Problems of Human Physiology
A luminary of the Russian linguistic science (Towards the 120th birth anniversary of V.V. Vinogradov)
Nation state, nation and ethnos in the context of globalization: the socio-philosophical analysis
This paper considers the prospects for the existence and evolution of nations
and nation states in the context of globalization.
The dialectical character of the formation of globalization, nations and nationalism
in history and modern era is emphasized. The question of the future of a nation and nation state
in a globalizing world is considered. It has been found that to date there is no supranational
institutions capable of performing all the functions of the nation state. The need for strong
governmental power remains. The process of formation of political nations in the world today
is not completed yet. Nationalism serves as the trend opposite to westernization. Formation
of political nations in non-western societies will contribute to the elaboration of national
development strategies based on their own socio-cultural patterns.
Global transformations and trends of internetization
Globalization is a modern stage in the evolution of the biosphere
and noospherogenesis. The nature of global transformations reflects the key features of the
current stage of socio-cultural development which is determined by the course of planetary
information. High-tech communication is the most important factor of noospherogenesis.
The purpose of the article is to show direct correlation between the exponential expansion
of the infosphere and globalization. The general idea of the present work can be formulated
in such a way: placing the theme of planetary mobilization in the context of globalization.
The main topic of the paper is a comprehensive analysis of the interaction of information
technologies and globalized communication. Intellectual contribution of the author consists
in the analysis of global trends of internetization and high-tech communications as factors
of accelerating planetary transformation.
Interdisciplinarity as characteristic of human cognition in the concept of L.N. Gumilev
The paper discusses such characteristic of modern cognition as interdisciplinarity.
An analysis is made of multidisciplinary concept of L.N. Gumilev, who considers synthesis
of human and natural knowledge as a necessary component of history as a science.
Photography and visual perception
The paper considers the phenomenon of visual perception of photographs
at interdisciplinary level and in the context of socio-philosophical problems of the relationship
between reality and images. Based on the ecological approach towards visual perception the
basic laws of image sensing are formulated. It is shown that there are no photographs in the
projective relationship with the object they represent, and may be designed in accordance
with the method of vision of society. On these grounds, the conclusion is made about the
possibility of using photography as the theoretical tool to analyze social structures.
Development of military-political cooperation of Great Britain and the United States within the framework of policy in the Middle East in the early 21st century
The paper discusses the military and political cooperation between the United
States and Great Britain in the Middle East, as well as the preconditions of the acceptance
of the doctrine of preventive war by Washington. Actions of Great Britain in support
of the United States initiatives are disclosed. It is shown that the war in Iraq in 2003 clearly
illustrated the essence of a special relationship between the United States and Great Britain.
Substantial aspects of Crimean-Daghestanian relations in the 15th-18th centuries
The paper is devoted to the relationships of the Crimean Khanate and the feudal
lords of the Northeast Caucasus in the 15th-18th centuries. The paper analyzes military
cooperation and conflicts in different periods of history. In particular, an analysis is made
of the role of Daghestan as the refuge place for disgraced Crimean princes, Daghestani service
in the army of the Crimean khans and involvement of the Caucasus and Crimea feudal elites
in various military-political alliances.
Ethnic Geography of the South Cherkessia in the late Middle Ages
In the late Middle Ages, there were rather complicated ethnic processes
in South Cherkessia. The process of confusion of old and the formation of new ethnic
groups took place. These processes require additional research, which leads to the relevance
of the topic of the paper. Basing on materials of medieval chronicles, studies of domestic
and foreign authors, this work investigates ethnoterritorial processes which took place in
Istparts of the Kuban and Adyghea: historiographical analysis
The paper discusses the historiographical tradition in the study of history
and the role of Istparts of the Kuban and Adyghea, which retains currently its controversial
nature. It was concluded that most works were carried out in the Soviet period in the historical
and party key, and modern historical literature since the early 1990s till present time
is characterized by conceptual changes in the study of history, seeking new bases of analysis
of the history of Russia, the formation of a new paradigm of historical knowledge.
English Puritanism in the works of V.V. Stockmar
The paper considers the Puritan movement in England through the
prism of the works of outstanding Russian mediaevalist V.V. Stockmar. The relevance
of the research is determined by the need of studying the National Historiography in the area
of the Reformation in England.
Registration of Christian groups in Karachay-Cherkessia in the 1920s: (from archival materials)
The paper is devoted to the problem of registration of Christian groups
on the territory of Karachay-Cherkessia in the 1920s. Studies of archival materials reveal
the political situation and the attitude of the Soviet government towards religious organizations
of that time.
On preservation of the Circassian (Adyghe) language in the environment of the Circassian Mamluks
There is a significant amount of information in the Mamluk and European
sources about the political and cultural ties of Circassia with the Mamluk Egypt. Circassian
Mamluks strove to preserve their own language and customs, and the elite sent their sons
to grow up in Circassia. Ibn Tagri Birdie has preserved for us the nickname of Sultan Barquq
in the Adyghe language — Malihuk, meaning «son of a shepherd».
Place of Cherkessia in politics of the Great Britain after the conclusion of the Unkiar Skelessi Treaty in 1833
This paper considers issues related to the inclusion of the territory
of Circassia in the sphere of British interests in the East. The activity of the British embassy
in Constantinople, and the reaction of the official London to conclusion of the Unkiar-Skelessi
Treaty, and strengthening of the positions of Russia on the Black Sea have been analyzed.
North-Caucasian trade unions in social and industrial sphere in the 1930s
This paper discusses the activities of North-Caucasian trade unions
in strengthening labor discipline, the formation of the Soviet system of collective farm trade,
the fight against homelessness and crime, pension system, and the formation of a new life
in a mobilization model of the society development. It is inferred that the trade unions are
subordinated to the state machine and lose their independence.
New conditions and characteristic features of the culture in modern Republic of Adyghea
The paper examines the new conditions and characteristic features of the
culture in the Republic of Adyghea at the present stage. This process can be traced through
the development of education, science, literature, art and institutions of cultural and leisure
Sociological measurements of students’ attitude towards advertising: problem statement
This paper concentrates on the results of the opinion of sociological poll among
students, study of their views on the Russian advertising and social advertising in the Republic
of Adyghea. The author shows specificity of attitude of students of the Republic towards
social advertising: the importance of the issue under study, in which social advertising has an
important role in the socialization of society and solving social problems.
Building up culture of tolerance among students in the context of intercultural communication
In this paper the author notes acquired nature of the culture of tolerance.
The attention is concentrated on the relatively recent history of the scientific study of the
culture of tolerance in Russia. The importance of the culture of tolerance in intercultural
communication is indicated. Various scientific approaches to the characteristic of the
problematic field of the culture of tolerance are discussed. The author proves the necessity
of creating a culture of tolerance for the feasibility of intercultural dialogue.
Public opinion of the Russians on the activities of the Internal Affairs Bodies (from the materials of Republic of Adyghea)
The paper presents the results of a pilot survey held in the Republic of Adyghea
in order to ascertain public opinion of citizens of the Republic on the activities of the various
police units. The comparative analysis is carried out with data obtained by VTsIOM and the
Levada Center in 2012-2014.
The socio-cultural specificity of professional socialization in the process of obtaining higher education in the system of internal affairs
This paper is dedicated to the study of mutual legal socialization of young
specialists of law enforcement sphere and the process of the development of their professional
identity. On the basis of theoretical analysis, the formation of socio-cultural status of young
specialists of law enforcement sphere, as well as the influence of legal education on the
formation of their cultural and legal mentality are studied.
External labor migration and competition in the Russian labor market
In this paper, the author raises a burning question of competition between
external labor migrants and indigenous people in the labor market of the Russian Federation.
The attention is drawn to the contradictory points of view regarding the competition
of migrants and Russian citizens in the labor market. Main factors providing the opportunity
or the virtual absence of labor competition of foreign migrants and Russian citizens in the
Russian labor market are identified and analyzed
Assessment of professional competence of the Russian youth in today’s labor market and vocational and labor relations
In this paper, the author evaluates the level of professional competence of the
Russian youth in innovative society from the perspective of the cognitive-developing paradigm
of education and regulations of activist sociological paradigm of criteria of professional
competence based on the understanding of the professional as an actor of social action.
Communicative task of conviction in intercultural communication
The paper discusses communicative tasks in the process of intercultural
communication. Attention is paid to one of the most important communicative tasks —
the task of conviction.
Innovative technologies in the prevention of deviant behavior among young people in the region (the Republic of Adyghea as an example)
The paper concentrates on the problem of deviant behavior among young
people in the region, which is directed at preserving and improving the health of the younger
generation, citizen involvement in regular physical culture and sports activities, especially
young people of Republic of Adyghea.
The comparative analysis of the dual form of education in Germany and Russia
In the present paper the author studies the content of the dual form
of education in Germany and Russia. This paper presents comparative analysis of the content
of the dual form of education in Germany and Russia. The aim of this work is the identification
and verification of the concept of the dual form of education in Germany and the possibilitis
of using its elements in the higher educational institutions of Russia.
Interaction of institute of higher vocational education and the labor market in modern Russian society (the Krasnodar Territory as an example)
One of the pressing problems of the modern Russian society is the problem
of interaction between the institutions of higher education and labor market, and also the
change of the requirements for employed specialists. Transformation processes of contemporary
Russian society generate new demands of employers to specialists while employing.
Today, an employer while employing, pays attention not only to the professional competence
of a specialist, but also to the universal competence of an individual. This paper analyzes the
results of sociological research aimed at studying the requirements of employers to specialists
and also the study of the interaction model of labor market and the institution of higher
education (FSBEI HPE «Kuban State University od Technology» as an example). It is important
to identify the criteria that determine the successful employment of graduates since this
indicator is one of the main factors in the choice of university undergraduate applicants. This
case study will help the university administration to improve interaction with employers and
prepare competitive specialists in the labor market.
Social partnership in the sociocultural sphere: the context of project activity in the municipality
The paper discusses a model of social partnership based on an analysis
of the results of project activity in sociocultural sphere of Rakityansky region. The concepts
of social partnership in the context of sociocultural development were clarified.
