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    24.09.2021 14:22
    Max OnLine:266


  • R.S. Balaev
    Network warfare as the dominant factor in the formation of social fears and "existential vacuum" in modern society

    An analysis is made of the problem of the formation of social fears and "existential vacuum" in terms of network wars. It is emphasized that one of the main aims of the network war effects is the destruction of the semantic unity of the world and personality, isolation, value-sense human disorientation, replacing of the true meanings and values of human life

    pdf 19-23.pdf  (153 Kb)

  • Yu.V. Vinogradova
    The correlation of language, communication and perception of the philosophy of John Locke

    The paper considers the correlation of language, communication and perception, presented in "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding" (1690) by John Locke, the English philosopher, educator and social activist. In this paper the reasons leading to the study of cognitive process by Locke are revealed; the notions of simple and complex ideas are discovered and their role in the mental and verbal activity is shown

    pdf 24-28.pdf  (147 Kb)

  • I.M. Meshkov
    Transcendental base of structure of value orientations of the Baden school of Neo-Kantianism, and its reflection in the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl and Max Scheler

    The paper discusses the value orientations structure, where there is value in relation to other categories, such as: wellfare, significance, ideal norms and others. Presented context supposes a comparative analysis of the transcendental structure of the Baden school of Neo-Kantianism (G.Rickert and W. Windelband) and phenomenology of Husserl and Scheler. That’s why the transcendental is defined as the base of the structure forming value orientation to reality, which makes it possible to talk about value orientation

    pdf 29-34.pdf  (138 Kb)

  • A.V. Odintsov
    Social network capital as an indicator of the ideological orientations in the modern information society

    The paper discusses social network capital as the aggregate of actual and potential resources that are in network correlation and are regulated by institutionalized relations based on trust. The conclusion was made that social network capital, as an indicator of ideological orientations in modern society, determines the degree of dynamism and vitality of the network. It is emphasized that the network organizations with extensive social network capital serve as an effective platform forming the ideological sentiment in the information society

    pdf 35-39.pdf  (134 Kb)

  • M.B. Oseledchik
    Intellectual "nutrient" environment of social institution

    The author discusses intellectual "nutrient" environment of social institution contributing to replication and reconfiguration of organization knowledge for the subsequent production of new knowledge. A huge influence on the formation of its corporate culture has at least three aspects: the interaction of vertical; horizontal cooperation; specific behaviors that contribute to the dissemination and use of knowledge. The author points to the cognitive, organizational and psychological problems associated with the organization of intellectual protection, and offers a solution

    pdf 40-48.pdf  (145 Kb)

  • A.S. Skachkov
    Life-affirming meaning of philosophy

    Basically, philosophy as a whole and its various compositions has life-affirming sense. However, there exist and may be generated and reproduced some conseptual compositions fraught with pointing to omnicide. These compositions arise due of inversion, meaning substitution of living in his social and humane identification of non-public-human, non-human, and at the end, even inanimate. In the philosophy, the mechanism of such substitution is subjective-personal involvement of inadequate, not life affirming meanings

    pdf 49-57.pdf  (213 Kb)

  • R.A. Khanakhu
    Legal and ethic perceptions of Circassians of Northern Caucasus: tradition and modernity

    The paper discusses current compatibility issues of traditional moral precepts (imperatives) of various population groups in Russia with modern ethical ideas

    pdf 58-61.pdf  (125 Kb)

  • A.Yu. Shadzhe, A.H. Panesh
    Global forecasting in the development of modern society

    The paper analyses prediction of the future at different stages of the development of science. The nature of forecasting tools is being studied in the context of modern science. We examine the features of computer simulation, which is a new methodology creating a new type of thinking. The key question of investigated issue is analysis of the complexities of global prediction in the development of society. We present some of the features of the international project FuturICT, the main objective of which is to develop evidence-based recommendations. It is proved that in the context of global and regional manifestations of crisis, while making decisions in various areas of society it is necessary to use new information and communication technologies, including supercomputers. Thus the conclusion is drawn on the necessity of the creation in Russia or in the framework of the Eurasian Union of the experimental setup of global system of prediction and control

    pdf 62-69.pdf  (171 Kb)

  • R.M. Begeulov
    Military and political aspects of the interaction of Karachai-Balkars with Russia in 1820-1827

    The paper deals with the military and political aspects of the relationship of Karachai and Balkaria with the Russian authorities during the period of intensification of the military actions in the region of the Central Caucasus, initiated by the-Chief of the Caucasian Corps of the Russian Army General A.P. Yermolov. The purpose of this paper is to review and assess the specificity of the initial phase of integration of Karachai and Balkars in the Russian Empire, still poorly covered by now, in the Russian and foreign historiography

    pdf 70-79.pdf  (176 Kb)

  • S.S. Karakhanov
    Meaningful aspects of the Crimean- Daghestanian relations of the 15th-18th centuries

    The paper considers one of the elements of material culture - a house, most closely connected with the environment, domesticities, social and family life of the Lezgins in the Korchagskaya Valley of Southern Daghestan. The originality of house of the inhabitants of the valley is the correlation of stone, air-bricks and wood in the traditional building culture. In the interior of the housing there is prevalence of utensils; household items are not of local origin, since local crafts have not been well developed

    pdf 80-86.pdf  (146 Kb)

  • E.T. Lazarova, N.Yu. Tuaeva
    Family and demographic behavior in the Caucasian Society: history and modernity

    The paper deals with family issues, family relations and demographic behavior in the traditional Caucasian society. As one of the most important public institutions, a family has accumulated a traditional method and form of living arrangement, combining individual and social life of a person, creating value orientations and needs of an individual, as well as the rational domestic traditions. One of the priority values was large family. Not rejecting the legitimate processes of transformation of the family institution today, it is especially important to preserve its traditional models and social functions

    pdf 87-96.pdf  (212 Kb)

  • Z.A. Tseeva
    Social and cultural aspects of the Western Caucasus military navigation in ancient times

    In this paper, the main characteristics are given to socio-cultural aspects of West Caucasian military navigation in ancient times. It is noted that carriers of navigational tradition were ancient ancestors of indigenous ethnic groups of the Western Caucasus - Circassians and Abkhazians, which were located, according to the ancient sources, at the Black Sea coast and in the mountains and are known as Akheis, Zikhs, Geniokhs. It is emphasized that military navigation of West Caucasian highlanders in ancient times looked more like pirate fishing. Particular attention is paid to geographical and socio-cultural factors which played an important role in the generation of sea robbery, and in the formation of democratic institutions of West Caucasian societies. The paper discusses the role of the marine element in the development of democratic institutions

    pdf 97-104.pdf  (154 Kb)

  • E.A. Sheudzhen, R.A.Tleptsok, N.A. Pocheshkhov
    The Caucasus in Adyghean symbolics

    In this paper, for the first time the Caucasus Mountains were systematically examined as a landmark marker influencing the mass consciousness of the Circassians

    pdf 105-114.pdf  (186 Kb)

  • M.V. Zikeeva
    Social capitalization of insurance in the Russian society

    In the presented paper, the position is substantiated that the insurance institute in the Russian society is in a nonequilibrium state dealing with the uncertainty of alternatives of the development of insurance business. The dominant system of state support of insurance brings to the mass consciousness belief in free insurance services, despite the lack of social efficiency. Social insurance capitalization is based on the ensuring the unity of the private (insurance), public and state interests, which requires transparency and competitive insurance environment on the basis of legal regulation of the state

    pdf 115-122.pdf  (137 Kb)

  • I.S. Ivanova
    Elements of ethnic policy at the present stage: world and national hallmarks

    The paper presents the results of theoretical research in the field of ethnic policy. The data reflect the specifics of ethnic policy at the present stage and allow the author to make an assessment at the global and domestic arena, as well as identify the prospects of the development of regionalism

    pdf 123-131.pdf  (185 Kb)

  • V.N. Ilmukhin
    Modern practices of media consumption: the methodological aspect of the study

    In everyday life, modern type of a man uses great variety of media devices. However, the practice of simultaneous use of different media channels and communication devices was not studied well. Modern multimedia and multi-screen world requires a common relevant methodology to capture and measure the simultaneous media consumption from several sources. The paper provides the methodology and the results of the study of multi-media consumption, held in Moscow

    pdf 132-138.pdf  (152 Kb)

  • A.V. Kanunnikova
    Legal socialization of the Russian youth: an institutional approach to sociological research

    The paper analyzes the methodological possibilities of using institutional approach to sociological studies of social and legal processes in general, and legal socialization of young people in Russian society, in particular. The author particularly emphasizes the need to improve the institutional methodology and methods of sociological research of social and legal processes and points out that a successful legal socialization of young people depends on effective social institutions operating in society

    pdf 139-145.pdf  (167 Kb)

  • D.A. Kartavtsev
    Social and cultural peculiarities of a qualified policeman personality formation

    The paper examines the issues of the influence of personal characteristics of police officers on their sociocultural status in society. On the basis of theoretical analysis, the author analyzes the characteristics of the impact of employees’ motivation on their professional competence

    pdf 146-150.pdf  (132 Kb)

  • A.A. Kukushkina
    Legal education as a basis for the development of civil society and legal state

    The paper deals with legal education as a basis for the development of civil society and the rule-of –law state. From the point of view of the author, legal education can also be attributed to civic education, which implies certain measures of educational influence and education aimed at the formation of social consciousness and civic responsibility in the translation of legal activities

    pdf 151-156.pdf  (142 Kb)

  • O.I. Kuskarova
    Preventing extremism in educational and youth environment

    In the presented paper, the prevention of extremist and terrorist activities among the youth is considered. The role of education in the formation of civil position among students to counter the ideology of terrorism and extremism is underlined and the need is indicated for interaction between the educational antiterrorist commissions and civil society institutions

    pdf 157-162.pdf  (145 Kb)

  • S.L. Lazitsky
    The sociocultural specificity of cooperation in law enforcement activities

    In the paper, the author makes an attemp to clarify the sociocultural specifics of law enforcement activities in the scientific field of sociology of culture. The paper provides an analysis of the present problems in view of its historical retrospective, referring to the existing domestic experience

    pdf 163-167.pdf  (111 Kb)

  • R.A. Marchenko
    Mythological patterns of contemporary Russian society in a problem body of sociology of culture

    The paper contains analysis of the basic mythological patterns that are present in the collective consciousness of Russians, it also carries comparativism of national and western socio-cultural mythologems. The author aims to find new opportunities of demythologization of the society’s consciousness

    pdf 168-175.pdf  (157 Kb)

  • T.S. Maslova
    The problems of the education system in the context of research works of foreign sociologists

    The paper considers some issues of the education system, covered in the works of foreign sociologists. A comparative analysis of the transformation of the educational system within the sociohistorical development of society is being done, accompanied by transformations in science, technology and social life. Main issues existing in the education system, despite the significant progress in the development of modern societies, are distinguished

    pdf 176-181.pdf  (116 Kb)

  • V.V. Moiseenko
    Influence of higher education institution upon social mobility of people in modern Russia

    The author of the paper considers the institution of higher education as a factor contributing to the social movement of both, a person and certain social groups. The conclusion is substantiated that higher education, as a flexible social institution in modern conditions is able to respond promptly to the needs of society and contributes to the activity of the youth in the struggle for social position in the competitive labor market. It is emphasized that in the conditions of Russian reality people with higher education have a better chance of employment, but now many employers have an idea that possession of a diploma ceases to serve as a determining fact in employment

    pdf 182-187.pdf  (143 Kb)

  • M.M. Murtazaliyev
    Professional legal culture of prosecutors: the main characteristics and deformational trends

    The paper examines the main characteristics of the legal culture of prosecutors. Based on the analysis of the secondary empirical author concludes that the elements of legal culture in prosecutors’ professiogram are of high importance

    pdf 188-194.pdf  (156 Kb)

  • D.N. Pevchev
    Social management of students manning of private universities

    The paper considers the issues of the modern national non-state education. Rational ways of social management of students manning of private universities in the modern world are defined, studied and justified

    pdf 195-201.pdf  (158 Kb)

  • I.V. Podporin
    Peculiarities of formation of motivation of professional self-education in students of higher schools of the inistry of Internal Affairs

    The paper considers the features of motivation as a factor of the activity of students of higher schools of the MIA in the process of self-education. The author notes that the motivation as one of the components of personality structure allows substantiation of the main drivers of educational activity. The paper defines such consepts as intrinsic motivation due to the needs of an individual, as well as extrinsic motivation due to incentives directed from outside

    pdf 202-207.pdf  (141 Kb)

