BegeulovR.M., Zelnitskaya (Shlarba) R.Sh.
Transformation of contemporary wedding ceremonialism at Karachays
The paper deals with the contemporary form of wedding ceremonialism at the Karachays. During the research, special attention was paid to transformation of the described ceremony throughout the last century. In the paper, the analysis is given of the major stages of a wedding ritual. The analysis of field material and the available literature on the studied subject has shown that, despite the influence of Islam and Russian-European innovations, steady national elements remain in traditional wedding ceremonialism. Besides, the noticeable simplification of wedding traditions, which has happened during the Soviet and Post-Soviet periods, is noted.
Organization "The Union of the United Mountaineers" and separatism in the North Caucasus: prerequisites, driving forces and results (1917-1919)
The paper analyzes implementation of the national state project in the North Caucasus on creation of the independent Mountain Republic in 1917-1919. The liberal and democratic part of the mountain intellectuals and its newly-formed national political organization "The Union of the United Mountaineers of the North Caucasus and Daghestan" have acted as ideologists and the driving force of separatist tendencies in the region.
The mountain intellectuals have been grown on the Russian cultural soil and after the February Revolution of 1917 they made efforts to strengthen bases of new Russian statehood in the North Caucasus. However, the October Revolution of 1917 has cardinally changed ideas of the political future of the mountain people. Ideological rejection of the Bolshevism has become a source of separatism and one of the main factors of declaration of the independent Mountain Republic in May, 1918. However, the lack of a wide social and national support and clear program of realization of the idea of sovereign statehood, as well as the political conditions of Civil War have led to a failure of the project of the Mountain Republic.
Kazharov A.G., Varivoda N.V.
Kabarda and Balkaria in the course of administrative-territorial reorganization of the North Caucasus in the second half of the 19th – the early 20th centuries
The paper analyzes the processes of administrative-territorial reorganization of the North Caucasus, including Kabarda and Balkaria, in the second half of the 19th – the early 20th centuries. The policy of Russia has been directed to transformation of regional ethnopolitical and ethnogeographical structure. Essential change of ethnic territories and ethnic borders of the mountain people has turned out to be its consequence. Combination of administrative and ethnic borders, crystallization of national interests in new sociohistorical conditions and updating of questions of ethnoterritorial identity become characteristic features of the specified process.
Administrative borders of districts have fixed the ethnic territories and ethnic borders created by violent methods in the early 20th century. The territorial losses of Kabarda accompanying the Russian administrative transformations and threats of their repetition promoted consolidation of all layers of the Kabardian people for maintaining ethnoterritorial identity. As a result of administrative-territorial reforms, objective conditions have been created for formation of a system of ethnopolitical and interethnic interaction of Kabarda and Balkaria within the common administrative and political structure.
Labor achievements of inhabitants of Kosta Khetagurov village in the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic in days of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)
The relevance and the scientific importance of a research of economic life of Karachay-Cherkessia population are obvious in the light of new tasks and requirements of contemporary historical science. In the paper, a certain circle of archival historical sources is exposed to the scientific analysis. The publication refills up the gaps in the history of heroic work of residents of Kosta Khetagurov village.
Trade and economic relationship of the Persian and Armenian merchants in Astrakhan in the first third of the 19th century
The paper discusses the history of relationship of merchants of the Persian and Armenian origin in the Astrakhan market in the first third of the 19th century. In conditions when the second departed from the foreign trade operations, and the first, on the contrary, won strong positions in the Astrakhan foreign market, cooperation was multilateral. It was expressed in mutual crediting, in redistribution of the real estate and sales markets, in social stratification. The main conclusion of this research is that the Armenian and Persian merchants have managed to create a situation of mutually beneficial cooperation which contributed in general to the economic development of the region and both considered diaspora.
Suetina N.M., Shefrukova S.T.
Living wage in the Russian Federation: historical and legal aspect
The paper is dedicated to the analysis of formation of the term "a living wage" as legal category. The authors study history of development of the Russian legislation on the living wage, as well as on a consumer basket. The main functions of the living wage and its importance for social policy of the state are identified.
Formation and development of regional department of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in Karachay-Cherkessia and its participation in electoral processes of the 1990s
The paper is devoted to questions of organizational formation of the Karachay-Cherkessia regional department of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and its participation in election campaigns of the 1990s. The purpose of this work is to consider and analyze the main stages of development of the CPRF organization in the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic and to mark out specific aspects of participation of communists of the region in electoral processes of federal and regional levels in 1993-2000s.
Abdullaeva E.S., Udzhukhova B.A.
Influence of globalization on traditional spiritual culture
The problem of globalization is considered in numerous articles and monographs. At the same time the questions concerning change of spiritual culture in the conditions of the accruing leveling of cultural borders are relevant today. The correlation of various types of cultures in new historical conditions, continuous process of interaction with other cultures and diffusion of culture elements result in syncretic "shape" of the ethnos spiritual culture.
Patriotic education in the conditions of global socio-structural transformations
Development of local society is defined by a number of factors, including the level of technical development of world society, intensity of external communication, efficiency of internal structure of society and its ability to adaptation. The modern historical period is characterized by extremely intensive interaction of local social systems that is reflected in their structure, on the one hand, increasing intensity of development of certain institutional spheres, and, on the other, resulting in development of powerful crisis tendencies. In these conditions the problem of realization of protective functions of society becomes relevant. One of the most important protective functions of society is the constructive social self consciousness of members of society expressed in the term "patriotism". This paper discusses the role of patriotic consciousness in counteraction to the destructive processes related to globalization.
Dynamics of the functional repertoire of the social institute of the state in the 21st century: theoretical-applied analysis
The beginning of the 21st century is marked by large-scale transformational processes in the focus of which is the formation of global information society, with domination of information and computer, satellite, telecommunication and microprocessor technologies. Technical and technological "re-equipment" of social system was reflected with inevitability in the main social institutes and subsystems, including the state. This social institute actively changes the functional repertoire, adapting to conditions of social reality of the 21st century.
Globalization in the conditions of modern sociocultural transformations
One of the most important problems of modern social knowledge is the analysis of globalization tendencies in the context of sociocultural transformations. The paper analyzes globalization processes and reveals their difference from set of social tendencies in a modern universum. It is shown that globalization represents the long, dragged-out in time process and it is extremely problematic to find its starting point. The publication examines globalization tendencies, its factors and the accompanying natural changes which inevitably happen in the modern world.
Ignatushko I.V., Maseev S.V.
Conceptual-methodological analysis of electoral legal culture
In the paper, an attempt is undertaken to analyze electoral legal culture which, being a component of political culture, combines subjective process of understanding by people of need to participate in social and political life through the mechanism, most widespread in the modern world, - political elections with objective need to delegate the sovereign right for the higher authority in the state to intermediaries in the form of individual or collective electoral actors. In such a way, on the one hand, the patrimonial essence of the person as "political being" is implemented, and, on the other, the legitimacy of functioning of political system which receives, at least, nominal support from the vast majority of citizens is provided. Considering that in transitional societies elections perform not only classical function of change of positions of a ruling and oppositional class, but also bear large social and psychological loading, a stabilizing role of electoral legal culture in life of society becomes clear.
Kilyaskhanov M.Kh., Kitokova Zh.M.
Mechanisms of consolidation and social crushing as factors of inclusiveness of elderly people in public process
In public consciousness the age represents one of the forms of a social markedness. Belonging to specific age group defines the initial expectations directed to the person, his status and, respectively, the attitude towards him. Along with this, the age represents one of the factors of formation of own vital scenario of the person. In this sense the age is not only a chronological indicator of number of the lived days, but also the social characteristic. The paper examines social measurement of age in the context of a problem of inclusiveness of elderly people in life of society. The factors defining inclusiveness of elderly people in social process, as well as factors of their isolation are considered. Alternatives to the current tendencies of an exception of elderly people of active public life are investigated.
Nonlinear dynamics of scientific knowledge: the confidence in it
The paper deals with the challenges to confidence in scientific knowledge which have arisen in society and especially at representatives of the science in the course of formation of the complicated not linearly developing social realities. The publication traces social and cultural factors of origin of almost absolute confidence in scientific knowledge in the age of Enlightenment. At the same time, the work shows the historicity of confidence in the "universal" truth and "objective" laws which was characteristic of that era. The historical importance of confidence in scientific knowledge in the form of organized scepticism and its role in development of sociology and other sciences are proved. The theoretical-methodological tools of a critical nonlinear reflection aimed at rediscovery of novelty in earlier obtained knowledge are investigated. The confidence paradoxes in scientific knowledge generating vulnerabilities unprecedented earlier in life of the modern person are proved. Formation of the dramatized confidence as a transition consequence from "society of risks" to "world society of risks" is especially analyzed. The author shows that the virtual reality plays more and more significant role, respectively, the dramatized meanings of confidence in scientific knowledge and scientific ignorance, which ambivalently influence consciousness of people, have come to our life. The approaches to a research of the place and a role of metamorphoses in social development presenting the latest challenges to confidence in sociological knowledge are critically analyzed. The author suggests that we can overcome these challenges on the ways of the humanistic turn assuming refusal of a pragmatical vector of development of science and transition to qualitatively new type of scientific confidence.