M.Z. Abesalashvili, L.N. Burkova, S.M. Tutarischeva
Protection of nonpecuniary rights and compensation of moral damages: International and Russian Experience
The paper studies the norms regulating personal nonpecuniary rights
in legislations of different countries. In these rules there is a clear adherence to the
fundamental principles enshrined in international human right instruments, which determine the possibility of unification of legal regulation of that field of public relations. Examples
of international experience offer effective approaches to compensation of moral damages in
case of violation of nonpecuniary rights.
S.G. Dzybova, E.A. Parasyuk
On the appreciation of human rights in modern theory of state and law
The paper analyzes the concept of human rights in terms of the theory of
state and law. Approaches are comprehended to allocation of generations of human rights
of a person and citizen. Reasons for their classification are studied.
Assessment of the admissibility of evidences in terms of appropriate subjects for their obtainment in criminal matters
This paper considers one of the problematic issues in the theory of criminal
procedure, namely: assessment of admissibility of evidence in terms of appropriate subjects
for their preparation in criminal matters.
Criminal behavior of juveniles and young people: the theory of matter
In this paper, the author analyzes the existing theoretical and methodological
approaches to the problem of illegal behavior of citizens belonging to the category of under
age and young people. The author considers the subject of study as the phenomenon of the
integrative, interdisciplinary nature.
Gnoseological foundations of legal concepts in the space of protection of honor and dignity
The paper examines the gnoseological (gnosis-knowledge) roots of the legal
concepts of honor, dignity and business reputation by using historical paradigms. The author
traces the gnoseological roots which are present in the first Russian legal act «The Russian
Truth». Simultaneously, a certain historical, cultural and legal succession of the definitions
under study is noted.
The correlation of «objective» and «legal» truth in criminal trial of Russia
This paper considers the main stages in the development of the principle
of establishing objective truth in the criminal case of the criminal trial of Russia. Examples
of specific rules of criminal procedure legislation are used to justify the thesis that the
requirement to establish the objective truth of the case is typical of domestic criminal
proceedings. The correlation between the concepts «objective» and «legal» truth is studied.
Analysis of determination and procedure of levying navigation and environmental charges in the seaport of Novorossiysk
The paper considers such types of port charges as navigational and environmental.
Legal basis for the activities of the administration of the port and the procedure for charging
port charges are determined. Those bodies are identified that are entitled to levy a charge
on vessels, as well as the organization of the provision of navigation services by Azov-Black
Sea basin branch «Rosmorport». The peculiarities of collection of environmental charges
in the sea port of Novorossiysk are defined. The source of the financing of the sea port
infrastructure and public authorities activities ensuring the safety of navigation in the sea
port of Novorossiysk is a port tax. The main problem of levying port charges is the lack
of a clear procedure for their calculation.
Fine arts as ethnocultural phenomenon
The paper is concerned with the peculiarities of the development of the fine arts
in a multiethnic community. It touches upon the issue of the implementation and preservation
of the ethnic element in painting and sculpture in close contact with different ethnic cultures
to maintain and develop features of ethnoart thinking. Ethnic function of art is outlined.
The issue is discussed on the material of the artistic culture of Karachay-Cherkessia.
Ethnic concept of the Adyghe folklore through the prism of spiritual songs
Features of the formation of ethnic concept of the Adyghes by singing are
considered in the paper. It is proved that spiritual songs reflecting the religious content
of traditional culture of the Adyghe ethnos, symbolically construct a complete picture
of the world binding still poorly differentiated syncretic unity of unconsciously poetic
The Economic Theory
Z.Kh. Kurmalieva, R.E. Mirzoyan, R.A. Baibekova, S.Sh. Gisheva
Integration cooperation improving between the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the sphere of currency regulation
The paper considers ways of increasing the effectiveness of integration cooperation
of the CIS countries in the sphere of currency regulation. It presents the basic
principles of legal regulation of monetary sphere and analyzes the role of the Constitution
of the CIS countries in the foreign exchange regulation. The authors determine the leading
role of Russia in the regional interstate organization due to its high economic potential.
They substantiate the necessity of national legislation harmonization in the sphere of currency
regulation. The scientific article suggests strengthening the ruble as a regional reserve
Property category in the small business
The scientific article considers the role of the cost price category in creating
effective private sector of the Russian economy. The paper shows the direction of the
formation of small business and the evolution of property relations. The author reveals specific
economic conditions that complicate the operation and development of the relations of
private property as well as attributes of small business and corporate capital. The author
examines the establishment of relations of property and their effectiveness and state support
in relation to their own small business, small business incentives
O.S. Vasileva, A.V. Polinko
Human and information capital as the basic elements of the functioning of intangible services market entity
The paper considers the essence and the main peculiarities of intellectual
services. It highlights their main activities. Authors pay his particular attention to analysis
of the specific content of information and human components relationship of the process
of intellectual services providing. The scientific article substantiates that the combination
of human and information capital of market entity intellectual services lays the foundation
for its successful functioning on the market
External constraints concept in regional studies
This paper substantiates the validity of the introduction in scientific turnover
of regional studies «external constraints» concept. It reveals the content of this notion,
a critical assessment of a number of conceptual representations of forms and methods of
such restrictions administering. The author draws a large sample to study the theoretical
concepts and scientific positions represented in the modern literature. The author draws
a conclusion that according to the scale of the impact on the economy of the country as a
whole, and individual regions, we should expect a very serious negative impact on the economic
and social development in Russia. Moreover, most of these consequences are of strategic
character. The scientific article outlines some form of mitigation, bypass or overcome
of external constraints, approved at the meso-level or potential for practical use
L.E. Galyaeva, A.V. Belousova
The reaction of the Krasnodar Territory economy to external constraints
The paper studies the reaction of the economy of one of the leading regions of
modern Russia — Krasnodar Territory — on external constraints factors. The authors proceed
from the fact that the emergence in scientific terminology of «external constraints»
concept due to the imposition of economic sanctions from the United States and the European
Union, opposing to the global processes of globalization and integration, determines the urgent need for a detailed study of this phenomenon. Since 2016, the Krasnodar region
is able to provide a positive dynamics of the volume of attracted investments in the regional
economy. The region, despite the introduction of a number of external constraints, remains
one of the leading Russian regions in attracting investment and proves itself a reliable partner
with a lot of advantages over other actors: a high level of investment security, minimal
economic risk. The authors substantiate that return to the world economy in a new format
can have a positive impact on overcoming the negative impact of external constraints due
to the use of the powerful potential of priority development which is characteristic for this
region of the Russian Federation
Peculiarities of development reproduction in regional localizations of health profile
The scientific article studies the reproduction process peculiarities in the
health profile localizations, which are formed in the regional economy on the basis of systemic
transformation of the existing sanatorium zones. This reproduction process is aimed
at the human capital of the regional economy. The author focuses on the qualitative differences
of economic data locations that determine their reproductive characteristics and
movement specific features. The research is based on modern modular revision of the system
approach, which allows revealing additional features of the reproduction due to the nature
of health sites. The paper reveals the reproduction functions in these localizations as well as
sets the main directions of development of this process. It presents instrumental needs. The
author draws a conclusion that the choice of a particular development strategy reproduction
depends on the «layouts» forces in the economic space of the regional economy
A.T. Kirguev, A.T. Kirguev
Human capital in the structural transformation of regional economic policy
The paper investigates the human capital participation in the transformation
of one of the main components of the system of regional economic policy – the industrial
component. The destruction of the territorial industry and the industrial component of regional economic policy actualize the problem of recreating the specified component on
a new basis. The authors disclose the necessity of a system of spatial organization of the
restored territorial industrial complex. They discover the form of organization, in which
human capital is in demand — functional industrial subsystem of the regional economy,
based on the specifications of market power ties and functioning in the framework of
public-private partnerships. Profile of such subsystem is determined by the structure of
the resource base of the territory, staff competence of the human factor of the regional
economy, territorial portfolio of technologies as well as positions of the regional economy
at the national and global markets. The scientific article reveals instruments of the human
capital revitalization in the transformation of the regional economic policy industrial
Ways to enhance the competitiveness of regional economies
The article defines the factors of competitiveness of regional economies;
identified trends, opportunities and prospects for increasing the competitiveness of regional
economies; an analysis of the prerequisites and the possibility of a new industrial
development, the formation of new industries within the boundaries of the old industrial
areas; studied the experience of new industrial areas in the agglomerations in Russia and
abroad; An approach to the creation of conditions for the formation of neo-industrial regions
in the Russian Federation
Kh.A. Konstantinidi, M.A. Vorobyova, A.G. Rubin
Development of marketing potential as a factor increasing the competitiveness and investment attractiveness of the region
In this article the principles of operation of the mechanism of improving the
system of management of development in the region; proposed organizational-economic mechanism of implementing the principles of marketing in the region’s development strategy,
which will ensure that a recommendation for the development of the marketing potential
of the region in order to increase its attractiveness; defined a system of performance
indicators Marketing center of regional development in key areas
Regional tourist product and its transformation as a result of the Olympic Games impact
The paper deals with modern conceptual approaches to the definition of the
tourism product in its regional context. It allocates areas of concern in understanding this
category. The author makes an attempt to reassess innovation in the formation, implementation
and promotion of tourist products on a regional scale as a result of sports tourism
development. The author defines the problems of integration of the Olympic product and
regional tourist product. The scientific article studies as well promotion of the tourist
product in a post-Olympic space
Investment attractiveness and regional competitiveness based on the Rostov Region
Investments reveal new opportunities for social and economic development
of territories. Regional authorities play the main role in attracting investment to the region.
Their main objectives are the creation and maintenance of conditions for increasing
the flow of private investment into the real sector of the economy, modernization of production,
more efficient use of investment resources, minimizing risks to investors. The
author analyzes the investment attractiveness and competitive advantages based on the
Rostov Region. He examines topical issues of regional competitiveness strengthening, the
formation of strategic directions of development and investment attractiveness of the region.
