a position of the author, depend on goal-setting which is formed by the leader in the form of acceptance by youth of priorities of social activity. Responsibility of young Russians to be "creators of their own destiny" and to establish cooperation with the state institutes, leaning on financial, organizational opportunities both autonomous, and within feedback, depends on finding consent concerning the purposes and forms of joint activity.

    pdf 103-111.pdf  (168 Kb)

  • Vyalykh N.A., Filimonova M.A., Bespalova A.A.
    Theoretical and methodological problems of studying medical care consumption in contemporary Russia

    The paper discusses modern theoretical approaches within which the analysis of medical care consumption in modern Russia is possible. The analysis of domestic and foreign scientific literature demonstrates that there is no integrative methodology of sociological knowledge of laws of professional medical care consumption as a kind of social action in the context of social differentiation of society. In that case, basic methodological approaches of a research of inequality of medical care consumers will be the structurally functional analysis, conflict approach and constructivist structuralism. Also, consideration of a problem of inequality of medical care consumers does not exclude the possibility of use of structural and functional approaches separately for more detailed and deep analysis of processes and the phenomena in a health care system and its subsystems.

    pdf 112-120.pdf  (183 Kb)

  • Grishay V.N., Zenin K.A., Grebenyuk D.V.
    System dynamics of modern society as factor of political regulation

    The present stage of development of society is characterized by extremely high rates of social changes. At the same time, the speed of changes is such that society often does not manage to adapt to the proceeding transformational processes that leads to a condition of permanent adaptation crisis. In these conditions, the question of opportunities of the political power to decrease intensity of crisis trends is updated. This paper deals with major factors of modern political regulation, as well as analyzes the most promising tools of the political power. Also, the publication considers problems of system interrelation of public institutes and internal dynamics of social institutes as factor of political regulation. The thesis about growth of demand of the predictive sphere of social knowledge is substantiated.

    pdf 121-126.pdf  (121 Kb)

  • Denisova G.S., Lubsky A.V., Voitenko V.P.
    Russian identity as subject of research practices

    The paper deals with the Russian identity as a subject of research practices. Authors emphasize that in the center of researchers attention there are, first of all, such questions as a concept of the Russian identity, its specifics, and factors of formation and structure of the Russian identity which in a scientific discourse have debatable character. In the conditions of actualization of a question of the civilization measurement of the Russian identity caused by search of civilization "answers" to globalization "challenges", ideas of Russia as the state civilization, as the reviewer of national and civilization identity are formed. Recently in a scientific discourse attention was paid to need of studying the Russian identity in multiethnic regions of Russia where ethnonational identities are a certain competitor to it.

    pdf 127-138.pdf  (221 Kb)

  • Ilyinova N.A., Chistyakova O.A., Avagimyan A.V.
    Islam in Adyghea: features of integration into national culture

    The paper develops the subject of inclusiveness of Islam in the national culture of the Adyghes. Religious consciousness of the Adyghes is noted for syncreticity. Synthesis of pagan cults, Christian and Muslim practices, Adygage has an ambiguous impact on a spiritual component of national culture of the Adyghe ethnos. Islamization of Adyghea includes several stages, but the combination of various religious bases was not overcome finally. Islam in Adyghea did not acquire the status of the only social regulator, its distribution and rooting were constantly restrained by the moral and ethical complex of the Adyghes developed during centuries-old history of these freedom-loving people. Today spiritual life of the modern Adyghes is regulated by multi-vector bases, which to a certain extent can be considered as specifics of ethnic identity.

    pdf 139-145.pdf  (154 Kb)

  • Kazieva M.Z.
    Spiritual health of the Dagestan students in the context of tolerant attitudes

    The paper discusses the influence of spiritual health on formation of tolerant attitudes in mass consciousness and behavior of the Dagestan studying youth.

    pdf 146-150.pdf  (111 Kb)

  • Kasparov A.R., Plotnikov V.V., Setov R.Yu.
    Conflictness as an object of research in contemporary sociological theories

    The paper considers the conflictness as an object of research of the humanities. The relevance of this problem lies in need to specify a categorial conceptual framework of sociology of the conflict. The publication reveals the influence of sociocultural and existential approaches on the general theory of the conflict. An opportunity is provided to look at the conflict in terms of metaphysics. Also, the prospect of methodological rapprochement of social, philosophical and sociological theories concerning conflictness is defined.

    pdf 151-158.pdf  (140 Kb)

  • Kilyaskhanov M.Kh.
    Elderly people in traditional and innovative society: attitude, social status and opportunities

    Age problems are put much more frequently in modern social sciences. It is connected with the fact that now the problems and contradictions connected with age definiteness of members of society became aggravated. At the same time one of widespread mistakes is the fact that social knowledge, after medical sciences and psychology, considers social aspects of age at the general level. Within the present article, the attention is focused on distinctions between western and eastern types of culture and divergences in them connected with interpretation of category of age. Also, the consecutive analysis is made of differences between innovative and traditional societies in relation to a question of understanding of category of age and the attitude towards elderly people. The point of view is substantiated according to which a number of the burning issues connected with a social status of elderly people results from cultural principles of innovative society.

    pdf 159-164.pdf  (122 Kb)

  • Konovalova L.A., Kumpilov T.A.
    Islamic clergy of Adyghea in modern conditions

    This study examines what are features of formation and development of the corps of modern Muslim clergy in the Republic of Adyghea. During the past decades the role of spiritual figures increased, their number considerably increased, from a social layer they turned into the social professional group with the intellectual resources having high potential of influence on the population and public processes. It is inferred that Muslim elite, preserving and increasing traditions and values of Islam, in recent years began to play more and more important role in the Republic of Adyghea.

    pdf 165-170.pdf  (143 Kb)

  • Kukva E.S., Ashinova D.A.
    Features of manifestation of global trends in transformation of religious consciousness at student's youth (from materials of focus group discussions)

    The paper analyzes some global trends characteristic of the religious sphere of the contemporary world. Based on the data of World Values Survey (WVS) - the World research of values and materials of the focus group discussions held among students of higher education institutions of Adjaria and Adyghea, the authors study features of manifestation of the specified trends in consciousness of youth in a comparative way.

    pdf 171-175.pdf  (137 Kb)

  • Naumova O.S.
    Image journal editions of higher education institution as form of a university homosphere and strategic resource

    The paper presents an essentially new approach to a research of the university as sociocultural phenomenon through humane forms, namely: its publishing. Having the phenomenal potential connected with socialization and consolidation of students and teachers, humanitarization of space in local and global measurements, the university represents multidimensional humanitarian space where a huge number of the actions, aspirations and images expressed in various forms are crossed. The homosphere of the university, on the one hand, is caused by historical conditions of its activity, and on the other by sociocultural modes. The various university environment caused by cultural, ethnic, social and other contexts is unique, but at the same time it represents the whole problem for effective communication. The publishing house of the university is one of the powerful humanitarian centers of higher education institution designed, on the one hand, to store and pass on the sociocultural experience accumulated by higher education institution throughout history of its existence, and on the other it is necessary for understanding of values of the past and meanings of the present. On an equal basis with other humanitarian projects of the university today the publishing house is a strategic resource of higher education institution, by means of which there is a fixing of its status of the intellectual leader who is updating new trends, setting new impulses to the movement and trends of development of the city, the region and country.

    pdf 176-183.pdf  (161 Kb)

  • Nekhay V.N., Shaov A.A., Nurakhmedova A.A., Khachetsukov Z.M.
    Globalization as factor of deconstruction of ethnoreligious values of the North Caucasus