Formation of culture of risk in vocational training of future rescuers of EMERCOM Agency of Russia
The paper analyzes the formation of culture of risk at potential rescuers. Attention is paid to demand of a profession of the rescuer in modern society, as well as to the raised risk of activity of rescuers in comparison with other professions. The specifics of training of rescuers in the context of formation of culture of risk are considered. Data of empirical researches are provided.
Mukha V.N., Klochko E.N., Shichiyakh R.A.
Ethnic factor in development of economy of the Krasnodar Region
This paper substantiates need to account impact of an ethnic factor on economy of the Krasnodar Region. The review of the main directions of the analysis of ethnic manifestations in economic processes is presented; the characteristic of ethnoeconomic forms of activity is provided; and the ethnodemographic profile of the region is described. The conclusion is drawn that development of ethnoeconomy is capable to provide both growth of economic indicators of the region, and lowering of risks of interethnic tension.
Features of studying culture of civil society: experience in empirical researches
The paper deals with the phenomenon of culture of modern civil society through empirical experience in its studying. The author allocates the structural components of civil culture which are subject to the empirical analysis: 1) informative orientation (cognitive criterion) - idea of civil society, its role in development of the country, interest in political process, conscious understanding of the socio-political phenomena and processes, mastering new civil knowledge; 2) emotional and estimated orientations (value-motivational criterion) - feelings of respondents in relation to performance of functions, significant for them, from institutes of civil society and the state, 3) practical orientations (activity criterion) - ability to be an active subject of social and political life, the aspiration to express the civic stand in a legal framework, implementation of the civil rights and duties, and manifestation of strong-willed efforts on protection and upholding civil values. The analyzed array of various data allows us to claim that in Russian modern conditions it is more preferable to talk about nonconventional and experimental civil society and, that is natural, about weak surge in culture, its specificity, backwardness and unbalance. The state and civil identity which is followed, on the one hand, by patronage of the state and, on the other, by weak desires of updating civic consciousness is its cornerstone.
Concept of generation and types of its interpretation
Social reproduction is one of the most interesting and current problems of the present since processes of reproduction define maintaining public structure in the face of external and internal changes. Taking into account that modern transformational processes are extremely intensive, the problem of reproduction of society gains the special importance. One of key aspects of a problem of social reproduction is the specifics of its subject, namely: generation, in opinion of many researchers. One of the main problems lies in that the concept of generation is extremely complicated and has a number of interpretations in various disciplines. This paper carries out the state-of-the-art review of the main approaches to interpretation of a concept of generation and explores the most adequate variant of terminological application of the concept "generation" in the context of scope of social reproduction.
Acceleration of sociocultural dynamics in the system of challenges of the present
The paper interprets unprecedented acceleration of course of public processes, radical change of a sociocultural landscape and emergence of new and new social realities as a challenge to modern mankind. The author sets the purpose to detect the most sensitive "painful points" of society, emergence of which is caused by dynamism of its development.
Shakhbanova M.M., Murtuzova Z.M., Shakhpazova R.D.
Migration processes in Daghestan modern society: state and tendencies
Migration processes, characteristic of Russian modern society, depending on intensity of the process, can have various social consequences in the form of aggravation of a situation in the social and economic sphere, in labor market and in destabilization of an international situation, especially in multiethnic and polyconfessional territories. The results of this research allowed the authors to establish that internal Dagestani migrants positively characterize an international situation in territories of the new accommodation, simultaneously approving of existence in a latent form of international tension. The authors use a scale of Bogardus to show the social distancing of migrants and the accepting society, ethnic behavior and orientations of the interviewed Daghestan people.
Prestigiousness of ethnos and problems of unstable ethnic identity: in the case of the Republic of Bashkortostan
The paper analyzes the problem of prestigiousness of ethnos in the competing ethnic environment. Using various examples, the author discloses the phenomenon of the mixed, unstable identity and the problem of status and role position of ethnoses.
Constitutional legal status of social justice in the Russian Federation
The paper discloses the specifics of constitutional legal status of social justice in the Russian Federation. An analysis is made of features of evolution of social justice, including such components as democracy and equality of all citizens before the law, the actual equality of the nations, respect of the personality and creation of conditions for its all-round development. Also wide social guarantees and structure of the subject of legal and social policy are generalized.
Gusev A.A., Smetanina O.V.
Phenomenon of a computer game and religious practices
The paper deals with the transformation of the the person, his moral principles and religious views under the influence of virtual reality, example of which is the computer game "Gothic". The authors give the comparative analysis of structure of the specified game and compliance of this structure to the religion phenomenon which is available in real life.
General Problems of Pedagogy
THE SYSTEM OF SCHOOL STUDENTS TRAINING FOR ADMISSION TO MILITARY PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
The paper discusses the results of the conducted theoretical empirical research focused on optimization of system of young men training for military professional educational institution admission. The theoretical methodological bases of this process are presented. The author describes the necessary directions of training and programs realizing them. The contents and results of experimental approbation of the developed system are provided.
CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS AT EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MIA SYSTEM OF RUSSIA
The paper discusses the theoretical conceptual approaches to professional education of students at educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, analyzes foreign experience in educating the police officers, determines the possibilities of the educational organization in creating a model of the graduate's personality that include the fundamentals of professionally significant qualities that can be formed during the training - educational process and shows their role and importance in personnel training of for law enforcement bodies
ORGANIZATIONAL BASES OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONALLY IMPORTANT QUALITIES OF PASSENGER CAR ATTENDANTS
Important result of vocational training of experts, including passenger car attendants, is formation at them of professionally important personal qualities. Achievement of the specified result within traditionally organized educational process is limited as a result of various factors. One of such factors is incompleteness of scientific knowledge of theoretical methodological and substantial technological bases of formation of professionally important qualities at future experts, namely: at future passenger car attendants. The paper presents the author's approach to the organization of psychological and pedagogical support of formation of professionally important qualities at future passenger car attendants. Its novelty lies in allocation of invariant and variable parameters not only depending on relevant degree of formation of required qualities, but also on an organizational form of vocational training of the specified experts.
PERSONAL FORMATION OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL OF CONTRACT SERVICE IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS REGION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TAKING INTO ACCOUNT AGE DISTINCTIONS
This paper deals with the servicemen of contract service of the rank and file in the troops of the National Guard of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. This study shows the turnover of the cadre when passing contract service in the troops of the Nnational Guard of Russia deployed in the territory of the Chechen Republic in the ratio of the biological age of the servicemen. Age differences between contract servicemen have been studied and determined. The publication considers the influence of biological age on dismissal before the end of terms of the first contract, as well as the formation of a personal-professional self-concept of a soldier taking into account biological age.
Pichkurenko E.A., Arakelov A.V.
FORMATION OF SYSTEM KNOWLEDGE OF STUDENTS AS PRIORITY PROBLEM OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
The paper provides substantiation of the importance of system knowledge of students as a fundamental principle of system style of thinking. Gnoseological regulations on structure of the scientific theory are stated. It is shown that system knowledge has to be adequate to structure of the scientific theory.
Sadilova O.P., Posokhova L.A.
THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF BASES OF CHILDREN’S EDUCATION CULTURE IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD
The peculiarities of children’s upbringing in the culture traditions of Russia and the countries of Europe and Asia are examined, and a comparative characteristic of upbringing of children in domestic and foreign practice is presented.
Saenko L.A., Solomatina G.N.
SUBJECTS OF EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE SUBSTITUTE FAMILY: CHARACTERISTIC AND FEATURES OF INTERACTION
This paper is dedicated to one of the most relevant problems – interaction of subjects of educational space in the substitute family. On the basis of the analysis of literary data and observations of activity of substitute families we have classified subjects of educational space. The paper shows that the players of subjects of educational space in the substitute family are constantly changed. Also relationship of the adopted child with the social world surrounding it changes. Each subject of educational space makes direct or indirect impact on socialization of the adopted child.
EDUCATION OF MORAL QUALITIES AT TEENAGERS DURING EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
The paper describes the author's technology of education of moral qualities at teenagers during extracurricular activities. The technology is presented as the consecutive solution of set of the educational tasks connected with influence on cognitive, motivational, value and activity spheres of teenagers. In this context the main stages and methods of the organization of educational process are allocated. For each stage tasks and the expected results are formulated.
Chermit K.D., Autleva A.N., Verzhbitskaya E.G.
FORMATION OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE AND ETHNIC IDENTITY OF STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE
The paper reveals pedagogical approaches aimed at ensuring the formation of an integral personality of a university student, in which the social competence and ethnic identity are intrinsically linked as essential its characteristics. Modeling the multicultural educational space of the university is a factor in the development and self-realization of the student's personality on the basis of the integration of the educational forces of the micro environment. The formation of the social competence of the student of the university assumes the full inclusion in the educational process of the entire pedagogical potential and capabilities of the society.
Chermit K.D., Blyagoz N.Sh., Kholodnaya L.A.
ADYGHE SCIENTIFIC CENTER OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF EDUCATION: PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES, ACTIVITIES AND PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT
This paper is devoted to the activities of the Adyghe Scientific Center of RAE, its cooperation with the Russian Academy of Education and the scientific and education institutions of the Republic of Adyghea and the Krasnodar Territory. In it, the goals, tasks and activities of the Center are elucidated; the scientific and educational potential of the ASU on the basis of which the Center functions, some results and further prospects of its activity are presented.
Shalumova R.N., Demkina E.V.