Investments are the main instrument of regional development. The paper offers the
directions of enhancing the investment attractiveness of the Rostov Region
A.A. Mokrushin, A.A. Kerashev
Interaction normalizing methods of vertically integrated corporations and regional economic systems
The scientific article deals with the interaction of regulatory methods of
vertically integrated corporations (VIC) and regional economic systems. It highlights key
problems of integration interaction of meta-data systems and determines the functional
profile of the controlling tools. The authors reveal the potential and specific analysis of
the interaction matrix form VIC with the regional economic systems. The paper selects the
shape effect of the implementation of the institutional development of the budget sub-zones
in the Russian economic space
B.G. Muradova, V.V. Kuzmenko
Mechanisms for economic relations effectiveness enhancing in the electricity regional sector
The scientific article deals with the mechanisms of the economic development
improvement of the regional power complex on the basis of balancing the interests of
producers and consumers of electricity. It considers also instruments of financing largescale
investment organization projects in the direction of evolutionary decline in the share
of the tariff component in the formation of appropriate funding sources. The authors examine
mechanisms of economic agents interaction coordination in the implementation of
joint projects based on public-private partnership in the interests of participants in the
The industrial component of regional economic policy
The scientific article studies one of the priorities of regional economic policy
— the industrial component, which, together with the territorial industrial complexes
has undergone a profound destruction during market transformations and consolidate the
Russian economy on the development of raw material. The author assesses the consequences
of the territorial industry destruction and reveals the imperatives of industrial component
transformation in regional economic policy that is possible due to the development
processes of global integration and spatial competition. The paper represents arguments
of necessity to attract human capital in the process of transformation of the test component
of the regional economic policy, assessed the possibilities and limitations of its functional
involvement in the process. It determines promising areas of territorial recreation
industry regional economies of the South of Russia according to modern conditions
R.D. Khunagov, A.A. Mokrushin
Regional economic system in the context of theoretical quasi-corporation model
The paper reveals the heuristic opportunities and conceptual representation
limitations of the regional economic system as a quasi-corporation. It examines constitutive
features, functional features of the regional economic system and corporations. The
author presents results of the comparative analysis of the regional economic system as well
as the economic system characteristics of a vertically integrated corporation
The Account, Audit and the Control
Due diligence in terms of actuarial accounting: its nature , purpose and function
The paper defines the essence and purpose of a professional due diligence
services gaining popularity in Russia nowadays. It describes the author’s approach to the
definition of expertise functions with capital transactions cleanliness. The scientific article
analyzes the existing definition and offers the author’s definition. The author determines
the need for the development of Russian professional practice (in the field of accounting,
auditing, taxation, finance and law) with methodological support of capital transactions
within the framework of the principles of actuarial accounting concept
Comparative characteristics of accounting un-der IFRS, Russian Accounting Standards and national standards of the Republic of Angola
The development of accounting is connected closely with formation of economic
relations in society and plays the main role in the economy. It is very difficult to
imagine a rapidly changing world without the financial information formed due to accounting.
The paper presents a comparative analysis of the peculiarities of accounting and reporting
in the Russian Federation and in the Republic of Angola in accordance with IFRS.
The author demonstrates problems and directions of accounting reforming
Users ’ information interests influence on content in financial statements and non-financial companies with state participation
The scientific article deals with the financial and non-financial reporting. It
defines their objectives, content and quality parameters. The paper represents limitations
of financial statements under IFRS to meet the information interests of all interested users.
The author substantiates the necessity of taking them into account in determining the
composition of the financial and non-financial reporting based on the characteristics of the
users’ interests of public enterprises reporting information
The methodological importance of IFRS 15, «Revenue from contracts with customers » in the energy sector
Accounting reformation is associated not only with the transition to IFRS,
but also with careful study of future changes. The new IFRS 15 «Revenue from contracts
with customers» is one of the changes with the fundamental character. This scientific
article reveals the changes that can appear before domestic companies. IFRS 15 is one of
the few standards based on principles. However, the more general are the principles, the
greater role belongs to professional judgment. It can be applied to energy companies. The
relationship between wholesale markets participants are based on a significant number of
contracts. The author makes an attempt to systematize the contractual obligations arising
from contracts on the wholesale market of energy and power. The paper considers the possibility
of accounting for transactions under these contracts in accordance with the new
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
Effective organization modeling of industrial fruit -growing and viticulture in Abkhazia
The scientific article assesses the current state of fruit and grape industries
in AIC of Abkhazia. It substantiates the necessity of programmed simulation application as
a way to improve the efficiency of the industrial development process control, the organization
of expanded reproduction in optimal range of options. The aim of the presented work
is to develop methodical positions as well as practical bases of the agricultural development program in Republic of Abkhazia on the example of fruit and grape sub-complex, taking
into account the specific features of the modern business environment. The paper examines
prospects of sustainable development scenario organizing. The author determines necessary
economic conditions aimed at irregularities elimination and territorial structure management
improvement. He analyses the effectiveness of implementation of fruit and grape
sub-complex of AIC. The paper draws a conclusion that development and implementation of
«Programmed activities» are aimed at the long-term policy as well as at problem-solving in
wine-making industry and efficient production of fruit crops
Yu.I. Bershitsky, K.E. Tyupakov, N.R. Saifetdinova, A.R. Saifetdinov
Methodical peculiarities of economical basis of machine and tractor fleet composition in agricultural organizations
The paper considers a method for determining the optimal composition of
machines and tractors fleet (MTF) of the agricultural organizations. It takes into account
the possibility of «flexible» duration of the mechanized operations in the most intense periods
of the field season. This method is based on an iterative optimization of adjustment
results of MTF using traditional models of mixed integer linear programming criterion
the minimum difference between savings and investment cost of crop losses. The authors
worked out the algorithm of implementation methodologies and analytical yield losses depending
on the length of harvesting cereal crops to determine the optimal composition of
the combine fleet
Cluster policy as basis of progressive development for preconditions of outsourcing business model introduction
The paper considers the relevance and prospects of outsourcing model of
business organization in agro-economy of Krasnodar Territory in the framework of cluster
approach. It studies the strategy of agro-industrial cluster with the expansion of economy
clustering practice. The scientific article formulates basic postulates of outsourcing model
of management in Russian agro-economy in general, and in the Krasnodar Territory in particular,
as an example of intensive agrarian production region. The author offers a concept
of outsourcing development in agro-industrial complex, taking into account its paradigm
alterations in the conditions of increasing competition in Russian agrarian and industrial
E.N. Klochko, V.R. Mezhlumova
Optimization principles of scientific and educational processes interaction in the educational services modernization of the Russian Federation
This paper considers the integration processes that contribute to the unification
of educational, scientific and innovative capabilities of the leading educational centers
in the Russian Federation. They form a large market of educational services, increasing
the scale of research and innovation work. The scientific and innovative educational consortium
(SIEC) is the main point of the interaction. The organizational structure of SIEC
should be systematic and constantly transformed depending on the new targets connected
with the provision of quality educational services and production of innovative products.
The authors determine that the organization of the economic system updates and balanced
interaction between scientific and educational processes in the educational services modernization
should be based on the principles of integration, efficiency, rational using of the
infrastructural base, human capital and other tangible and intangible factors and conditions
of the university educational environment
A ne w way of market information services structuring
The paper considers the concept of information services, users and suppliers
of such services. It reveals the content and structure of the market information services
and allocates basic components and elements of the structure of the market information
services. The author pays her special attention to the way of structuring in general as a
means of effective markets management as well as the information services market. The
scientific article clarifies definition of structuring in the general and its application to
structure elements of the information services market in particular. It defines methods of
structuring and describes the process. The paper studies the basic principles and objectives
of the structuring of the market. It represents the principal structuring models of the markets
and suggests an approach to research this aspect of the problem of development of the
information services market
V.B. Sarkisov, E.A. Drannikova
Priority directions of high-tech industries stimulation systems improving
The paper considers economic and financial, institutional, regulatory and
other factors that contribute to a more effective and rapid development of innovative economy.
It offers a differentiated system to stimulate scientific and technical activities to ensure
progressive changes in the real sector of the economy offered focused on the domestic
use of the organization’s ability to self-development and diversification of high-tech industries. The authors present a system to stimulate scientific and technical activities of
organizations focused on the mobilization of all intellectual resources, as well as material
and financial resources to form a new technological order and increase the competitiveness
of the production sector
Project management : an approach based on results
The paper describes the various management components, based on the results
and project management cycles and explains the ways of their implementation in practice
and their institutionalization. Production efficiency increasing is one of the most important
tasks of the state (creation of favorable conditions for efficient operation), and enterprises
management (analysis of industrial activity, development and implementation of measures to
improve production efficiency, the formation and implementation of future projects, etc.).
The society has never been indifferent to the cost, but the production efficiency increasing
is the central part of progress, that means the economic and social productivity.
Every sphere of activity is characterized by the processes of changes in the functional
structure due to reproduction process. The meaning of the evolution of management lies in
the fact that without changing controlling system there is need to generate additional type
and subject contour managing. The author draws a conclusion that the key to success is in the
continuous improvement of the effectiveness of management, a systematic analysis of the production
activities, development and implementation of measures aimed at reducing costs
Taxes and the Taxation
S.V. Karpenko, T.A. Silina, M.E. Ordynskaya
Tax burden comparative assessment in the single tax application on imputed income and the taxation patent system
The paper presents a comparative evaluation of the tax burden on individual
entrepreneurs in the application of the patent system of taxation and a single tax on imputed
income. The authors examine Maikop, the capital of the Adyghe Republic, in comparison
with Stavropol, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar and some parts of the Krasnodar Territory,
bordering on the Adyghe Republic. They study trade, passenger transportation services,
hairdressing and beauty salons services. The scientific article discloses that the factors affecting
the business conditions and profitability, as well as potential regulatory impact of
K2 on socio-economic development of municipalities are not adequately taken into account
in establishing values of the coefficient K2 and the value of a patent.
The authors draw a conclusion about the necessity to rank the cost of a patent for the
municipalities in the region in dependence on the complex account of factors: the state of
development and the demand for each type of activity, population, standards of living and
the average wage in the relevant sector
Regional tax policy: facts and prospects
The paper substantiates the direction of tax policy at the level of subjects of
the Russian Federation. It considers tax regulation and practice of regional taxes and their
impact on economic development entities. The author presents a comparative analysis of the
capability and use of leverage implementation of the tax mechanism at the regional level
based on the Russian Federation. He examines the ways to increase the share of tax revenues
to the budgets of Russia and suggests means to stimulate the activities of enterprises in
areas of import substitution, the direction of the reformation of property taxation
General Problems of Pedagogy
S.N. Begidova, I.V. Morozova
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF SOCIAL EXPERIENCE AT ORPHAN CHILDREN AND CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL SUPPORT
The paper deals with the pedagogical conditions providing efficiency
of formation of social experience at orphan children and children without parental
support in educational process of orphanage. Those are collective creative activity,
realization of an individual approach, the organization of uneven-age children’s creative associations, as well as the created children’s body of active functionaries.