  • A.A. Popova
    Main scientific approaches to the study of the phenomenon of aggression

    This paper analyzes the main approaches to the study of the phenomenon of aggression. Attention is drawn to the impossibility of studying the phenomenon of aggression in the framework of a single scientific field. An attempt is undertaken to typologize basic scientific approaches to the study of aggression

    pdf 208-213.pdf  (139 Kb)

  • O.Yu. Posukhova
    Methodological potential of foreign concepts of professional career in the context of study of Russian society

    The author of the paper attempts to identify the methodological potential of foreign concepts in the process of study of the changing reality of Russian society which is characterized by high dynamism of changes in all spheres of human activity. Formation of a new social reality affects the implementation of the chosen strategy of life. It should be borne in mind that the Russian reality, its sociocultural foundation differs substantially from the social reality of Western Europe under which, the formation and development of scientific concepts of professional career took place. This updates revealing of those theoretical conclusions that can be used in the investigation of a professional career in the Russian society

    pdf 214-221.pdf  (161 Kb)

  • P.V. Razov
    Actual problems of social adaptation of former military personnel in Russia in new social reality

    The author of this paper considers from the standpoint of sociological analysis the most urgent problems of the former Russian military personnel, whose social adaptation takes place in the new social reality, characterized by high social dynamics, increased risk-taking and uncertainty of social development

    pdf 222-227.pdf  (145 Kb)

  • E.S. Sagalaeva
    The ideological dimension of the relationship to the historical past in everyday cultural practices

    The author underlines that every society is experiencing a severe crisis and socio-cultural time of social unrest, inherent in the phenomenon of "actualization of the past." The ideological dimension of the relationship to the past in everyday social and cultural practices is manifested in appeals to articulate the historical past

    pdf 228-232.pdf  (141 Kb)

  • N.V. Tsarakhova
    Deviations in the subculture of Russian contemporary youth

    This paper is devoted to research of the specifics of subcultural trends as one of the key factors in the development of deviant practices among today's youth in Russia. The author analyzes the subculture of the young generation of Russians as a sociocultural phenomenon, at the same time evaluating its deviantogenic potential

    pdf 233-238.pdf  (141 Kb)

  • E.A. Chefonova
    Peculiarities of social intergration in rural areas (as shown by Rakityansky area of Belgorod region)

    The paper deals with the specifics of inter-sectoral cooperation, aimed at the integration processes in rural areas. The experience of social integration in Rakityansky area of Belgorod region, as well as the development priorities and key socio-economic indicators of the area are presented

    pdf 239-245.pdf  (300 Kb)

  • E.E. Emirbekova
    Intrapersonal dimension as a socio-cultural system: the social-philosophic analysis

    The paper analyzes the intrapersonal dimension of space of a person as the socio-cultural system. The conclusion is drawn on the specifics of intrapersonal dimensions of personality space and the relationships that are formed between intrapersonal dimension of personality space and society are identified

    pdf 246-250.pdf  (138 Kb)

  • O.P. Gluschenko
    Terms of participation of the public at pre-trial stages of the criminal proceedings (as shown by the Institute of witnesses)

    The paper is devoted to the analysis of the conditions of public participation as witnesses in the Russian criminal trial. The author investigates the requirements to witnesses in accordance with the Criminal Procedure of the Code of the Russian Federation, makes recommendations for the perfection of the list of persons involved into the production of the investigative proceedings

    pdf 251-256.pdf  (138 Kb)

  • I.M. Divin
    Administrative proceedings on economic disputes in Russia: historical aspect

    The author touches upon in his work some historical aspects of the development of administrative proceedings on economic disputes. Characteristics are given to basic principles of its formation in the late 1980s - early 1990s

    pdf 257-263.pdf  (154 Kb)

  • A.O. Dolgopyat
    The principle of legality within the system of principles of proceedings on administrative offences

    The paper discusses the importance of the principle of legality within the production principles of Administrative Offences. The value of the substantive and procedural aspects of the principle of legality is underlined

    pdf 264-267.pdf  (126 Kb)

  • T.A. Zorina
    Crimes committed in the context of natural and technogenic disasters: the state and structure

    The author considers crimes committed in a situation of emergency using the conditions of natural disasters or man-made disasters. Their classification is presented

    pdf 268-272.pdf  (130 Kb)

  • T.E. Zulfugarzade, S.V. Aponiitsky
    Peculiarities of legal maintenance of educational policy in Poland

    The paper reveals the basic stages of formation and development, as well as sources of legal regulation of higher education in Poland; and provides a brief historical analysis of the establishment and activities of the most important educational institutions of higher education, established on Polish territory, which laid the basic traditions of the education of youth, formed its legal culture and legal awareness. The authors pay special attention to the development of self-education and creation of a “flying universities”

    pdf 273-278.pdf  (137 Kb)

  • B.G. Koibaev, Z.T. Zoloeva
    Legal aspects of informational support of regions: German experience

    The paper describes the approach of the Federal Republic of Germany to the issues of regional information. The authors attempt to identify good practices that can be used by the Russian Federation for the further development of legislation in the sphere of regional information

    pdf 279-284.pdf  (152 Kb)

  • V.A. Larin
    Moral and psychological characteristics and properties of the perpetrators of crimes in situations of social tension

    The paper reveals moral and psychological characteristics and properties of the perpetrators of crimes in the situation of social tensions. The author analyzes cases of crimes committed in situations of social tensions through negligence

    pdf 285-289.pdf  (151 Kb)

  • E.N. Pshizova, B.N. Khachak
    On the effective contract of lecturers

    The paper considers issues of transfer of university teachers on the effective contract and the problems of determining indicators of effectivness of their work for the purpose of incentive payments

    pdf 290-294.pdf  (153 Kb)

  • O.N. Solovyeva
    Legal nature and attributes of the possessive advocacy

    The paper is devoted to the legal nature and grounds of the possessive advocacy as a method of protecting ownership. We analyze scientific approaches to understanding of possession. Procedure of Institute of Claim is considered as the main tool to protect the violated right

    pdf 295-299.pdf  (134 Kb)

  • T.R. Ustov
    Enforcement of audit and documentary checks as another procedural action at the stage of initiation of a criminal case

    This paper discusses the legal proceedings which is the independent element of criminal procedure, although most of them are not coincide with the form approved by the law (procedure) that creates problems in assessing the evidentiary value of their results, as well as ensuring the rights of participants. The request for the production of audits, documentary audits may be like other procedural act when checking reports of crime that poses the problem of improving the procedural form, adapted to the conditions and characteristics of the stage of a criminal investigation. This paper proposes the author's approach to solving this problem

    pdf 300-307.pdf  (159 Kb)

  • S.K. Tseeva
    Criminal identity: concept, structure and typology

    The paper deals with crimes committed in a situation of emergency using the conditions of natural disasters or man-made disasters. Their classification is presented

    pdf 308-311.pdf  (123 Kb)

  • A.M. Shadzhe
    Problems of implementation of international human rights standards into national legislation

    The paper analyzes approaches to the study of the main problems of implementation of the norms of international humanitarian law into national legislation. Approaches to the development of an effective system of measures to ensure the realization of the implementing rules are covered. The correlation of an individual (including the rights and freedoms) and international law is studied

    pdf 312-317.pdf  (141 Kb)

  • I.K. Shaov
    Peaceful settlement of international disputes without the use of force or threat of force as the basis of modern international legal order

    This paper discusses the regulatory consolidation and implementation of practices for the most important principle of international law - the principle of non-use or threat of force and its significance for the peaceful settlement of international disputes. The conclusion is drawn that the principle of non-use of force or threat of force has profound sense and content; its crucial importance in the maintenance of international order andit is really difficult to overestimate. Stability and reliability of established international legal order of the last decades of the new history of mankind depends on strict observation of this principle in its international policy by all states without exception

    pdf 318-322.pdf  (134 Kb)

    Political Science
  • M.A. Eshev, A.V. Sokolov, M.V. Saakyan,
    Formation of patriotism as the factor of strengthening civic engagement of the Russian society

    The paper discusses the actual problem of development and strengthening civic engagement in modern Russia. The authors note that one of the main factors increasing the activity of the citizens could be the patriotism of the Russians. On the basis of empirical data, key areas of civil activity, its dynamics and main problems are identified. It is concluded that the formation of patriotizm in citizens will positively affect the dynamics of growth of civil activity

    pdf 323-330.pdf  (153 Kb)

  • Z.A. Zhade
    The political and legal identity as a composite concept

    The paper deals with the political and legal identity as an example of a composite identity that is built on the interaction of two components significant for the community of its speakers.The thesis is argued that interwoven in a multi-level identity, political and legal identity has become an important resource for social integration

    pdf 331-337.pdf  (151 Kb)

    The Economic Theory
  • Z.M. Beroeva
    Government role in the field of labour and employment

    One of the main aims of state macroeconomic policy is to achieve a high level of employment. The economic system, that creates additional jobs, sets the task to increase the number of social product, and, consequently, meets the material needs of the population. The workforce system works without reaching the limits of its productive capacity in condition of incomplete use of available resources. The paper reveals the facts that unemployment causes great harm to the vital interests of the people. It prevents them from revealing their abilities in the activity in which people can express them, or depriving them of such a possibility. Therefore, people suffer serious psychological stress. The author draws a conclusion that unemployment rate is the key indicator determining the general state of the economy and its effectiveness assessment.

    pdf 15-19.pdf  (74 Kb)

  • A.A. Ermolenko, Z.V. Khokhoeva
    New opportunities of fictitious capital at the present stage of development

    The paper discloses the new opportunities of fictitious capital at the present stage of development. It reveals the interaction of real and fictitious capital in the economic system as a process that determines the competitiveness in the conditions of competition and global integration. The authors substantiate the necessity of generating fictitious capital for investment proposal formation at various levels of economy. The conceptual view of fictitious capital economy can be used to reveal the status of economic system subject as well as to support the new functions of management and structural components of economic policy.

    pdf 20-24.pdf  (74 Kb)

    Financial Markets
  • B.R. Chenib
    Russian Treasury as an effective financial manager

    The main and fundamental purpose of the Federal Treasury functioning is a cash service of budgets execution of the Russian Federation. Acting as the chief cashier of the country means funds management on the budget accounts. However, public financial resources require high liquidity insurance. These requirements put before the Federal Treasury the task of ensuring of positive balance in the single treasury account and its proper use.

    pdf 240-244.pdf  (76 Kb)

    Problems Related to Investment Activity
  • Ya.S. Tkacheva, S.S. Khazhokova
    Evaluation conceptual bases for investment enterprises attractiveness of tourist and recreational complex

    The paper deals with the conceptual bases for the investment attractiveness assessment of tourist and recreational complex. It has developed evaluation status of tourist and recreational complex investment attractiveness. This status includes a control process that takes into account the interrelationship and interdependence of internal and external factors and indicators of investment attractiveness of tourist and recreational complex. The authors clarify the notion of investment attractiveness of tourist and recreational complex as a significant value. It is characterized by the ability of investment capital to generate income with an acceptable level of risk.

    pdf 235-239.pdf  (71 Kb)

    Regional Economy
  • R.A. Barkenkhoeva
    Regional stability level assessment (based on the Ingush Republic )

    The paper analyzes the essence of regional stability. It represents the analysis of the main methodological approaches to the process of its level quantifying. The author offers to assess this form of stability only from the perspective of the intersection of three fields of regional development — economic, social and environmental. The scientific article reveals the author’s approach to the assessment of the level of regional stability on this level. It is being tested on an example of the Ingush socio-ecological-economic system.

    pdf 66-73.pdf  (331 Kb)

  • K.N. Bekirova, S.R. Chorshanbiev
    Principles and prere quisites for the formation and development of Tajikistan regional energy infrastructure

    This scientific article describes the wide-system and specific principles of formation and development of the regional energy infrastructure. It determines the essence and content of each principle as well as the possibility of using in the contemporary socio-economic conditions of the Tajikistan Republic. The paper examines the correlation with the proposed principles of international and national programs, treaties and agreements in the field of energy. The authors consider preconditions of energy infrastructure development in the region based on the application of the developed principles.

    pdf 74-81.pdf  (192 Kb)

  • N.Yu. Blinichkina
    National Development Strategy of Tajikistan Republic: implementation problems and prospects