    This study examines how globalization as megaproject of the Western European civilization influences crisis of ethnoreligious values of traditional society. Authors note that the North Caucasian society is capable to keep the ontologic status of ethnoreligious tradition by means of use of spiritual and moral potential of socionormative institutions, and distancing from the utilitarian - hedonistic principles of "the economic person" as anthropological attribution of a modernist style. This ethnoreligious tradition reactualizes its epistemological and axiological thesaurus in the conditions of search of model of universal development, alternative to a radical modernist style.

    pdf 184-189.pdf  (145 Kb)

  • Popova A.A.
    Influence of speech aggression in mass media on the attitude to religion

    The paper analyzes influence of modern media on perception of religion at carriers of religious consciousness. The author emphasizes importance of language in a religious discourse and religion in formation of cultural values. The main ways of use of speech aggression in mass media are generalized. Special attention is paid to powerful impact of the Internet on the attitude to religion. Examples devoted to religious subject found in the discourse of mass media are given.

    pdf 190-195.pdf  (128 Kb)

  • Sinyutin A.A.
    Transformation of family values in the society of risk

    In this paper, the author calls modernization of society as the main reason for devaluation of family values. German sociologist U. Beck considers it as a basis for formation of so-called society of risk. Society of risk is noted for uncertainty, which negatively affects functioning of one of key social institutes - family. Society of risk levels the importance of the collective principle and proclaims individualist values. This affects decrease in got married and in the level of natural reproduction of population of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the author notes importance of family and family values in stabilization of development of the Russian society.

    pdf 196-199.pdf  (102 Kb)

    Culturology
  • Zhernovaya O.R., Smirnova O.A.
    Language as the tool of "soft power" of the state (from mateials of the USA)

    The term "soft power" was included into a public lexicon in the nineties of the last century. It describes a form of foreign policy influence of the state with the purpose to achieve desirable results by voluntary participation and sympathy, unlike such form as "the rigid force which means policy of pressing and coercion. It is considered that language and the culture of the country is "soft power" which plays a key role in the international relations, influencing directly or indirectly, world politics and interstate communications. In article, the current state of a problem of use of English by the U.S. Government as tool of soft power, in particular, for strengthening position of the USA in political arena, implementation of the cultural heritage abroad and Internet diplomacy distribution, is analyzed. Authors consider process of formation of English as tool of "soft power" of the USA on examples of introduction and its promoting through educational programs, a role of the Internet in a socio-political context and emergence of such phenomenon as "Internet diplomacy" of the state.

    pdf 200-206.pdf  (152 Kb)

  • Zimovets L.G., Ponomareva Yu.A.
    Historical pseudomorphoses of Russia

    An object of this research is O. Spengler's concept of "a historical pseudomorphosis" considered as one of forms of interaction of various cultures. In article, basic provisions of O. Spengler's concept of cultural and historical types are examined, and the analysis of the concept of "historical pseudomorphosis" and its influence on development of the Russian history and culture is carried out. Based on this research, it is inferred that the pseudomorphosis has the destructive nature and negative consequences for culture, which is transformed under its influence.

    pdf 207-211.pdf  (115 Kb)

  • Kuznetsova A.V., Petrulevich I.A.
    City concept: code of culture and narrative

    This study aims to explore a city concept in coordinates of a humane scientific paradigm with a support on its studying as the component of the code of culture and specific form of the narrative developed in public consciousness and being a point of application of intellectual and communicative efforts of the certain individual. Such goal-setting defines the task to establish the ontologic status of a concept of the city in modern culture, as well as specifies a studying subject identification of correlative relationships of the code of culture and the corresponding narrative forming specifics of the studied concept. The concept of the city represents the code of culture that is provided with its structural signs, among which the narrative plays the defining role in view of dynamics of cultural processes of contemporary society and their event nature.

    pdf 212-219.pdf  (143 Kb)

  • Melsitov V.V., Sergienko N.L., Chernyshova S.A.
    Phenomenon and concept of spirituality

    This paper deals with conceptualization of the concept "spirituality" of the domestic humanity, mainly in philosophy. Traditions and forms of interpretation of this concept throughout the Soviet and Post-Soviet period are traced. The attention is focused on a problem of integrative approach to a phenomenon of consciousness and interpretation of spirituality as the syncretic intentional condition of the personality and society directed to the supreme values, characterized by category "perfection".

    pdf 220-224.pdf  (107 Kb)

  • Omelchenko A.S.
    Origin, development and current state of volunteering as Russian sociocultural phenomenon

    In modern Russia, the institute of volunteering endures rough rise and is in a stage of active growth. Being the global sociocultural phenomenon, volunteering in our country gains the peculiar features of development under the influence of various social, economic and political factors. At the same time, the institute of volunteering in Russia has deep historical roots. In this paper, historical aspects of emergence of volunteering in Russia, the main stages of its formation and development, the current state, and forms of voluntary activity are considered. Based on the review of domestic historical, sociological and culturological researches, we trace genesis and the current state of volunteering as the Russian sociocultural phenomenon.

    pdf 225-235.pdf  (184 Kb)

  • Zhao Huiqing
    The analysis of cultural factors in charters of the Chinese public organizations in the Far East of Russia

    Culture influences activity of Chinese, it is undoubted and is reflected in charters of their public organizations. Primary activity of the Chinese diaspora in the Far East of Russia before 1938 was creation of a great number of public organizations of different types that became a prerequisite for our research. Many scientists carried out work related to these organizations but not enough attention was paid to the moral incentives, which advanced development of these organizations. We consider that the analysis of influence of cultural and social factors at moral level is necessary: first, to replenish the theory of history of Chinese in Russia, secondly, to deepen mutual understanding and rid of bewilderment between the people. To recognize these organizations, convincing proofs are their charters serving as rules of conduct of the members and implying characteristic of their activity. We used the analysis of images, literature, comparison and other methods to find out cultural reflection of concepts "devotion" and "respect of parents" in charters of the organizations of 1858-1938, to disclose generality in terms of cultural factors among these charters.

    pdf 236-241.pdf  (127 Kb)

    General Problems of Pedagogy
  • Begidova S.N., Morozova I.V., Khazova S.A., Akhtaov R.A.
    FORMATION OF SOCIAL EXPERIENCE AT ORPHANS IN THE MODERNIZED EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF ORPHANAGE

    The paper shows the results and advantages of modernization of the educational system at orphanage focused on formation of social experience at orphans and children bereft of parental support. In turn, this is dictated by modern requirements of society to graduates of boarding schools.

    pdf 17-23.pdf  (150 Kb)

  • Blyagoz N.Sh.
    A HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRAL, ECOLOGICALLY CULTURED PERSONALITY OF STUDENT

    The article is devoted to a topical scientific problem formation of an integral personality, who is presented by ecologically cultured, biosocial essence of the person. The author examines the concept of humanism and discloses the essence of the humanistic approach in the development of an integral, ecologically cultured personality of the student. The publication substantiates the humanistic approach, based on the nature of the person himself. This methodologically optimum approach is implemented within the framework of personality-oriented learning by creating psychological and pedagogical conditions for the development of the learners potentialities, his self-development and self-realization. The function of the teacher in the pedagogical process is presented as that of the organizer of meetings of the student with the values of ecological culture as an internal determinant of his self-development, self-realization, which can be directed, but not given from outside.

    pdf 24-31.pdf  (143 Kb)

  • Bunchuk S.V.
    FACTORS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF IMAGE OF THE MILITARY TEACHER

