Historical and political Sciences
Formation of civil settlements in the Northwest Caucasus in the 1840s – 1850s
In the paper the features of formation of civil settle-ments in the Northwest Caucasus in the 1840s – 1850s and a policy of the Russian government concerning persons not belonging to army are analyzed.
Daily life of Novodonetskaya village
The material is presented on settling down Novodonetskaya village of the Kuban Cossack army and on the development of economic and public life of Cossacks in the 19th century.
A problem of peasants in internal policy of the tsarist government in the 1880s-1890s: arrangement of a tax system
The paper investigates the Russian legislation on ar-rangement of a tax system. In this connection measures of the government are analyzed on transfer of peasants into a system of the obligatory ransom, decreasing redemption payments and poll-tax cancellation.
Historical predecessors of cossacks, setting up and development of the Cossacks
This study is devoted to formation of the Cossacks. The Cossacks are considered as the complex phenomenon having qualities of a cultural - historical community, ethnos and service class formed by the state for its own purposes and for administrative-territorial formation of a social community of peoples and estates living on the Cossack grounds. Also an attempt is undertaken to classify various groups of the Cossacks
on the basis of known sources.
Cultural life of the Black Sea cossacks in the beginning of the 19th century
The paper describes setting up of an original culture of the Kuban Cossacks which has incorporated traditions of material and spiritual life of the peoples populating this territory. This has found the reflection in formation of an education system, educational institutions and literature.
Activity of the Adygheya militia in struggle with criminality and in protection of a social order in the 1920s
Setting up of the Soviet militia occurred in difficult conditions of sharp class struggle, destruction of old and consolidation of new public and political system. The primary goal of militia in this period was protection of a social order and struggle against criminality. The paper describes various organizational forms of participation of militia in implementation of this task.
The NKVD-NKGB bodies in the political system of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
The paper investigates the place and a role of the NKVD-NKGB bodies in the political system of the USSR during the Great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. They carried out protection and strengthening of objects of the industry and agriculture in cities and villages, struggle against such crimes as espionage, diversion, wrecking and sabotage. The activity of the NKVD-NKGB bodies was directed both against an agency of German investigation, other foreign special services and against hostile elements inside the country.
On the so-called “intermediate zones” in period schemes of the world history
The paper is devoted to methodological elucidation of “intermediate zones” or transition periods from one stage of historical development to another in the period schemes of the world history. Special attention is given to “early New time”, namely to a transition period from a traditional to industrial society.
Sociological and Cultural Studies
The contents of cultural education of the future teacher-musician
The paper is devoted to perfecting the contents of the higher musical-pedagogical education. The author gives the characteristic of the cultural type of education and discloses its opportunities in training the teacher- musician. Special attention is given to cultural aspect in teaching musical - pedagogical disciplines.
The territorial organization of Islam infrastructure in the South of Russia
The paper discusses acute problems of regionalization and ethnization taking place in Muslim communities in the South of Russia, as well as qualitative changes in the confessional infrastructure occurring against this background.
A.A. Muzalev, M.A. Shorov
Christianity in Adygheya: a history and the present
In their work the authors consider a penetration and spread of Christianity among the Adyghes and the basic stages of Orthodoxy setting up in Adygheya. The present confessional situation in the territory of republic is described.
Philological Sciences: Linguistics
Scientific directions of the Russian Language Department and the role of KTSIROSK in their realization
In the paper the author presents a review of the basic directions of scientific activity of the Russian Language Department at the Philological Faculty for the past years. The results of research work of teachers, post-graduate students and students participating in the development of actual problems of learning Russian and regional onomastics of the Northern Caucasus are given.
R.Y. Namitokova, N.I. Tereshchenko, I.A. Neflyasheva
The language of modern city (presentation of the program of social-dialect practice of students of the second course, specialization: philological provision of journalism and document-keeping)
The modern city speech shows new tendencies in the life of our society connected with strengthening of the personal basis, with dynamism, spontaneity of dialogue, easing of official relations, aspiration to a language game and to variation and with liberalization of the language. Studying alive speech is actual for development of a linguistic outlook of students - the future journalists and document-keepers.