    The paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that emerged in the implementation of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2015. It identifies the main reasons for the partial lack of implementation strategies. The author determines strengths and weaknesses in strategy affecting the process of its implementation. He offers proposals for the protection of national interests of Tajikistan aimed at the formation of the economic security strategy of Tajikistan.

    pdf 82-89.pdf  (90 Kb)

  • L.E. Galyaeva, M.I. Golubova
    Limit -factors of regional economies development in the South Russia

    The scientific article examines the main development limit-factors of the regional economies of the South of Russia, leading to changes in the parameters of the environment and depletion of resources of the previous model of growth. The authors pay their attention to the factors connected with external constraints. The slowdown, market positions worsening of Russian regional economies after the global recession have not been even. Limit-factors emerged in the evolutionary process of areas, act different ways in different regions. Southern Russia’s economy shows a different reaction to the same environmental factors. Located here regional economies have considerably different potentials of resistance to alterations and competitiveness, which involves the development of differentiated scenarios adapt to rapid and profound changes in the environment. The paper substantiates the necessity to take into account the ability to transform a number of limit-factors to support economic growth.

    pdf 90-96.pdf  (86 Kb)

  • A.A. Dzharimov, A.A. Mokrushin
    Competitiveness as stability characteristics of the regional economic system

    The scientific article discloses new elements of the concept «competitiveness of the regional economic system». It highlights the fundamental factors of regional economies competitiveness. The paper reveals main reproductive scenario interaction of regional economies with vertically integrated corporations (VICs), determining their competitiveness level. The author offers a generalized representation of the regional economic system competitiveness and the VIC economic system (competitive analysis model) in the form of a certain spatial configuration of a set of competitiveness interrelated indicators.

    pdf 97-103.pdf  (82 Kb)

  • F.A. Kîloeva
    Main tendencies and providing problems of sustainable regional industrial development

    One of the main problems of Russia’s economic development is to ensure the sustainable development of the industry, enabling to meet the needs of the population best, to ensure competitive positioning of the country in the world as well as to conserve the environment. The global financial and economic crisis has significantly decreased energy consumption and reduced their prices in foreign markets. It reduced both industrial productions in Russia and investment activity. This was a clear demonstration of instability, inability to export of raw materials model prevailing in the industry in Russia in the transition period to confront the destabilizing factors. The paper pays its attention to objective need for deep theoretical understanding, methodological substantiation and practical realization of the transition to sustainable development as a new type of economic growth based on qualitative changes and innovations.

    pdf 104-107.pdf  (69 Kb)

  • V.V. Prokhorova, S.V. Aluyan
    Methodical principles of the wine cluster formation in the Krasnodar Territory

    The paper considers economic space clustering which is believed to be one of the most effective forms of integration of the subjects of the regional economy by science and practice. The authors pay their special attention to incremental of development effectiveness in regional social and economic systems based on clustering as well as improvement of state incentive efficiency. The scientific article studies also the creation and further development of industrial clusters and adaptation of models to specific region economic conditions.

    pdf 108-114.pdf  (205 Kb)

  • N.V. Rakuta, L.Z. Bzasezheva
    Reproduction functions peculiarities in regional economic systems of depressive type

    The scientific article examines the reproduction functions in the regional economies of depressive type, which prevail in the South of Russia and carry a high risk. These systems are in need of a deep and multi-staged conversion technology, institutional arrangements, institutions, human factor. The authors pay their particular attention to dysfunction of regional economic systems of a depressive type, due to their nature and poorly developed in the modern scientific literature (dysfunction of systematic and consistent disintegration, which is expressed in a line on economic isolation, dysfunction of economic desolation). The paper reveals features of these dysfunction manifestations, the main directions of their correction in the implementation of the modernization at the meso-level.

    pdf 115-119.pdf  (72 Kb)

  • M.A. Tleptserukov, A.P. Bakhova, S.A.Musienko
    Effective management problems of regional food market in modern conditions

    The effective functioning of the regional food market is essential to ensure people in the region a full range of food products and to maintain the necessary level of food security. Accession of the Russian Federation into the WTO and domestic economy development slowing in recent years significantly complicated the task of ensuring regional food security. The authors substantiate that it has a negative effect on the food security of the country as a whole. The paper draws a conclusion that the authorities of subjects of the federation should develop and adopt appropriate measures for the effective management of development on the regional food market in these circumstances.

    pdf 120-124.pdf  (75 Kb)

    The Account, Audit and the Control
  • N.A. Antonova
    Due diligence: checklist for examination of the transaction cleanliness in investing

    This paper presents the concept of an optimal information set for effective due diligence in Russia. It describes the author’s approach to the definition of expertise functions with capital transactions cleanliness. The author offers a checklist while carrying out due diligence. The need for the development of methodological support of capital transactions within the framework of the principles of actuarial accounting concept for the Russian professional practice (in the field of accounting, auditing, taxation, finance and law) determines the relevance of topics discussed in the scientific article.

    pdf 125-134.pdf  (164 Kb)

  • M. Gomesh
    Banking sector role in accounting development in the Republic of Angola

    The paper considers the existing problems in accounting system of the Republic of Angola. It reveals the banking system analysis in Angola, as a driving force of national economy and the accounting development in the country. The author presents a critical analysis of the possibility of current system accounting reforming for all credit institutions and commercial structures. The scientific article gives the analysis of international financial reporting standards and their application on the territory of the Republic of Angola.

    pdf 135-139.pdf  (155 Kb)

  • D.V. Lugovsky, R.A. Tkhagapso, A.A. Shulga
    Problems of estimated liabilities in terms of fixed assets repair

    Nowadays there is a prevailing opinion that it is not permissible to create reserve for fixed assets repair in publications. This position has some grounds. They are based on the changes made to the regulations on accounting in connection with adoption of the new PBU 8/10 edition. However, there are circumstances that can justify the need in formation of the repair fund. The paper presents the arguments in possibility of establishing a reserve. They are based on the analysis of regulations PBU 8/10 and IAS 37 and the accounting principles.

    pdf 140-148.pdf  (96 Kb)

  • I.G. Panzhenskaya, M.E. Ordynskaya, D.I. Ponokova
    Analytical accounting , tax and legal management aspects analysis by means of contractual relationship of economic entities managing

    The scientific article reviews and analyzes the main issues connected with the problems of analytical accounting, tax and legal aspects of the contractual relationship of economic entities managing. The purpose of the paper is to structure and focus the reader’s attention on those aspects of each of our positions, which are the most important for service organization management. The authors propose a set of methods contributing to the formation of a systematic approach to the methodology of the economic and legal analysis and organization of accounting in the contract obligation on the basis of analysis of the existing theoretical and practical methods and ways to manage the contractual relationship.

    pdf 149-153.pdf  (86 Kb)

  • A.F. Khabibulina
    Revenue from concession arrangements services of construction activity

    The main hypothesis of this paper is to show the importance of the new IFRS 15, «Revenue from contracts with customers» and IFRS (IFRIC) 12 «Concession Arrangements of Service Providing» on the mechanism of accounting recognition of revenue of construction companies. It discloses the understanding of accounting standards that can influence the changes in the contracts policy. The author reveals the contents of one of the types of contracts — service concession arrangements (CASP) in construction activity. They are designed not only for the construction of infrastructure, but also for the services providing of these facilities operation for a long period of time.

    pdf 154-162.pdf  (94 Kb)

    Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
  • Z.A. Vodozhdokova
    Agricultural Development Strategy of outsourcing in solving problems improve the efficiency of large agribusiness formations of the Krasnodar Territory

    The paper considers the problems of big forms of management, the desirability and feasibility of outsourcing model of business organization application based on agro-economy of the Krasnodar Territory. The author offers the concept of outsourcing relationships in the agricultural sector of the Krasnodar Territory. The scientific article reveals the advantages of this form of management to improve the efficiency of big agroindustrial groups in conditions of competition in the agricultural sector.

    pdf 163-169.pdf  (191 Kb)

  • A.A. Kerashev, A.A. Mokrushin
    Potential corporate integration in the development of inter -branch cooperation in the Russian agricultural and industrial sector

    The scientific article discusses the prospects of development of inter-branch cooperation of economic entities on the basis of territorial agricultural and industrial enterprise integration. It discloses functional features of vertically integrated corporations (VIC), the possibility of the VIC structural modernization in the economic processes of the Russian agricultural sector. The paper reveals characteristics of commercial calculation that are the bases of the regulation of inter-economic cooperation in the framework of agroindustrial VIC. The author pays his particular attention to both the methods of calculation of transfer (settlement) prices and the profitability planning of intermediate products in vertically integrated agro-industrial structures. He examines the main problems of organization of inter-branch relations in the exchange and distribution of agro-industrial VIC.

    pdf 170-178.pdf  (115 Kb)

    Service Economy
  • O.S. Vasileva
    Information technologies as the basis for the institutional development transformation of the education services market

    This paper analyzes the key role of information technology in the transformation of the education services market organization. It shows the process of the formation of educational environment as the basis for the development of the power market model of higher education services. The author substantiates the concept of formation of the «distributed university» on the basis of a gradual transformation of the higher educational institution with an extensive affiliate network into a network institution of higher education.

    pdf 201-207.pdf  (211 Kb)

  • D.A. Dombrovskiy
    Some problems of financial provision and functioning of the most significant institutions of science , education and culture

    The article discusses a number of issues related to functioning and financial provision of the most significant institutions of science, education and culture that have status of chief manager of budgetary funds The need to adjust the regulatory framework in order to address the problems arising in the process of provision of these institutions with subsidies is concluded. The necessity to unify the approach to the formation of the state task and implementation of functions of the founder in relation to these institutionû is justified.

    pdf 208-212.pdf  (73 Kb)

  • A.K. Kondratyeva
    The development of consumer services in the regional economy

    The paper presents the transformation processes of consumer services in Russia as well as in the Rostov Region. It gives a statistical analysis of the personal services of individual regions and also the general state of the Southern Federal District. The scientific article provides monitoring of the development of consumer services types in the Rostov Region. It differentiates the towns of Rostov Region by the number of objects, occupied sites and quantity of consumer services points. The paper considers a document of strategic importance for the economic development of the region. The author draws a conclusion about summarizing assessment of the current market of household services in the region according to the results of the research.

    pdf 213-221.pdf  (239 Kb)

    Social Economy
  • N.S. Grishkova
    Features of functioning of and communal services as an element of social infrastructure of the region

    The article considers features of regional housing and communal services as a difficult probabilistic system which specifics are realized in the difficult system of interrelations between the enterprises of housing and communal services, the population, local authorities accompanied by a set of contradiction of interests. Identification of the properties and characteristics of housing and communal services is of great importance, as they influence the performance of all components of the system ofhousing and communal servicesand on the quality of public services. The specifics of the operation of the modern system of housing and communal services necessitates identifying and organizing features that allow to manage a number of factors for its development.

    pdf 179-185.pdf  (85 Kb)

  • L.N. Drobyshevskaya, T.V. Vaskevich
    State policy in the housing sector : modern approaches and management principles

    The main task of the state policy in the housing sector is the creation and implementation of mechanisms and ways to increase the boundaries of affordability of housing for different categories of citizens. The Federal target program «Housing» is the way to solve this problem. The paper presents the results of evaluation of performance indicators implementation of activities of the federal target program «Housing» for the period of 2011 —2015. The authors represent evaluations of proposals aimed at improving the efficiency of implementation of the activities of the federal target program «Housing» and its constituent sub-programs.

    pdf 186-195.pdf  (102 Kb)

  • O.V. Torchinova
    Capitalization and commitments treatment of social responsibility

    The paper considers the way of practical solutions of integrated economic entities social responsibility. It represents a new scientific idea of accounting treatment of capitalization and financial market commitment of social responsibility. It combines the solution of two problems — the filling of the domestic financial market and the insurance of social responsibility system, created by the process of integration of economic agents. The author suggests basic activities of state economic policy for the specialized sector development of the financial market for the treatment of capitalized corporate of social responsibility obligations. The scientific article gives a comparison of practical method solution to the problem of social responsibility of economic integrated participants with alternative methods offered by economic publications.

    pdf 196-200.pdf  (122 Kb)

  • A.V. Zlivko
    Information re quests provision of main stakeholders in cluster initiatives implementation

    The paper studies the impact of cluster initiative aimed at further development stimulating of cluster localization areas. It showed a high economic, social and environmental performance of the project activities in propulsive metallurgical industry of the Krasnodar region which is not a traditional industrial region. Structural modernization of the regional economy and the emergence of new economic activity in the region contribute to the resistance to the crisis manifestations and provide a significant impulse to the development of related with the cluster industries. The author presents the analytical and diagnostic circuit providing information requests of main stakeholders for implementing cluster initiatives as part of an authorized institution, characterized by differentiation of procedures, depending on the users targets and life-cycle stages of the cluster.