DISTANCE EDUCATION: WORLD EXPERIENCE
The paper discusses the organization and realization of distance
education abroad, mainly in the USA, since this form of education began to act
there for the first time. Without doubt, this experience is interesting because in
the future just the distance education will be the most widespread innovative form
PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION OF BACHELORS: NEW STANDARDS
Modernization of pedagogical education assumes preparation and
improvement of quality of professional activity of the pedagogical workers of new
type capable to carry out the accepted strategy of modernization of system of Russian
education and to effectively participate in realization of the main educational
programs of the general education according to requirements of the Federal State
Educational Standard (further – FGOS) and the professional standard of the teacher.
Reorganization of system of pedagogical education means change of the contents,
and, above all, methods and technologies of training, new requirements to results
of training upon transition to FGOS of the general education and modernization of
FGOS of the higher education by means of strengthening of practical preparation.
A.A. Kuvayeva, E.V. Demkina
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL MAINTENANCE OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERSONALITY OF FUTURE TEACHER IN THE COURSE OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
This paper presents the results of the theoretical and empirical
research on identification of actual problems of modern professional pedagogical
education. Ways of the solution of problems are provided. The existing problems
are considered in the context of professionalism and competitiveness of teachers accepted as the purpose of the higher education. The technology of the organization
and implementation of psychological and pedagogical maintenance of development
of the personality of students – future teachers is proposed as a complex way of the
solution of the revealed problems. Stages of psychological and pedagogical maintenance
are described. The main forms and methods of work are characterized. The statistical
data confirming efficiency of the developed technology are provided.
A.A. Kuvayeva, S.A. Khazova, F.R. Khatit
ACMEOLOGICAL CONTENT OF COMPETITIVENESS OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE TEACHER
This work characterizes the acmeological orientation of the personality of
the teacher as a structural component of competitiveness. The place of acmeological ïðîôåññèîíàëüorientation
of the personality in structure of competitiveness is substantiated. The
social and professional essence and the content of the acmeological orientation of
the personality are characterized. The content of structural components of the
acmeological orientation of the personality of the teacher is shown. The content of
value orientations of the teacher is disclosed. Professional and social goal-setting
is characterized. The content of professional motivation and aspiration to success
of the modern competitive teacher is provided. The importance of the acmeological
orientation as factor increasing competitiveness of the personality is proved.
S.A. Kushu, Z.K. Naguar
MODEL OF PROFESSIONAL RETRAINING OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ON TRAINING IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS
The paper describes an acute shortage of teachers of a foreign
language for the initial classes capable to work in new conditions. Need of creation
of an educational program of professional retraining of elementary school teachers
for system of additional professional education and the content of their language
preparation are shown. The model of the solution of this problem is developed.
Z.K. Meretukova, A.R. Chinazirova
PROBLEM OF THE EXPLANATION, INTERPRETATION AND UNDERSTANDING IN SCIENCE AND EDUCATION AND ITS COMPREHENSION AS ASPECT OF SUGGESTOPEDIAN CULTURE
The paper substantiates relevance of comprehension of essence of such
methodological problems of science and education as an explanation, interpretation
and understanding by the future teachers of school and higher education institution,
as well as an associativity of this comprehension to suggestopedian culture. The
traditional interpretation of the specified problems and the author’s vision of their correlation are disclosed. Also this work deals with the essence of the hermeneutic
approach in science and education and its role in studying the problems of social
sciences and the humanities, and this is considered from the point of view of
correlative characteristics of science and education.
I. I. Nikolaeva
CONTENT OF FORMATION OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL CULTURE OF THE STUDENT
The paper discusses the content of the process of formation of
spiritual and moral culture of the students. The author comes to a conclusion that
being in process of change of outlook, opportunities and purposes of the person,
already today it is possible to designate those processes which modern society in
a situation of spiritual and moral crisis faces and which demand close scientific
and psychological attention. We need to search for radically new approaches to the
analysis of psychological and pedagogical aspects not only of professional ethics,
but also morality of a developing personality.
P.S. Norkina, O.I. Taranenko
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY ENGINEERS
English language proficiency matters greatly, and can be considered
to be a key factor for success of certain professionals, including engineers. However,
there have been a number of complaints about the gap between what is taught in ïðîèçâîäñòâåíuniversity
language courses, and what is used in workplace communication. This
research deals with the current necessary professional competence of engineers in
foreign language, how novices use language prior to and during their employment.
During the experiment it was found that future engineers do not have enough
language skills (in oral speech, reading scientific literature, documents, etc.). It
is critical for teachers to improve English courses for engineering students to
become well-qualified future members of the workforce in the global community.
V.A. Petkov, A.D. Pokhilko, M.A. Gubanova
DIALOGUE AS THE DEVELOPMENT TOOL OF PEDAGOGICAL CULTURE OF SUBJECTS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION
The paper discusses one of the aspects of a humanization of educational
process in higher education institution consisting in development of communication
dialogicity between the teacher and student. The principle of dialogicity assumes
activization of educational process and discloses features of formation of the subject -
the subject relations. The problem related to dialogicity of development of pedagogical
culture of the teacher and student at higher education institution is uncovered
within the subject pedagogics. It is inferred that the pedagogical culture is dialogic
in essence and use of dialogue in training of future teacher enriches a technique of
interactive training and is the promising direction of teaching philosophy, ethics
and other humanities and social sciences in higher education institution.
T.N. Poddubnaya, O.V. Agoshkova
TENDENCIES IN SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROTECTION OF THE CHILDHOOD IN MODERN CONDITIONS
The paper discloses tendencies in social and pedagogical protection of
the childhood in the context of integration of Russia into the European educational
space. Reflections are given of the priority development directions of the pedagogical
theory of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood in modern sociocultural
conditions. Statistical data are provided on position of minors and families with children
in Russia as a result of numerous measures for development o f modern institute of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood. The problems related to
minors are disclosed. Those are a reference point for further development of the
theory of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood.
A.M. Sagdatullin, N.D. Apraksina
DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE GROWTH POINTS OF THE REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE TERRITORIAL CLUSTER APPROACH
In this paper, we consider the regional educational system within
the framework of territorial cluster approach. The analysis is made of existing
innovative growth points of the Republic of Tatarstan. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the innovative points of growth of the regional educational system
within the framework of the territorial cluster approach. The main objectives of the
work are the analysis and classification of the existing types of cluster systems, the
identification of points of growth of the regional educational system, and research
of synergetic foundations and promising model of innovation cluster. A model of
interaction of educational cluster as an ecosystem is studied. Key factors that
contribute to its development, as well as features forming levels of the ecosystem of
educational cluster are identified.
A.M. Sagdatullin, G.A. Murzina, Z.M. Sakhipova
ANALYSIS OF PROMISING DIRECTIONS IN THE PROFESSIONAL LABOR MARKET FORMATION AND THE POSSIBILITY OF E-LEARNING IN AN ADAPTIVE STUDENTS TRAINING
Pressing issue now is to evaluate the promising areas of certain
professions, which in the future will probably be in great demand. It is concluded
that on a worldwide scale most new and promising professions in the labor market
appear in the IT-field, medicine, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence, virtual
reality, nutrition, online marketing, programming, neurobiology, shale gas and
offshore oil, online advertising, training and social “networking”. The aim of this
work is to attract science, industry and manufacturing specialists to the sphere of
higher education. In this regard, we propose the idea to create an online scientificeducational
system (web-based portal) with the active component of the English
language for the integration and collaborative research between researchers, teachers
and students of Russian and foreign universities and specialists of industrial
enterprises and businesses.
DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEACHER
The paper discusses the personal and professional self-development of
the teacher in the integrative educational environment. Special attention is paid to the
diagnostic process of personal and professional self-development of the teacher. The
paper analyzes the results of the diagnostics of ability of teachers to self-development
and overcoming barriers in pedagogical activity. The leading factors of self-development
are defined. As a result of this study correlations between the ability of the teacher to
self-development, design and analytical skills have been established.
ENSURING HIGH QUALITY OF HIGHER SCHOOL EDUCATION: ADAPTATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS (THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)
The paper discusses the problems arising on the way to achievement
of high quality of the educational results by students of higher education institution.
The possible reasons of bias of an assessment of first-year students’ readiness to
training in higher education institution and weak motivation are disclosed. Also
measures to improve procedure of an assessment of qualitative structure of first-year
students and actions promoting their successful adaptation to the new educational
environment are offered. Results of the conducted interview of students are given.
MULTIDIMENSIONALITY OF THE CONTENT OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
As a result of interaction of an education system with professional community and integration of federal state educational standards into professional standards there occurs, as the author shows, formation of the multidimensional content of professional education.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
D.D. Zhazheva, S.A. Zhazheva
FEATURES OF FORMATION OF COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES IN TRAINEES IN THE CONDITIONS OF BILINGUALISM
The paper discusses the formation of communicative abilities in the conditions of bilingualism and features of their functioning in the speech. Consideration of the called difficulties will promote creation of system of work on formation of communicative abilities and introduction of Russian words into the speech of pupils.
A.S. Losev, I.S. Kalnibolanchuk, A.V. Krukovskaya
SYSTEM OF CRITERIA TO FORM COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AT STUDENTS LEARNING MATHEMATICS
The present work offers the system of criteria to assess the formation of communicative competence in the course of teaching mathematics in higher education institution. Based on the example of the section "Probability Theory and Mathematical Statistics", the corresponding indicators and levels of formation of communicative competence are developed.