Interaction of sense and the form in constructions with syntactic application
Of great importance in understanding and perception of the statement and the text is their formal - grammatic expression and syntactic features. Change of initial sense of a phrase is influenced frequently with its syntactic valency, compatibility with other words and phrases. This list can be added with asymmetry between sense and the form, influence of the form on sense of the statement, as well as with orientation of the author of speech to a language game. Specificity of the person of the recipient, a level of his intelligence and language intuition are important as well.
The advertising text as a reflection of active processes in lexical system of the Russian language
The paper is devoted to some lexical features of the advertising text, reflecting active processes in the modern system of the Russian language. These processes are connected with activation of slangy and colloquial lexicon in the language of MASS-MEDIA and advertising, with expansion and narrowing of value of units owing to determinologization and precedentness. Problems of adoption of another language lexicon and its adaptation in the Russian advertising text are considered.
Connection of spatial and temporal meanings (as shown by a material from the Adyghe, Russian and English languages)
A study of the ways and means of expression of spatial-temporal relations in a context of modern concepts allows one to profoundly investigate the features of a national language picture of the world in comparable languages and reveal their similarities and distinction. In the paper the author proceeds from the assumption that natural languages represent the culture codes differently reflecting and structurizing the world around.
A dichotomy of aggression vs tolerance in the Russian and English communicative behaviour
The paper discusses the psycholinguistic aspects of aggressive communicative behaviour in the Russian and English-speaking linguocultural communities, as well as the tolerant behaviour as antipode of aggression. Examples are given of political correctness as a variant of tolerant behaviour and a display of the double standard.
Specific features of language structurization of space
The author examines specific features of a view of the person about the world in realities of space that is a reflection of cumulative sensual experience.
Translational modelling of art discourse
In the paper the author considers a reconstruction in translation of specific features of informal conversation of literature characters by means of translational actualization of certain discourse markers in the text of translation.
On techniques of teaching pupils of senior classes to make a dialogue
The paper is devoted to a system of teaching pupils of senior classes to make a dialogue. Specific features of dialogical speech are as follows: a) a unit of dialogical speech is the so-called dialogical unity (microdialogue); b) ellipses and dispositions are peculiar for remarks of dialogical speech; c) dialogical speech is not only questions and answers; d) dialogical speech is rich in colloquial formulas and a cliche. The paper contains the characteristic of deductive and inductive methods of teaching pupils to make a dialogue, as well as basic exercises teaching to support conversation.
Economic Sciences and Problems of Financing
Preconditions and target orientation of creation of a macroregional economic complex basing on the federal district of the Russian Federation
The paper discusses preconditions and target orientation of creation of a macroregional economic complex basing on the federal district of the Russian Federation.
In economy of modern Russia the macroregional economic complexes develop within the framework of realization of the specific political program of the federal authority, i.e. on the basis of the federal districts which were created in 2000 and which have administratively united neighbouring regions - subjects of the Russian Federation. Economic preconditions of creation of these complexes on the basis of integration of elements of political-administrative structure of the Russian Federation are multitargeted. They are connected both with the processes of globalization and localization of economic relations and with specific features of market transformations in economy of Russia.
Basic aspects of steady development of regional economy
The basic aspects of steady development of regional economy are considered using the Adygheya Republic and its agriculture as an example. Factors influencing the meso-and macroeconomic stability of economy are presented.
Marketing of the new goods as an element of strategic management
Marketing of the new goods is created first of all taking into account requirements of the target market and therefore is a basic element of strategic management.
N.I. Pshikanokova, F.R. Azashikova
Regional features of modelling of the economy development strategy in the post-crisis period
Theoretical foundations of regional economy are considered on the basis of a subject of the Russian Federation with its basic social and economic indices.