    The paper describes the role of image of the officer-teacher of military higher education institution as factor of its successful professional formation and self-development. Based on the analysis of scientific literature and available experience in formation of positive professional image of the military teacher and the executed monitoring of process of its development, we allocated the psychological and pedagogical factors and conditions determining the process of formation of professional image of the officer-teacher of military higher education institution, and described mechanisms of its development. The publication discloses the essence, and possibilities of its use as means of formation of positive perception of an image of the military teacher by cadets. Studies have found that the professional image allows you to provide efficiency of pedagogical interaction of the teacher and cadet, to improve the organization of teaching and educational activity of military higher education institution.

    pdf 32-36.pdf  (140 Kb)

  • Vodolazsky A.V.
    ABILITY TO HARMONIOUS JOINT ACTIONS OF EMPLOYEES OF THE SYSTEM OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS: PROBLEMS AND POSSIBILITIES OF FORMATION IN THE COURSE OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING

    The paper analyzes the ability to harmonious joint actions as professionally significant personal quality of employees of a system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The traits of the personality considered as a part of ability to harmonious joint actions are characterized. Their values as indicators of formation of this ability are defined. The publication shows empirically insufficient efficiency of traditional educational process in military higher education institution in terms of formation of ability to harmonious joint actions. The key factors and requirements to the organization of educational process providing the solution of the specified task are theoretically defined. Potential of physical training in this process is emphasized.

    pdf 37-43.pdf  (168 Kb)

  • Demkina E.V., Taova M.Sh.
    MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL AID PROGRAMS TO FAMILY AND CHILDREN AS THE KEY ELEMENT OF FAMILY POLICY IN FRANCE

    The paper discloses theoretical aspects of family policy. Specifically, aid programs to family and children are considered as a key element of family policy as system. Authors provide the analysis of modern family policy in general and shed light in detail on aid programs to family and children in France.

    pdf 44-50.pdf  (137 Kb)

  • Katkhanova Yu.F., Korzinova E.I., Ignatyev S.E.
    VISUALIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION AS PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM

    The paper discloses the content of visualization of educational information as a striking trend in development of modern information educational space. Realization of this trend results in essentially new communicative, cultural and educational phenomena considerably transforming the environment and influencing all its components: educational, social, information and cognitive processes. The publication discusses the prospects and a role of visualization in modern educational space presented as a source of new knowledge, development of visual thinking of students, as well as the outlined solutions of current problems of informatization of education and the new prospects of development of pedagogical science and practice.

    pdf 51-59.pdf  (190 Kb)

  • Kubashicheva L.N.
    EDUCATION AS PROCESS OF PREPARATION FOR LIFE IN THE ADYGHE CULTURE

    The result of realization of problems of education as process of preparation for activity is the code of further life and destiny. Children master various types of activity and acquire such valuable qualities as persistence, diligence, flexibility and character, forming themselves as the personality. To disclose this subject, we used the work by A.V. Druzhinin "Mademoiselle Zhannet".

    pdf 60-69.pdf  (169 Kb)

  • Strijakova N.E., Glushenko I.A., Marinchenko K.A., Petkov V.A., Romanov D.A.
    DIAGNOSTICS OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT BASED ON ASSESSMENT PARAMETERS OF INTERDISCIPLINARY RELATIONSHIPS

    In the conditions of transition of Russian education to the multilevel system of training and realization of competence-based approach, the role of interdisciplinary relationships increases. Their accounting defines effectiveness and quality of teaching and educational process. In pedagogical science, scientists develop conceptual and mathematical models of intersdisciplinary relationships, but ways of diagnostics of potentialities of the educational environment are studied insufficiently. Authors of the present article prove importance of the parameters reflecting interdisciplinary relationships, characterizing a row, the content of the educational environment: modality, structure and generality. The pedagogical potential of the environment increases thanks to educational, developing and educational functions of interdisciplinary relationships, namely: to the fact that system educational process is more effective, than eclectic. Studies have found that generality and structure of the educational environment are reached thanks to the integrating function of interdisciplinary relationships and coordination of teaching subject matters.

    pdf 70-75.pdf  (251 Kb)

  • Filonenko V.A., Tenischeva V.F., Petkov V.A.
    FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL READINESS OF THE SEA EXPERT FOR ACTIVITY IN THE FOREIGN-LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENT

    Formation of professional readiness of future sea expert in educational process of sea higher education institution has a number of the features regulated by Federal State Educational Standard and the International Convention on preparation and certification of seamen and execution of watch (PDNV). Use in educational process of special courses "The organization and the management of the mixed crew", "Psychological bases of management of ship crew", "Leadership and skills of work in team" provides mastering by students of effective administrative activity and formation of their leader abilities on the basis of development of foreign-language communication. Studies have shown that the success of formation of professional readiness of the sea expert in the conditions of foreign-language communication is caused by practice of application of analytical methods of decision-making in the modeled problem situations and by achievement of efficiency of use of foreign-language communication as means of regulation of technological processes on the vessel.

    pdf 76-82.pdf  (184 Kb)

    Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
  • Grebennikova V.M., Kainova M.M.
    ROLE OF THE COURSE "COMPOSITION OF THE WRITTEN TEXT AND RHETORIC" IN PROGRAMS OF FUTURE MANAGER TRAINING IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF THE USA

    The article addresses a problem of increasing role of such subject matters as "The business letter (Business writing)" and "Written composition" in vocational training of future managers in higher education institutions of the USA. The publication emphasizes that professional activity of managers assumes abilities to work with certain types of documentation and written genres. Managers have to be familiar with such forms of written texts as business correspondence, information and analytical reports, briefs and other types, each of which has its own structure, terminology and stylistic norms. Authors establish the fact that the modern higher education system of the USA pays special attention to future experts training in skills and competences of written communication. A considerable part of educational activity in higher education institutions of the USA is connected with performance of written works because the absolute majority of examinations is held in written form. Authors provide data on comparative analysis of programs of the course "Rhetoric and Letter" in the University of Texas of Austin and the course "Reading, Letter and Composition" of the University of Berkeley. The retrospective of changes in sense of purpose, tasks, and contents of courses (subject matters) of written composition at different stages of vocational training of future managers is presented. Authors of the article emphasize that efforts on standardization of contents, methods of teaching the course "Written Composition", expected results from its studying, and criteria for evaluation of quality of its development, as well as integration of this course into the complete program of vocational training of students of various profiles are continued in the USA.

    pdf 83-91.pdf  (155 Kb)

  • Trubina Z.I.
    LANGUAGE TESTING AS A MEANS OF MONITORING THE KNOWLEDGE OF BUSINESS LANGUAGE

    Today English is the international language of business, negotiations and drafting important documents. Students should command a large business vocabulary and clichés, study the formal style of writing and speaking for successful business communication. Knowledge of the business aspect of English gives students the opportunity to understand the laws, rules, peculiarities of interaction in the framework of business relations and international business. Monitoring is an essential element of assessing the quality of education. Testing, in turn, being its effective form, is increasingly used in schools. It is advisable to have language testing (that determines the level of knowledge, the formation of language and / or speech (communicative) competence in business English) in two forms: oral (dialogue-interview, business game) and written (test of three levels of complexity). It allows the teacher to assess how well students have learned the necessary lexical minimum, grammatical structures, clichés, as well as the structure and algorithm of writing letters and business documents objectively. The article presents the criteria for marking such tests to make the process faster, easier and more convenient for the teacher, as well as objective for all students.