FEATURES OF SIMULATOR TRAINING TO CONDUCT AIR COMBAT
Analysis of scientific and methodological literature has shown that the evaluation of professional training of military pilots is insufficiently developed. Features of simulator training pilots to conduct air combat are discussed here. Evaluation of training military pilots to conduct air combat should be undertaken by using an integrated approach, i.e. complex techniques, which include not only subjective but also objective methods of evaluation. Also for the comprehensive assessment, methods of assessment of individual psychological qualities of a military pilot can be used: research of attention, motor reactions, sensory-motor reactions, orientation in space, the study of memory and thinking, identifying the individual characteristics of higher nervous activity in the process of formation and reorganization of sensory-motor skills. In the author's opinion, an adequate assessment of the preparedness of military pilot can be provided by the use of a set of indicators, which characterize the different sides of simulator training to conduct air combat. The wider the range of characteristics that are taken into account, the fuller and more accurate the final assessment will be.
THE RESULTS OF APPROBATION OF THE EXPERIMENTAL COURSE "THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS OF BUSINESS WRITING"
The paper tackles the question of the necessity of teaching Business Writing in the professional educational institutions of Law. This subject is offered to be included as a separate course in programs for institutions of secondary professional education of a legal profile. The author offers to develop skills in Business Writing within the integrated course of learning it both in Russian and English languages by using the project method. The analysis of the results of the experimental work is provided.
F.K. Urakova, I. Altanavdar
THE LINGUAL CULTUROLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RUSSIAN PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS WITH THE COMPONENT-ZOONYM AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF THE MONGOLIAN LANGUAGE
The paper discusses the main problems of national and cultural specifics of phraseological units of the Russian and Mongolian languages, namely: stereotypes, standards and symbols on the basis of which the language picture of the world of trainees is formed, and which allow mobilization of all resources to increase productivity of training in conformity with modern national and international requirements. Studying mental lingual complexes and national specific language units helps trainees to orient with their research activity and promotes preparation for teaching the Russian language as nonnative, taking into account the relationship of the language and culture helping us to avoid failures in cross-cultural communication.
Modern Problems of Psychology
PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF THE PERSONALITY IN MEDICINE: THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
The paper provides the review of works of the domestic scientists who made bases of the structural - dynamic concept in psychology of the personality and the subject – activity and acmeological paradigms in psychology of professional self-realization of the personality (L.I. Antsyferova, A.A. Bodalev, E.A. Klimov, A.K. Markova, E.F. Zeer, K.K. Platonov, etc.). Expediency of integration of the above mentioned approaches for the psychological analysis of professional formation of the personality in medicine is approved. It is shown that the heuristic of such integration is confirmed, in particular, by its successful application in developing concepts of psychological modeling of the personality of the doctor (B.A. Yasko) and psychological support of professionalizing of the personality in the helping professions, in particular, in medicine.
N.E. Vodopyanova, V.B. Chesnokov
STRATEGIES OF ADAPTATION TO THE ECONOMIC CRISIS, DEPENDING ON THE POSITION IN LIFE OF THE SUBJECTS OF LABOR
The paper presents the results of empirical research of the managers in situations of an economic crisis in Russia aggravated in 1998, 2008 and 2014. Optimism, pessimism and realism are regarded as the position in life. Optimism and realism are noted to positively influence the control of crisis situations and resilience of subjects of labor. It is proved that optimism and realism represent important resources of subjects of labor in adaptation and overcoming vital difficulties. Development of technologies to increase optimism of managers’ position in life is proposed to be one of the tasks of psychological assistance in crisis situations.
K.S. Vyzulina, B.A. Yasko
PERSONAL DETERMINANTS OF SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF PERSONALITY: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF RESEARCH
The paper substantiates that in search for psychological determinants of social adaptation, an integration of the developed concepts of a professional demand and the value - sense sphere of the personality possesses the heuristic. The review of researches is carried out in which constructs of "a professional demand of the personality", "values", and "senses" are allocated. Their direct relationship with social adaptation as process and result of vital activity of the personality is shown. Relying on the data containing in the analyzed sources we show that the demanded personality is characterized by the high level of self-control of behavior and an adaptation resource. With increasing level of a demand, adaptation abilities of the personality are growing. The adapted personality, possessing a freedom of choice and ability to make decisions and to realize them, is characterized by high intelligence of life. Loss of senses is considered as a predictor of social disadaptation of the personality.
M.V. Elfimova, M.V. Domaev, N.V. Elfimov
SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF STATE FIRE SERVICE STAFF AND STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITIES OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA AS A FACTOR OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE PROFESSION
The present paper describes the practical experience in the students’ scientific activity coordination at the different Departments of the Siberian Branch in Zheleznogorsk of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM) Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service, which provides for raising efficiency of the formation of professional competences in the expert of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
K.D. Chermit, I.V. Verzhbitsky, E.G. Verzhbitskaya
ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODICAL CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF COMPETITION AS A METHOD AND A FORM OF JUDOIST TRAINING AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF EDUCATION
This paper presents the model of implementation of organizational and methodical conditions to ensure the principle of primacy of competitions at the initial stage of judoist training, which allows the competition to be used as a method and a form of training. Creation of educational and training process of beginner judoists on the basis of the presented model increases its efficiency due to the trainer-teacher actions focused on formation of bases of technical and tactical competitive experience at the athlete, as well as on support of steady motivation to training on the basis of achievement of positive competitive result.
S.A. Khazova, R.M. Magomedov, R.Z. Osmanov, N.E. Platova
THE REGIONAL SYSTEM OF PHYSICAL TRAINING FOCUSED ON THE SOLUTION OF SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION OF YOUNGER GENERATION IN SOCIALLY UNSTABLE REGION
This work deals with the process and results of scientific search for modern means and methods of the solution of education problems of younger generation in Russia. In this context we distinguish key social and pedagogical problems of education of the youth living in socially unstable regions of Russia. We define the reasons why these problems emerge and show tasks to be solved in order to overcome them. Educational potential of physical training in this aspect is proved. In this work we present the substantial and procedural model of regional system to implement the revealed educational potential of physical training. The main participants of the modelled activity, its types, forms, means and a set of criteria and criteria indicators of system functioning efficiency are described. The contents and the main results of experimental approbation of the developed model in Derbent (Republic of Daghestan) are provided.
Al Shammari Majeeda Jamil Ashur
Reasons for borrowing and signs of relevance of arabisms in the Russian language
The paper deals with the borrowings from the Arabic language. It is established that arabisms
make a considerable layer of lexicon the borrowing of which happens mainly for the extralinguistic
reasons. The Arabic borrowings belong to various theme groups, but prevail in the religious
sphere. The author shows the reasons for the occurrence of Arabic borrowings and their relevance
in Russian: the frequency of use (especially in the media language), semantic transformation,
changing the meanings of the words in connection with the ideological reorientation, the emergence
of series of sustainable combinations and derivational activity of the words of the Arabic origin.
Communicative tactics to detail the semantic characteristics in Iris Murdoch’s fiction discourse
the aim of the paper is to reveal the author’s characteristics of the characters’
speech which realize the implicit information on the speaking subject, his interrelations with
the interlocutor and experienced feelings. The task is to define how information on the speaking
subject implicitly demonstrates his point of view in the dialogic situation and predetermines
his reaction on this situation. The author creates the narrative dynamics and the emotional
tension of the characters’ dialogic communication constructed in this narrative. The typology
of modeling is offered to detail the semantic characteristics of emotional tones of the characters’
voices. This kind of typology suggests that there are both the articulating and non-articulating
characters’ reactions reflecting their psychological state in the current dialogic situation.
Categorial and conceptual model of terminology of subject domain of «anticrisis management» (from materials of the Russian and English languages)
This paper is devoted to semantic and conceptual categorization of risk management
terminology. Component analysis technique along with the use of semantic and logical
criterion made it possible to subdivide the terminology of subject domain of «anticrisis
management» into conceptual and topical units. It is inferred that in addition to the categories
of subjects, processes, characteristics and quantities there is a specific conceptual unit of
“crisis”, which is typical of risk management terminology.
Symbols and quasisymbols in the Circassian phraseologisms (from materials of the Kabardian and Circassian languages)
An analysis is undertaken to define the efficiency of interethnic communication,
which is generally predetermined by the systematization degree of linguocultural basis of
research of corresponding languages. Phraseological units of the Kabardian and Circassian
languages were used to examine functioning of such linguocultural phenomena as symbols
and quasisymbols. It is inferred that the knowledge of the person cannot be equated with the
knowledge of the final objects of reality having clear boundaries.
Structure of the academic discourse in educational process
The present paper deals with the structure of an academic discourse in the educational
process. Various approaches to studying the academic discourse, proposed by the scholars of
our country and foreign linguists are investigated. Subtypes of the academic discourse and
ways of their application during the lesson and their connection with the other discourses
are analyzed in detail. Different types of verbal interaction between a teacher and student
(schoolteacher and pupil) are referred to different subtypes of the academic discourse. At the
end an attempt is made to create the scheme of application of these subtypes at the lesson.
Thematic differentiation of the modern system of sociolinguistic terms
Taxonomy of socially actualized spheres of communication of social linguistics is
examined through the comparison of two terminological minima (language and ethnicity,
language and politics). The author shows how the systems of links are identified among
sociolinguistic terms which contribute to a new understanding of the terms of valence and
terminological field. The theoretical rethinking of the terminological system of sociolinguistics
promotes a clearer identification of its thematic areas and the analysis of their internal and
Main preconditions of development of media stylistics
The paper describes the tendencies which served as the main preconditions of
development of the communicative direction in domestic stylistics. Its theory is intensely
developed with the use of material of mass media. Emergence of the new science, which
received the name of media stylistics, is noted to be caused in many respects by discourse
orientation of stylistics, as well as by application of an intentional method, the cornerstone
of which is intention of the sender. The conclusion is drawn that the intentional method by
means of which communicative - pragmatical and linguostylistic features of media texts are
intensely studied now, considerably expands possibilities of modern stylistics.
History of research of the Sirkhinsky dialect toponyms in the Dargwa language
The paper examines the toponymic units of the Sirkhinsky dialect, one of the unique
dialects of the Dargwa language. This dialect is presented in a number of the mountain
settlements of Akushinsky and Dakhadayevsky regions of the Republic of Daghestan. It is
one of the large dialect groups, both across the territory of the distribution and by quantity of
the population speaking it. On the basis of the analysis of scientific works on the Daghestan
onomastics, in particular on toponymy of the Dargwa language, and on history and culture of
the people of Daghestan the short history of scientific studying the toponyms of the Sirkhinsky
dialect is provided. It is inferred that the history of research of its toponymy is fragmentary.