    pdf 222-230.pdf  (96 Kb)

  • R.A. Popov, M.A. Yakimova
    Organizational and economic aspects of a polycentric model of a megacity

    The paper considers the problem of reducing the flow of migration within the boundaries of the urban area in the conditions of intensive expansion of megacities. One of the ways of solving this problem is a shift in urban planning from mono-centric to polycentric scheme of the urban area organization. The authors substantiate that the creation of a megacity within the boundaries of several centers, with a full set of city life, accommodation, public services, work, social activities, will significantly change the technology of municipal economy, reduce passenger traffic, and increase the level of comfort for the population.

    pdf 231-234.pdf  (69 Kb)

    General Problems of Pedagogy
  • L.P. Kochenkova, A.A. Yurina

    This paper discusses the development of individual style of pedagogical activity in future bachelors of a psychological and pedagogical profile during educational practice. Conditions of realization of this process are revealed and proved. On the basis of the conducted research, the authors define two main conditions of development of individual style of pedagogical activity – external and internal. An external condition is implementation of the purposeful program of practice, and the internal one includes motives of students on improvement of the style of pedagogical activity and acceptance of the offered ways of its realization.

    pdf 15-22.pdf  (199 Kb)

  • R.I. Lozovskaya, P.A. Sergeyeva
    Education of the emotional and valuable attitude to the world at trainees in the course of musical educational activity

    The paper provides the characteristic of musical educational activity in terms of the humanity approach and substantiates its opportunities in education of the emotional and valuable attitude to the world at school pupils and students. Authors propose stages in education of the emotional and valuable attitude to the world at music trainees. Examples are given of the organization of educational activity in this direction with participants of children’s folklore group and with students-musicians.

    pdf 23-32.pdf  (227 Kb)

  • Z.K. Meretukova, A.R. Chinazirova

    The paper discusses need of development of discourse thinking and discourse speech in future teachers as propaedeutic stage of formation of suggestopediyny culture. In this connection the authors give a definition of the latter; briefly consider a correlation of the concepts “language”, “speech” and “thinking” as bases for speech and cogitative activity, essence of the concepts “ discourse” and “ discourse thinking” and dependence of quality of the last on command of the language and speech. Stages, tasks, the contents and pedagogical conditions of formation of discourse thinking and discourse speech in future teachers are disclosed.

    pdf 33-42.pdf  (218 Kb)

  • N.N. Mironenkova

    The paper describes the subjective experience of a learner as a basis of his axiological choice. Also it discusses the correlation of subjective, personal, individual and relevant experiences within semantic didactics and proposes a multilevel structure of student’s experience.

    pdf 43-51.pdf  (458 Kb)

  • E.A. Orlova, S.N. Begidova

    The paper contains the analysis of approaches to consideration of essence of project activity of a social orientation and its social importance. The comparative analysis is made of essence of a method of projects of national and foreign scientists. The pedagogical conditions providing efficiency of application of a project method in educational process are proved.

    pdf 52-56.pdf  (245 Kb)

  • M.E. Paatova, E.V. Demkina

    The paper discusses the development of rehabilitation and educational ideas in pre-revolutionary Russia. The main humanistic approaches in the course of rehabilitation and educational activity with deviant teenagers are identified. Typification of rehabilitation and educational establishments for deviant teenagers in pre-revolutionary Russia is provided.

    pdf 57-63.pdf  (230 Kb)

  • M.A. Penno

    The paper discusses the modern didactic principles on which the pedagogical process of higher learning institutions is based. The final goals of self-educational activity in learning foreign languages include the foreign language communicative competence. Other important competences formed during self-educational activity are self-organization and self-control. Data are available that most cadets lack these competences. To improve the current situation the complex of pedagogical conditions such as Tmaker tests is offered. Finally, statistics is provided that proves the effectiveness of cadets’ self-educational activity on the basis of Tmaker tests which enhance cadets’ motivation towards foreign language learning.

    pdf 64-69.pdf  (229 Kb)

  • T.N. Poddubnaya, F.R. Khatit, E.Yu. Shebanets

    The paper contains justification of formation of social competence at teenagers in establishments of social and pedagogical infrastructure in an aspect of integration of Russia into European uniform educational space. Also it reflects the authors’ view on the contents of social competence of teenagers, forms, methods and technologies of its formation in space of social and pedagogical protection of the childhood in the Republic of Adyghea.

    pdf 70-76.pdf  (189 Kb)

  • I.V. Tarabrina

    This paper discloses the basic technique of the organization of the correctional, developmental and educational work with the help of the game activity at school of mentally retarded children, conditions of the gaming activities and equipment of play corner in the game room. The main schedule of the educational process during the day and the conditions of the game activities for preschool children with mental retardation are proposed. The daily schedule of special educational establishment for the child care should contain a specific time for training in the game room, and for leisure time. It is necessary to create special zones in the playroom that are specifically designed for a variety of storyline games: cooking, feeding, preparing for bed, bath dolls, shop games, the hospital and barber playing, etc. Toys including cars and building material, sets of tools and toys for playing the zoo, circus, etc. are arranged in certain places.

    pdf 77-80.pdf  (166 Kb)

  • L.Kh. Tseeva, B.Kh. Panesh, R.K. Simbuletova

    This paper shows the complexity of the structure of the readiness of the future teachers to pedagogical activity in the transition to new educational technologies, focused on variability, subjectivity, creative individuality, and personal potential of experts. The main levels and components of professional competence in the field of social and personal development of children of preschool age are identified.

    pdf 81-87.pdf  (189 Kb)

    Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
  • M.S. Vasechkina

    The paper describes the results of a skilled pilot study of productivity of a technique focused on formation of skill of creating written means of PR communication at students of the specialty “Public Relations” and bachelors in the field of the advertising and public relations in control and experimental groups on the basis of the developed criteria.

    pdf 88-98.pdf  (262 Kb)

  • I.G. Golovtsova, L.V. Rudakova

    The paper examines the problems associated with the transition to federal state educational standards that are related to the optimal implementation of the interactive forms of learning into the educational process. Also it proves the necessity of modification of the competence approach into the modular - competence.

    pdf 99-106.pdf  (195 Kb)

  • Yu.N. Goryunova

    In this paper, the main principles of forming skills of the correct usage of article by students learning the German language as a foreign language are described. The German article is presented as an independent pronominal word and the functional specific character of the article is shown based on the category of correlation theory that helps students to form the key theoretical bases contributing to the correct and unproblematic use of the German articles in speech.

    pdf 107-112.pdf  (253 Kb)

  • F.K. Urakova, B.M. Dzhandar

    This paper examines the formation of foreign-language discourse competence in conditions of the national-Russian bilingualism. Conceptual provisions of didactics, linguodidactics, ethnolinguodidactics and theoretical provisions on language and foreign-language education served a basis for the ethnolinguodidactic approach as a productive theoretical basis of realization of multilingual education. The main attention is paid to interaction and interference of the contacting languages (Adyghe, Russian and English). In the context of this research, important is consideration of the correlation of language and culture which is brightly displayed in verbal communication.

    pdf 113-129.pdf  (273 Kb)

  • L.R. Chitao, M.A. Aslanova, Z.K. Khachetsukova

    The paper discusses the complex mechanism of speech creation.The authors analyze all psycho-physiological characteristics of this phenomenon. It is inferred that taking these features into account, the process of learning a foreign language becomes more controllable and manageable.

    pdf 130-134.pdf  (172 Kb)

  • E.B.Chuyako, L.N. Mamadaliyeva

    The paper describes the technology of use of rating system in an assessment of knowledge of students in the professionally focused teaching bachelors of the technological profile of training to mathematical modeling. The content of a basis of rating system of an assessment of knowledge is presented. Advantage of such approach to estimation of work of students before the traditional is proved. The structure of the module depending on training objectives is considered. The kinds of activity of students estimated by this system are listed. Examples are given of the analysis of process of learning theoretical material and practical skills of modeling. The solution of the given tasks on modeling of technological casual processes gives the chance to draw a conclusion on formation of professional competences at students.

    pdf 135-140.pdf  (448 Kb)

  • E.I. Sharova

    The paper deals with the questions related to the organization of the information and education environment of higher education institution as a necessary condition of compliance with requirements of educational standards, satisfaction with the requirements of trainees, and compliance with the present stage of development of technologies, as well as with philosophy of quality management system.

    pdf 141-146.pdf  (183 Kb)

    Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
  • O.V. Liseikina, I.V. Popov, R.R. Magomedov

    Since any system possesses a number of general system characteristics, irreducible to the sum of properties of its components, it is expedient to control basic general system characteristics in the course of physical training, first of all, such as stability of the main functional systems of an organism (cardiovascular and respiratory) and efficiency of the solution of problems of physical preparation. An objective of this research is studying of these general system characteristics on the basis of the technique developed by the authors within monitoring of a physical condition of school students. Pedagogical experiment consists in studying of basic general system characteristics and dynamics of their change depending on various conditions of the organization of physical training. Contingent of examinees: pupils of the high comprehensive school, as well as the school students who are engaged in addition in children’s and youth sports school. As a result of research, types and quantitative characteristics of the modes of restoration of cardiovascular and respiratory systems after the dosed physical activity are defined. On the basis of this the conclusion is drawn on stability of the studied functional systems. Efficiency of physical preparation is estimated with application of probabilistic methods. The conditions promoting increase of stability of the leading functional systems of school students are identified.

    pdf 158-166.pdf  (958 Kb)

  • S.A. Khazova, R.Z. Osmanov, R.M. Magomedov, I.N. Manko

    This paper describes one of the possible ways of optimization of pupils’ physical training. Relevance and urgency of valuable, target, organizational and pedagogical reforming of this pedagogical process is proved. The authors give a characteristic of a theoretically and empirically proved hierarchical system of the principles of the organization of pupils’ physical training. Comanaging by physical training at comprehensive school is considered as complex means, the model of its organization is presented. The purpose of the modeled activity is the formation of physical culture of the personality of the trainee. In this connection, criteria for efficiency of model functioning are characterized, and adequate forms and methods of physical training of school students are identified. Effectiveness of the developed model is proved by results of its experimental approbation.

    pdf 167-175.pdf  (392 Kb)

    Modern Problems of Psychology
  • E.S. Varetsa

    Personal self-control is a dynamic system of interaction of the personality and world around. A basis of self-control development is the formation at the pupil of understanding of his potentialities, development of motivational readiness for improvement of educational activity. One of the conditions influencing the formation of self-control of the pupil is the organization of his estimated activity. The task of the psychologist is the organization of orientation of children in various situations, the formation at pupils of effective ways of behavior and communication in psychologically favorable atmosphere of game occupations. The developing influence of game is defined by unity of its internal psychological mechanisms and regulatory mechanisms of behavior at children of younger school age.

    pdf 147-151.pdf  (223 Kb)

  • E.R. Mironova, A.A. Orel

    The paper shows that the problem of readiness of students for future professional activity is relevant and worthy of consideration. Importance of personal psychological determinants of readiness is marked, but attention paid to their formation in teaching and educational process of higher education institution is not always sufficient. A proposition is made that features of value orientations of the student have an impact on formation of his readiness for future professional activity. Some criteria are identified, and groups of students with the different level of the shaped readiness for future professional activity are allocated. Diagnostics of terminal and instrumental values of students is carried out. The analysis of correlation of students in groups with the different level of the readiness is given. It is inferred that the nature of interrelation of terminal and instrumental values is different within the compared groups, which gives a basis for considering it as one of the determinants of shaping the student’s readiness for the future professional activity.

    pdf 152-157.pdf  (221 Kb)

  • Ananchenko O.G.
    Classification of estimating metaphors in terms of their thematic demand

    The paper provides the new trend in classification of metaphors in terms of frequency of their thematic use in newspaper texts at the beginning of the 21st century, for the purpose of definition of estimated opportunities with various level of frequency. The principles of division into the stamps, updated type, transitional type and renewed metaphors are described, the transitional type being recognized for the first time. The law of division of newspaper metaphors into thematically limited, attached and free is explained. The material is important in practice since it is possible to use this material in research work, in drawing up dictionaries and in preparation of teaching manuals. We speak of the scientific importance of this material because the paper presents a new classification approach to studying metaphors from the point of view of their thematic conditionality. The methods used are descriptive, statistical, the analysis and synthesis of the actual contextual material. The offered classification allows us to track the «course of life» of metaphor from a renewed metaphor to a stamp and to visually see levels of its development from the thematically limited to thematically free. It can be used to study metaphors in this trend, as well as to supplement the previous researches related to the functioning of a metaphor in mass media.