The material can be used by post-graduate students and by the teachers engaged in regional problems.
Modern strategy of the development of manufacturing
In modern conditions the strategy of development of manufacturing should include four interconnected programs: increase in flexibility of manufacturing, synchronization of industrial activity and management of material streams and improvement of the quality of work. Such an approach to the development of a manufacturing system is intended to the consumer.
The purposes of this strategy can be formulated as five basic requirements to the organization of manufacturing systems: unification of efforts of workers in achievement of the purposes of development of the enterprise; strengthening of response to changing tendencies of development of the market; manufacturing of production having a guarantee of demand, expansion of opportunities of releasing various kinds of production; the output meeting the requirements of a specific consumer and organization of its post-sale service.
Improvement of the mechanisms of state regulation in the agrarian and industrial complex
The paper defines the importance and priority of state regulation in the agricultural sector of the agrarian and industrial complex. Attention is accented to priority directions of its support by the state programs and measures.
Integrated structures and their role in strategic development of organization
The paper is devoted to a problem of efficiency of functioning of the integrated structures existing in the modern Russian agrarian and industrial complex as one of directions of the strategic development of organization. Methodical approaches to the organization of exchange-distributive relations between participants of the integrated structure are considered.
A.A. Kerashev, V.V. Teshev
A macroregional economic complex and its specific distinctions
The paper discusses the idea of such a new integration formation as the macroregional economic complex, as well as an establishment of specific differences and features of its formation.
Problems of administering a student's contingent at higher school
The paper discusses some problems of internal administering the education process at higher school in view of specificity of a speciality “Administering the Personnel” using experience in working of a student's problematic group.
Modelling of social-economic systems
In the paper the author regards specific features of modelling of social and economic processes, analyzes advantages and defects of the standard approaches and considers factors promoting effective modelling of the processes. Modern tendencies and program complexes used for the analysis and modelling of social and economic processes are described.
Work quota setting as the factor of effective strategic intracorporation planning
In the market conditions requirements to a level of the organization and work quota setting essentially increase. When the profit becomes the basic generalizing parameter showing the result of activity of the enterprise, value of all kinds of norms and specifications, first of all of labour, grows.
M.G. Bolokova, R.T. Chetav
Economic-mathematical modelling of the mechanism of re-structuring of agricultural branch through an estimation of its resource potential
The economic-mathematical model was made for realization of the methodical approach to re-structuring manufacture. Its realization will allow one to reveal the optimum industrial structure of an agricultural enterprise in order to maximize the profit from manufacture of the most favourable set of a commodity output using available resources (without investments). Restrictions concerning guaranteed manufacture of separate kinds of production are introduced in the model. Their bottom level has been determined by the concluded contracts, by a crop rotation, by intrafarm needs etc.
Interdependence between the principles and contents of the elements of strategic and innovational management
The paper describes the genesis of innovational and strategic management simultaneously comparing the essence and contents of each of the cited terms. It is possible to observe a close interrelation of strategic and innovational processes in the dynamics of their evolutionary development.
Sciences of Law
A.I. Trakhov, D.S. Ablezov
The problems of perfection of antinarcotic legislation in the Russian Federation
The paper discusses the problems of perfection of antinarcotic legislation in the Russian Federation.
On the formation of civil-law culture in students - the future lawyers
The paper contains the analysis of the formation of civil-law culture in students of the Faculty of Law, as well as the results of diagnostics of civil-law culture.
Differentiation of the criminal liability by gender: historical aspect
The analysis of criminally legal standards reveals groundlessness, discrepancy of the gender approach of the legislator to their designing. Taking into account gender expert examinations and the just priorities of social differentiation of men and women it is observed that the legislator does not conform to the rules.
Political Sciences and Social Movements
Realization of the principles of a lawful state in modern Russia
The lawful state, conditions of realization of the principles of legal statehood are directly connected with guarantees of rights and freedoms of the person and the citizen, the mutual responsibility of the state and the citizen, high authority of the law.