Discourse descriptions of emotional states (from materials of the French language)
This paper examines discourse descriptions of emotional states in the French language.
Emotions are distributed in three main groups: eupathy (positive), desphoréo (negative),
and aporia (perplexity). In each group there are somatic, kinetic, metaphoric and resonance
descriptions. The research demonstrates that such classification of emotional states is efficient
for systematizing presentation of emotional states at the level of discourse descriptions.
Abbreviation of English loanwords in the German jargon of computer players
The functions of the computer jargon are considered. Various types of abbreviation
which are used in the German jargon of computer players are defined. The most productive
types of reductions are marked out. The detailed analysis of the abbreviations of the jargon
of players of online games is carried out. The research allows us to draw a conclusion of the
tendency of intensive penetration of abbreviations into the German jargon of computer players.
Symbolics of numbers in the Adyghe language
The paper examines the lexical units of the Adyghe language with a numerical indicator
possessing sacral and symbolical meanings, bearing ethnocultural semantics. Numbers
contain rich cultural semantics and have sacral symbolics which is characteristic of only
certain numbers of the language. The most productive in symbolization are numerals of the
first ten. The lexical units of the Adyghe language with a numerical indicator in the Nart epos
served as the research material. The number «seven» takes a special place among numbers
in frequency of the use and width of coverage of spheres of the use since it bears powerful
Numerological phraseological units in the Turkic languages (linguocultural analysis)
This paper discusses the numerological phraseological units in the Turkic languages.
The author analyses here the phrase-making activity of numbers 1, 2, 4, 7, 40. It is revealed
that particular numbers when used in set phrases lose the meaning of quantity, calculation,
order and acquire a symbolical sense expressing national peculiarities of a nation’s worldview.
Naguar Z.K., Bersirov B.M., Kushu S.A., Bersirova S.A.
Typology of invective lexicon in the languages with different systems (from materials of the Russian, German and Adyghe languages)
The paper defines the place of the concept of «invective» in system of estimated lexicon,
as well as provides the lines delimiting it from other close concepts. A comparative analysis is
made to characterize the nature and typology of invective lexicon in the languages with different
systems. The reasons of emergence and change of nature of manifestation of an invective
in society are defined. Features of invective lexicon functioning in the Russian, German
and Adyghe languages are identified. Character and the influence of the Internet speech on
formation of new forms of invectives are revealed. The structure of the means of strengthening
the invective force of the speech which are applied in the Russian Internet is defined.
Processes of interference in the language consciousness of Russian emigrants
This paper submits reviewing of the changes in language consciousness of representatives
of Russian ethnic and lingual culture under the influence of a heterogeneous language
environment, namely: identification of reactions, which fixate changes in knowledge and
perceptions of Russian cultural tradition representatives; and analysis of the similarities and
differences in the structure of associative areas of linguistic markers of national and cultural
consciousness of linguoecological type. It has been found that the language consciousness,
being culturally conditioned phenomenon, reflects the specificity of the national and cultural
space in which its representatives exist.
Economic discourse as a verbalization fragment of human experience: socio-cognitive aspect
The paper sheds light on the concepts of «discourse» and «discussion» and gives a
review of the existing definitions and interpretations of the concept and phenomenon of
«discourse» taking into account various methodological approaches. The discourse is noted
to act as a result of the person’s knowledge of the language picture of the world, a unique
fragment of the human experience imprinted in texts and words. The relevant characteristics
of a discourse taken from works of national and foreign linguists are provided. It is
established that the variety of interpretations of a discourse reflects the existing difficulties
in identification of its uniform unique parameters.
Khabekirova Z.S., Adzinova F.S.
Self-presentation of the public personality in Internet communication: personal site
The paper describes the self-presentation of the public language personality, wide
popularity of which in many respects predetermines existence in the Network of the official
site reflecting the personified nature of Internet communication. Pragmatical value of the web
site is created not only by verbal, but also nonverbal components. The conclusion is drawn
that realization of presentation function in biographic texts of the personal site provides not
only representation of the public personality, but also impact on target audience.
Khachmafova Z.R., Kotelnikova I.V.
Free indirect style: pronominal conjunction what / chto and the problem of actual segmentation of the modeling utterance
The free indirect style segments connected into a single linear sequence with the
conjunction what /chto realize in the text both the new and old information. The paper
reveals the following information types reflecting the theme-rhematic cohesion of the
utterance: theme-rheme, theme-theme, rheme-rheme. In case of free indirect style inversion
the conjunction what / chto introduces the new information, the utterance segment, which is
before the copular verb – the known information. The theme-rhematic concordance of the
utterance the segments of which are connected with the pronominal conjunction what / chto turns out to be important for the readers’ adequate interpretation of the whole text
Khutova E.R., Dzasezheva L.Kh., Efendiyeva R.A.
Lexicographic analysis of concept «hate» (from materials of the Russian, English and Kabardino-Circassian Languages)
This paper is devoted to the study of the emotional concept “hate”. We made an attempt
to show the national-cultural specificity of the language consciousness. The lexicographical
analysis of the concept “hate” in the Russian, English and Kabardian languages shows both the universality of its representation in the corresponding language pictures of the world,
and the specific character which is predetermined by the peculiarities of the ethnic language
«Complex decisions» and their verbalization in the act of acceptance and implementation of the decision in various spheres of human life
The paper explores the specificity of complex character of the act of acceptance and
implementation of the decision (APIR). The object of study is represented by complex
decisions in APIR and the verbal means (explicit / implicit) of their realization are the subject
of study. Relationship of complex character of APIR with concept of the sphere of human
life is analyzed. The conclusion is drawn on the linguistic potential of the object of research
from the point of view of syncretism of syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
Text as space of representation of the author’s attitude to objective reality and its substantial factor
A literary text, from the point of view of the cognitive linguistics, is analyzed as a way of
fixation and translation of the author’s individual consciousness, so the problem of identifying
the author’s personal sense is directly related to the problem of understanding a literary text. The
modern text linguistics is a complex researching field which deals with different approaches
of identifying and interpreting the relevant features of a literary text as special mental-verbal
constructs. In this paper we make an attempt to identify the processes and mechanism of the
individual author’s cognition during the creation of literary-artistic work.
Personal and voice-frequency code as creation of an external image of the hero of work
The paper gives a characteristic of a personal and voice-frequency code by means of
which information about an external image of the hero of work is transferred from the author
of the text to reader’s audience. Parameters of appearance of the character of the fiction text
are allocated and described. The difference is shown between the portrait text and a portrait
text continuum in art communication. It is established that the presented parameters of
appearance of the personality (the description of the person, the description of a constitution
and the description of an attire) in the set form the portrait image of this or that character in text space of a work of art. Each of the allocated parameters finds its own place in yhe
information material of the literary work, which is strictly determined by the author of work,
entering «game» in a certain sequence, which creates in total the effect of impact on the
recipient conceived by the author.
Yagumova N.Sh., Bogus Z.A.
Motivational and nominative markers of phytonyms in the English and Adyghe languages
The phytonymic lexicon is examined as a product of the ordinary cognitive nomination
in the languages with different systems, the motivational and nominative signs of which in
the English and Adyghe languages are various. The choice of the name and the way of its
description are shown to be entirely determined by historical, geographical, cultural and other
factors. A comparison of motivational signs in the English and Adyghe languages confirms
a representativeness of the signs marking a natural/geographical place of growth of plants in
both languages. It is inferred that though phytonyms differ in structural organization in these
languages, they have much in common and are close enough.
Alentyeva M.A., Chitao L.R.
Problems of comparative-historical studying national literatures
The paper deals with the questions of studying the literary phenomena in interrelation
between separate literatures. Both the general problems and separate questions devoted to the
concrete facts of interaction of the Russian literature with foreign literatures are examined. The
concept «literary communication» is thought to be the aÕrt and ideological continuity. It is
inferred that in order to understand the world nature of literary processes, first of all, relationships
between national literatures and creative individualities within them have to be studied.
Beshukova F.B., Pshizova A.K.
On efficiency of post-Freudian model of the text analysis in contemporary national literary criticism
The paper deals with the updating the methodology of national literary criticism which is
connected with cardinal changes in space of literary communication. The author attracts foreign
concepts, in particular, a post-Freudian model for the adequate analysis of the schizoanalytic texts.
The attention is focused on the separate basic attitudes of post-Freudianism formulated by Zh.
Lakan, G. Deleuze and F. Guattari, R. Bart, J. Kristeva, etc., adapted for the sphere of art creativity
(V. Pelevin, V. Sorokin and V. Erofeyev). Orientation to complete knowledge of the personality
and its place in the world is shown to be the center of post-Freudian theories.
Revisiting the question of «character» and «character building» concepts’ dynamics in native and foreign literary studies
The paper examines the character building concept establishment as a category starting
from the Renaissance till now. The dynamics of character development as character building
structural element is traced in native and foreign literary studies. Examples of character
definitions made by famous literature theorists are given. The structural components of
character building concept and their determinants are discovered.
Features of a graphic image of the text in D. Rubina’s creativity
An analysis is made of graphic shape of D. Rubina’s story texts. Graphic transmission
means of author’s intension are represented and described. Existence of traditional graphic
elements and graphic nonce words is shown. It is inferred that from the point of view of the
carried-out analysis, the graphic image of the fiction text is an important component of the
idiostyle of D. Rubina.
Lyamova B.Kh., Khamerzokova N.A.
Subject of war and formation of the personality in Kh. Ashinov’s prose («At the Stone Bridge», «The Last Week of August», «The Armed People»)
The paper examines the leading tendencies in art research on formation of the personality
in the context of a war subject, basing on material of Kh. Ashinov’s stories. Features of author’s
psychologism and lyrical judgment of reality are analyzed. Importance of interaction of a
subject of war and the personality formation in Kh.Ashinov’s prose is noted. It is inferred that
the main feature of his creativity is depicting the world through perception of the teenager,
young man and the old man. Those are children’s memoirs in an invariable cover of thoughts, the analysis and attempts to explain events of that time and impressions without direct morals,
without the «correct» «teacher’s» judgments and conclusions.
Panesh U.M., Panesh S.R.
