On the problem of the use of the term «sect»
The article examines the concept of «sect», which is becoming more widely used in sociology, law, psychology and other fields to refer to new religious movements (NRMs). The author tries to show that the term «sect» taken from comparative theology, by going to the other sciences, didn’t get rid of the negative perception that prevents from its objective study. Particular attention is paid to the critical analysis of the Orthodox sources of destructive activities of the new religions, namely the incorrect use of concepts such as «brainwashing», «manipulation of consciousness» and «mental terrorism» against all NSDs.
G.I. Bolshakova,M.V. Kovalenko
Professional education: social problems of regionalization
This article explains the formation of a fundamentally new and more flexible holistic regional vocational education adapted to the needs of the regional labor market. Significant place is given to understanding the goals, objectives, stages of social engineering educational complexes and links between educational institutions of various types, members of the regional vocational-educational complexes.
The relationship of law and morality in the context of justice
This article explores the relationship of morality and law from the standpoint of justice. Law and morality are considered as a possible guarantor of justice. In this case, a positive law is largely considered, but also we take into account that the basis of positive law should be the law as norm, the right to its distinction with the law. Law and morality are interrelated and interdependent.
N.V. Kasumov, I.I. Sventitskiy, V.A. Mudrik
Anthropic principle as a consequence of progressive evolution
Since its inception the essence of the anthropic principle has not been comprehended in the ontology and methodology of science. The discovering of the important role of the global evolution in cognition and reasoning in the ontology of really ideal features of progressive evolution by philosophers allowed the authors to establish the objective reality of this entity as a result of evolution.
The origin of the legal mentality of Kuban Cossacks
The author examines the historical features and factors affecting life, culture, as well as legal mentality of the Kuban Cossacks.
Mohammed Amin’s activities for consolidation of the western Adyghes (1840 — 1850-s)
Article is devoted to Mohammed Amin’s stay in the Northwest Caucasus for the purpose of consolifation of Adyghes in their fight against imperial Russia. The author shows characteristic features of the administrative, political and military reforms which were carried out in Circassia under the direction of Mohammed Amin. The conclusion is drawn that thanks to Mohammed Amin’s efforts the Adyghe resistance became more organized and rallied. Nevertheless, owing to the developed circumstances caused by the Caucasian war and because of ambiguous perception of activity of Mohammed Amin by various Adyghe subethnoses and different layers of the Adyghe society, processes of political consolidation in the western Circassia were not complete.
The concept of «feudalism» in the modern interpretation of research
This article analyzes the concept of the modern conception of «feudalism», which is identified with a different concept of «Middle Ages». The term «feudalism» emerged in the late 18th century, experienced a large number of interpretations in world historiography, but it was essentially a way of knowledge of the Middle Ages.
Ethno-social and economic character of Circassia at the border of the 15-16th centuries
This article analyzes the ethno-social and economic shape of Circassia in the 15-16th centuries. The author reveals that the Circassians in this period were divided into two groups: Western — from sustainable ethnic groups (subethnoses) and eastern (Kabardians). The author comes to the conclusion that social stratification was more distinctly shown in Kabardians. Western Adygs retained many relics of patriarchal clan system. The basis of economic activity of Adygs was agriculture.
Social economic and political development of the Western Adyghs society in the last quarter of the 15-th and the first half of the 16th centuries
Study of the problem of formation of Russian multinational state is one of the most important tasks of historical science. An important aspect of this issue is to clarify the preconditions of establishing political-military contacts between Russia and the Circassians in the 1550s. The purpose of this article is to show the peculiarities of the social and economic development of the Adyghs before their addressing to Moscow. The subject of research is the Circassians of Northwest Caucasus, and the object is the social and economic processes in the Adyghe society. The Western Adyghe society demonstrated feudal features in the period under review. The lack of political centralization. There was no official religion, peculiar religious syncretism was observed.
Model of social policy of the Soviet Russia
The article analyzes the reasons of the low efficiency of social protection of the population. The processes taking place in the country aimed at regulation of all spheres of life of the population are characterized in order to provide comprehensive assistance to a person in dealing with various problems throughout his life.
A.K. Cheucheva, I.K. Brantova
Abadzekhs: experience of social and cultural reconstruction (based on «the Abadzekh tale» by Z. Hadji Brantov)
Relevance of research is determined by the need to study the history of Adygs — Abadzekhs in their spatial dimension using the method of social-cultural reconstruction. The subject of the research in the article are questions of social organization, economic and religious culture of Adyghs-Abadzekhs. The purpose is historical reconstruction of Abadzekh society on the basis of analysis of materials of «the Abadzekh tale» by Z. Hadji Brantov. The study of the source allowed creation of a complete picture of the cultural and historical area of Abadzekhs in the 19th century.