The process of formation of a uniform legal field is an urge problem and the major factor of development of federal relations in Russia.
We need the political-legal doctrine with precisely determined principles, priorities, the purpose of the state construction and efforts of elites on activation of social-political potential for achievement of the purposes of reforming and on the coordination of interests of a society and the state.
There is a need in harmonious system of views, i.e. a conception for the decision of problems of effective constitutional-legal regulation in the modern period which still lags behind requirements of practice.
On a nature and a role of multiparty membership in the Russian post-Soviet space: a party, a society, authority and democracy (1990–2000)
An attempt is undertaken to comprehend a role and a place of multiparty membership in the Russian post-Soviet transit, to show relations of authority, a society and the state to parties, to analyze new steps of democratization in the state construction and to reveal attitudes to new transformations in the state going by a way of democratic transformation in the post-Soviet period.
Ethnonational geopolitical identity: setting a problem
Intensive sociopolitical and economic transformations in the country have caused a new ethnopolitical and social - psychological reality. The ethnopolitical statuses of ethnic groups in the republics of Russia have changed. Nowadays the following processes takes place: search for new identification in representatives of title ethnoses, increase of ethnic migrations, the formation of general identity and a change of valuable structure of the ethnonational geopolitical identity.
Polemology and ethnopolitical science: sciences about war and peace
The paper is devoted to consideration of basic problems of Polemology, the science about war, basing on works of ancient and modern polemologists who try to explain the reasons and necessity of wars for the settlement of inrastate and interstate conflicts and contradictions produced by various interests and requirements of people. Axiological analysis of this military policy is carried out by Ethnopolitical Science and Irenology that act some kind of the methodological basis of the theory and practice of war and peace. This connects these sciences working in one universal field, but doing different functions, though in one team. This paper is intended for the author's special course “Ethnopolitical Science” working for some decades.
National diplomacy as a means of the settlement of social conflicts. The purposes and objectives of the Centre
The basic purpose of this paper is the violent settlement of social conflicts, generalization of experience of peoples of the Northern Caucasus in the prevention of interethnic disputes.
Adyghe Khase in the 21st century: a strategic choice
An attempt is undertaken to analyze the conceptual foundations of a social movement Adyghe Khase of Adygheya Republic in conditions of globalization.
Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences and Problems of Training the Pedagogical Staff
An integrative orientation in activities of Scientific School “Acute problems of national school in the Northern Caucasus” in a retrospective show and its future tasks
In the paper the author presents the analytical material on an integrative orientation in activities of Scientific School “Acute problems of national school in the Northern Caucasus” in a retrospective show and determines its future tasks.
Braking methods in traditions and customs of the Karachaev people
The paper is devoted to research of educational potential of interdictions as one of the effective means of the formation of a moral-complete person. Interdictions in national pedagogy of the Karachaevs are characterized as an ethnic-pedagogic value. Interdictions regulated the rules of behaviour, contained requirements to show judiciousness, persistence, resoluteness in actions, not speaking about themselves without special necessity, to hold the given word etc.
On new approaches to the formation of social-significant valuable orientations of the person
The paper discusses the innovational approach to designing a pedagogical technology of the formation of social-significant valuable orientations.
Setting up and developing of a system of gymnasia education in the Caucasus and its influence on the ethnic-cultural medium
The paper discusses some aspects of setting up and developing of a system of secondary education in the Caucasus in the 19th century. Experience of educational institutions of the Caucasus in the decision of ethnic-cultural problems and their influence on the ethnic-cultural medium are examined.
Psychotherapeutic aspects of education in national pedagogy of the Adyghes
In the paper the author presents a new direction of psychoanalytical approach to researches of education aspects in national pedagogy of the Adyghes.