    pdf 92-98.pdf  (161 Kb)

  • Khavdok A.N.
    PROBLEMS OF ETHNO-LANGUAGE-ORIENTED TEACHING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE TURKMEN AUDIENCE

    The article is devoted to ethno-linguo-oriented training of the Turkmen contingent of students and the difficulties arising in this way due to the position of the Russian language in Turkmenistan. The definition of the concept of "nationally oriented learning" and its interpretation are given; the urgency of the problem of successful teaching of the Turkmen students of the Russian language is substantiated, due to the lack of knowledge of this issue. The purpose of work is consideration of the features of ethno-linguo-oriented approach in teaching the Russian language in Turkmen audience, the study of the causes impeding adequate language acquisition, and the allocation of the main factors is a prerequisite for effective teaching Russian as a foreign language (RKI). The main task in this direction is to build the educational process based on the linguistic, cultural, psychological and mental characteristics of Turkmens. The article provides recommendations on the solution of the raised problem and concludes that the nationally oriented and ethno-linguo-oriented approaches should work in a complex and be one of the leading in teaching Russian to Turkmen students.

    pdf 99-105.pdf  (135 Kb)

    Modern Problems of Psychology
  • Aronova E.Y., Bocharov A.V.
    FEATURES OF SELF-PERCEPTION OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT BY TEACHERS - HEADS OF THE SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONS

    This paper presents the features of self-perception of the professional development by teachers - directors of the school organizations. The authors reveal the factors providing professional growth and success of professional development of administrators of the educational organizations, and the role of system of professional development at different stages of professional pedagogical administrative career.

    pdf 106-112.pdf  (128 Kb)

  • Gudz N.A.
    EXPERIENCE IN PREVENTION OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGHEA

    The paper summarizes and analyzes the main activities on drug addiction prevention among young people carried out by the Ministry of Health and the Drug Treatment Service of the Adyghea Republic. A comparative analysis of the number of primary and secondary psychological counsellings over the past three years was carried out. The publication offers a number of measures on drug addiction prevention within the youth environment among youth in the Republic of Adyghea, carried out by the State-Funded Health Institution of the Republic of Adyghea "Adyghe Republican Narcological Clinic".

    pdf 113-117.pdf  (342 Kb)

  • Zudilina I.Yu.
    IDEAS ABOUT THE COHERENCE OF ROLES IN THE FAMILY AS AN INDICATOR OF STUDENTS ' READINESS FOR MARRIAGE

    The article deals with the problem of readiness of modern youth for marriage in the context of studying the concepts of consistency of value and role expectations and claims in marriage. The author carries out a theoretical analysis of the role structure of the family. The publication provides empirical data and analyzes the influence of belonging to a certain socio-psychological type of personality on the psychological readiness for marriage according to the named indicator. The comparative results of studies of perceptions about consistency of value and role expectations and claims in marriage of boys and girls are described.

    pdf 118-122.pdf  (129 Kb)

  • Murugova A.O.
    AGE DYNAMICS OF VARIABILITY OF WAYS OF OVERCOMING NEGATIVE SITUATIONS AT SENIOR PUPILS

    The paper discusses the results of a research on variability of ways of overcoming negative situations by pupils of 9-11 grades. The results of the empirical study show that age-related increase in adaptability of the used ways of overcoming is characteristic of senior pupils. Frequency of use of adaptive strategy increases, and the frequency of use of the non-adaptive one decreases. Decrease in frequency of use of all ways to overcome negative situations is characteristic of pupils of the 10th grade.These data can speak of relevance of the choice of a further educational route and examination for pupils in grades 9 and 11. Results of the study can be taken into account when creating a program of psychological and educational support of the formation of senior pupils' readiness for the choice of strategy of overcoming negative situations.

    pdf 123-130.pdf  (641 Kb)

    Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
  • Baymurzin A.R.
    METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF FORMATION OF CORPORATE CULTURE IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT

    In higher education institution there is a formal structure of administration, which is defined by the staff list and duty regulations of workers, as well as an informal structure of administration, which expresses the attitudes of people to performance of the functions and collective interaction in the organization. This informal structure of the relations in the organization is called corporate culture. In the article, methodological basics of formation of corporate culture in higher education institution of physical culture and sport are covered. Research methods include a system approach, system analysis, comparative analysis, analysis of references. The corporate culture is formed in the course of interaction of individual cultures and synthesis of individual cultures. Formation of effective corporate culture is the purposeful and long process, which is projected at the conceptual and program level of creation of strategy of management of higher education institution. The corporate culture consists of four basic elements: values, administrative principles, rules of conduct, social norms of behavior, which are interconnected among themselves and mutually flow each other, working as a uniform complete system. The corporate culture is the most powerful instrument of assembling people, workers and students of higher education institution of physical culture and sport to solve strategic objectives and problems of development of higher education institution. Further, through translation by university graduates as young specialists, owing to development of corporate culture on places of work, there will occur high-quality transformations of the sphere of physical culture and sport in the Russian Federation

    pdf 131-136.pdf  (235 Kb)

  • Gronskaya A.S., Bliznyuk A.A., Malazonya I.G.
    PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR TACTICAL THINKING OF QUALIFIED BOXERS WITH DIFFERENT MOTOR ASYMMETRY PROFILES

    The paper presents the analysis of physiological characteristics of nervous processes and motor asymmetries of qualified boxers from the standpoint of their influence on the formation of individual combat stance and the space-time characteristics of tactical thinking.

    pdf 137-141.pdf  (110 Kb)

  • Dzhaubaev Yu.A., Dzhirikova F.D., Dzhirikov R.S., Maschenko O.V.,Bessarabova Yu.V.
    SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF STUDENTS WITH A PHYSICAL CONDITION BY MEANS OF ADAPTIVE TOURISM

    The paper discusses basic provisions of the organization of work at higher education institution on social adaptation of students with a physical condition by means of adaptive tourism. Data of a pedagogical experiment allow us to draw a conclusion that use of the developed model, program and pursuing the revealed pedagogical conditions make it possible to considerably increase efficiency of the work on adaptive tourism with students with a physical condition and promote success of process of their social adaptation and, as a result, personal and professional socialization.

    pdf 142-147.pdf  (115 Kb)

  • Litvin D.V., Astafyev N.V., Akhmetov R.S.
    DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS OF ASSESSMENT OF THE FACULTY PROFESSIONAL PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE AT DEPARTMENTS OF FIRE AND PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE FIELD OF CROSS-DISCIPLINAR

    Level of professional competence of teaching staff is one of the backbone components defining efficiency of the main educational programs implemented for the benefit of safety of the state, law enforcement and law and order in the educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. The tools allowing diagnostics of special professional competence as key characteristic of professionalism of the faculty of applied fire and physical training are developed insufficiently fully. In the course of development of the procedure of such diagnostics in the field of cross-disciplinary integration we solved the following problems: the theoretical-methodological analysis of an object of research was carried out; features of design of the diagnostic tools directed to identification of the level of development of components of special professional and pedagogical competence were revealed; and instruments of diagnostics were created. Techniques of diagnostics were based on the principles of validity, efficiency, simplicity and informational content of the diagnostic device for determination of required competence.

    pdf 148-159.pdf  (186 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Kuprina N.K., Kushu S.A., Verzhbitskaya E.G.
    ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION OF ELDERLY PEOPLE BASED ON THE RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF THE RHYTHM OF KINEMATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF NATURAL LOCOMOTION (STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)