    pdf 17-20.pdf  (282 Kb)

  • Bricheva M.M.
    Structural and semantic characteristics of word-building field of the borrowed adjectives in Modern English (on the basis of the analysis of Chambers 21st Century Dictionary, 1996)

    The paper examines the structural and semantic peculiarities of the word-building field of the borrowed adjectives and shows the most productive ways of formation of the borrowed adjectives from the making bases of different types. The method of field structuring was used to study the system organization of lexicon and to identify word-building potential of words of various parts of speech. This method is very important and productive because it allowed us to subject the studied material to the comprehensive analysis, to reveal etymology, structure and semantics of the words belonging to this or that part of speech. The word-building field of the borrowed adjectives is complex and consists of two main fields: a word-building field of the adjectives formed from the making bases of nouns and a word-building field of the adjectives formed from the making bases of verbs and verbal word forms. In all cases types of word-building meanings are caused by semantics of the making base. The most voluminous are word-building fields of the adjectives borrowed from the Latin and Greek languages, as well as the word-building field of the Latin - French borrowings. Results of the conducted research give a complete idea of structural-semantic and etymological structure of a word-building field of the borrowed adjectives in Modern English and can be useful in studying different types of word-building fields.

    pdf 21-25.pdf  (272 Kb)

  • Grushevskaya T.M., Dubinina I.A., Voronkova M.A.
    Code as a polemic dialogue of Alphonse Daudet and Octave Mirbeau

    New vision of works of Alphonse Daudet «Letters from my mill» and Octave Mirbeau «Letters from my hut» is offered. In research, we show the dialogical interaction between these works. Dialogicity codes are allocated and described. The nominative code is displayed in use of parallel syntactic constructions with quazi-quoting in the title of the whole collection and some chapters separately. The structural code is reflected at level of a form and composition of works. The conceptual code is expressed in similar perception of a concept «city» as destructive, deprived of purity, beauty and the harmony peculiar to the village. The use of codes of A. Daudet allowed O. Mirbeau to create a polemic dialogue with his work. The presented analysis of creativity of O. Mirbeau makes a contribution to studying the language personality of the writer and gives material for further generalizations and systematization of knowledge on coding and decoding of the text.

    pdf 26-29.pdf  (280 Kb)

  • Drozdova D.R.
    Syntactic means of the verbal manipulation in the academic discourse

    The aim of the research is to examine the mechanisms of the verbal manipulation by means of syntactic resources of language by using the descriptive method, the method of particular extract and the questionnaire method. The definitions of key terms of “academic discourse” and “verbal manipulation” are provided. The topical means of manipulation by using the syntactic structures are examined: the address, incentive, negative and interrogative constructions, conditional sentences, as well as a technique of parcellation, making it possible to more effectively influence listeners. As a result, we found out the most appropriate constructions with incentive effect: illocutions and indicative constructions with illocutionary effect, as well as analyzed accompanying morphological and lexical means.

    pdf 30-35.pdf  (296 Kb)

  • Zinkovskaya A.V.
    Dramatic discourse as a basically new discursive formation

    The interdisciplinary research, in particular in the study of the typology of discursive formations is very important in modern linguistic science. The paper summarizes the main points that characterize the basically new type of discursive formation — dramatic discourse (DD) as an object of linguistic analysis. The methodological basis of the study includes the principal propositions on the language as a system of interrelated elements, on the dichotomy of language and speech, on the inextricable link of language and thinking, on language and reality, on the form and content unity and on the relationship of theoretical and empirical knowledge in philosophy and language. Peculiarities of dramatic discourse and the dramatic discourse model with its discoursive characteristics are presented here. The dramatic discourse is described as a phenomenon with a rich explanatory potential of theoretical and applied nature. A holistic model of dramatic discourse is built upon from the specific components of discourse which reflect cognitive-discursive characteristics of the dramatic discourse. The meaning-generating ability of the dramatic discourse is caused by its ‘dipping into life’, which is implemented mainly in the process of the linguocreative understanding of eventful content. One and the same type of the discourse is able to produce different language signs as a result of reflection and rethinking of the eventful content of discourse and modeling of the virtual world.

    pdf 36-42.pdf  (303 Kb)

  • Israfilov N.R.
    On the adjacent phenomena of a homonymy of the Aghul language

    An attempt is undertaken to disclose the main reasons for formation of homonyms of the Aghul language. The homonymy in the Aghul language has never been investigated until now. There is a great variety of homonyms in Aghul. One can recognize cases of narrowing and broadening a word meaning, transfer of meaning and break between some particular meanings. Homonyms in the language under study can be formed both of original Aghul words and loan words. Sometimes one word can be borrowed twice with different meanings. The description of all homonym types assumes the careful quantitative and qualitative analysis of homonym pairs. Research of Aghul homonymy should consist of finding out relationships between language units of different levels and analysis of functional conditions for formal and semantic transformations of the words.

    pdf 43-46.pdf  (282 Kb)

  • Karataeva L.V.
    Responsibility as a distinctive component of a concept «war» in the German language picture of the world (based on material of works of W. Borchert)

    This paper proposes the new understanding of the concept «war» taking a special place in the German culture, through its reflection in a creative heritage of Wolfgang Borchert who has left a considerable trace in classical German literature. The research shows the national specific component of a concept «war», namely: the estimated component “responsibility”. The studied interpretative component is presented as dominating in hierarchy of a concept «war» in the German lingual culture. Its contrasting role is shown in comparison with the traditional description of a concept «war» in the Russian and English lingual cultures where the main conceptual universals are «the military conflict», «military operations», “death» and «suffering». The structure of the component “responsibility” is described. An analysis is presented of lexical units, explicating semantic space of component “guilt”, Nominaagentis/ names of agent/character, and atonement of fault. It is established that designations of a character make the most representative group of words, forming the central link in the presented three-component row. The paper shows the significance of unique language material in literary works of W. Borchert which allow us to find out new meanings in a basic national concept «war» in the German lingual culture.

    pdf 47-53.pdf  (308 Kb)

  • Kopot L.V.
    Slang nominations of cars: lexical-thematic groups and their semantics

    The research focuses upon the slang nominations of cars functioning in the speech of car owners. Specifically, our goal is to identify lexical-thematic groups of slang definitions, and to analyze semantics of these names. In accordance with this goal, the following methods of research were used: (1) the supervision method allowing us to find the speech examples, which appeared in periodicals, on the Internet and in lexicographic editions; (2) the method of system research comprising the synchronous analysis of collected material, (3) the comparison method allowing us to establish similarity and distinction of subjects and phenomena of reality; (4) the statistical method making it possible to distinguish lexicalthematic groups and to analyze their semantics. The emerging new units of slang need the versatile description because, from our point of view, there are new opportunities for comprehension of the system on the whole, and such system characteristics of the slangy nominations, as lexical-thematic and motivational become a subject of supervision. Lexical structure of language is enriched not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively: there is an expansion of semantic structure of already available words in language, development of new meanings and formation of polysemy. The theoretical importance of research is that it makes a certain contribution to studying the Russian national language and its subsystems. The conclusions of the paper can be used for further research of slangy definitions. Practical value of this work is related to the use of this research in teaching higher school courses of the modern Russian literary language, in developing special courses and word-building seminars, in drawing up the thematic dictionary, as well as in out-of-class Russian-language occupations at school. As a result ten lexical-thematic groups are presented, semantic filling of which depends in many respects on quality of technique, appearance, sound associations of official names, and the social status of native speakers.

    pdf 54-58.pdf  (285 Kb)

  • Kubashicheva S.K., Chitao L.R.
    Features of headings translation of modern English mass media

    New vision of modern information space is proposed in the context of analytical character of the English language, defining a translation choice, strategy and tactics of the translation. In research, linguistic peculiarities of sublanguage of mass communication are presented as independent subsystem of English. Invariable features of the publicistic text are shown and definitions of syncretism are given as unities of rational conceptual images. Contextual determinancy of English headings, features of structure and specific system of definite language means, with function of informative and incentive impact on the reader are provided. Using the contextual and the content analysis, the authors describe examples of realization of potential opportunities of headings, their dependence on lexical and grammatical content. Adherence of newspaper information messages to ingenuity, stylistic finds and creation of neologisms and a peculiar slang of mass media are shown. Also the authors designate the theoretical problems related to elliptic character of headings, translation practice and research of the increasing role of journalism in media space as catalyst of development of public consciousness. It is inferred that headings of texts in modern mass media bear modal expressional loading, have mechanisms and methods of language influence, a peculiar way of management and determination of political, ideological and emotional level of consciousness of mass audience.

    pdf 59-62.pdf  (283 Kb)

  • Kutepova N.V.
    Extralinguistic factor in synergetics of French verbal system

    The paper deals with the synergetic phenomena of French verbal system in the context of extralinguistic factor. The linguistic synergetics is a new, shaping paradigm of knowledge of language as the human, social, cognitive and cultural phenomenon. The synergetics attempts to define the origin of macrosystems in which we live. In many cases the process of streamlining and self-organization is connected with collective behavior of the subsystems shaping a system. What is the synergetics and how it is connected with language? The term “synergetics” comes from the Greek “sinergos” — commonly acting [1]. Everything begins with “zero”, and this is that the synergetics begins with. Speaking about using the concept of zero in linguistics, we mean paradigmatic correlation of elements in system of expression of some category. The central concepts of synergetics are information and organization, including self-organization, development and self-development [2]. In this paper, we would like to explore how the extralinguistic factor in synergetics influenced the development of verbal system in French. The synergetics, in our opinion, is implemented through inflections. The French language did not keep them both in word building and in conjugation of the verbal systems.

    pdf 63-66.pdf  (282 Kb)

  • Martirosyan E.G., Pozdeeva T.V.
    Argumentative discourse in political newspaper communication

    This paper offers the new understanding of political newspaper communication in the context of an argumentative discourse as the basic element of this communication. The research shows how mass media influence the language, as well as the latent techniques of a manipulation by consciousness of mass audience. Manipulation is presented as a peculiar way of management, control and determination of political, ideological, intellectual and emotional levels of the recipient. Process of political newspaper communication is described and its basic components are shown. The authors give the definitions of argumentative culture as logical process or form of the cogitative activity focused on justification of the validity or falsehood of some statement or theory, and argumentation as the logic-communicative process aimed at justification of a position of one person for the purpose of the subsequent understanding him and accepting by other person. The structure of the argumentation is described. The theoretical problems related to interpretation of arguments as key parameters of information space of an argumentative discourse of political character are designated. The affecting influence of an argumentative discourse on the recipient is established and shown.

    pdf 67-72.pdf  (292 Kb)

  • Mashkova L.A.
    Musicality as E.T.A. Hoffmann’s creative style: new aspects of interpretation of an intertextuality during a globalization era

    The paper proposes the new understanding of the subject «Hoffmann Writer and Music» in the context of post-modernist interpretation of an intertextuality in the globalized world. The present work describes the musical images in his prose, their importance in disclosure of problems of work, and analyzes the role of classical music as manifestation of the European soul in the course of feeling and emotion articulation. The nature of Hoffmann’s synthesis uncovering multivariability of opportunities of interpretation of the fiction is established. E.T.A. Hoffmann’s style is based on understanding of a synergetism of social and humanitarian life. Musicality in his creativity is the leading factor in the European self-identification, being shown as one of basic factors of evolution of the composite anthropological system including the mentality change.

    pdf 73-78.pdf  (295 Kb)

  • Mironenko S.A., Karataeva L.V.
    Word play in the Russian and German poetry

    The word play is explored as one of forms of creativity implementing esthetic function of language. Various techniques and word-formation models are used in a poetic discourse in the Russian and German languages to create a word play. Poems of Russian and German authors are analyzed and the phenomena under study are described. In poetry, unlike in any other type of a discourse, word building is most abundant. On the basis of the lingual stylistic analysis, we show the general and distinctive features of creation of a word play in the Russian and German poetry. We have found that the techniques common for both languages are an outplaying of multiple-meaning and homonymous words, creation of nonce words and paronymic word play which is based on realization of typological model of a word building. Essential difference makes efficiency of application of these or those word-formation means in the compared languages at creation of occasional new words and paronymic word play. It is inferred that, unlike Russian, the multisyllable word in German is the characterological feature of lexical units, and the word building acts as the dominating model for formation of usual and occasional lexemes in German.