Higher School Institution under the Soviet socialist mobilization project of 1930-s (as shown by materials of the Kuban region)
The article analyzes the emergence and the state of the Soviet system of higher education in terms of the mobilization socialist project of the 1930s. Personnel Party — Soviet policy in higher education is characterized, as well as «cleansings» that took place. Issues of training of young specialists are highlighted. Material and consumer conditions of scientists and students are analyzed. The conclusion about expediency of higher education under the producing economy with appropriate values and value orientations is made.
M.T. Aslanova, E.V. Saprykina
Knowledge and information in modern society: the source of hazard or risk experts?
The paper analyzes the changes in the modern world due to the transition to a new stage of social development. The definition of the information society as a theoretical concept of post-industrial society is provided. Society of risk is defined as a company that produces technological and social risks. Knowledge, science and information are considered as sources of risk.
Cultural and legal values as a basis of professional identity of specialists of jurisprudence
In this article, the author examines the values as the basis of professional socialization of future professionals of the legal community. The paper notes that a necessary condition for their occurrence in a particular social role is a sufficient level of mastering the dominant values and norms by the future specialists.
The concept of modernization and its criticism in Western social sciences in the debate about the nature and development issues
The article is devoted to general theoretical social and political problems of modernization of societies. Modernization theory is a theory which is used to explain the process of modernization in societies in foreign literature. Modernization refers to a progressive transition from a model of «pre-modern» or «traditional» to «modern» society. The author focuses on the theoretical aspects of modernization (Westernization, evolutionalizm, ethnocentrism, universalism), which later became the objects of conservative and radical critics. This article analyzes the intellectual and foreign policy reasons which led to a discussion about the nature and problems of the development of societies in terms of the theory of modernization.
The role of identity in the formation of regional unity
The article discusses the problem of the integrity of the region as a social and territorial community. Its topicality is explained by the process of federalization of modern Russia and by imigration population dynamics. Both factors determine the conditions for the economic independence of the region, the effectiveness of which is derived from the degree of solidarity of the population. Systematizing theoretical approaches to the analysis of the problem of social solidarity, the author shows non-coincidence of the region as a subject of administration as well as a territorial regional unity. Formation of a regional community involves reliance on regional identity. The article analyzes the universal and specific components of regional identity, its role in the construction of the image area. The author focuses also on factors braking natural formation of regional identity: differentiation by type of settlement in the region and ethno-cultural groups. Much attention is paid to the administrative factor in the formation of regions, which has a different effect depending on the principles of interaction between the center and regions. The author shows that a centralized mechanism for the formation of regions that are endowed with the relative economic independence, requires regional identity construction from the subject of management.
A.P. Mikhailov, N.V. Tsarakhova
The main determinants of the deviation in the behavior of modern youth: peculiarities of scientific analysis
In this article the authors explore the problems of etiology of deviations in the behavior of modern Russian youth from the standpoint of the sociology of culture. The paper presents an analysis of the determining factors in the development of deviant practices in modern youth community, as well as the explication of the basic concepts on this issue in the context of social and cultural analysis and the use of foreign and domestic experience of general theoretical research in this area of expertise.
Communicative practices in the Internet communities
The article defines the concept of communicative practice which is regarded as an effective tool of the sociological analysis of human behavior within cyberspace. Structural and functional features of the network communication practices in the virtual sphere are characterized. The most common types of communicative practices of members of online communities are identified.
Dual education as a factor in the modernization of the social partnership of universities and enterprises
The article discusses the specifics and advantages of the dual training. The tasks needed to be addressed for the development of the education system in the Republic of Adyghea in dual format are listed. The dual system of education in Germany, which demonstrates high quality of education is considered. It is concluded that the dual system of training is one of the most successful models of learning and cooperation of production, which can be used as an innovative type of targeted training organization.
Geopolitical determinants: specificity of impact on the socialization of the individual in the educational space of classical university in Russian society
The article considers the actual scientific problem: the impact of geopolitical determinants on the socialization of the personality in the educational space of classical university in the Russian society. Features of the personality socialization in the educational space of classical university in the Russian society formed as a result of this impact are identified.
Characteristics of cases investigated by summary procedure in the arbitration process
This article discusses the introduction of a summary procedure for a number of cases. The author reveals their exhaustive list. The most important element of this procedure is the lack of case preparation and trial at legal investigation. Judgment is made only on the basis of materials submitted by the participants of the process to the court.
Some issues arising from the restriction of the legal status of convicted persons
This article discusses mechanisms of restriction of the legal status of prisoners imposed at various levels of rulemaking applications. Legal mechanisms form the system arranged in hierarchical order. They differ from each other not only in its content and scope of impact on reality, but in the depth and breadth of this impact. Restrictions can be divided into direct and indirect, which are embodied in the federal law, follow from the court’s verdict, and may be also provided by punishment regime.