    Aging leads to destruction of functional rhythms of an organism including rhythms of performance of natural locomotion of the person. The rhythm of straight-line and angular kinematic characteristics of the movement is formed at early stages of ontogenesis and is one of criteria for formation of motive function of the person. Its violation at advanced age is one of objective signs of regressive changes of a physical condition of the person. Thus, the rhythm of kinematic characteristics of the movement passes into arrhythmia at violations of the mechanism of movement control of any degree that allows registering these violations at the earliest stages including at the prepathological level. However, the lack of objective knowledge on natural regress of a rhythm of kinematic characteristics of natural locomotion does not allow use of all resource potential of a rhythm to assess a physical condition of elderly people and to precisely direct impact of locomotory therapy for neutralization or decrease in rates of deterioration in a physical state. As a result, there is a scientific contradiction between need of disclosure of the resource importance of a rhythm of natural locomotion for objective assessment of a physical condition of people of advanced age and lack of knowledge of the resource potential of a rhythm in assessment of a physical condition of elderly people. The presented project is directed to resolve the presented scientific contradiction.

    pdf 160-165.pdf  (135 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Tseeva N.A., Ushkho Yu.D.
    TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING MEDICAL PHYSICAL CULTURE WITH THE STUDENTS CARRIED FOR HEALTH REASONS TO SPECIAL MEDICAL GROUP

    Physical rehabilitation of the students carried for health reasons to the special medical group (SMG) within the training program is one of the main objectives of physical training in the educational environment of a higher educational institution. The intensification of educational process, a hypodynamia, lack of a diet, rest and other negative factors lead to growth of number of pathological diseases of student's youth. Such students are sent for physical culture occupations to special medical groups where means and methods of treatment-and-prophylactic character are used for the recovery of health and working capacity of students who are engaged in these groups.

    pdf 166-172.pdf  (315 Kb)

  • Elgaytarov A.A., Elgaytarova L.P.
    DEVELOPMENT OF ACCURACY OF MOVEMENTS IN YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GAMES RELAYS

    The paper discusses the author's approach to development of accuracy of movements in younger school students in games relays. The developed program of development of accuracy of movements assumed the planning of training in the main physical actions providing broad inclusion of games relays in annual and monthly cycles throughout which movements on the accuracy and ways of their performance are studied, fixed and become complicated. A number of tests and the five-point system of assessment of results of testing of the motive qualities allowing to receive not only objective picture of physical fitness of certain children, but also to reveal the level of development of accuracy at all group are offered. Pedagogical conditions of effective development of accuracy of movements in younger school students in the course of use of games relays are revealed and confirmed.

    pdf 173-178.pdf  (161 Kb)

    Biological Sciences
  • Palieva N.V., Botasheva T.L., Khloponina A.V., Zavodnov O.P., Zheleznyakova E.V., Ganikovskaya Yu.V.
    Effect of morpho-functional asymmetries of the mother placenta fetus system on metabolic homeostasis during pregnancy

    Metabolic syndrome is one of the causes of gestational diabetes, along with which dysfunctional deviations develop in all types of metabolism, which is accompanied by the formation of numerous obstetric complications. The aim of this investigation is to study the influence of the initial (lateral behavioral profile) and the forming gestational asymmetries (placental lateralization) of the female body on the nature of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy. In a longitudinal retrospective study, using a modified Annette test, the patients with the right behavioral asymmetry profile were selected, of which, depending on the lateralization of the placenta, 3 clinical groups were formed: right-oriented placentation, ambilateral placentation and left-oriented placental. The content of lipid fractions and the parameters of carbohydrate metabolism was determined by means of biochemical and enzyme immunoassay. It has been established that as the gestation period increases, there is an increase in insulin resistance and an increase in the atherogenicity coefficient, which is statistically significantly prevalent in women with counter-directional orientation of gestational asymmetries (patients with the right lateral behavioral phenotype) and the forming gestational asymmetry (left-oriented placental arrangement). The most pronounced changes in metabolism in right-handed women are noted in the case of the left-oriented placenta, mediating afferent impulses in the right non-dominant hemisphere of the brain, which is metabolism-associated. This category of women has the highest risk of obstetrical pathology.

    pdf 63-70.pdf  (338 Kb)

  • Rudenko K.A., Tuguz A.R., Muzhenya D.V., Nikhay M.M., Tatarkova E.A., Shumilov D.S., Smolkov I.V.
    Pathophysiological mechanisms of development of bronchial asthma with participation of C-786T polymorphic variants of NOS3 gene

    The C-786T association (rs2070744) of gene polymorphism of nitric oxide synthase NOS3 controlling products of the NO intracellular messenger is analyzed in a pilot research according to the informed consent of patients of pulmonary department of the Adyghe Republican Clinical Hospital with the severe forms of bronchial asthma diag-nosed according to GINA criteria (2011). Despite participation of NOS3 in pathophysiological processes and reliable association C-786T of NOS3 gene, with such clinical manifestations of bronchial asthma as hypostasis and a bron-chospasm in many regions of the world, statistically significant relationship of C-786T of NOS3 gene with the mixed disease forms is not confirmed at inhabitants of the Republic of Adyghea.

    pdf 71-76.pdf  (339 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Chuvakin A.L., Kuprina N.K., Elnikova O.O.
    Influence of bioelectric activity of muscles on change in linear kinematic characteristics of squat in powerlifting

    Authors of this research study space-time characteristics of movement of the athlete with a bar when performing squat in powerlifting with burdening of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, and 90%. The obtained data are compared with data of bio-electric activity of previous researches. It has been established that increase in burdening of more than 50% leads to change in space-time order of bar movement. Changes have been found on the site of the trajectory characterizing a space-time order of bar movement upward. At the same time a part of the trajectory characterizing a space-time order of bar movement down is stable at all applied burdenings. Comparison of data on change in space-time order of bar movement and the indicators of bioelectric activity of skeletal muscles presented in earlier published works allows us to state that increase in burdening leads to change in coherence of work of skeletal muscles that changes a space-time order of bar movement.

    pdf 77-82.pdf  (385 Kb)

  • Grechishkina S.S., Kuzmin A.A., Chelyshkova T.V.
    Features of the nature of the interchangeability and health of the nervous system, depending on the color of the iris

    The article discusses the neurophysiological characteristics of students, depending on the color of the iris, clarifies the issues of the pleiotropic effect of genes on the strength and performance of the nervous system. Three groups of students with different colors of the iris were identified; students with brown and black eyes prevailed. The dependence of neurophysiological features and colors of the iris of the eye is shown. Brown-eyed students had a weaker nervous system, high levels of psychomotor performance and a negative value of vegetative balance, compared with blue-eyed students, characterized by a medium-weak type of nervous system, a positive value of vegetative balance, and an average value of psychomotor performance. Green-eyed students occupy an intermediate position.

    pdf 83-88.pdf  (326 Kb)

  • Siyukhova D.B., Babicheva L.G.
    Influence of bisphosphonates on the velocity of bone resorption

    Bone metastasis is a common sequella of solid malignant tumors such as prostate, breast, lung, and renal cancers, which can lead to various complications, including fractures, hypercalcemia, and bone pain, as well as reduced performance status and quality of life. A multidisciplinary approach is usually required not only to address the etiology of the pain and its complicating factors but also to treat the patient appropriately. Currently, the treatment of bone pain remains palliative at best with systemic therapy (analgesics, hormones, chemotherapy, steroids, and bisphosphonates) as well as local treatments (such as surgery, nerve blocks, and external beam radiation). Bisphosphonates, which inhibit osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, are standard care for tumour-associated hypercalcaemia, and as it has been shown reduce bone pain, improve quality of life, delay skeletal events and reduce their number in patients with multiple myeloma and other cancer forms.