ESSENCE OF THE MULTICULTURAL PERSONALITY IN THE SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE
The relevance of this paper is defined by the social, economic, political and ideological processes happening in society. The central problem of modern domestic pedagogy is preservation of universal and national values. Education is faced by problems of formation of all-civil identification of the person and at the same time maintaining national identity and personal uniqueness. In this regard the choice of optimum conditions for development of multiethnic interaction with representatives of different cultures and national traditions is relevant. The sense of the problem put and solved in this research is that questions of systematization of scientific knowledge in the field of theoretical, methodological, methodical and technological bases of effective education of the multicultural identity of the younger school student in the multiethnic educational environment are insufficiently studied now.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
Arkhipova A.I., Arakelov A.V.,Pichkurenko E.A.
CLUSTER APPROACH AS METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE OF CREATION AND INTRODUCTION OF DIDACTIC INNOVATIONS WITH COMPUTER SUPPORT
The paper deals with the problems of developing the promotion of innovation literature, in particular, textbooks and electronic resources in the practice of education. Examples of unsuccessful attempts to introduce new textbooks and teaching materials are given. The solution of the specified problems is possible within the cluster approach, with its innovative focus and turning on of mechanisms of the introduction of new products. Prerequisites for the creation of clusters of innovative educational products with computer support are given.
Mozgot V.G., Nesterenko T.N., Tupichkina E.A.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSICAL AND PLASTIC ABILITIES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS THROUGH INTERDISCIPLINARY SYNTHESIS
The paper is devoted to the development of musical and plastic abilities of students in the structure of personality plastic culture. The problem of developing the musical-plastic abilities of students is solved through the interaction of music and dance. The work shows that it is impossible to achieve the manifestation of truly artistic choreographic creativity and a high level of plastic culture beyond musicality. It has been experimentally established that the main plastic abilities of students are musicality, style actions, musical-plastic imagination. The main goal of early employment in choreographic art is stated: creating a solid foundation for the development of a healthy, strong younger generation, expanding motor abilities, and compensating for a deficiency in motor activity. Pedagogical recommendations on the development of musical and plastic abilities in choreography are offered.
DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ABILITIES OF SCHOOLCHILDREN AT LESSONS OF THE FINE ARTS THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT METHOD OF TRAINING
The paper analyzes the essence and content of art as sphere of spiritual practical activities of people which is directed to art comprehension and development of the world. Also the author considers development of creative abilities of children through the developing potential of a project method which is making active a creative initiative – awakes a thought of the person, does his work spiritualized and fascinating. Conscious, active and independent work always leads to the best digestion of material. On the basis of experimental data the efficiency of the method of project activity is approved. Having considered the accumulated experience in studying the project activity, the author forms interests and inclinations of school students, giving the chance to the pupil to try different types of activity. Results of this research can be useful when using a method of project activity at various stages of lessons of the fine arts. Everything depends on type of a lesson, a type of the project and its duration. The conclusions presented in the paper are based on results of the pedagogical experiment made in the system of the main general education.
Modern Problems of Psychology
PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF PREVENTION OF INTERNET DEPENDENCE AT YOUTHFUL AGE
The paper deals with the problems of prevention of Internet dependence. Special attention is paid to techniques of overcoming Internet dependence. Some approaches to a solution of the problem of Internet dependence are allocated.
Makarova E.A., Vladikina Yu.A.
ROLE OF THE SYSTEM ECOLOGICAL APPROACH IN DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICALLY COMFORTABLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
This paper presents the concept of holistic education, shows how a system approach can be applied to the teaching and methodological support of environmental education; its role in the formation of a psychologically comfortable educational environment is shown. Also the paper analyzes the features of optimizing the promising ecological thinking, facilitating the integration of the ecological approach into a psychologically comfortable educational environment. Recommendations are proposed aimed at the professional development of teachers and the development of competences in the educational environment as interaction within the system.
INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE AND TOLERANCE IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY
The paper presents the results of empirical studies of tolerance and communicative competence of modern students. It is revealed that the level of general tolerance, the level of communicative tolerance and communicative competence of students in the educational environment of the Krasnodar region is above average compared with the results of most studies. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the relationship between tolerance as a personal quality and communicative competence is complex and indirect: the general level of tolerance affects the level of communicative tolerance, which, in turn, affects the level of intercultural competence, including related intercultural sensitivity and intercultural effectiveness.
Chermit K.D., Chernyshenko Yu.K., Kaloev Ch.Yu.
THE IMPORTANCE OF PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL OF THE TROOPS OF AIR DEFENSE KEEPING THE WATCH IN THE CONTEXT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFORMANCE OF OFFICIAL DUTIES
The leadership of the Russian Federation constantly pays much attention to strengthening defense capability that causes, first of all, improvement of quality of the human factor playing a crucial role in realization of serious national objectives. At the same time one of the most important components of domestic military system are the troops of air defense providing protection of the territory of Russia taking into account its territory, large and various in landscape. The special professional category of troops of air defense is made by the military personnel keeping the systematic watch. The name of this component of numerous official duties confirms special conditions of their realization which according to the basic intrinsic characteristics slightly differ from a fighting situation. In this regard features of professional activity of experts are obvious, the basic of which are:
1. High quality system requirement of performance of working operations. It is based on the fundamental provision on the maintenance of an unconditional purpose of professional activity of the military personnel of troops of air defense – ensuring state security within the powers allocated for them.
2. The concretized requirements to structure of accurately certain professionally important qualities and characterologic features of the military personnel. This position by the parameters will be coordinated with a definition "absolute professional suitability" which causes a possibility of high level of development and realization of official duties only by those individuals which possess specific composition and structure of professional abilities.
3. Performance of official duties, as a rule, in the conditions of limited space against the background of high year-round mental loadings.
4. The constant mental tension of the military personnel caused by the extended system of introduction of virtual additional emergencies for the purpose of check of combat readiness of the military personnel keeping the watch.
In this connection, of great importance is the question of structure of professionally important qualities causing success in training and realization by the military personnel of their functions. To solve this task the approach basing on accounting of opinions of highly qualified specialists has been chosen.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
IMAGE MAKING OF THE TEACHER OF PHYSICAL CULTURE
The paper discusses the formation of image of future teacher of physical culture, its social importance for increasing the positive attitude of people to the sphere of physical culture as important means of physical and spiritual development of the personality. The work shows the role of the teacher as chief image maker of image of future expert. Image making is defined by an immanent component of teaching and educational process of the university that is caused by the requirement of the new Federal educational standard of the higher education for physical culture. Results of poll of subjects of educational process about image of the teacher of physical culture are given; stages of formation of image at future teachers of physical culture are allocated and described.
Belova T.Yu., Lyalikova N.N., Kovaleva O.S.
EXPERIENCE IN INTRODUCTION OF THE SPORTS COMPLEX "READY TO WORK AND DEFENSE" AT THE OMSK STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
The paper is devoted to searching for new approaches in the organization of physical training of students in connection with mass introduction of the RWD complex. Stages of introduction of the RWD complex in higher education institution are considered (based on the example of OMGTU). Initial level of physical fitness of students according to requirements of the 6th step of the complex is revealed, and their attitude to occupations by mass sport for the purpose of training for achieving RWD standards is defined. The efficiency of purposeful process of students training for RWD in OMGTU is determined by the program made taking into account requirements of the 6th step of the complex. The expediency of the organization of mass hitting qualifying standards of the complex in the form of competitions within annual holding the RWD Festivals is shown. This allows increasing the number of the students who have successfully hit qualifying standards of the RWD new complex and who wish to play actively mass sports.
Doiev V.K., Ketoev K.E.
MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL MOTIVATIONAL APPROACH OF YOUTH TO PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT IN THE LIGHT OF SOCIO-PREVENTION OF NEGATIVE PHENOMENA IN SOCIETY
This paper deals with features of personal motivational approach of youth of the Republic of North Ossetia Alania to physical culture and sport occupations. It has been found that physical culture and sports occupations of youth contribute to the formation at them of a healthy lifestyle and distraction from negative addictions. This publication is intended for the students, graduate students and researchers specializing in the field of educational and socio-economic problems of physical culture and sports of the region.
MODELLING OF SYSTEM OF SPORTS – HEALTH IMPROVING MAINTENANCE TO FORM BASES OF STUDENTS’ COMPETITIVENESS
The paper describes the results of a research aimed at a development of the system of sports - health improving maintenance to form bases of university students’ competitiveness. Theoretical bases of the system are presented by the revealed interrelations between indicators of health and components of competitiveness of the personality. In this aspect the resource potential of physical training in achievement of the goal of system development is also described. The methodological bases of modeling are presented by the principles and conditions of the organization of sports - health improving maintenance to form bases for competitiveness of students at the university. In the substantial plan the system is described by didactic characteristics of process of physical training. Organizationally it is presented by components of sports - health improving maintenance as specific pedagogical process.
Manko I.N., Ioakimidi Yu.A., Kolomiytseva N.S.
SWIMMING LESSONS FOR SWIMMERS AGED 8-9 YEARS IN GROUPS OF INITIAL TRAINING OF THE FIRST YEAR OF STUDY
This paper discloses the methodical peculiarities of teaching swimming in the group of initial training of the first year of study on the basis of use of outdoor games at water. This technique promotes physical, technical and swimming training of children.
Sharina E.P., Chumash V.V., Lagutenko L.V.