Problematic training as means of realization of the unity of didactics and dialectics
The paper is devoted to one of the actual theoretical-methodological problems of a pedagogical science, namely to elucidation of the unity of didactics and dialectics. The problematic training and its psychological- pedagogical potential are considered as means of realization of such unity. Since the essence of problematic training is covered in detail in the psychological -pedagogical literature, in this study only those aspects of problematic training and those features are examined which demand philosophical elucidation. Besides, the author offers the general technology of application of an in part - search method (a method of heuristic conversation) as one of the methods of problematic training.
M.R. Kudaev, M.B. Bogus, M.K. Kyatova
A system of educational and cognitive tasks in studying the humanities
In the paper the authors substantiate the urgency of improving teaching the humanities. In this connection the essence of educational and cognitive tasks is disclosed and theoretical foundations of their development are analyzed.
Subjective identity as the integrated characteristic of the person
In the paper the author discloses the concept of subjective identity, defines situations in which it is displayed most intensively. Three clue characteristics are presented, allowing the given category to be considered as the integrated characteristic of the person. They are connected among themselves and make steady algorithm, the structure of behaviour of the person enabling him to carry out self-control of internal, mental, and external, subject activity. This structure can be one of the basic indicators in diagnostics and the analysis of subjective identity.
Communications in a mirror of psycholinguistics
The paper discusses a psycholinguistic aspect of the communications. In this clue the following questions are considered: psycholinguistics as a special direction in a science, the basic aspects and acute problems of psycholinguistic researches, a correlation of psycholinguistics and psychology, ethnopsychology, cognitive psychology and linguistics, sociolinguistics, questions of the language and speech person, psycholinguistic foundations, types and conditions of the adequate communications.
Psychosocial functions of shyness
As emotions are the product of evolutional-biological inheritance, every emotion plays a certain role in phylogenies of humankind. Biological and psychosocial functions of shyness mostly coincide: it makes a person sensitive to feelings and estimation of other persons, increases permeability of “I borders”, strengthens self-criticism. Protective mechanisms of denial, suppression and self-esteem are used to overcome shyness.
The consideration of age psychological features of senior pupils
The paper considers the age psychological features of senior pupils while teaching them a foreign language. A modern senior pupil is a product of contemporary life, he is complicated, interesting and inconsistent.
Literature and Literary Critisizm
A study of a history of the literature today: the traditional trends, new tendencies, basic concepts
The literary process at the present stage is characterized by destruction of the settled ideological values, by loss of habitual aesthetic reference-points and, as a consequence, by world outlook vacuum. These new tendencies in the Russian literature are connected not only with sociohistorical changes in life of Russia, but also with fundamental features of the formation of culture in the 20th century. We mean crisis of a historicism in thinking, audit of a traditional deterministic conception, blossoming of modernist and postmodernist directions in art. Activation of new, formalistic approaches inclusive, has become the inevitable and in many respects productive phenomenon. It, on the one hand, has enriched the art - aesthetic process and has helped one to objectively reconsider a history and the theory of the literary process. Absolutization of a principle of fragmentariness has resulted at the same time in attempts of ignoring of traditional fundamental approaches and basic positions. While studying the literary process, for example, it is difficult to do without national ground and temporal, historical-public features that generated it. At the same time the system analysis does not contradict perception of a literary work as the unique phenomenon reflecting phenomenal creative ability of a separate artist.
Mythological poetics and structure of the text in the Adyghe modern novel (Y. Chuyako, N. Kuek, D. Koshubaev)
In the paper the author considers novels of the Adyghe writers Y.Chuyako, N.Kuek, D.Koshubaev. Their creativity is full with mythological poetics. The author studies the role of mythological poetics as the means of the semantic and structural organization of the text, reveals structural invariants: a system of leitmotifs, binary oppositions, images-symbols, various repetitions, features of chronotop which in aggregate create a complete structure of works.