    pdf 89-93.pdf  (364 Kb)

  • Kagazezheva N.K., Kolomiytseva N.S., Manko I.N., Doronina N.V.
    Possibilities to improve a system of training cyclists of various qualifications based on the analysis of dynamics of working capacity and indicators of adaptation of an organism to exercises on endurance

    Data on a cardiorespiratory system are some kind of integrated indicator of a condition of an organism. Heart rate is closely connected with complex physiological changes which happen in response to regular physical exercises. In this regard we studied the working capacity of athletes in vitro by using indicators of energy consumption, the efficiency coefficient, oxygen consumption and work of a cardiovascular system during loading and during restoration. Authors suggest that if work of identical intensity is set to athletes, its duration will be objective criterion of endurance.

    pdf 94-99.pdf  (336 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Chuvakin A.L., Tutarishev A.K., Tkhakumacheva Yu.B.
    Kinematic parameters of vertical speed of bar movement when performing squat in powerlifting

    Authors have studied graphic trajectories of speed of barbell movement when performing squat with a bar in powerlifting without burdening and with burdenings of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, and 90%. It has been established that the form of a graphic trajectory of speed of bar movement at squat without burdening (with a barbell) and also when overcoming 50% of burdening represents the sinusoid which is characterized by manifestation of two extrema. The first (negative) extremum characterizes the speed of bar lowering, and the second (positive) speed of bar lifting. Change of a form of a sinusoid of speed of bar movement happens at increase in burdening of more than 60%. This is demonstrated in emergence of two extrema on a sinusoid of speed of raising between which the period of decrease in speed up to a movement stop when burdening is 90% and above is shown. The obtained data make it possible to allo-cate two types of dynamics of speed of bar movement: continuous and discrete.

    pdf 100-104.pdf  (351 Kb)

  • Belyaeva N.P.
    Comparative analysis of nutrition and stomach morphology of the birds of some Corvidae family species

    The article describes the results of studies conducted to determine the composition of feed in autumn and the influence of bird species and their food preferences on the features of the histological structure of the glandular and muscular stomach. The objects of the study were wild representatives of closely related species of birds living in the same area: rook (Corvus frugilegus L.) and a jackdaw (Corvus monedula). On the basis of the obtained data, differ-ences in the composition of the food of rooks and jackdaws occupying one area in the autumn period were revealed, and the indicators of the structure of the gastrointestinal tract depending on the diet and species of birds were analyzed.

    pdf 105-110.pdf  (320 Kb)

  • Tseeva N.A., Zabolotniy A.G., Korokhova N.A., Shepel S.P., Mirza M.Yu.
    Functional violations of knee joints at students engaged in special medical groups

    In this study,violations of the bone and muscular mechanism of work of a knee joint are considered. Results of a research of a condition of knee joints (existence of clicks and a crunch) at students of special medical group are presented. A substantiation is given of use of means of physiotherapeutic exercises to restore physical activity and normalize the broken functions in knee joints.

    pdf 111-114.pdf  (300 Kb)

  • Panesh O.A., Kharkovskaya K.V.
    Parasitic plants of the city of Maikop and its vicinities

    The paper describes the ecological-biomorphological features of four specific species of parasitic plants in the city of Maikop, and specifies their plants owners. Existence of parasitic plants in agrocenoses testifies to need to fight against them, and makes it possible to use these plants as the quality indicators of purity of a phytocenosis.

    pdf 115-119.pdf  (518 Kb)

  • Tskhovrebova A.I., Kalabekov A.L., Kornoukhova I.I., Lamarton S.F.
    Effect of water extract from bentonite of different concentrations on embryogenesis and early postembryogenesis of amphibians

    The embryogenesis and postembryogenesis of amphibians was studied using an example of the Asian Frog (Rana macrocnemis). The results are given in the norm and with experimental effects of a water extract from bentonite clay of different concentrations. The multidirectional effect of bentonite extract, which manifests itself in an increase and decrease in the morphological parameters of the larvae, depending on the concentration of the extract, is shown.

    pdf 120-123.pdf  (300 Kb)

  • Kishev A.Yu., Mamsirov N.I., Zherukov T.B., Berbekov K.Z.
    Systems of agriculture of Kabardino-Balkaria: state and prospects of development

    The paper presents the results of studying and assessment of current condition of basic elements of a system of agriculture of Kabardino-Balkar Republic. The main problems of the region in the field of agricultural production are defined, namely: non-compliance or gross violation of crop rotations, a slitization of arable lands owing to violation or ignoring agrotechnologies of crop cultivation. In this regard minimization or combination of technological processes of soil cultivating, reduction of depth of loosening and increase in width of capture of soil-cultivating aggregates is offered.

    pdf 124-128.pdf  (312 Kb)

  • Panesh O.A., Kraynyukova E.Yu.
    Structure of the leaf stomatic apparatus of relic plants (by using an example of relic species of the city of Maikop)

    The structure of the leaf stomatic apparatus from four relic species growing in the city of Maikop is described (Ginkgo biloba L., Hedera helix L., Liriodendron tulipifera L. and Liquidambar styraciflua L.). Leaf stomatic apparatuses at the described species are presented by anomocytic and diacytic types.

    pdf 129-132.pdf  (421 Kb)

  • Tseeva N.A., Zabolotniy A.G., Zolotseva E.V., Chuntyzheva Z.I., Tkhakumacheva Yu.B.
    Motives of sports and health improving activity of students of special medical group

    The paper provides the analysis of materials of students polls regarding the attitude to occupations by physical exercises and physical activity in special medical groups (SMG) and to independent sports activity. Interests, requirements, motives of the students who are engaged in groups of medical physical culture and their attitude to a way of life and health as a whole are revealed.

    pdf 133-136.pdf  (335 Kb)

  • Bagaeva U.V., Byazyrova .., Cherchesova S.K., Ramonova E.I., Marzoeva D.A.
    Ixodes ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of the foothill zone of North Ossetia and their biological feature

    The fauna of ixodic ticks in the foothill zone of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is represented by 3 species: Dermacentor marginatus, Ixodes ricinus, and Boophilus annulatus, the quantitative composition and activity of which depend on the season of the year. The material was collected from cattle. By using an example of the species of B. annulatus dominant for this zone, the dependence has been revealed of the fertility of Ixodes ticks on environ-mental and biological factors. On the average, the cycle duration in the spring period was 12 days, with fecundity of up to 1737,35 eggs/individual. In the autumn period, the duration of the gonadotrophic cycle of B. annulatus is on the average 14 days, but with a lower fecundity 782,6 eggs/individual. Thus, the fecundity of B. annulatus in the foothill zone in spring is 2,2 times higher than that in the autumn period.

    pdf 137-140.pdf  (302 Kb)

  • Nazranov K.M., Orzalieva M.N.
    Efficiency of various domestic cultivars of potatoes of the highest reproductions in the mountain zone of Kabardino-Balkar Republic

    The paper presents the results of a research on seed farming of potatoes of the highest reproductions, development of a high-quality agrotechnology of its cultivation for specific conditions of the region. Also features of growth and development of domestic cultivars, their efficiency and complex agronomical assessment are studied.

    pdf 141-144.pdf  (294 Kb)

  • Tiev R.A., Shibzukhov Z.-G.S.
    Optimization of use of chemical and biological means to protect tomatoes