METHODS OF PHYSICAL AND TECHNICAL TRAINING OF YOUNG BOXERS (GIRLS) ON THE BASIS OF MODERN FITNESS TECHNOLOGY
In recent years, the women's boxing has been widely spread. It is considered rather young sport. In Russia, this sport has been cultivated since the mid 1990-s. The women's boxing strongly holds the positions and actively develops worldwide and in Primorsky Region. Today we have insufficient number of scientific and methodical literature on young boxer training. Techniques of occupations with 10-13-year-old teenagers in groups of initial training have not received full scientific justification. Scientific and methodical data on training of young boxer girls in general are absent. In this regard the problem of search for new, interesting development tools of motor skills and techniques of physical and technical training of boxer girls is actualized.
ATTRACTING CHILDREN TO MANY-YEAR SPORT ACTIVITIES AS SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM
The current state of preparation of a sports reserve of the country is characterized. The problems existing in the system of completing the contingent engaged in sports schools are noted. The social and pedagogical value of optimization of process of attracting children to long-term sports activities is defined. The problems existing in this context are allocated, and the resource of family education in their solution is noted. The relevant directions of theoretical and empirical researches, implementation of which will promote the solution of the revealed problems, are formulated.
Emmert M.S., Àver’yanov I.V., Bugaj M.V., Skripnikov P.A.
THE RESULTS OF INTRODUCING THE METHOD FOR DEVELOPING THE SPECIFIC COORDINATING CAPABILITIES OF 12-13 YEAR-OLD BOYS IN 110 METER HURDLING
In this paper the formation of the coordination capacities of young hurdlers is discussed. The method which is based on active development and improvement of the specialized coordinating skills needed to prepare 12-13 year-old hurdlers is offered. The results of the coordination skill test obtained by introducing this method into the young athlete work-out session are presented.
On the creative fate of the first Circassian novelist Khalid Abukov
This work discusses creative fate of Kh. Abukov, one of the first Circassian writers in whose biography still there are «white spots». The author uses archival documents to find responses to some unresolved questions connected with activity of Kh. Abukov. Also the publication elucidates biographic data of some other Circassian and Abazin cultural figures who were prosecuted during repressions of the 1930s. The statements of various literature historians on life and work of the writer which do not have sufficient evidential base are criticized. On the basis of a comparative-historical method the short analysis of the main works of the author is carried out. His contribution to formation of the Circassian literature is noted. The conclusion is drawn that Kh. Abukov’s creativity reflected typological features of the Adyghe «prose of a historic breakthrough» gravitating to an esthetics of extreme contrasts.
Bakov Kh.I., Panesh U.M.
Creative identity of the writer and literary process (from material of Tembot Kerashev’s prose)
The paper focuses on an originality of literary works by Tembot Kerashev against the background of development of art esthetic process of domestic literature in the 20th century. The publication shows specific features of problematic character and style of the first works of the famous writer which experienced influence of «prose of a historic breakthrough», as well as evolution of the creative manner defined by spiritual and esthetic searches of art of a word during the 1960-1980s. Use of comparative-historical and comparative-typological methods of a research allowed the authors to establish such features of creative identity of Tembot Kerashev as epic thinking, wide use of folklore poetics and the solution of large-scale problems through the figurative description of national character. It is inferred that T. Kerashev’s creativity reflects features of realism of the 20th century which are shown in the idea of worthiness of the individual, in various use of poetic means and strengthening of convention.
Panesh U.M., Sokolova G.V.
On typological features of formation of a genre of the story in «prose of a historic breakthrough» (from material of the Adyghe literatures of the 1930s)
The paper discusses the problematic, thematic and genre features of the story in «prose of a historic breakthrough» of the Adyghe literatures of the 1930s. The publication shows the unity of genetically close literatures – Adyghe, Kabardian and Circassian, their typological ties with the Russian prose in the choice of the conflict, the concept of character and in use of new art means. It is established that in the first works of Kh. Teunov, A. Evtykh and J. Naloev an attempt is undertaken to transfer the conflict to inner world of the character that leads to strengthening art problematical character and to the effect of deepening psychologism. The historical - literary and comparative - typological methods used by the authors allowed them to draw a conclusion that the genre of the story developed such lines which provided the further movement of new written literatures to the following, qualitatively new stage of development.
Panesh U.M., Sosnovsky V.T.
On features and typological ties of proletarian poetry of the «era of a revolutionary change»
This paper discusses formation of proletarian poetry of the 1920s. An analysis is made of the problems, conflict, genre, structural and style features of works of domestic and German writers: V. Kirillov, V. Aleksandrovsky, M. Gerasimov, A. Khatkov, E. Weinert, J. Becher, etc. Typological connection of works of poets of different national literatures is established: influence of the revolutionary ideas, esthetics of extreme contrast, as well as scale and «planetariness» of poetic thinking. Use of historical-literary and comparative-typological methods allowed the authors of this paper to formulate conclusions that the proletarian poetry was the international phenomenon and that it not only expressed certain aspects of art which developed during «the era of a revolutionary change», but also promoted strengthening the art problematical character and deepening of the concept of the personality. The research makes a contribution to the solution of problems of formation of literary connection, development of genres and styles and can be used in teaching history of literature and in writing higher school textbooks and education manuals.
The concept of national character in the novel «Saber for the Emir» by Alim Keshokov
This paper focuses on the problem of national character and its conceptual decision in the historical novel by the Kabardian writer A. Keshokov. The purpose of this research is to analyze an image of the main character connected with author’s search of a national ideal and represented in the system of cultural wealth «Adyghe Khabze». The scientific and practical importance and relevance of work are defined by a new research aspect, based on consideration of a problem in the light of dialectic interaction of concepts of the national and universal. Use of historical, literary, textual and culturological methods of research allowed the author to come to a conclusion that A. Keshokov, on the one hand, avoids pseudo-monumentalism of character of the hero and folklore and epic idealization of his personality and develops the realistic concept of national character and, on the other, portrays the person through the movements of soul and represents his spiritual searches in the complicated space of consciousness. The new quality of historicism of A. Keshokov in portraying the image of the hero allows us to open the dialectics of the national and universal in him and to show his drama way to the truth and search of the place in a whirlpool of historical changes.
Stepanova T.M., Autleva F.A.
Elements of national humorous culture as one of components of romantic world duality in W. Irving’s prose
The paper explores the use of elements of national humorous culture as one of components of romantic world duality in W. Irving’s prose in order to identify various forms of humor and satire in the work «The Legend of Sleepy Hollow», and to analyze their functional contents. The prevalence in structure of the text of the fantastic scheme, oral tradition and colloquial lexicon are investigated. The skill of the author in creation of a realistic psychological portrait of the main character of the work – Ichabod Crane is analyzed, the stylistic features of the author’s speech creating expressive expressional coloring of this characteristic are considered. The publication focuses on the dialectic approach of the author tending to disclose an image of the main character as carrier (at all his external simplicity) of a deep conduct of life and behavior deserving attention, as well as his ambiguity. It is inferred that reconstruction of romantic world duality, oppositions in character of the main hero of foundations of traditional national morals and culture and the mystical superstitious pseudo-romantic attitude is relevant.
Khuako F.N., Kirzhinova S.A.
Cultural behavior in the Adyge communication of the new century
The work examines the onset of today’s civilization, which determined the creative search for a number of Circassian writers. The relevance of the work is conditioned by the interest of the modern linguistic, literary and cultural community in science to the problems of the East Asian ethnic communities. The aim of the work is to highlight the ethnic history of the Circassians in its artistic aspect, which predetermines the solution of the task of a more detailed examination of the mythopoetic sphere. This orientation of the humanities scholars is emphasized in the paper by bringing the text examples of S. Gutova, Sh. Kuev, Z. Bzasezhev and M. Tlekhas. This is confirmed by the formulation of analytical conclusions about the ongoing active addressing of Circassian writers to this subject, which determines the prospect of its subsequent development. The authors call the idealization, cultivation, ascension of specific idols one of the indispensable signs of the avant-garde and speak of it as applied to the writers under consideration. The sign of the composition required for the work of art is quite rich in the texts of the current generation of writers to be analyzed. At the same time, the periodically allocated attribution of the text to small prose does not at all affect the quality of the style. Being able to get the recipient in a brightly active layer of nature, Adyghe modern authors can convincingly present its elements as active narrative characters. Here are the individual searches for the meaning of life.
Interpretations of the ancient greek mythology
Myth is the subject of research of various disciplines, such as philosophy, ethnology, folklore, religion, but myth has no yet a common or clear definition. It remains multifaceted, being part of the collective memory and portraying a complex and contradictory world. This article examines the interpretation of ancient mythology with reference to the views of scientists engaged in the study of myth (Sukhachev, Dyakonov, Vico, Schelling, Fraser, Levy-Bruhl, Jung, Levi-Strauss, Zelinsky, Ivanov and others). The historical and chronological interpretation is chosen in order to show that ancient mythology was considered in many ways. The analysis of the role of myth in the life of society was carried out even by the ancient Greeks themselves. Early forms of comprehension of myth became its allegorical interpretation. Since the Renaissance, attempts have been made to scientifically understand myth-making as the desire of an ancient person to understand the world around him. In the era of romanticism, myth was considered an aesthetic phenomenon. In the second half of the 19th century, two main directions of the interpretation of the myth were formed: in the spirit of romantic traditions and within the anthropological school. The study of myth began in the course of analyzing the intellectual features of mythological thinking. In the domestic science mythology was also considered from different points of view, from the reduction of the myth to the explanatory function and ending with the relation of mythology, religion and philosophy. In general, it can be noted that for a long time a unified theory of myth has not been developed in science. Myth is interpreted as the restoration of reality and the rethinking of ideas or as a field of dynamic signaling.