T.M. Stepanova, M.A. Alentieva
On a mythological component of folklore and literature
A mythological dominant of folklore in the totally atheistic Soviet period was not welcomed. However it was impossible to remove this phenomenon from spiritual, cultural and art spheres. Therefore, undoubtedly, it existed in officially admitted Soviet literature at a level of art archetypes, frequently “assimilating” and being levelled by other forms of folklorism.
Interrelation between philosophical and literary-critical methodologies in analysis of the cultural – aesthetic phenomena
The purpose of the paper is a definition of the contents of concept “methodology” (the process of the origin of the given basic principle of any scientific research, its development in philosophy and in literary criticism and the further interpretation in a modern science).
Landscape as a structure-forming basis of a narrative in works of Sultan Khan-Girey
In the paper the author investigates the originality of a landscape in works of Sultan Khan – Girey, the Adyghe writer - educator of the 19th century. Pictures of a nature create picturesque conditions, become a reflection of the author's idea and the emotional implication of work; they emphasize intensity of action and its symbolical expressiveness, as well as are used as the means of the psychological characteristic of heroes.
Problems of Computer Science and Computer Facilities
On informatization of a society in the 21st century
Informatization of a society is a universal introduction of measures directed to maintenance of full and duly use of trustworthy information. It depends on a degree of development of new information technologies. Information technologies as the process using a set of means and methods of processing and transfer of the initial information to obtain information of new quality on a state of the object, process or the phenomenon. Components of information technologies are program training, interactive training, expert systems, the hypertext and multimedia, imitating modeling and demonstrations.
Application of the typical software in Laboratory researches in the educational process
Examples are given of the application of the software in laboratory researches of the first course in discipline “Computer sciences”, speciality “Mathematics” at the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Sciences.
V.E. Korzhakov, E.V. Lutsenko
Intellectualization as a general direction of development of information technologies
The paper describes the origin of computers and consecutive intellectualization of information technologies as natural and inevitable development of technology.
The effect of new information technologies on increase of the management efficiency by quality of education
In the paper the author discloses some problems of an estimation and quality management of education and basic differences of educational process from industrial. Opportunities of introducing new information technologies in the field of quality management of education are defined.
On one approach to the automated creation of dictionaries of statistically significant lexicon of natural languages
In the work the formalistic approach is offered to modelling of the selection of statistically significant lexicon of natural languages from representative textual bases of these languages. The factors influencing the efficiency of such approach are discussed and a number of problems which could be solved on its basis are formulated. Applicability of a method to the decision of some of the specified problems for the Adyghe language is established.
The tendencies of using the modern computer technologies in studying economic disciplines
In the paper the author presents and substantiates some aspects of necessity of using the modern computer technologies in training the future economists. Tendencies of the development of this field of knowledge at the present stage are given. Conclusions are made as to what knowledge and skills the competent economist - expert should have.
K.K. Khutyz, E.A. Shebzukhova
History of the bison in the Northern Caucasus
The history of the bison is examined since findings in the Dakhovskaya cave parking of the primitive person till now. All accessible literature on a history of fauna formation in the Northern Caucasus is cited. Biological features of the mountain bison, its natural habitat and number are given.
D.A. Kuasheva, O.A. Panesh, N.N. Tolstikova
A 25th anniversary of the Adyghe State University Arboretum
The brief history of setting up of the Arboretum in the territory of the University agricultural and biological station is given. Now the Arboretum occupies near 3 hectares. In this area there are 12 collection sites in which plants are placed by a geographical principle. New nurseries are incorporated. Research, educational and ecological work is conducted the Arboretum. As a result of introduction tests promising species have been revealed. They are recommended for a wide use in gardening settlements of Adygheya. Search for plants - introducers among natural species and cultigenous forms proceeds with the purpose of expansion of foundation collections of relic, rare and disappearing herbs.
Specific features of toponymic research of the Northwest Caucasus
Toponymic researches are of great importance for a geographical science. Toponyms are its geographical nomenclature. The classification and systematization of toponyms of the Northwest Caucasus require special researches because of its weak working out. Also toponyms are very important for a history of language study, they are the archaeological data for a science concerning a history of the development of the territory.