    The paper gives the results of a research on studying and development of complex protection of a tomato in the open ground from wreckers and diseases. More effective medicines of chemical and biological origin are defined, after use of which the productivity of fruits of a tomato and quality indicators of a fruit increase. It has been revealed that the developed technology of tomato cultivation in the open ground promotes increase in productivity of fruits from 7,2 to 13,5%, as well as improvement of their quality from 7,8 to 12,8% in comparison with control variant. Among the studied variants the most optimum is variant No. 3 providing a harvest increase by 24,7% and increase in productivity of standard fruits by 12,9%.

    pdf 145-148.pdf  (304 Kb)

  • Ashinov Yu.N., Tsipinova B.S., Astakhova I.A., Skhashok F.Yu.
    Soil-geochemical peculiarities of the territory of the Republic of Adygea

    The purpose of the work is to reveal the soil-geochemical features of the territory of the Republic of Adyghea in accordance with the National Atlas of Russia (2007, vol. 2). The soil cover is represented by leached chernozem, fused chernozem and meadow-chernozem soils, characterized by an impassable type of water regime. There is a high probability of accumulation of pollutants in the upper horizons of these soils, actively participating in the biological cycle. The potential danger of contamination of arable soils of Adyghea with non-observance of the technology of agrochemicals is estimated as high.

    pdf 149-153.pdf  (713 Kb)

  • Melnikova T.N., Tuova T.G.
    Monitoring and evaluation of the annual flow rate of the rivers of the main catchment basins of the Caucasus State Natural Biosphere Reserve

    The analysis of monitoring and evaluation of the annual flow rate of the rivers of the main catchment basins of the Caucasus State Natural Biosphere Reserve is carried out. Calculations of mathematical models of the annual flow rate of the rivers of the main catchment basins of the Reserve are made, three water-bearing zones are presented. The conducted regional hydrological researches expand the theoretical and applied aspects of the study of water re-source potential.

    pdf 154-159.pdf  (405 Kb)

  • Orzalieva M.N., Nazranov K.M.
    On measures for increase in production of early potatoes in steppe zone of Kabardino-Balkarian Republic

    The paper discusses the results of a research on identification of a share of influence of cultivar features and conditions of growth on size of a harvest and quality of seed tubers of potatoes. As a result it has been established that inquiries of the modern market and present opportunities of producing seed material of the highest reproductions of domestic selection of early ripe cultivars in a mountain zone are such that it is possible to arrange production of early and superearly new potato in a steppe zone for consumption as a table product.

    pdf 160-163.pdf  (298 Kb)

  • Tuguz F.V.
    Prevalence of interrelations between typological characteristics of settlements in the Adyghea Republic

    The analysis is carried out of prevalence of interrelations between a look (and, respectively, genesis) of settlements, availability of territorial and organizing functions at them, the number of their population, planning and location in the territory of contemporary Adyghea.

    pdf 164-165.pdf  (315 Kb)

  • Kuzenko M.V.
    History and progress of selection of the wintering oats in southern foothill zone of the Northwest Caucasus

    The paper presents the results of selection work with the culture of the wintering oats in a southern foothill zone of the Northwest Caucasus: directions of selection and progress in creation of cultivars.

    pdf 166-170.pdf  (320 Kb)

  • Teuchezh F.D.
    The geographic-ecological analysis of interaction of agriculture and the nature in the territory of the Adyghea Republic

    The geographic-ecological features of agricultural development of the territory of the Adyghea Republic are analyzed, taking into account features of the nature of the Republic. The carried-out analysis and the offered rec-ommendations will make it possible to develop promising and rational schemes of management of natural potential in agriculture of the republic and region.

    pdf 171-173.pdf  (298 Kb)

  • Pchikhachev E.K., Korzun B.V., Vavilova L.V.
    On the results of the primary introduction of the trilobate pawpaw (Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal.) grown from seeds in the Adyghe Branch of the Russian Research Institute of Floriculture and Subtropical Cultures in the North-West Caucasus

    The paper presents the results of the primary introduction of three-lobed pawpaw in a non-traditional zone of the North-West Caucasus the foothill territory of the Adyghea Republic. The authors analyze data on phenological phases of plant development in the meteorological conditions of 20172018. The publication discusses biometric indicators of growth and development of 13 different forms of pawpaw plants grown from seeds in the Adyghe Branch, as well as data on the formation of the crop of registered plants. Based on the results obtained, conclusions are drawn that the biological requirements of the culture correspond to the climatic conditions of the area of introduction and that the species is resistant to adverse environmental factors.

    pdf 174-180.pdf  (400 Kb)

  • Artemyev N.K., Zabelin M.V., Kolesnikova A.A.
    Monitoring of food behavior and assessment of energy balance of representatives of different types of vegetarian food

    The article is devoted to the health problems of vegetarians in the conditions of various impellent activity. In the paper it notes the reasons of the studied switched to the chosen species and how vegetarian diet has affected the health and development of physical qualities.

    pdf 181-187.pdf  (385 Kb)

  • Korzun B.V., Lagoshina A.G.
    Features of growth and development of persimmon in the foothills of Adygea

    The article presents the results of the study of cultivars and hybrids of eastern persimmon Diospyros kaki L. in the Adyghea Branch of the Russian Research Institute of Floriculture and Subtropical Cultures: phenological observations, features of growth and development of seedlings, features of fruiting in these soil and climatic conditions. The prospects of this culture for gardening in the foothill zone of Adyghea are shown.

    pdf 188-191.pdf  (313 Kb)

    Mathematics
  • Ushkho D.S., Artisevich A.E., Loboda N.A., Panesh A.A.
    On one method of a research of the number of invariant straight lines for polynomial vector fields of degree n

    pdf 15-27.pdf  (463 Kb)

  • Stash A.K.
    On discontinuity of the senior frequencies on a set of linear homogeneous multidimensional differential systems

    We investigate the senior indicators of variability of differential systems by continuity. We have established that there exist a point in space of linear homogeneous multidimensional differential systems with the continuous coefficients limited on a positive half axis in which each of the senior frequencies of signs, zeros, roots and hyper roots suffers jumps both up and down at disturbances of the coefficients disappearing on infinity.

    pdf 28-32.pdf  (327 Kb)

  • Balkizov Zh.A.
    On one boundary-value problem for an equation of mixed parabolic-hyperbolic type of the second order under condition of a displacement derivative in the field of hyperbolicity

    In this paper we investigate a boundary-value problem with a displacement for a nonhomogeneous equation of a mixed parabolic-hyperbolic type of the second order with a wave operator in the hyperbolic part of domain, where a linear combination with variable coefficients of the derivatives of the values of the desired function on both char-acteristics is given as the boundary condition. Theorems on the existence and uniqueness of a regular solution of the problem are proved. In the case when the coefficients entering the problem under investigation are constant real numbers, the solution is written out in explicit form.

    pdf 33-38.pdf  (343 Kb)

  • Makaova R.K.
    The first boundary-value problem for a third order hyperbolic equation degenerating inside the domain

    In this paper, we study the first boundary-value problem for a third-order hyperbolic equation with degeneracy of order inside a mixed domain. The theorem is proved on the existence and uniqueness of a regular solution.

    pdf 39-44.pdf  (356 Kb)

  • Tlyustangelova M.S., Stash A.K.
    Strict inequalities between complete and vector frequencies of solutions of two-dimensional differential systems

    We have found a function, the complete frequencies of which do not coincide with the vector ones. This function was established on the set of solutions of the linear homogeneous two-dimensional differential systems (which are not reduced to the second order equations by means of classical replacement of variables) with continuous coefficients limited on a positive semiaxis.