Emblematic characteristics of a wedding ritual in Kalmyk, Russian and English linguocultures
This work deals with the emblematic features of a wedding ritual in traditional communicative consciousness of the Kalmyk, Russian and English people. Studying the emblematic mode of communication is one of the promising directions of philological hermeneutics. The emblem is considered as the identification, communicative attribute aimed at explaining the hidden information which is not easily recognizable for the reader or the listener of other linguoculture. In the considered linguocultures a wedding ritual has bright and rich emblematic expression. The analysis of empirical material has shown that emblematic reconsideration of a wedding ritual in the considered linguocultures is displayed in various verbal, gesture and behavioral reactions, namely in certain etiquette formulas, lexicological and phraseological, dialect and slang units, gesture means, as well as in the form of culturally caused behavioral principles. The technique of this research is based on the comparative description of three linguocultures from the point of view of history, ethnography and sociology. This approach is directed to priority studying the cultural values defining consciousness and behavior of these or those people. The obtained data can be used in courses on cross-cultural communication, cultural linguistics, semiotics and the theory of a discourse.
Travelogue as tool to develop aesthetic sensitivity
In modern society, tendencies to increase intensity of information exchange, the natural reaction to which is a stereotypification of culture, are implemented. It influences a way of the attitude towards representatives of other cultural traditions and the nature of knowledge of the outside world. Such form of expansion of an outlook as travel gets the restrictions connected with stereotypic attitudes of consciousness. At the same time, the economic implication of the organization of tourism becomes that factor which strengthens a tendency of the one-sided attitude towards culture, life and sights of other countries. In this regard the forms of reflection of culture not subject to the general tendency of the stereotypic relation acquire relevance. The travelogue can be considered as one of such ways of an original view of culture. In the text of this work the problem of the relevance of the travelogue for modern culture is posed. The author focuses on an attempt to comprehend the axiological content of love for travel as a love of people. The starting point of the study is the author’s position, according to which the travelogue is not only a journey. It is a narrative, addressed to the addressee and is qualitatively determined by the characteristics of the personality of the traveling narrator (publicist). This publication describes the significance of Georgiy Matveyevich Solovyev’s journalism in the development of the national travel agency.
Luchinsky Yu.V., Ostashevsky A.V.
Media innovations of Henry Luce
The paper deals with the innovations in mass-media tied with the activity of people that may be named the media symbols of the epoch. Henry Luce, the famous American editor, media baron and the author of one of the most influential document in the US political history, is among them. The practical importance of the conducted research lies in the description of the main innovative projects of Luce realized by him in «Time», «Fortune» and «Life» magazines which include introduction of the nomination «the Man of the Year», use of «polls» and «photo reports». The obtained results allow us to build a complete picture of formation of a modern media landscape in historical perspective. Historical, typological and comparative methods of research formed methodological base. Identification of connection of Luce’s activity with work of the so-called «Hutchins Commission» which defined ethical standards of the qualitative periodical press has become a result of this research. The carried-out analysis of the system of moral values offered by the «Hutchins Commission» is of special importance for modern science about journalism since, with approach of an era of digital technologies, most media endure crisis, first of all, due to the lack of ethical regulators.
General characteristic and media-psychological aspect of use of new technologies in Russian modern television
The paper is devoted to the media-psychological aspect of the application of new technologies on domestic television. The author analyzes for the first time the phenomenon of television program impact on the mass audience using an example of Albert Bandura’s social and cognitive theory. The paper also notes that persuasion and suggestion are one of the main methods used today by modern electronic media. With a high degree of probability it is possible to assume that viewing programs of foreign production and in some cases adaptations, in the most serious way affects a state of mind of a large number of people, especially children and school students. The phenomenon of generalized stimuli can cause a violent emotional reaction on the part of the addressee, which will allow the channel to attract new viewers and increase the rating of its programs. As an example, we analyze the program «Clever Fellows and Clever Girls», «The Investigation was conducted with Leonid Kanevsky”, talk show «Windows», «Let them talk» and «Battle of Paranormalists». If you take into account the program on sports topics, such content usually does not have a serious psychological media effect on the audience. But if the leading sports programs actively use various current methods of subconscious influence, such as the method of semantic manipulation, distraction method and the method of crushing information, the impact on the consciousness and attention of the addressee will be strong enough. The results of the study have theoretical and practical significance, as modern television media are quite effective in their work using all kinds of techniques and methods of media technologies. And the knowledge of coping strategies regarding the psychological state of the viewer, highlighted by us in this paper, allows the creators and producers of television programs to effectively build their work.
Specificity of information coverage of the state youth policy in the Russian Federation
The paper deals with the specifics of information coverage in the sphere of implementation of the state youth policy of the Russian Federation. The data of this scientific research, which is based on studying the authoritative sources and the reviewed periodicals, are devoted to issues of information elucidation of activity of public authorities among young people. The author shows features of supply of information materials in media for youth target audiences, as well as the laws of influence of information on value orientations and behavioral models of young people. Results of this research have the theoretical importance which lies in systematization of approaches to the analysis of coverage of the public youth policy of the Russian Federation. The special attention is focused on development of measures of support of the mass media which are engaged in information publicizing realization of the public youth policy in mass media. The data obtained as a result of these researches can be applied both for ordering practical processes of elucidation of the public youth policy for the purpose of identification of the most effective methods of a research, and as a theoretical basis for further information research of publicizing the public youth policy. The research of features of information coverage of the public youth policy in the Russian Federation was not conducted earlier.
Functional semantic field of passivity in hetero-system languages
The paper analyzes the structure of the functional-semantic field of passivity, which is becoming more widespread in linguistics. Attempts are made to analyze the functional-semantic field of passivity in non-cognate languages. To fix the results, diagrams are given and methods for the specific determination of ranks between the stages of fields at both the conceptual and linguistic level are identified. The author focuses on the comparative analysis of the functional-semantic field of passivity in the Azerbaijani language, since in this sphere very few works are devoted to this problem. The method of investigation, based on the principle of constructing functional-semantic fields, makes it possible to systematize and analyze language constructions for the designation of passivity, having a different origin. The revealed peripheries of the functional-semantic field of passivity of the Azerbaijani language are multilevel language structures, the generality of which is formed on the basis of an additional expression of passivity, other than the main meaning.
Features of functioning of antonymic repeating units in the Adyghe language
The paper deals with the antonymic repeating units of complex lexemes of the Adyghe language. It becomes clear that word-formation affixes by means of which single-rooted words and words with different roots are formed are stylistically non-uniform. The analysis of some features of functioning of the antonymic repetitions in the Adyghe literature is of scientific interest. During the research of the antonymic repetitions it is established that they are constructed according to word-formation models which received wide use both in oral, and in written language. The theoretical and practical importance of the studied material is defined by a possibility of its inclusion in higher school lecture courses on word formation, as well as by its use in lexicographic practice when drawing up dictionaries of various types.
Ethnocultural specifics of implementation of a concept «courage» in the English phraseology
The paper analyzes the national specific and gender characteristics of a concept «courage» in the English phraseological picture of the world in order to systematize knowledge of the phraseological system of language as means of reflection of gender stereotypes. An analysis is made of the phraseological units with a gender component characterizing the man in the English language picture of the world. Use of methods of continuous selection, a classification method of the gender-marked phraseological units and the definitional analysis allowed the author to come to conclusions that the gender concept «courage» in the English phraseology has the dual nature of representation. The publication shows that this concept is used in the English phraseology, as in any discursive practice, i.e. it is the dominant category. The practical value lies in a possibility of use of results of this study in courses of a lexicology, phraseology and special courses on gender linguistics.
Bersirov B.M., Anchek S.Kh.
Reflection of phonetic processes in dialect lexicon of the epos «Narts»
The work explores fragments from texts of the Adyghe epos «Narts» in order to identify a lexical layer in different dialect variants, as well as to define and describe the dialectal and supradialectal phonetic processes happening in them. The authors use genre and stylistic, textual and descriptive methods to conduct this research. The conclusion is drawn that as a result of dialect phonetic processes in the considered units, final vowels usually are reduced, cut, and some interconsonant vowels in unaccented situation drop out, voiced consonants are deafly heard, unvoiced consonants are vocalized, and supradialectal phonetic processes force units of one language level to pass into units of other language level. Theoretical and practical value of this work lies in a possibility of inclusion of results of this research in programs of special courses on linguistics and folklore.
Bersirov B.M., Bidanok M.M.
Functioning of affirmative particles in the fiction text
The paper analyzes functioning of category of affirmativeness in language of the fiction text by Kh. Ashinov. The data obtained within the presented scientific research promote expansion of language tools in the choice by the writer of means of a statement. In addition, this research is of theoretical importance because it explores elements of typology of the affirmative particles allocated by G.V. Rogava and Z.I. Kerasheva. The most frequent are the first three of them – -a, -ba and -ri that, in turn, is systematized by separate items, with detailed illustration from Kh. Ashinov’s texts. A particle of the fourth item -sh is obsolete that is confirmed by the authors’ contexts. The publication shows that language means of a statement in the Adyghe text are a very frequent and mobile language mechanism. The obtained data can successfully be used at development of methods of the particle analysis in literary works.