On the evolution features of the genre of poems on «a contemporary subject» in the Adyghe literature of the 1960s -1990s
The paper discusses the evolution of the genre of poems in the Adyghe literature of the
1960s – 1990s. The authors disclose the typological features of the genre forms of the poem
focused on modern, military and historical subjects and related to the folklore. The work
examines such common features as strengthening the art problematical character, a lyrics
making, the movement to the concentrated lyric and epic forms and use of a drama element.
It is established that the poem, using the synthesized genre opportunities, has developed such
art means which considerably enriched national literature.
Change of genre borders and strengthening artistic expressiveness in Nalbiy Kuyek’s poems
The development of the poem and evolution of its genre opportunities are analyzed. The
philosophization and entry of lyrics into the poem enriched artistic and depicting opportunities
of the lyrical poem and changed its internal substantial and compositional structure. It is
inferred that the poetic image and poetic thought are comprised in a metaphor which becomes
the carrier not only of an image and thought, but also of a plot, character of the lyrical hero and
the catalyst of the composite narrative movement in poems.
Panesh U.M., Sokolova G.V., Yakhutl Yu.A.
On the influence of enlightenment motives on formation of the concept of Asker Evtykh’s character («Drink of Spring Water», «Barge», «Bull Blood»)
The paper discusses the evolution of the artistic concept of A. Evtykh’s personality in
the 1960-1990s and the influence of ideological and esthetic preferences of enlightenment
on his works. Artistic features of the novel «Drink of Spring Water» and dilogy «Barge» and
«Bull Blood» are revealed. Such lines of works of the writer as strengthening the artistic
problematical character due to influence of philosophical thought and esthetic searches of
a literary era of the 20th century are established. The conclusion is drawn that the writer’s
position in the latest time is defined by audit of naive historicism and by tragic feeling caused
by judgment of the drama events of the 20th century and by the influence of the world
literature experience. This has an impact on the solution of basic problems, such as history
and personality, personality and moral choice.
Pshizova A.K., Kerasheva F.N.
Gender aspects of an image of Martin Iden in a novel of the same name of Jack London
The image of Martin Iden, the main character of the novel of American writer Jack
London, is analyzed from positions of gender researches. The philosophical basics of
works and world outlook of the writer are examined, in particular influence of ideas about
«superperson» by F. Nietzsche and the naturalistic concept of G. Spencer. In the context of
gender approach, a number of stereotypes in outlook of the main characters as carriers of a
certain patrimonial consciousness – male and female are identified. The conclusion is drawn
that the motive of the reduced display of ordinary women is implemented in the novel, as
well as aspiration of men of «the highest order» to the divine, inaccessible and unearthly.
Pshizova A.K., Sheudzhen E.D.
Tembot Kerashev’s short stories and the Adyghe prose K1ereshche Tembot èíîâåëëýõýð yk1i àäûãý ïðîçýð
The paper deals with genre short story in the Adyghe literature of the 1920-1970s,
its formation and development and a role of short stories of T. Kerashev in the national
prose. The emphasis is placed on the textual analysis of works in original language. The
folklore and literary basis of the Adyghe short story (I. Tsey, A. Khatkov, Yu. Tlyusten, D.
Kostanov, P. Koshubayev, Yu. Chuyako, S. Panesh) is investigated. An analysis is made
of historical short stories of A. Evtykh («The Sacred River») and T. Kerashev and their
influence on development of the historical story and novel in the Adyghe literature. Small
prose of Kh. Ashinov of the 1960-1970s is noted to be a new step in development of the
Adyghe short stories which gave the new directions: lyric-epic (I. Mashbash), lyric-romantic
(Yu. Chuyako) and lyric-philosophical (N. Kuyek).
Khamerzokova N.A., Khuazheva N.Kh.
Lyrical-philosophical prose in the Adyghe literature of the late 20th century
The paper discusses some features of the lyrical story of K. Shazzo «Warm Snow»
and the philosophical story of N. Kuyek «The Black Mountain». The emphasis is placed
on the textual analysis of works in the original language. The subject, problems, plot and
composite structure of stories, genre originality, features of lyricism of the first story and
«magic realism» of the second are considered. The philosophical aspect of perception of the
world by the lyrical hero is noted and language features of works are marked out.
Features of representation of the national and foreign in A. Cherchesov’s novels «Wreath on the Grave of Wind» and «Requiem for the Living»
This paper explores peculiarity of ways of representation of the national and foreign
in «a mountain dilogy» by A.Cherchesov. Individuality of usage of ethnic determinants
is shown. The proper names of Ossetian etymology are noted to be the most widely
distributed ethnically marked elements. It is proved that the author realizes complexity and
multidimensionality of national being mainly through heroes’ acts, thoughts and mental
searches. It is inferred that the national phenomena in Cherchesov’s prose implement mainly
artistic and esthetic functions: emotional-expressive and plot-forming.
Blago in the heroic epos of Adyghes «Nartkher»
The paper deals with Blago (dragon), one of the mythical beings of the heroic epos of
Adyghes «Nartkher». The hybrid image of a dragon is shown to be represented by a couple
of opposite mythological symbols which are known in the myth about a duel of mythological
snakes and birds. Often Blago, the formidable opponent of Narts, acts as the patron of water
elements and possesses the corresponding mythical attributes. It is established that ideas
about epic Blago are of essential value in studying the mythological image of a dragon in the
Oral messages in communicative culture of Adyghes
This work deals with oral messages in the context of communicative culture of
Adyghes. The structure and artistic specifics of genres, objectivizing the reported message
are analyzed. The most prestigious forms of oral messages are distinguished. The author
comes to a conclusion that all forms of oral messages are united by the common structure,
i.e. they have a communicative situation, the message transmitter as the mediating factor and
Speech aggression in contemporary mass media as a source of the language conflicts
The paper studies the phenomenon of speech aggression having political, social and
economic roots, which has become actual object of contemporary linguistic researches in
recent years. The author shows the reasons of emergence of speech aggression, its nature,
as well as possible ways of development of the conflicts generated by this special form of
Magazine «Forward!» as type of the uncensored edition
An analysis is made of the character, role and value of the uncensored magazine
«Forward!», published by P.L. Lavrov in emigration. The research focuses on identification
of influence of lack of possibility of legal promotion in Russia on formation of this magazine
as type of the edition since it defined editorial strategy in work with reader’s audience.
Separate publications of the edition are regarded from the point of view of the information
and emotional thought dictated by features of the Program «Forward!». The conclusion is
drawn that typological features of the uncensored magazine defined sense and the content of
Study of Arts
Music and poetry: Flyarkovsky – Tyutchev
On the basis of the analysis of one of the last choral cycles of A.G. Flyarkovsky «Mood»,
this work explores how the poetry of F.I. Tyutchev influences the figurative sphere of musical
compositions of the composer and a choice of means of musical expressiveness related to
musical interpretation of a literary basis of choruses. As a result of research, conclusions are
drawn that the composer expresses various shades of moods in a cycle, associating them
with the natural phenomena and elements. F.I. Tyutchev’s poetry finds reflection in various
musical and choral means which represent natural landscapes and express a state of mind of
the observant artist.
Musical instruments of Central Asian Turkic peoples
Musical instruments of Central Asian Turkic peoples are considered: in relationship
with the natural environment and economic-cultural types (1) and in the context of the
similarities and differences (2). There is a common set of musical instruments, which is
characterized by diversity and uniqueness. It is obvious that it influences the development
of Asian and European musical instruments in general. This material about Turkic musical
instruments should be used actively in the learning process.
Khvatova S.I., Sergeyeva P.A.
Expansion of vocal means of expression in chants with initial orthodox texts
Features of contemporary repertoire of church choirs are analyzed. The work shows
tendencies in expansion of a national manner of singing in the orthodox liturgical choruses
and ensembles which are displayed both in public and church choir singing. Also the authors
identify ways of inclusion of voice and chorus parts in a national or «an open sound» manner
into choral scores with initial liturgical texts of contemporary orthodox composers. Methods
of composer work with the liturgical word illustrate susceptibility by the orthodox singing
culture of the national singing. Its ability to accumulation in order to achieve the required result of necessary artistic means for the purpose of their inclusion in a context of the
traditional is stated.
Musical enlightenment in the dynamics of national musical culture
This work discusses national experience in formation and development of musical
enlightenment related to the processes in the field of composer and performance creativity.
The tasks connected with familiarizing of the population with the best examples of musical
culture are defined. The history shows that forms of musical enlightenment as part of complete
cultural process in its variety evolve and experience of the past can be demanded today. At
the present stage of development of the Russian society musical enlightenment acts as the
most important component of musical culture influencing the development of history of art.
Pogodina S.V., Yuferev V.S., Aleksanyants G.D.
Physiological features of cardiovascular system of male athletes in the age range of 17-46 years
The paper presents the results of a study of the cardiovascular system in athletes and untrained
males at the age of 17-46 years. Functional changes in cardiovascular system of athletes are caused by age
processes and specifics of long-term adaptation. The work shows various variants of the organization of a functional
condition of cardiovascular system at rest and when performing the dosed physical activities. Increased
functional reserve of cardiovascular system is most pronounced at athletes of period I of mature age, coaching
endurance at whom the economization of energy expenditure at expansion of functional reserves of a myocardium
was observed. In group of period II of mature age decreased variability of heart rate is noted; at athletes
coaching endurance it is combined with increase of stress index, and at athletes coaching force it is combined
with power reduction of a high-frequency spectrum. At the same time, at the latter, operability of the left ventricle
during the dosed physical activity considerably lags behind growth of minute volume of blood flow. At untrained
persons the increased minute volume of blood flow during standard loading is followed by decrease in
operability of the left ventricle which can be regarded as an inadequate response associated with fatigue. Spotted
unresponsiveness to the standard load by systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a group coaching endurance
is noted, while in group coaching force during standard and specific probe, hyperkinetic reactions are
noted. In the conditions of application of physical activities, the interrelation of a vagosympathetic index and
minute volume of blood flow is shown that testifies to direct dependence of vagosympathetic balance with intensity
of blood circulation at 40-46 year-old athletes coaching endurance. In group of athletes of 40-46 years
coaching force, close dependence of the hemodynamic parameters on the performance variability is revealed. In
group of 40-46 year-old untrained persons, dependence of indicators of heart rate variability on the degree of
myocardial relaxation is noted.