Systematization of toponymic researches of the Northwest Caucasus will make it possible to generalize all these researches for distinguishing the basic toponymic layers in this territory of the Caucasus. The paper describes initial researches of hydronyms of the Northwest Caucasus.
Geologic and economic division of Adygheya into districts
The division of Adygheya into districts was made based on data on geological and mineral-resource variety of its territory and near-latitudinal zone distribution of geological and mineral genous complexes.
R.D. Khunagov, T.P. Varshanina
Multi-purpose National Geoinformation system of the Adygheya Republic
The geoinformation platform of the Territorial database of the Adygheya Republic is developed in the form of the information server integrating the distributed bases of the branch data on a uniform basis of the base topographical and thematic data. GIS provides an effective interaction between the data of thematic blocks, a complex combined analysis and work of users with the data in conditions of the differentiated access.
Ecologic-natural soil segmentation of the Adygheya Republic on the basis of geoinformation technologies
Ecologic-natural soil segmentation of the territory of Adygheya Republic was made by means of GIS technologies. Forty-five ecologic natural soil areas have been distinguished. Soil-forming parameters were determined based on hierarchy of objects of soil segmentation. The revealed areas are a basis for soil - resource segmentation and for definition of the relationship of anthropogenic soil degradation with conditions of soil formation.
A.R. Tuguz, V.A. Babich, L.A. Skrebneva, S.I. Chitao
Comparative analysis of normative parameters of the immune status of the population of Russia and Adygheya Republic
For the first time immune-epidemiological researches have been carried out in the Adygheya Republic. As a result, normative parameters of the immune status of a healthy contingent of the population in the Adygheya Republic were defined and compared with similar parameters of adjacent territories of Krasnodar and Krasnodar area.
Adaptive opportunities of pupils of forms 1 and 2 in conditions of the 12-year training experimental program
The effect of the 12-year training experimental program on the adaptive opportunities of pupils of forms 1 and 2 was studied using the parameters of intellectual capacity to work in the dynamics of educational day and year. It has been established that perfection of structure and the contents of the general and physical education of the traditional system in frameworks of 12-year training allow pupils to keep high adaptive opportunities, to lower pressure of CNS and to keep good intellectual capacity to work. The conclusion is made that the experimental program of the 12-year training compared to the 11-year training is physiologically more favorable for pupils of forms 1and 2.
Biomechanics and Sport
On perfection of biomechanical structure of special exercises in sports
The paper presents data in substantiation of an exercise device developed by the author to increase efficiency of interaction of a sportsman with a support in movements of the jump character.
A display of speed-strength abilities at various modes of muscle contraction of the lower extremities
The paper discusses a display of speed-strength abilities of the muscles of the lower extremities at isometric, concentric and eccentric modes of contraction. Results of this study show that the greatest speed of achievement of the maximum strength takes place at the eccentric mode.
Specific features of management of the maximum fast precise movements with various amplitudes
The reasons of increase in maximum fast precise movement accuracy with increasing amplitude are considered.
The criteria for an estimation of technical-tactical readiness of volleyball teams
The criteria for an estimation of technical-tactical readiness of volleyball teams were worked out basing on quantitative and qualitative indicators in order to choose the minimum enabling one to estimate the decisive, key moments of the game, which are related directly to operations with a ball: serving, reception of serving, transmissions, hitting, blocking.
Calculations were based on the results of shorthanding the matches of teams of various levels of readiness; drawing up the formulas, allowing one to count up the quantity of the executed elements and their efficiency, and further, to reveal distinction between quantitative and qualitàtive indicators of technical-tactical readiness of volleyball teams.
Variable modes of resistance in physical preparation of schoolboys of elder age
Results of researches show that a new way of increase in a level of physical readiness of schoolboys of elder age is an introduction of the device with variable modes of resistance at performance of bending of hands in a stop.