Political discourse in the system of linguistic researches
The paper presents the review of political newspaper communication in the system of linguistic researches. Definition of a political discourse as a specific kind of an ideological discourse and as a subject of a linguoculturological research is given. The political discourse represents the use of language in any field of communication. The discourse is political provided it follows the political act under political circumstances and has basic thematic-political focus. The publication describes functions of the political discourse: information, beliefs and motives. The ideology is inherent in the text. This is due to the presence of the sender and addressee. The political text as the communicative target scheme based by rules and the principles of the political communication is available and included in the communicative area of socio-political activity. The work presents three main methods of the argument allocated by Aristotle: logical arguments, emotional and value arguments.
Golubeva A.Yu., Timashova M.V.
Ways of formation and translation of occasional words
The paper dwells on various ways of formation of occasional words and pays special attention to author’s neologisms. The main problem is identification of a paradigm of derivational values and word-formation types, as well as to provide information on the author’s neologisms (occasional words) and ways of their translation. Fiction texts of classical and modern literature in Russian served as practical material of a research. The theoretical importance of this research lies in the analysis of morphological ways of formation of occasional words and ways of their translation into language recipient. We investigate this type of morphology taking into account functional aspect of the language phenomena, in view of various forms of a recategorization of language units. We arrived at the following conclusions about basic provisions of occasional word formation: such words do not meet the usual language standards and depend on a specific context of the use, therefore process of perception of occasional words, the morphological model, a context and erudition of the linguist play an extraordinary role.
The sender and the addressee in a pedagogical discourse: a concept of interaction
The paper presents qualification characteristics of pedagogical discourse. The author generalizes the basic provisions characterizing the type of discursive formation - pedagogical discourse as an object of linguistic analysis. The methodological basis of the study was the basic provision on language as a system of interrelated elements, the dichotomy of language and speech, the inextricable link between language and thought, language and reality, the unity of form and content, the connection between theoretical and empirical knowledge in philosophy and language. The values and moral attitudes that contain the pedagogical discourse are a consequence of its system-forming goal. The author identifies for the first time the features that influence the way of the formation of the communicative situation of pedagogical discourse, singles out and describes the goals and strategies of pedagogical discourse. The work explores the specificity of the addresser and addressee as the basic participants of the educational process. The author proves that pedagogical discourse is the main tool of socialization of the child’s emerging personality. A particular relevance in the study of pedagogical discourse lies in that the language has accumulated huge resources, making it possible to re-imagine and interpret the text of pedagogical orientation.
Linguistic methods of realization of intension of belief in a sport analytical media discourse
In order to study a sport analytical media discourse we analyze characteristic features of language and style of the media texts placed in printed and/or electronic media. In the focus of this research are linguistic techniques, which we use to implement the leading intension of belief belonging to important discourse-forming factors. We have established that in texts of the media of sport analytical journalism, methods of explicit pragmatical influence are mainly used. The intentional character of stylistics of sport analytical media texts differs not only in persuasiveness, but also in the emotional expressional estimation caused by expression of an authors’ position. The research contributes to studying the linguostylistic specifics of a sport media discourse and is of interest to the journalists specializing in the field of sport journalism.
Litvyak O.V., Akhidzhakova M.P.
Category value as way of an objectivization of semantic space of language
The paper explores values as the special culturological categories, that are a basis of value-semantic space of language, and identifies the types of values having the special heuristic importance in linguoculturological aspect. The authors arrive at a conclusion that there is a close relationship of the category value to language and thinking due to development of ideas of values in interaction with aspects of the person’s attitude to the world. The relevance of the category value to language semantics and paradigmatics of nominative means of language causes the choice of language and speech means of expression of knowledge and variation of units of the nomination. The data obtained within the presented scientific research promote definition of the fact that real estimates in the majority base not on abstracted samples; for a number of objects such samples do not exist at all. Therefore, the ontology of value depend on a situation of real or alleged estimation. Each new situation starts the linguo-cognitive mechanism of a specification and revision of a sample from which the person takes out the value judgment. Results of a research give the chance of systematization of approaches in questions of value defining and classification. Of great importance is the interpretation of values as emotionally charged facts for studying the fiction text. With the use of the obtained data, one can identify and analyze how axiological axioms can be applicable to material of a linguistic research.
Functional-semantic field of agreement in communicative aspect
This paper focuses on the research of functional-semantic field of agreement in the modern Russian language. This field is analyzed in a structural way for the first time therefore it correlates with an increasing interest in functional aspect of language phenomena and popular branches in linguistics. This work aims at the selection of linguistic tools for the expression of agreement considering semantic forms of thought. The research bases on linguistic observation and structural semantic analysis methods. Using the analysis of functional semantic field of agreement two microfields of agreement are isolated: a microfield of explicit agreement and a microfield of implicit agreement. Each of these microfields has specific features and tools of agreement expression, among them there is an agreement via confirmation, repetition and modal words or modal particles in communication process where positive attitude of interlocutors to actions or words is established. Agreement can be direct or indirect. The results of the research promote further development of theory of functional-semantic fields and can be used in teaching a course of the Russian language at linguistic departments in universities and can be borrowed for writing books and textbooks.
Sarigoz O.V., Abilov I.Sh.
Gestures as nonverbal lacunas and the collocations accompanying them
For the first time we seek to describe the gestures used by Turkish communicants and to classify them by comparing them with Russian gestures. When highlighting gestures, we took into account the principles of lacunarity - the absence of a phenomenon in a comparable language. The material of the study was the long-term observations of the authors of the process of communication of the native speakers of the Turkish language with representatives of different cultures, the analysis of fiction, from which one could draw descriptions of certain gestures, materials of modern media. The research methodology included a comparative analysis of the two languages in the synchronous section. Analysis of gestures has revealed: 1) most gestures are lacunae for Russian culture; 2) gestures, similar in performance, have distinctive features that do not allow them to equate to Russian gestures to the full. The possible coincidence of gestures in terms of performance, the growth of gestures borrowed from Western cultures suggest that nonverbal culture is a «living substance» that reacts flexibly to cultural and socio-political changes in society. Nevertheless, today it is possible to establish and describe purely Turkish gestures, which are an integral part of communication with the bearers of Turkish culture. The results of the study can be useful in teaching the Turkish language. Non-verbal communication should be included as a discipline in the course on the linguistics of the Turkish language.
Sitimova S.S., Novikov A.N.
On some morphological features of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect
The paper dwells on morphological features of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect of the Adyghe language. The purpose of research is to identify and describe some features in arrangement of nouns, adjectives and verbs in this dialect. The problems we solved are as follows: to describe the morphological features of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect relating to formation of limit-diminutive degree of adjectives and to investigate infinite-finite forms of the dialect. Traditional linguistic methods used in this research include descriptive, comparative, method of the contextual analysis, as well as such techniques as observation and generalization. The revealed features of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect are of scientific importance and of value for the Adyghe dialectology. The system analysis of morphological features of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect is relevant because of insufficient research of the specifics of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect in the Adyghe linguistics. The research of the problems connected with the grammatical nature of the Khatukayan-Adamiyan dialect and its functioning makes a certain contribution to the general theory of studying morphology of the Adyghe languages. The practical value of this research lies in that the obtained results can be useful when developing a course of lectures on dialectology of the Adyghe languages.
Syntactic models of formation of terms of subject domain «Cosmetology» (from material of the Russian and English languages)
The paper explores syntactic way of formation of terms of subject domain «Cosmetology» in the Russian and English languages. The syntactic way of formation of terms of cosmetology is the most productive in the studied terminology. The main structural models of cosmetology terms - phrases in the Russian and English languages are revealed and analyzed. By means of the descriptive analysis and methods of classification (for the analysis of conceptual and derivational structure of term units) it is proved that two-component phrases in the term systems under study prevail. The scientific-theoretical importance of work is that it contributes to the solution of problems of a term derivation and deepens an idea of a structure and the categorial device of terminology of subject domain «Cosmetology». Practical value lies in a possibility of use of material for lexicographic development of the bilingual Russian-English dictionary of terms of cosmetology.
Phonetic structure of root morphemes in the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe languages
The morphemic composition of the Hattian language has not yet been studied. Identification of the Hattian root and derivational morphemes in the given article will make it possible to comprehend the mechanism of ancient word-building. The material of the study was the morphemes most often encountered in the formation of complex and derived nominal and verbal stems extracted from Hattian-Hittite bilinguals. A comparative-historical analysis of the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyghe morphemes showed that monosyllabic morphemes of the open type make up not only the essential part of the Hattian vocabulary, but also the vocabulary of the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages. The coincidence or proximity of the quality of the Hattian and Abkhaz-Adyhge root morphemes confirm their genetic relationship. Reconstruction of the values of the Hattian morphemes is important for an adequate analysis of the modern meaning of words. The results of the study can be useful for writing the history of the Abkhaz-Adyghe languages.