Evaluation of the content of sorbic acid in the diet of senior pupils and students and its influence on the pancreatic lipase activity
The monitoring is made of the level of intake by senior pupils and students of sorbic acid from
food per day. Impact of sorbic acid on the activity of pancreatic lipase and its inhibitory effect are defined.
Sozaev T.O., Sarbasheva A.I., Lvov V.D., Yakimov A.V., Shapovalov M.I.
Chemical composition of meat of Tersky sublips (Chondrostoma oxyrhynchum Kessler, 1877) during the spawning period
The content of water, crude protein, fat and ash in meat of Tersky sublips during the spawning
period from natural reservoirs of the Terek river basin is studied.
Ocheret N.P., Tuguz F.V.
Medical and demographic indicators of a condition of the general morbidity and mortality of the Adyghea Republic population
The paper presents the main medical and demographic indicators of the condition of the general
morbidity and mortality of the Adyghea Republic population. Influence of adverse ecological factors on
health of the population of the Adyghea Republic is shown.
Long-term variability of an annual runoff of the rivers in the Northwest Caucasus and features of its spatial distribution
The paper discloses factors and features of spatial distribution of long-term variability of an
annual runoff of the rivers in the Northwest Caucasus. Corelations of variation coefficients of the annual runoff
with the average elevation of the river reservoirs are investigated. The uniform dependence reflecting the law of
long-term variability reduction with increasing average elevation of reservoirs has been obtained. The map of
isolines of variation coefficients of the annual runoff, uncovering features of its spatial distribution, is implemented.
The conducted researches expand theoretical and applied aspects of regional hydrological researches.
Eeugenol basil response to low temperatures and selection of early, cold-resistant forms
The temperature background of seed sprouting (+15ºÑ) can be applied as the differentiating
(ranging) one at selection of early, cold-resistant genotypes at early stages of ontogenesis of eugenol basil. Efficiency
of selection of early forms in viability of seeds and in length of sprouts is revealed.
Teuchezh F.D., Khamerzokova R.Yu., Shadzhe A.I.
Natural, social and economic measures to protect agricultural lands from degradation in the Republic of Adyghea
The paper substantiates the role of natural resource potential and socio-economic factors in the
territorial organization of agro-industrial complex in the Republic of Adyghea. The offered recommendations
allow the development of rational schemes of use of natural resource potential to protect agricultural lands
Data sources, opportunities and methods of their use in historical and geographical research of moving in the area of contemporary Adyghea
The paper discusses the principles and methods of the description and mapping the evolution of
moving in the territory of contemporary Adyghea since the end of the Caucasian War up to now. Examples are
given of typology of settlements and their systems defining logic of historical and geographical research of moving,
as well as the list of maps which can be a basis for the sections «Population and Settlements» in scientific
and reference atlases of different functions.
Tatlok D.R., Kolesnikov S.I., Kazeev K.Sh., Tatlok R.K., Tlekhas Z.R.Chernysheva Ya.S.
Evaluation of the stability of brown forest soils of the Adyghea Republic foothills to pollution with toxic microelements according to biological indicators
Contamination of soils in foothill forests of Adyghea Republic with zinc, cadmium, molybdenum
or selenium deteriorates the biological properties of the brown forest soils. The conducted research has shown
that the degree of reduction of biological indicators is directly dependent on the concentration of pollutants in
the soil. According to the degree of toxicity to the biological properties of brown forest soils the elements under
study form the following sequence: Zn > Cd > = Se > Mo.
Hematologic indicators at broilers feeding on mixed fodder with a sorghum
The paper examines the efficiency of inclusion of sorghum grain in mixed fodder for raising and
fattening of meat poultry. Effects of corn replacement by sorghum in broiler diets on a state of health of the
poultry are revealed.
System approach to the analysis of a construction complex of the region (as shown by the Krasnodar Territory)
The paper discusses the concept and structure of a construction complex and its place in an
economic complex of the region using an example of the Krasnodar Territory. An idea is given of the construction
complex as a system. Factors of placement and features of the construction complex are disclosed. Economic
significance of construction is defined.
Veselov D.S., Sidorova D.V., Voronina V.V.
The study of positive and negative effects of migration of the population for the social-economic development of the countries of the world
This paper examines the impact of immigration processes on social and economic development
of the state, as well as on interethnic relations. The effects of immigration are mixed: on the one hand, objective
needs in the country's labor force are replenished, but, on the other hand, interethnic tension is triggered, crime
situation is worsening and the competition in the labor market is growing.
Tuova T.G., Mozhayskaya A.A.
Contemporary problems of the Caucasus State Natural Biosphere Reserve named after Kh.G. Shaposhnikov
The Caucasus Biosphere Reserve is nature conservation, research, ecologic and educational
establishment of federal value aiming at preservation and studying the natural course of natural processes and
phenomena, genetic fund of flora and fauna, typical and unique geological formations and ecological systems of
the West Caucasus. In this regard all questions related to preservation of uniqueness of the nature of the reserve
are relevant and demand serious approach to their solution. In this paper, contemporary problems of protection
of the reserved territory are stated.
Kozlov V.A., Palandzhyants L.Zh.
On some properties of curvature operator
The paper investigates the properties of the curvature operator of the curved multiplicative integral
of matrix functions of the second and third orders. Considering the curvature operator as an operation on
matrix functions, the authors identified conservation properties of some linear relations between the elements of
the original matrix functions.
Korteweg-de Vries equation and mathematical models of socioeconomic systems
In this paper we give a method of constructing Partial differential equation that describes the
mathematical model of the problem of information transfer in the learning process. To construct such a model,
we established a correspondence between the terminology of differential equations and that of the field of information
transmission. As an example, the Korteweg-de Vries equation is examined. Also we consider some of the
properties of solitons.
On ranges of full and vector frequencies of signs and roots of third order linear homogeneous differential equations
Ranges of full and vector frequencies of signs and roots of the third order linear differential equations
are investigated. For any beforehand set natural number p, the third order linear differential equation
with periodic coefficients is given, the set of various values of full (vector) frequencies of signs and roots, the
uncommon solutions of which consist not less than of p of various essential numbers. Existence of the third order
differential equation with limited coefficients with a calculating range of full (vector) frequencies of signs and
roots is proved. Besides, the third order differential equation with unlimited coefficients is given, ranges of full
and vector frequencies of signs and roots of which fill one and the same piece of a numerical axis.
On solvability of the Dirichlet problem for the second order partial differential equation with deviating argument
Solvability of the Dirichlet problem for partial differential equation of the second order with
deviating argument in a rectangular area is investigated. The problem of the solvability in the required class of
functions is reduced to the solvability of the corresponding ordinary differential equation with deviating argument,
the solution of which is constructed with the help of the Green's function.
Approach to formation of a total assessment of the level of learning a curriculum material at intermediate certification of trainees on the basis of the weighed coefficients of the estimated indicators
The paper presents the technique of the solution of a non-standard problem related to determination
of coherence of expert opinions on a set of the estimated signs to justify a total assessment of the level of
learning a curriculum material at intermediate certification of trainees. New approach is proposed on formation
of both quantitative structure of the estimated examination card signs, and determination of the weighed coefficients
of the estimated signs. The general criterion for formation of a total assessment is defined. Recommendations
are given on the formation of the general total assessment of the trainee in examination or test. Practical
realization of such approach in educational process will allow better monitoring of level and completeness of
mastering a training material at the accepted corresponding criteria of an assessment.
Features of realization of safe connection to «cloudy» services
The paper discusses the safe methods of connection to «cloudy» services of both certain users
and separate companies. The analysis of granting services of the type of «infrastructure as service» (IaaS) presented
by hosting providers and decisions for connection of certain clients and companies is carried out. The
complex of actions applied to provide safety of connection, prevention of threats to security in «clouds» and ensuring
necessary level of safety of information is offered.
On application of CVE-compatible network scanners
The paper describes a model of the intruder and examines the issues related to the activities of
a community of penetration testers. Projects related to standardization of network scanners and the ability to
generate reports that contain a description of vulnerabilities with links in the catalog CVE, are reviewed.
Khalizev V.N., Tarasov E.S., Ugryumov D.V., Dorin N.E.
Algorithmization of procedures of design of the composite information systems on the basis of techniques of a multiple choice
The paper deals with the models, methods and algorithms of the market of the proposed subsystems
and equipment, based on the analysis of the requirements for security to choose the best solution for the
synthesis of the integrated security system.
Shopin A.V., Buchatskiy P.Yu.
Electronic information and education environment of the Adyghe State University
The paper deals with the questions of functioning of a corporate computer network which is a
basis for ensuring control and realization of educational process, scientific researches and organizational governance
with effective means of information support.
Account «Capital » reflection in the individual accounts businesses and first F. Datini companies in Pisa
The paper studies the nature of equity in the first Francesco Datini’s individual
enterprises and companies in Pisa. It notes that equity in its usual concept did not exist.
Equity took into account the ongoing capital investment in the form of cash and inventory
as well as the seizure of property the discretion of the owners and joining the capital gains
distributed before the accounting books closing
Feasibility of a permanent verification of earlier results of scientific research in accounting
Congratulating Professor Michael Kuter with his 70th anniversary, students
wish him a long life, good health, new research finds. The paper examines basic directions
of scientific activity of Professor Michael Kuter. The author pays her particular attention
to the verification of previously obtained results and their public re-evaluation. The scientific
article presents studies connected with the first trial balance and early reporting,
medieval amortization and other objects of medieval accounting
D.I. Ponokova, I.G. Panzhenskaya
Historical-theoretical and scientific-practical aspects of reserves identification
The paper considers and analyzes the main terms and concepts of reserves and
regulators. Purpose of the scientific article is to determine the theoretical study of the reserves
and the regulators of both economic and accounting categories, to identify their distinctive
features. The authors study both historical-theoretical and scientific-practical aspects of the
identification of accounting reserves. They consider different approaches of leading scientists
in the field of accounting of funds, reserves and regulators for better understanding of accounting
category reserves that allow identifying and systematizing the main features inherent
in both individual groups of provisions and reserves in total. This paper draws a conclusion
about the role of reserves and their place in the Russian system of accounting and reporting