    pdf 79-84.pdf  (314 Kb)

  • Nescheretova T.T., Bricheva M.M.
    Some features of the «maritime» component of proverbs in Germanic languages (on the basis of the English and German languages)

    The paper describes a comparative research on paroemias with a «maritime» component in the German and English languages. The work is focused upon detection of similarities and distinctions in functioning of the proverbs and sayings devoted to maritime subject in the languages under study. The main method of research is the comparative analysis which, being method of the analysis of cross-cultural communication, promotes studying the characteristics of native speakers comprised in paroemias. Against the globalization processes happening in the world, and negative consequences of formation information and language inequality, richness of people of the world, remaining in different languages, characterizes color of original culture of certain people, its centuries-old history. In this regard, of special interest are «maritime» paroemias which, having arisen in language of definite professional groups several centuries ago, entered national English and German languages. Studying this group of the paremiological units allows us to understand national features of world around of the considered languages. This publication shows that the attribution of English and German languages to the Germanic group defines considerable similarities of paroemia structure of these languages. Need of creation of techniques for formation of multilingual dictionaries of paroemia is noted. The paper shows that the most part of «maritime» paroemias in the German and English languages characterizes the person: activity, abilities, traits of character and behavior. Results of research on features of functioning of paroemias with a «maritime» component in English and German languages expand the known ideas of a role of paroemiology in cross-cultural communication and stimulate further researches in this sphere.

    pdf 85-89.pdf  (306 Kb)

  • Nescheretova T.T.
    Theoretical bases of a grammatical meaning of category of gender in the different-system languages and ways of its expression

    The paper offers a new understanding of ontological essence of the category of gender which is among the grammatical phenomena difficult to explain. The research focuses upon identification of a grammatical meaning of category of gender, and ways of its expression in the different-system languages. This work is relevant because it is necessary to study more profoundly grammatical potential of category of gender conformably to languages of different type. The following methods were used in this work: the synchronous descriptive analysis (this method allows us to consider a semantic syntagmatic structure of gender forms, to characterize various ways of expression of category of gender); the synchronous semantic analysis (the method promotes identification of a correlation between semantics of the relation to a sex and language functions); the method of linguistic observation and typological method. The category of gender represents a composite dialectic unity of plans of the contents and plans of expression. The paper shows that it is necessary to revise the opinion, widespread in modern linguistics, on a role of agreement in system of a grammatical gender. Despite essential distinctions between means of expression of gender, they are united by a uniform functional feature. Results of research on features of functioning of category of gender in the different-system languages expand known ideas of category of gender and stimulate further researches in this sphere.

    pdf 90-94.pdf  (320 Kb)

  • Ostrovskaya T.A.
    Conceptualization of the concept «the person’s behavior» in research of elite discourse

    The new aspect of analytical research of speech behavior of the person in the elite discourse is offered. Study is made of discursive practices of the elitist personality, actualized by means of indirect communication. The person’s behavior is examined as a set of verbal and nonverbal reactions of the person to the incentives of environment expressed through discursive practices. Features of the substantial complicated communication (indirect communication) in behavioral aspect of the language personality are analyzed. The term «transverbal» communication component is coined. Special attention in studying a number of communicative and pragmatic characteristics of the discourse is paid to a role of presupposition as the factor making impact on discursive practices. Being a preliminary condition of implementation of the statement, the presupposition is closely connected with nonverbal and transverbal components of the statement, with features of speech behavior of communicants in a discursive context.

    pdf 95-99.pdf  (288 Kb)

  • Tilloeva S.M.
    Aspects of syntagmatic analysis of lexical units in the compared languages

    This paper focuses upon research of lexical units at the syntagmatic level. Specifically, the comparative description was made of the Russian, Persian and Tajik languages which belong to the Indo-European family of languages and which are a bright example of the languages genetically close to each other but, nevertheless, representing separate language systems. Methods of research were chosen in compliance with character of material. In particular, the method of structural modeling, method of the position and contrasting description, the comparative analysis taking into account the lingual-culturological characteristics of the studied phenomena were used. Scientific novelty is that research is carried out for the first time on the basis of the Russian, Persian and Tajik languages, of how characterologic syntagmatic strategies of each of the compared languages are displayed in specifics of the organization of both interword and internal syntagmas. It allowed us to reveal some general laws in structuring semantic links distinguishing one language from another. The theoretical importance of research is that it makes it possible to develop a technique and criteria for structural comparison of close languages basing on material of the Russian, Persian and Tajik languages that can find application in the related languages belonging to other language families. Of theoretical interest is also the statement on a correlation of objective laws of language structure and subjective processes of the language description and language standartization. The studied interlingual distinctions in the compared languages allow us to observe process of how related languages disperse at an initial stage of manifestation of distinctions that can be useful for researchers not only of language synchronism, but also of diachrony.

    pdf 100-106.pdf  (299 Kb)

  • Tlekhatuk S.R.
    Social and linguistic conditionality of formation and development of integrative subject domain «Economy»: terminological aspect

    This paper focuses upon research of social and linguistic determinancy of formation of the Russian subject domain «Economy» as an integrative socioverbal construct. Specifically, our aim is to develop classification of extralinguistic factors which are capable to define the directions and the main tendencies in development of economy; as well as to identify social and linguistic aspects of formation of lexical fundamentals of subject domain «Economy». The work describes mechanisms of language conceptualization of modern integrative economic space and establishes the status of the subject domain as an open and multiaspectual system of economic knowledge which is recorded in texts of the different genres fixing social conditionality of the organization of modern economic subject domain.

    pdf 107-112.pdf  (293 Kb)

  • Khabekirova Z.S., Adzinova F.S.
    «Intellectual stylistics» on pages of the qualitative press

    The paper examines the methods of indirect communication, the use of which is due to not only the main principle of publicistic texts, namely: intension of persuasion, but also to the category of the addressee. The work focuses upon research of stylistic features of the qualitative press which covers socially significant problems. Using a method of the discourse analysis we describe specifics of use of stylistic devices, characteristic of the qualitative press: metaphors, irony and hint. Successful implementation of intension of persuasion, which is pronounced in the analytical texts, is defined by effective interaction between the author and target audience capable to act as the communicative partner and to support intellectual game thanks to the education and competence. A wide circulation of the metaphor, irony and hint in publicistic materials of the Russian qualitative press is explained by the fact that these stylistic devices are focused on expression of the implicit assessment which is not causing rejection from the psychological point of view. The conclusion is drawn that the tendency to formation of «intellectual stylistics», conspicuously distinguishing the qualitative press from periodicals of other type, strongly promotes complication of the modern media discourse.

    pdf 113-117.pdf  (291 Kb)

  • Khamerzokova N.A., Tsey B.A.
    Lexical semantic and stylistic features of the translations from Russian into Adyghe of works of Russian-speaking Adyghe writers-educators

    The paper discusses the features of a literary translation of texts of the authors-bilinguals basing on the example of works of the Adyghe educators S. Khan-Girey «Prince Kanbulat» and A. Keshev «Scarecrow». This work focuses upon detection of features of the translation of works of Russian-speaking Adyghe writers of the 19th century and the main ways of achievement of equivalence and adequacy in translation. Specifically, a comparative analysis is made of the Russian fiction text-original with its translation into the Adyghe language where lexical semantic and stylistic features are traced. The comparative analysis of language distinctions at the level of lexicon and stylistics is carried out basing on examples of the Adyghe and Russian speech. Some theoretical questions of translation related to the mental features of its perception and transfer of the text into the translated language are creatively comprehended. Combination of two language cultures – namely: Adyghe and Russian – in creative consciousness of the natural bilingual results in language (lexical and stylistic) findings which are pronounced in translation process. Results of research provide an opportunity to compare features and possibilities of the author -bilingual and the writer-monolingual, the carrier of one language culture, as well as to promote formation of the personality who is tolerantly focused on perception of an originality of foreign-language culture.

    pdf 118-123.pdf  (299 Kb)

  • Chitao L.R., Alentyeva M.A.
    The use of foreign-language borrowings in the Adyghe modern mass media

    The paper examines the contacts of the Adyghe, Russian and English languages. One of the important results of any contact of languages is impact of one language on another owing to which there emerge lexical borrowings. This publication focuses on studying the main reasons inducing the word to pass from one language into another. Specifically, features of development of foreign-language borrowings in the Adyghe modern language are investigated. As linguistic researches show, borrowings are the most productive source of replenishment of a lexicon of the Adyghe language at the present stage of development. Therefore study of functioning and stylistic importance of the role of borrowings in a synonymic row is of great theoretical and practical interest. For this purpose we used a method of the analysis of journalese lexicon of the Adyghe modern mass media. Being the social phenomenon, the language closely connected with society, with stages of its development reflects the changes which happen in social, economic, political and cultural life of people. All this is the reason for the use of foreign-language borrowings in the Adyghe language where the leading role belongs to Russian as to intermediate language. The press in modern conditions is the main source of fixing new words and meanings. Analogous works will help linguists and sociologists to make sweeping theoretical generalizations on prospects of development of national languages.

    pdf 124-128.pdf  (270 Kb)

    Literary Criticism
  • Bakov Kh.I.
    On features of genres of criticism and journalism n B. Utizhev’s creativity

    For the first time features of journalism and literary criticism of the famous Kabardian writer and playwright Boris Utizhev are considered. Special attention is paid to articles, the essay and notes devoted to problems of preservation of the native language, development of dramatic art and creative activity of national theater. The scientific importance of research is related to systematization of works of the writer, detection of genre features of critical works and journalism, determination of individual skill of the master in the course of formation of a hallmark. The analysis leans on a comparative-historical method of research that allows the author to carry out complex studying of formation of genre structures in connection with development of national literature and formation of culture of the North Caucasus. Theoretical importance of this paper is that it can become a basis for research of problems of development of genres of criticism and journalism. Results of work can be used in higher school courses on the theory of art of the word, history of national literatures, as well as in carrying out special courses and special seminars.

    pdf 129-134.pdf  (300 Kb)

  • Galieva M.A.
    «Space enlightenment»: F. Novalis – M.I. Tsvetaeva. Folklore tradition in poetics

    The paper discusses the functioning of folk tradition in M.I. Tsvetaeva’s poetics. We investigate verses of different years in which the ontological symbolics, which is genetically going back to folklore outlook and to the German romanticism, is pronounced. Comparison is made with Novalis’s poetics. The paper focuses upon consideration of Tsvetaeva’s creativity in the light of the folk tradition and the German romanticism shown latently in poetics. The historical - typological method is applied. Much attention is paid, first of all, to internal forms of a folklorism in poetics, rather than to stylizations or secondary forms. In this we see relevance of this research since in philological works, external and latent forms of a folklorism often are not differentiated. Statement of a question in this way brings the researcher to theoretical space: a question appears of relationships of folklore and the myth. In such context, pre-genre forms and ceremonial reality in work are important (for example, «bear symbolics» in Tsvetaeva’s verses). We introduce a concept of «a ritual ornament» in poetics which allows us to look differently both at art system and to rethink theoretical questions of folklorism forms in poetics.

    pdf 135-139.pdf  (289 Kb)

  • Pokotylo M.V.
    V.V. Mayakovsky vs M.A. Bulgakov: phenomenon of satire in the coordinates of the art world

    The aim of the paper is to reveal the integral and differential features of formation and functioning of the phenomenon of satire in the works of V.V. Mayakovsky and M.A. Bulgakov. The scientific significance of the research is identification of dominants of theatricality and carnivalization as the foundation of the aesthetic quest of the early 20th century based on the correlation of artistic worlds of M.A. Bulgakov and V.V. Mayakovsky. Within the research, the comparative historical and interpretative methods are chosen as the main. The research methodology reveals the common satirical techniques used by the writers that contribute to the genre syncretism in their works of various types and genre affiliation. Menippey’s models of explication of satire are determined by carnival – the main feature of the aesthetic concepts of V.V. Mayakovsky and M.A. Bulgakov. The carnival parameters concretized in the works in many ways, manifest the features of the art world of both writers: fantastic imagery makes an appeal to the culture of laughter, implemented by Mayakovsky as shocking and grotesque and by Bulgakov, in the form of parody, pun, farce and farcical theater techniques. The practical significance of the study results is due to the possibility of their use in understanding the specifics of the national literary process of the 1920s - 1930s and identifying characteristics of the specific implementation of the creative principles of authors.