Dynamics of semiotic characteristics of spatial designations of the word “top” in language
This paper examines the changes in spatial designations of the word “top” in language. In the analysis of evolution of semantics of the word “top” in Russian, the author pays special attention to pragmatics of the language sign. Taking into account a semiotic explanation of the phenomena of language asymmetry, the publication reveals and substantiates emergence of new plans of contents in language signs, thereby showing changes in interrelations between an object, the plan of expression of the sign and its pragmatics. For the first time, the author shows development of significative meanings in spatial signs symbols through a prism of a historical method, with attraction of various data. The work determines changes in understanding of the denotation of the described sign associated with an interpreter position evolving under the influence of mental principles during this or that era. It is possible to explain this, in particular, by reflection of religious beliefs. Results of this research can be used at the description of the language as sign system; in spite of the fact that the diachrony of signs is considered on Russian material, their institutionalization to some extent has universal character.
On phraseological units with the somatic components expressing a condition of the person in the Adyghe language
The paper deals with some phraseological units designating parts of a human body in the Adyghe language and showing a condition of the person. The analysis is made of some features of functioning of lexical units gu «heart», shkhe «head», ne «eye», e «hand» and sho «skin» as a part of the somatic phraseological units designating intellectual, physical and physiological conditions of the person. A methodological basis of the research includes the principles of the semantic, comparative, translation and statistical analysis that allows the author to deepen knowledge of somatic phraseological units of the Adyghe language and to define their place in the system of language, to reveal features of their functioning in language and in speech. Results of this research are also of theoretical and practical importance, which lies in use of material of phraseological units with somatic components during creation of a course of lectures on the Adyghe contemporary language and on the Adyghe phraseology, as well as in drawing up phraseological dictionaries.
Study of Arts
Circles of literary centrism in the Soviet cinema of the 1930s: consultants, art departments and censors
The second post-revolutionary decade was marked by the centralization of all spheres of the Soviet state. In the arts and, especially, in the cinema, this process showed itself in the development of censorship. The purpose of this research is to describe the way how the censorship enhanced the role of verbal forms of arts. This trend developed in parallel with a large-scale restoration of literary centrism, which took the leading position in the Russian culture in the second half of the 19th century, but which was destroyed by the synesthesia avant-garde potential in the 1910s − the early 1920s. In this situation, preventive censorship, detected in various forms (art departments, consultants), was an important stage in the film production. However, contemporaries often characterized censorship institutions as ineffective and detrimental to the creative process. Historical and typological analysis leads to a conclusion that it happened largely because the literary-centric worldview bearers were confident in the directly-proportional dependence between the quality of the film and the quality of the verbal material, for example, the screenplay. Relevance of the subject and the importance of work are caused by still poor study of this problem.
«Artaxerxes» of Thomas Augustine Arne – the English opera-seria
An analysis is made of Artaxerxes, an opera of the English composer Thomas Augustine Arne (1710-1778) which has become the first opera-seria created in English. The purpose of this research is studying historical prerequisites of emergence of this composition on the English stage in the middle of the 18th century. The work is considered from the point of view of its compliance to model of the Italian opera-seria. The author shows specific lines characteristic of the English theatrical genres. Due to small popularity of a figure of Arne in the Russian musicology, the research of Artaxerxes is one of stages aimed at disclosure of his creative heritage for musicians, both researchers and performers. The methodology of work is defined by traditions of domestic and foreign musicology in the field of a research of English and, partly, Italian musical theater of the 17-18th centuries, and the basic one is the historicism method. As a result of studying history of creation and composition of the work, the author of this paper has revealed influence of the outstanding opera singer Charlotte Brent on creation of Artaxerxes, full compliance of composition of the opera to structure of the Italian opera-seria and availability of a large number of the items created in the genre of a song and sending to national English tradition of theatrical music.
Performance on the saxophone in the late twentieth century: characteristic features of evolution
For the first time, this paper studies original historical processes that influenced the development of saxophone performance, which has become the most priority area of wind creativity at the end of the twentieth century. Its widespread popularization was due to the intense transformations that occurred as a result of a change in the perception of the saxophone in the circles of the elite musical community. In this connection, the reorganizations in the vocational education system related to the social status of the instrument are of special interest for the research, since they contributed to a rapid rise in the skill level of saxophonists of different styles. The reforms introduced led to a sharp increase in the number of national schools, within which an entire galaxy of talented instrumentalists of the new formation has been promoted. Thanks to their progressive activities, a large amount of instructive, methodological, scientific and fiction literature appears, reflecting the cardinal transformations inherent in this time. Among other things, the author focuses on the factor, which is very significant for the analyzed period, as the mutual enrichment of the academic and jazz spheres, because these trends have determined a rather wide range of forms and types of music making. In the conclusion it is noted that the reason for such a rapid and qualitative evolution of the performing arts was the realization of the saxophone individuality.
Reva G.V., Tsergoy T.A.
Aestheticization of the ugly in art
Ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ âîïðîñ î ïðîäîëæàþùåìñÿ ïðîöåññå ïåðåîöåíêè êóëüòóðíûõ è ýñòåòè÷åñêèõ öåííîñòåé â èñêóññòâå ÕÕI âåêà, â êîòîðîì îòìå÷àþòñÿ òåíäåíöèè ôèêñàöèè è ýñòåòèçàöèè áåçîáðàçíîãî, åãî ïîïóëÿðèçàöèè. Öåëü çàêëþ÷àåòñÿ â ðàññìîòðåíèè ôåíîìåíà áåçîáðàçíîãî, àíàëèçå èñòîðè÷åñêîé ðåòðîñïåêòèâû åãî ïðîÿâëåíèÿ â ðàçëè÷íûõ âèäàõ èñêóññòâà. Îòìå÷åíî, ÷òî áåçîáðàçíîå êàê àíòèïîä ïðåêðàñíîìó ìîæåò áûòü ïðåäñòàâëåíî ïðàêòè÷åñêè âî âñåõ ñôåðàõ áûòèÿ: â ïðèðîäå, ìîðàëè, ïîëèòè÷åñêîì óñòðîéñòâå îáùåñòâà, èñêóññòâå è ò.ä. Àêòóàëüíîñòü òåìû îáóñëîâëåíà òåì, ÷òî àêòèâíàÿ ýñòåòèçàöèÿ áåçîáðàçíîãî â èñêóññòâå ÕÕI â. âåäåò ê ïîòåðå îáùå÷åëîâå÷åñêèõ öåííîñòåé è èäåàëîâ â õóäîæåñòâåííûõ ïðîèçâåäåíèÿõ, ÷òî ñïîñîáñòâóåò ðàçðóøåíèþ äóõîâíûõ îñíîâ ÷åëîâåêà, åãî öåííîñòíûõ îðèåíòàöèé. Ïîêàçàíî, ÷òî öåëè, çàäà÷è, ìîòèâû ñîçäàíèÿ ïîäîáíûõ ïðîèçâåäåíèé îïðåäåëåíû ïðè÷èíàìè îáúåêòèâíîãî è ñóáúåêòèâíîãî ïîðÿäêà. Óñòàíîâëåíî, ÷òî ïðîÿâëåíèå áåçîáðàçíîãî êàê àíòèïîäà ïðåêðàñíîìó â èñêóññòâå âñå æå íåèçáåæíî.
Features of development of printed graphics in a paradigm of the modern fine art
The process of the printed graphics’ adaptation is analyzed in contemporary art, thus developing a system in a competitive environment of printmaking and digital technologies. The article focuses on need for popularization of the printed graphics in the form of exhibitions, workshops, conferences and educational projects for a wide audience in order to demonstrate opportunities and variety of modern printmaking techniques and technologies. Research methodology is based on the analysis of printmaking developments in the historical and international context. Notably, its highest advantages are accessibility, mobility, approach variability, and the sense of using materials with the main benefit being the possibility of circulation. The greatly increased range of innovative technologies affords printed graphics to integrate successfully into contemporary art. Different approaches of Russian and Mexican universities for reaching printed graphics are researched and compared to each other. The successful experience of Russian and Mexican students’ projects of creating Artist’s book together utilizing the processes of both etching and lithography reveals the benefit and value of cross-cultural communication. Methodological approaches to the promotion of printed graphics are relevant in terms of studying the printmaking system in higher education.
Tuguz A.R., Shumilov D.S., Smolkov I.V., Tatarkova E.A., Kazachko S.V., Mamiy D.D.
Molar imbalance of inflammatory mediators IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α at coronary and cerebrovascular atherosclerosis
Serum levels of proinflammatory mediators IL-17A, IL-1β, TNF-α at patients with coronary and cerebral atherosclerosis (n=20) and donors (n=12) vary in the narrow range of physiological values (0–50 pg/ml) and do not differ (Ð>0,05). In a supernatant of the ahintactic PBMC and NE of sick of IHD and IIM, concentration of IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α authentically (Ð<0,01) exceeds indicators for healthy individuals and makes respectively for a mediator of chronic inflammation – IL-17A: 65,85±15,89; 2,03±1,35; 2,95±1,26 pg/ml; an acute inflammation – IL-1: 65±22,19; 47,90±2,92; 11,95±3,86 pg/ml; a key mediator of inflammation and damage an endothelium of vessels of TNF-α – 435,63±77,14; 190,33±34,10; 36,71±7,2 pg/ml. Equimolar ratios of IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α in a super-natant of the ahintactic PBMC of donors are defined (0,8:0,7:0,7). The molar imbalance at sick of IBS with constitutive hyperproduction of the main inflammatory mediators is characterized by cascade double strengthening among IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α (1,88:3,82:8,38) also differs at IIM (0,06:2,82:3,65). In cytokine profile intact NE, stimulated in vitro PHA PBMC and NE of patients, TNF-α prevails.