    pdf 45-51.pdf  (356 Kb)

    Physics
  • Malay N.V., Skopets N.A., Shulimanova Z.L., Shchukin E.R.
    Influence of the movement of the environment and internal sources of heat on thermophoresis of big aerosol particle of spherical shape in the external field of temperature gradient

    We explore the model of the hydrodynamic movement of a large aerosol particle of spherical shape in the external field of a temperature gradient, considering influence of the movement of the environment and internal sources of heat which are incoherently distributed in volume of a particle. The numerical modeling, which is carried out for certain magnitudes entering the model, has shown that influence of the movement of the environment on aerosols is no more than 1012%.

    pdf 52-57.pdf  (401 Kb)

  • Zhukova I.N.
    Analysis of linear polarization of charge radiation in approach of a weak wave

    We have obtained decomposition of average in time degree of linear polarization of charge global radiation in the field of an electromagnetic wave of elliptic polarization in small parameter γ, connected with wave intensity. A study was made on influence of the choice of polarization vector on behavior of average in time extent of linear polarization near extreme values.

    pdf 58-62.pdf  (523 Kb)

    Technical Sciences
  • Lubentsova E.V., Piotrovsky D.L.
    Modeling and control of fermentation process with the use of approximating functions

    The theoretical substantiation and experimental verification of the use of approximating nonlinear functions in mathematical modeling and control of the fermentation process is presented. Studies have confirmed the effectiveness of using an approximating inlet flow control apparatus and substrate in selected product from it. The found values of the substrate and biomass concentration in combination with faster flow of the culture medium with an increase in the control action by 20% provide a maximum productivity of the process.

    pdf 192-199.pdf  (434 Kb)

  • Vlasenko .V., Dzoban P.I., Shopin A.V.
    Algorithms of modified pseudo random sequence generation

    Quite often, experts in the field of information security and information protection in their work are faced with the need to generate random sequences and numbers. Most often, random numbers are required in problems of modeling, numerical analysis and testing, but there are many other very specific tasks. It is known that in all modern programming languages there is a function random or its analogs. These functions most often give really good pseudo-random numbers. This article discusses the features of the implementation of a linear congruent method, which is most often used in the random function, and a method for obtaining random numbers using a polynomial counter, which is often used to test hardware.

    pdf 200-204.pdf  (364 Kb)

  • Dovgal V.., Dovgal D.V.
    Role of fog computing in the Internet of Things

    The paper discusses the paradigm of cloud computing expanding them to borders of network, and defining a new type of applications and services. Fog computing are suitable for several critical services and applications of the Internet of Things. It defines some characteristics, such as small latency, wide geographical distribution, mobility, huge number of nodes, predominant role of wireless access, strong presence of streaming and applications of real time and heterogeneity. The connected cars, smart grid, smart cities, and in general, networks of wireless sensors and actuators (WSAN) are examples of critical services and applications of the Internet of Things.

    pdf 205-209.pdf  (465 Kb)

  • Medvedev Yu.S., Piotrovsky D.L.
    Performance monitoring of the Oracle database

    To create corporate information systems, we use at present the Oracle database management systems (DBMS), which are characterized by high productivity, reliability and resiliency and occupy a leading position in the market of DBMS. With increasing number of users and volume of data, the probability of performance degradation of the database (DB) invariably increases. Often it is difficult to detect the reason of slow work of system. Therefore, a significant portion of administrator time is spent for monitoring databases and identifying problems, their reasons and finding solutions before these problems become noticeable to users. The main purpose of tuning is to achieve adequate response time of the system without reducing performance of other users or applications. Thus, in order to ensure high productivity of users and application, the database needs to be under constant surveillance. Oracle has a large arsenal of tools to alert the database administrator of emerging problems. This article discusses the monitoring tools of the Oracle DBMS. Such diagnostics is in the ability to identify the causes of dysfunction, and to provide a high DB performance.

    pdf 210-213.pdf  (298 Kb)

  • Kirillov G.A., Kashin Ya.M., Shkoda V.V.
    Switchgears with SF6 insulation

    The paper considers the modern electrothermal gas insulated switchgears. Their design features, advantages and disadvantages, as well as issues of their maintenance are shown.

    pdf 214-219.pdf  (590 Kb)

  • Gorovenko L.A., Aleksanyan G.A.
    Organization of distance learning with the use of Internet technology

    The method of organization of distance learning through the use of Virtual Board Internet technology is considered. A comparative analysis of the most popular services to support visualization of distance learning is presented. The model of distance learning organization by using Internet technologies is described.

    pdf 220-225.pdf  (611 Kb)

  • Vlasenko .V., Zhdanov A.A.
    Preliminary processing time series data of production systems

    To solve practical problems, it is necessary to carry out a special preliminary data transformation for their successful assimilation with the help of Kalman filtering and further forecasting the dynamics of changes in the production system. Methods of preliminary data processing are suggested: coding of input and output data streams, data normalization, data preprocessing: removal of obvious systematic errors, jumps and regularities. The general principle of preliminary data processing, both for inputs and outputs, is maximization of entropy. The series of data obtained during the monitoring of production have a significant specificity. They can contain complex irregular variations and nonstationary effects of various kinds. To ensure the required accuracy and consistency of data on the production process, it is necessary to integrate various formats of data representations and to avoid their duplication. Data cleaning is a special mechanism for detecting and removing explicit errors and other inconsistencies in the input data. Filters for data assimilation work only with numerical data, which indicates the need for coding input and output data. In order for the assimilation filter to treat input and output values uniformly, all quantities must be normalized. The data obtained as a result of preliminary processing allows increasing the accuracy and reliability of the work of the time series forecasting module by optimizing the configuration of the filter operation and the parameters of the production system model.

    pdf 226-233.pdf  (353 Kb)

  • Kucher V.A., Dyachenko R.A., Makaryan A.S., Buchatskiy P.Yu., Tarasov E.S.
    Designing and realization of education testing ground for studying information security

    This article shows effective ways of using educational testing ground for purpose of studying information security management. Main requirements for architecture and algorithm of functionality of such educational testing ground, models, hardware, software and mathematical support were developed. Main problems of using this educational testing ground in educational courses were analyzed. Mechanisms of formation of communication environment, mechanisms of accumulation and division of information, information resources management systems, mechanisms of internetworking, users interlinking and scalabilities were studied. For purpose of analyzing and constructing efficient structure of information-analytical system, a set of synthesis criteria (functionality, technology, reliability and time criteria), and mechanisms of integration of the offered approaches in educational process were created. For describing automating educational testing ground, a mathematical model was offered.

    pdf 234-242.pdf  (798 Kb)

  • Chastikova V.., Kolesnik N.M.
    Methods of automatically determining the authenticity data of the natural language texts

    This article discusses modern tools for analyzing and processing textual information. A method is proposed for automatically comparing documents of various dimensions for the authenticity of information presented in one of them with respect to the second one, which, in turn, is a proven source for a given subject area. And also describes the best way to select the desired source for the question, the answer to which is the text to be checked. The technique is based on a comparison of knowledge graphs derived from the relationships of keywords with other elements of the text. In addition, adapted models for obtaining vector representations of documents in a multidimensional space, taking into account the semantics and context in which they are used. The proposed approach provides for a pre-formed database with sources (theoretical materials of the subject area) and a question-answer module (which will be checked for authenticity).

    pdf 243-247.pdf  (342 Kb)


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