    pdf 140-146.pdf  (306 Kb)

  • Stepanova T.M., Autleva F.A.
    Parody reconsideration of romantic and folklore genres and motives (the Medieval ballad, the Gothic story) in V. Irving’s short stories

    The paper discusses the features of parody transformation of pseudo-folklore and Gothic tradition in short stories of Washington Irving. We analyze the techniques of ironical reconstruction of the folklore ballad, Gothic story, the legend and some other genres in his short story «Groom Ghost» and parodying strong and in many respects mystical interest of early romantics in medieval patriarchal old times. Also we estimate traits of romantic irony in creativity of the Jena romantics, E.T.A. Hoffmann, and then almost in all late romantic and pseudo-romantic literature in relation to epigonous-romantic and pseudo-romantic poetry. Comic reconsideration, characteristic of folklore humorous and carnival culture, and derision of stamps and stereotypes of pseudo-medieval, pseudo-knightly poetry by means of such techniques as stylization and allusion are noted. The methods used are historic-literary, comparative - typological, textual and culturological research of works of art of folklore and literature. The scientific and practical importance and relevance of this work is defined by its innovative character related to the textual analysis of the low-studied work of Washington Irving, and identification in it of the intertextual relations and phenomena of dialogue of cultures. Such an analysis of work makes a certain contribution to comparative and typological literary criticism. The conclusion is drawn on variety, novelty and efficiency of forms, methods and techniques of folklore and literary interaction in works of the American writer.

    pdf 147-153.pdf  (308 Kb)

  • Timizhev Kh.T., Khezheva L.Kh.
    Features of topological representations in early lyrics of A. Keshokov

    This paper provides a new approach to research of early lyrics of the famous Kabardian poet A. Keshokov. On the basis of the complex literary analysis, we show the topological representations created at the initial stage of evolution of the poet’ works. We consider such traits of poetry as problematical character strengthening, the movement towards the concentrated, lyric-epic tendency of formation of art thought, and use of a dramatic element. Also we describe the features of creation of a spatial picture of the world and specifics of topological perception by the author of surrounding reality. Multilevel, manytier representation is demonstrated as evolutionary achievement of determination of art consciousness of the poet. The problem of ethnic transformations of the value system which is formed in process of the all-Russian cultural context is described and resolved. The scientific importance of work is connected with research of the nature of lyric genres, designation of their borders, structures, as well as with identification of evolution of creative thinking which is shown in more sweeping generalization, in multilevel, many-tier representation of world around. Results of the analysis of lyrics of A. Keshokov can be used to develop theoretical problems of history of national literatures, courses of lectures, special courses and special seminars in higher educational institutions.

    pdf 154-160.pdf  (288 Kb)

  • Shishkhova N.M.
    Literary discourse about the Caucasus in the story of A. Bestuzhev-Marlinsky «Ammalat-Bek»

    This paper focuses upon the features of manifestation of the romantic concept in A. Bestuzhev-Marlinsky’s story «Ammalat-Bek» and its correlation with the previous traditions in the Russian literature. This helps us to define a place and value of the Caucasian works of the writer in art space of late Russian romanticism. Also we examine originalities of manifestation of the conflict and typological characters from the point of view of this literary trend. Creation of a certain national color is noted to be an important component in subject and composite structure of the story. An analysis of the text is used to demonstrate the declared theoretical provisions. The conclusion is drawn that the story «Ammalat-Bek» is typical of the 1830s. Absence of the settled concepts always gives some knowledge and unites internal dynamics of a literary era. From this point of view definition of a place of the Caucasian stories of A. Bestuzhev-Marlinsky promotes reconstruction of a romantic paradigm of the Russian literature.

    pdf 161-165.pdf  (291 Kb)

  • Shteynbakh K.V.
    Problem of conflict in Alexander Prokhanov’s novels “The Russian” and “Man of the Star”

    In this paper, some features of plot development and finals of two novels of Alexander Prokhanov are analyzed to search for specific features of the poetics relevant in context of all his works and for traits of their implementation in these two novels. We used interpretational and comparative methods to analyze these texts and their interrelation with other works of A. Prokhanov. Furthermore, we consider denouement of the novels as important feature of all works of Alexander Prokhanov. During the negative experience, characters have an opportunity of spiritual rebirth, though ambivalence of denouements permits other interpretations. In this paper, we provide our literary analysis and different researchers’ interpretations, including those concerning genre peculiarities of the texts. The practical significance of research is related to the use of its results in developing the training courses devoted to history of the Russian literature and for further research of the works of A. Prokhanov.

    pdf 166-170.pdf  (286 Kb)

  • Kuyek A.S.
    Mythical images of Ud and Dzhyne in the Adyghe Nart epos

    On the basis of the comparative analysis of the Nart legends and other folklore works, the new understanding of mythical images of Ud and Dzhyne in the heroic epos of Adyghe «Nartkher» is proposed in this paper. This study shows the mechanisms of epic effect and influence of the magic epos on formation of mythical images of forces not subject to the person, as well as the transition of the mythical hero to epic and its certain transformation under the influence of the magic (fantastic) epos. Ud is noted to be the mythical being which passed into the Nart epos, having become further the fairy tale character. Data on bzedzhenadzh (malice bearers – harm creators) are identified; in the Adyghe folklore they personify powers of darkness with which the hero has to fight. The author describes the structural situations proving that Uds and Dzhynes often bear different functions and are presented in relation to the person sometimes in two ways. The theoretical problems related to research of this phenomenon are designated. It is inferred that studying mythical images of Ud and Dzhyne is of essential significance for research of mythology and the Nart epos of Adyghes.

    pdf 171-176.pdf  (297 Kb)

  • Kikova T.M.
    Postmodern advertising: the shocking advertising course as a way of brand advance

    The paper provides the characteristic of postmodern advertising in the context of postmodernism philosophy. The practical and theoretical importance of research is caused by insufficient study and by incorrect introduction in practice of methods of the shocking advertising. Attention is paid to changes in modern society of value orientations and the relation of the person to a thing. Methods of postmodern advertising are analyzed basing on the example of an advertising campaign of the Benetton Group brand. The shocking advertising is considered from positions of postmodernism methodology in two ways: as the marketing move which drew attention of the consumer and from the ethical point of view. A number of methods of postmodern advertising are described and consequences and a public response to the shocking advertising are analyzed. The problem space of nonconventional advertising is defined and conclusions are drawn on its efficiency. Work has the applied value in the sphere of advertising and PR in respect of the analysis of incorrect operation of the shocking information in the advertising text.

    pdf 177-181.pdf  (290 Kb)

  • Khazhgeriyeva A.À.
    The role of branding in formation of tourist appeal of the Republic of Adyghea

    The work focuses upon research on presence of a brand of the Republic of Adyghea in information space as a factor of increasing tourist appeal of the region. Specifically our aim is to identify the main directions promoting formation of positive image of the Republic. In this aspect we prove relevance of development and advance of a brand of the region in information space as a tool of development and positive positioning in information space that has practical value in complex structure of PR management of Adyghea. As a result it is inferred that for attraction of additional attention and increase of tourist appeal of the Republic of Adyghea, successful will be that image policy which will rely on historical traditions, on opinion and support of local expert community and on active interest of inhabitants of the region in carrying out such policy.

    pdf 182-186.pdf  (288 Kb)

    Study of Arts
  • Utegaliyeva S.I.
    The development of musical Turkology at the present stage

    The paper examines the topical issues of musical Turkology, one of the most popular trends in modern ethnomusicology. Its purpose is to describe the current state of this relatively new scientific discipline. The author for the first time reveals the main stages in the development of musical Turkology, defines its goals and objectives, and outlines the prospects for further development. The objects of the research are the achievements in the field of this knowledge, including the activities of a number of organizations involved in the study and promotion of musical and poetic art of the Turkic peoples, as well as musical material on traditional vocal, instrumental and vocal-instrumental art of Turks, mostly in Central Asia. Scientific and practical significance of this paper is that it investigates the poorly known phenomena in the music of the Turks and popularizes them. The research methodology involves the use of an integrated approach in the analysis of separate problems of musical Turkology and comparative typological and comparative historical methods. Prospects for the development of musical Turkology in the author’s opinion are in creation of the international regional scientificresearch center (ISRC) or the Institute for the music of the Turks at the Kurmangazy Kazakh National Conservatory. Within its frameworks it will be possible to organize international folklore and ethnographic expeditions in the regions inhabited by Turkic peoples or Turkic diaspora (China, Mongolia, the CIS countries, Turkey, Hungary, Germany, etc.), as well as to carry out joint researches in different areas of musical Turkology.

    pdf 187-193.pdf  (304 Kb)

    Biological Sciences
  • Kagazezheva N.Kh., Kolomiytseva N.S., Doronina N.V.
    Features of adaptation alterations of cardiorespiratory system of an organism of young football players

    Features of adaptation of oxygen-transport system of young football players to performance of intensive physical activity are analyzed. Scientific researches were conducted on the basis of educational - research laboratory of the Department of Biomechanics and Medicobiological Disciplines of the Adyghe State University and in the diagnostic center of Sport Center of the Maikop State University of Technology with participation of football players aged 13-16 years who passed training of the preparatory period. The obtained data indicate that systematic football occupations are followed by a natural economization of functions of oxygentransport system and promote acceleration of processes of restoration and decrease in physiological cost of loading in process of long-term adaptation at teenagers

    pdf 35-39.pdf  (325 Kb)

  • Minko O.V.
    Indexes of heart rate variability after standard physical training of young athletes specializing in judo and unarmed self-defence

    Studying the mechanisms of adaptation at young athletes during the training process is of theoretical and practical significance for sports physiologists. Currently, an objective method of studying the system of the body, especially the cardiovascular system, is the analysis of heart rate variability which allows fast control of the athlete’s state. Known as periodic changes of heart rhythm, the heart rate variability reflects the state of vegetative nervous system which is an important component providing adaptive reactions of the body. At the same time, a change of the vegetative status may reflect both a positive adaptive response and the beginning of development of prenosological states. In order to obtain the most complete information on the state of the regulatory systems, we must assess the level of functional reserves, for the determination of which functional tests should be conducted

    pdf 40-49.pdf  (415 Kb)

  • Tuguz A.R., Tatarkova E.A., Rudenko K.A., Smolkov I.V., Shumilov D.S., Muzhenya D.V., Anokhina E.N., Ashkanova T.M.
    The polymorphisms of ITG and SEL genes associated with the bronchial asthma, complications of peripheral and coronary atherosclerosis and mammary gland adenocarcinomas at inhabitants of the Adyghea Republic

    For many years, the leading places in structure of the reasons for the population mortality in the Adyghea Republic are taken by cardiovascular (CV) and oncological diseases. Relevance of this research is caused by searches for early molecular and genetic markers of multifactorial diseases. Distribution of single nucleotide replacements (SNP – single nucleotide polymorphisms)of genes of integrin adhesion molecules ITG (ITGA2 C807T, rs1126643, ITGB3 Leu33Pro, rs5918) and SEL selectins (SELE Leu554Phe, rs5355; Ser128Arg, rs5361, SELP Thr715Pro, rs6136) at inhabitants of Adyghea Republic is investigated by SNP method in 44 samples of DNA of donors (n=10) and sick people (n=34) with CV (n=17), malignant new tumors( MNT) (mammary gland adenocarcinoma, n=8) and chronic inflammatory diseases of lungs (the bronchial asthma (BA), n=9). As a result of research it has been obtained that 128Arg polymorphism of SELE gene – endothelial E-selectin (χ2=6,66; P=0,01; OR=15) and platelet P-selectin SELP Thr715Pro (χ2=4,55; P=0,03; OR=7) are statistically significantly associated with system pathological processes. The carriage of pathological homozygous Arg128Arg of a genotype and «mutant» 128Arg SELE allele is associated mainly with peripheral (respectively χ2=12,31; P=0,002; OR=39; χ2=21,96; P=0,000003; OR=100) and to a lesser extent coronary atherosclerosis (χ2=4,09, P=0,04; OR=10). A molecular and genetic predictor of an ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke is the carriage of 715Pro SELP gene allele (χ2=7,54, P=0,006; OR=17)

    pdf 50-59.pdf  (363 Kb)

  • Kairov V.R., Bokieva S.B., Dzodzieva E.S., Tletseruk I.R., Shiolashvili D.G., Gurtsieva D.O.
    Use of adsorbents to increase the ecological and biological value of beef