Akanova N.I., Gladysheva O.V., Shilnikov I.A., Kirpichnikov N.A.
Issues related to raising efficiency of soil chemical melioratio
On the basis of the analysis of results of many-year experiences and monitoring of soils of agricultural lands, we show crisis state of soils of domestic agriculture according to environment response, as well as offer techniques for a positive solution of this problem. Also we prove the high economic and agro-environmental efficiency of soil liming in combination with introduction of phosphorite meal and need of renewal of its large-scale state support. Results of positive action of the calcium-containing waste of the industry as chemical ameliorants are given.
Chernyavskaya I.V., Tolstikova T.N., Chitao S.I.
Comparative characteristic of the physiological features of Berberis L. genus representatives in the Botanical garden of the Adyghe State University
The paper presents the results of physiological studies of representatives of the genus Berberis L. from the collection of the Botanical garden of the Adyghe State University. Biometric measurements were carried out, the seasonal rhythm of the development of the introduced species was compared with the local species. Indicators of water exchange (total water content, transpiration intensity, water retention capacity) and photosynthetic intensity were determined. Adaptability of introduced species is revealed.
Evolution of systems of resettlement in the territory of the contemporary Adyghea Republic
The paper presents the main characteristics of administrative-territorial transformations in the Republic of Adyghea which have touched both the local and regional systems of resettlement. The author gives the results of territorial and structural evolution of systems of resettlement in the period between 1926 and 2010, types of modern systems of resettlement and examples of evolution of local systems of resettlement, typical and pronounced for Adyghea.
Bagaeva U.V., Kachmazov G.S., Bagaeva M.D., Cherchesova S.K., Cheldieva V.R., Bagauri L.S.
Study of the resistance of potato varieties to the tuber nemotode in the condition of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alanya
Resistance to the tuber nematode Ditylenchus destruktor of four potato varieties was studied in field and laboratory conditions: Romano, Zhukovsky, Meteor, Udacha. The relationship of the degree of resistance to the nematode with the content of starch and the maturation period of plants was noted. In field studies, the most susceptible variety was Romano with a tuber damage of up to 10% and a high starch content (14–17%). Fast-growing and early-ripening varieties Zhukovsky and Meteor were less affected by the nematode (up to 5%). The greatest resistance was recorded in Udacha (less than 1%), characterized by a lower starch content in tubers (12–14%). With an increase in the starch content, an increase in the extensiveness and intensity of tuber damage was observed in laboratory studies.
Mamiy D.D., Tatarkova E.A., Tuguz A.R., Tsikunib A.A., Sakhtaryek Z.N.
Polymorphisms of genes of folate cycle associated with the threat of early termination of pregnancy at women from Republic of Adyghea
The research urgency is caused by the search for prognostically significant criteria of the threat of early reproductive losses at residents of the Republic of Adyghea in the analysis of the frequency distribution of polymorphisms of genes of the folate cycle MTHFR 677 C>T, rs1801133; MTHFR 1298 A>C, rs1801131; MTR 2756 A>G, rs1805087; MTRR 66 A>G, rs1801394; SLC19A1 80 G>A, rs1051266. The examined group (n=48) included patients of reproductive age (average age 28,2±4,6 years) from different ethnic groups with the threat of termination of approximately 13 week pregnancy. The control group (donors, n=51) is represented by an unrelated healthy women of reproductive age from the Republic of Adyghea (average age was 28,4±5,97 years). No statistically significant differences in SNP genes MTHFR, MTR, MTRR, SLC19A1 in the General group of women from the Republic of Adyghea and among the Adyghe women have been identified. Russian women from the Republic of Adyghea with increased risk (OR=4,11; 95% CI=1,39–12,18; P=0,02) of termination of pregnancy in the first trimester showed association with heterozygous geno-type SLC19A1 of A80G gene.
Tuguz F.V., Ocheret N.P.
Territorial and structural features of resettlement and the population in the national Republics of the North Caucasus
The paper discusses the distribution of key indicators of resettlement and the population, feature of structure of rural resettlement in the national Republics of the North Caucasus, as well as the distribution of country people in settlements with various number of inhabitants and in settlements of different type.
Assessment of efficiency of application of sewage precipitates at potato cultivation
Agroecosystems of the Tver region have constant deficiency of organic substance. At the same time there is an accumulation of large-tonnage organic waste of treatment facilities in the form of the sewage precipitates (SP) which can be used as organic fertilizers under various crops. Use of SP as fertilizers will allow us to keep a significant amount of mineral fertilizer and will reduce deficiency of a humus. Introduction of SP in the doses which do not exceed 60 t/hectare doesn't lead to increase in contents of heavy metals in the soil. The top yield of tubers on the cespitose and podsolic sandy soil has been received against the background of a dose of SP of 60 t/hectare and mix of SP with mineral fertilizers. At the same time against the background of doses of SP of 20–60 t/hectare under potatoes no excess accumulation of heavy metals in tubers is noted.
Leonov G.A., Shumafov M.M., Teshev V.A., Aleksandrov K.D.
Existence, uniqueness, stability and oscillations of solutions of differential equations with hysteresis nonlinearities. – A survey
A survey on results for ordinary differential equations with hysteresis nonlinearities is presented. The results concerning the problems of existence and/or uniqueness of solutions for the Cauchy initial value problem for various classes of differential equations with hysteresis operators are provided. Frequency conditions of the absolute stability and existence of oscillatory solutions of equations with nonlinearities of different types of hysteresis are given.
Algebraic orientation of sets (ordering sets). IV. Stokes’ theorem
In this paper we develop the algebraic approach to orientation and introduce concepts of partially simplexized set and measurable partially simplexized set in R n . We present bases of the theory of integration on a projection on measurable partially simplexized sets, generalizing the theory of integration on the oriented manyfolds. The proved theorems connect operation of integration on a projection with operation of differentiation on a projection. The proved theorems extend the known theorem of Stokes to measurable partially simplexized sets. The new form of record of Stokes’ formula does not rely on calculus of differential forms, does not demand smoothness of manyfold and can be applied to nonorientable manyfolds.
Tlyachev V.B., Ushkho A.D., Ushkho D.S.
On the character of nonconvexity of the trajectories of a cubic differential system
In the paper we consider the character of nonconvexity of a closed trajectory of a cubic differential system. It is proved that the closed trajectory of such system is an s-pointed star where s≤4. Examples of the cubic systems having the closed trajectories a type of “m-pointed star” are given.
On generic polynomial differential equations of second order
In the space of second-order differential equations with right-hand sides that are polynomials of degree ≤ n, an open everywhere dense set is distinguished, consisting of equations that are structurally stable on the Poincaré circle and on the projective plane.
Kozlov V.A., Palandzhyants L.Z.
On subalgebra structure of the polynomial multiplicatively integrated matrix functions of the second order. II
In this paper we consider the problem on polynomial curvilinear multiplicative integrals and reveal the structure of subalgebra of the multiplicatively integrated matrix functions of the second order. The research is conducted by degrees of polynomial curves.
Elementary proof of coincidence of full and vector zero frequencies of solutions of autonomous differential systems
In this paper we give a new proof of result obtained by D.S. Burlakov and S.V. Tsoi about coincidence of full and vector zero frequencies on a set of solutions of linear homogeneous autonomous differential systems.
Bobylev Yu.V., Gribkov A.I., Romanov R.V.
Field experiment on the rotation of the electrolyte in the electric and magnetic fields and its analytical description
The paper describes a demonstration experiment that illustrates the movement of charged particles of the electrolyte in magnetic and electric fields. In addition to qualitative we give strict mathematical modeling of processes happening in the system. Comparison of results of analytical simulation and full-scale experiment has shown their satisfactory agreement.
Kizdermishov A.A., Kizdermishova S.K.
Installing and configuring the redirector for Squid (ssl-bump)
The paper deals with the issues associated with the commissioning of a special regime Squid (ssl-bump) and gives recommendations for IT administrators with low level of preparation for installing and configuring the SquidGuard redirector for the case of package configuration of Squid with special ssl-bump on Ubuntu.
Dovgal V.À., Dovgal D.V.
Internet of Things: concept, applications and tasks
At the moment all observed forms of communications come down either to the scheme of human-human, or human-device. But the Internet of Things (IoT) offers us the enormous Internet future in which communications of the machine-machine (M2M) type will appear. Thist will allow us to unite everything in our world in the general infrastructure, making it possible not only to operate everything that is around us, but also to provide us information on a condition of these things. The purpose of this paper is the comprehensive review of possible options of IoT use and also the review of the technologies expanding its opportunities and networks of sensors. Also, it describes six step structure of IoT and points to the key tasks connected with it. Anyway, this paper will give good understanding to other researchers who wish to begin their researches in the field of the Internet of Things, and will promote effective accumulation of knowl-edge.
The October Revolution: dialectics of creation and destruction (from materials of a round table)
This is the review of speeches and discussion which have sounded at a meeting of the round table dedicated to the World Day of Philosophy founded by UNESCO. Among the discussed key questions were modern assessment of events of 1917, a phenomenon of historical memory, its influence on civil solidarity and the analysis of the key changes which have happened in society under the influence of events of October 1917.