    The aim of the research is to study the efficiency of using adsorbent preparations of Helaton and Toksi-nil Drei in diets with the excess level of heavy metals to increase an ecological and nutrition value of the bull-calves’ meat production. To increase an ecological and nutrition value of beef it is advisable to include combined adsorbent preparations of Helaton and Toksi-nil Drei in the bull-calves’ diets if food for animals contains the excess level of heavy metals

    pdf 60-64.pdf  (313 Kb)

  • Tuova T.G., Tuguz F.V.
    Evolution of the Adyghea Republic toponymy formatio

    The paper presents the results of the etymological and semantic analysis of oikonyms and a periodization of stages of the population moving in the Adyghea Republic. More than 232 names of settlements in the Republic of Adyghea are investigated on the basis of materials of the 2010 population census. The stratigraphic analysis of toponymic layers is made. The main toponymic background of Adyghea oikonyms is identified

    pdf 65-72.pdf  (366 Kb)

  • Khasanova N.N., Silantyev M.N., Chelyshkova T.V.
    Adaptive opportunities of cardiovascular system at students, working on computers at informatics lessons in the conditions of fatigue prevention

    The paper discusses the influence of computers on a functional state and adaptive opportunities of cardiovascular system at students at informatics lessons. The adaptive response of cardiovascular system at students during the work on computers can be regarded as a less effective, more energy-intensive and imperfect model of adaptation. This is supported by alterations of an index of functional changes and type of self-control of blood circulation. Efficiency of carrying out fatigue prevention at lessons with the use of computers is revealed

    pdf 73-79.pdf  (335 Kb)

  • Teuchezh F.D., Khamerzokova R.Yu.
    Methods of agricultural division into districts of the territory of the Adyghea Republic on the basis of natural landscapes

    The paper discusses the basic principles of agricultural division into districts of the territory of the Adyghea Republic taking into consideration natural features of this area. The offered recommendations will allow the more effective use of the earth of agricultural purpose taking into account the agricultural landscape division into districts

    pdf 80-84.pdf  (312 Kb)

  • Sidorov A.A., Sidorova D.V., Nudnoy A.P.
    Krasnodar region in territorial socio-economic system of the Southern Federal district

    The relevance of this paper is justified by the fact that at the present time little attention is paid to the study of methodological aspects of balanced development of regional economy. In work, the analysis is made of information necessary for the sustainable development of socio-economic processes in the region

    pdf 85-90.pdf  (321 Kb)

  • Khagur M.N.
    Extruded sorghum in the diets of broiler chickens

    The paper presents the results of studying the effect of extruded sorghum on livestock and physiological parameters in the diets of broiler chickens. Broiler chickens were fed with designed feed from the daily age to slaughter. As a result of replacing corn for extruded sorghum, increase in safety stock, digestibility of nutrients and reducing the cost of feed per unit of output were observed

    pdf 91-95.pdf  (310 Kb)

  • Kolomiytseva N.S., Kagazezheva N.Kh., Doronina N.V.
    Use of arbitrary control of breathing in combination with purposeful muscular activity as means to increase aerobic and anaerobic opportunities of the growing organism of children with intelligence violation

    The paper discusses a set of conditions and mechanisms of realization of the main directions of correctional and health precautian work on improvement of respiratory function of 9-11 year-old pupils with violation of intelligence. Authors give justification of use of arbitrary control of breathing in combination with purposeful muscular activity in order to increase the aerobic and anaerobic opportunities of the growing organism of children with intelligence violation

    pdf 96-101.pdf  (337 Kb)

  • Ocheret N.P., Tuova T.G., Tuguz F.V.
    Contemporary issues of anthropogenic degradation of agricultural soils in the Adyghea Republic

    The paper discusses the contemporary issues of anthropogenic degradation of agricultural soils in the Adyghea Republic. An analysis of the main indicators of soil fertility is presented: the humus content, mobile forms of phosphorus, exchange potassium and acidity degree. Results of physical and chemical researches of soils are provided, namely: availability of heavy metals, ions of the main salt structure, as well as bioindication of soils

    pdf 102-109.pdf  (334 Kb)

  • Teuchezh F.D., Khamerzokova R.Yu., Shadzhe A.I.
    Historical and geographical features of development of the territory of Adyghea Republic

    An analysis is made of historical and geographical features of agricultural development of the Adyghea Republic. The results of analysis and the suggested recommendations will allow effective development of promising and rational management schemes of agroresource potential in an agrarian complex of the Republic and region

    pdf 110-115.pdf  (325 Kb)

  • Tsulaya I.V., Kucher M.O.
    Analysis of tourist market of Gagra district, Abkhazia, in 2014

    This study examines the development of tourism in the Gagra district of Abkhazia at the present stage. An analysis is made of respondents' views on the organization of rest in resorts of the area

    pdf 116-124.pdf  (500 Kb)

  • Nudnoy A.P., Sidorov A.A.
    Region specialization and balance in the South of Russia

    The characteristic is provided for indicators identifying the potential of the region. A correlation analysis is made of gross fixed capital formation and gross regional product. The structure of volume of the shipped production of the region is revealed

    pdf 125-128.pdf  (325 Kb)

  • Melnikova T.N.
    Monitoring of the water regime of the rivers in the Northwest Caucasus

    The paper shows the results of monitoring of the water regime of the rivers in the Northwest Caucasus. New hydrological division into districts of the region under study, taking into account a hypsography of the area, extent of moistening and character of vegetation, is presented. The conducted researches expand theoretical and applied aspects of regional hydrological researches

    pdf 129-133.pdf  (442 Kb)

  • Stash A.Kh.
    On some properties of full and vector frequencies of signs and roots of solutions to linear homogeneous two-dimensional differential systems

    The paper explores the ranges of full and vector frequencies of signs and roots of linear twodimensional differential systems and the continuity of extreme frequencies using a set of two-dimensional systems. The paper shows that for any pre-set natural number p the linear two-dimensional differential system with periodic coefficients is provided. Sets of various values of full (vector) frequencies of signs and roots of uncommon solutions to this system consist of not less than p of various essential numbers. Existence of two-dimensional differential system with limited coefficients with the same calculating range of full (vector) frequencies of signs and roots is proved. In addition, the point is given in space of linear two-dimensional differential systems with continuous limited coefficients, in which each of extreme frequencies of signs and roots suffers jumps both up and down at disturbances of the coefficients disappearing on infinity

    pdf 13-17.pdf  (332 Kb)

  • Bobylev Yu.V., Panin V.A.
    The nonlinear theory of instability of the negative mass type developing in rectilinear flow of electrons at its distribution in any slowing-down system

    The article shows that under certain parameters in rectilinear flow of electrons may develop aperiodic instability type negative mass in the early development of this instability will dominate the first harmonica charge density, which in turn is essential to create beams with preset properties

    pdf 18-22.pdf  (390 Kb)

  • Shchukin E.R., Malay N.V., Shulimanova Z.L.
    On the velocity of thermophoresis of solid two-layer large and moderately large aerosol particles

    In the Stokes approximation, the theoretical description is carried out of steady-state motion of large and moderately large solid double-layer spherical aerosol particle in a nonuniform in temperature monatomic gas, when the thermal conductivity coefficients of the core and cover of the two-layer particle are considerably different in value

    pdf 23-30.pdf  (423 Kb)

  • Kamenskaya I.V.
    Radiation of the damped harmonic oscillator (the methodological aspects)

    The model of radiation of the damped nonrelativistic oscillator is the basic one for the description of many phenomena discussed in electrodynamics, radiophysics and quantum optics. However, in standard textbooks, the topic is presented briefly. Sometimes important details for practical calculations are omitted. In this paper, we derive exact formulas for spectral angular distribution of the damped oscillator radiation. The approximate expressions for oscillator with low attenuation coefficient have been obtained. Attention is paid to the physical interpretation of the formulas obtained

    pdf 31-34.pdf  (325 Kb)

    Technical Sciences
  • Kizdermishov A.A.
    On model creation for the breaker of rules of access to user information resources

    The paper explores the lack of uniform approach to model creation of the computer trespasser and the provisions of normative legal acts in the field of information security. The offered informal model of the computer trespasser makes it possible to create or carry out updating of the list of actual threats to the user information resources taking into account characteristics of the computer trespasser

    pdf 134-138.pdf  (426 Kb)

  • Khalizev V.N., Ugryumov D.V., Dorin N.E.
    Efficiency assessment of multiple choice algorithms at design of the distributed information systems

    The paper describes the experience in an experimental assessment of the multiple-choice algorithm in designing the distributed information systems. The authors give the comparative assessment of the developed method, data of methods of expert analysis and the architectures proposed in the «world's best practice»

    pdf 139-145.pdf  (474 Kb)

  • Buchatskaya V.V., Studentsov D.V.
    Program complex of calculation of models of forecasting

    This paper shows the need to create the program module realizing some methods of forecasting and preliminary processing temporal series, considering existence of casual components of the abnormal value type. The publication describes the structure and algorithm of work of such module, realizing these methods of forecasting. Based on an example, we show the result of this work

    pdf 146-150.pdf  (444 Kb)

  • Telnov G.V.
    Assessment of quality indicators of thematic tasks of the subject test module and level of its mastering

    The paper explores the techniques of a quality assessment of the developed tests and level of mastering a learning material on the basis of algorithmic procedures of the standard office Microsoft Excel program and graphical representation of outcomes of their analysis. Graphic dependences have been obtained to examine the solubility and discriminativeness coefficients of thematic test tasks, test reliability and levels of mastering a learning material, both for the basic structural (didactic or modular) units, and in general. The analysis of graphic materials enables us to determine not only the qualitative characteristic of the developed test modules, but also to find thematic test tasks with a low discriminativeness. This will make it possible to come in due time to the relevant administrative decisions on their completion and the subsequent use for monitoring of quality of mastering the learning material at the accepted corresponding criteria for an assessment

    pdf 151-158.pdf  (542 Kb)

  • Dovgal V.À.
    Cloud computing and the analysis of questions of information security in the cloud

    The paper explores the current state of application and development of cloud computing and the main advantages of their use by the state, enterprise and scientists. We designate and analyze the standards, the normative and guideline documents in the field of information security of cloud computing developed by CloudSecurityAlliance (CSA), the European Agency of Network and Information Security (ENISA) and National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST) and give the results of the detailed analysis of information security in the cloud

    pdf 159-166.pdf  (376 Kb)

    Economics history
  • D.N. Aleynikov
    Why Avignon accounting system cannot be regarded as the double-entry bookkeeping system

    The paper considers the results of deep study of the first saved synthetic balance forming procedure. The indices analysis of notebook calculations, entries in the accounting records of double entry show that the considered inventory accounting system combined figures inventories and double entries. The financial result was not calculated in the accounts of double entry and comparison of income and expenditure but by subtracting from the sum of «all that we have to be given» the amount «of all that we should have». Balance generalization used in the calculations did not perform any control functions. This approach does not correspond to the formal features of double-entry bookkeeping.

    pdf 25-34.pdf  (612 Kb)

  • M.M. Gurskaya
    Account «Capital » reflection in the first accounts of F. Datini companies in Barcelona

    The paper researches the nature of equity in the companies Francesco Datini in Barcelona. It was noted that equity in the usual concept of the day was out. Equity took into account the ongoing capital investment in the form of cash and inventories as well as the seizure of property on the discretion of the owners. They did not distribute profits until the closure of the company, but placed it in the balance and joined the capital account in the new accounting functions.

    pdf 35-51.pdf  (4 Mb)

  • A.M. Musaelyan
    Reconstruction of medieval accounts books on the basis of cross-referencing and logical-analytical modelling

    It is well-known that Ledger Company of Farolfi in Provence is the earliest accounting system conducted according to the rules of double-entry (1299-1300). Unfortunately, all the other books of accounts of the accounting cycle are lost. Ledger accounts of the preceding and subsequent cycles are also not available. There are only references to these registers in the records. The general ledger has lost more than half of the pages, and they in its turn, are not sewn in the order, which was in the days of Amatino Manucci, the partner who led the book. The task of research, carried out by the scientific school of Professor Michael Kuter, is to identify each stored page of the book through the application of cross-references and logical- analytical modeling. It will help to arrange virtually digital copies of pages in the order that was used in the Middle Ages. The author substantiates that actual implementation of the task created the necessary conditions for deep studies of that scientific heritage.

    pdf 52-65.pdf  (2 Mb)

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