Legal forms of the state national security
The author examines the legal forms of the state national security and the main types of right establishing activities.
Some controversial issues relating to the object of crime under Article 137 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
This article analyzes such legal categories as «privacy», «personal privacy» and «personal and family secrets». It is emphasized that these categories are not identical and are independent.
The Supreme Service dealing with petitions in the Moscow state in the 16-17th centuries (functions, competence, legal basis of activity)
The article considers mandatory system in the Moscow state in the 16-17th centuries, namely the Supreme Service, established in 1549 to direct complaints of survicemen of state to the tsar. This office carried out functions of the Tsar’s Chancellery in the periods of absence of the sovereign. The Supreme Service dealing with petitions was unique because it was not included in any branch system of the Moscow State Services of the 16-17th centuries.
European multiculturalism vs Russian multiculturalism: a cross -cultural analysis
The article considers the Russian peculiarities of the problems of «multiculturalism» in comparison with the European. The introduction of the term «Russian multiculturalism» is justified. The working definition of «multicultural» and «multiculturalism» is given.
The development of aesthetic perception, artistic and creative abilities of students by means of computer graphics
This work discusses a problem of esthetic perception of a cultural heritage of mankind and development and expansion of the sphere of artistic and creative abilities of pupils thanks to connection of objects at lessons of computer graphics.
Religious and musical space and the Orthodox Church as a prototype of mysteriological in culture
The paper considers the problem of spiritual in culture. The concept of «spiritual and moral culture « is disclosed. The classification of spiritual and moral values of the individual in the context of culture is suggested. The article discusses the relation of physical and spiritual phenomenon in culture. Numerous philosophical categories, which constitute the methodological apparatus of most scientific systems, are analyzed.
The Economic Theory
THE INSTRUMENTS OF SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACTIVATION AT MESO-LEVEL
The paper examines the functional opportunities of instruments (methods, tools) enhancing small business in the reproduction process of the territorial economy being created with territorial authorities and various organizations in the economic area of regional economic systems of modern Russia. The author assesses the potential of such methods in the modernization process of regional economic systems at the present stage of development.
V.V. Bodzhaeva, I.V. Slobodchikova
THE NATURE AND SPECIFICITY OF THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AS A FACTOR OF PRODUCTION
The intellectual capital is recognized as a leading economic resource in modern conditions. The availability and use of it is the basis of any company’s activity and affects its efficient functioning. The author highlights the importance of this factor of production which is increasing every day. Nowadays the priority (preference) of intellectual (creative) activity is given to individuals and organizations. These facts testify about the natural character of intellectualization of a modern economy.
Yu.K. Bganå, A.V. Styagun, Z.V. Khetagurova
LIMITS OF GOVERNING STATE INFLUENCE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONSUMER SERVICES SPHERE
The development of consumer services (including healthcare and education) is one of the priority directions of the Russian economy reforming. The formation and development of human capital as well as its quality are formed within the framework
of this sphere. Quality of human capital is one of the factors determining the possibility of economic growth of the country. The development and availability of consumer services for the majority of the population is also a factor to reduce social tension, improve overall
satisfaction with quality of life and society, etc. This scientific article reveals the most significant aspects of the influence sphere of consumer services for the development of human capital. It also substantiates the importance of government regulation in the development of this sector.
FACTORS AND ELEMENTS OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE: IN THE ORDER OF THE PROBLEM
The scientific article considers the corporation management system and its main elements. The author reveals the influence of external environment on corporate governance and quality. They include factors in addition to traditional factors such as institutional support for corporate governance system of external audit and control, etc.
G.M. Mishulin, V.V. Lisukov
ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGERIAL INNOVATIONS: THEIR PLACE IN THE MODERN ECONOMIC PARADIGM
The paper presents the theoretical and methodological approaches to the position of organizational and managerial innovation of scientific categories and in the innovation process. The author analyses the endogenous factor model of effective innovation process and characteristics of its functioning in a changing economic paradigm.
RUSSIAN BANK SYSTEM INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE TERMS OF ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION
The paper considers the conditions of Russian banking system institutional development in the terms of economy globalization. The author studied the influence of financial globalization processes on national bank functioning taking into account the identification and formation of spheres controllability. The scientific article reveals the main directions of its institutional development improving.
S.Sh. Gisheva, R.A. Baibekova
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE ADYGHE REPUBLIC: PRIORITIES AND GUIDELINES
The author highlights that regional economic policy focused on encouraging of investment and innovation priority sectors of the economy due to the use of the cluster approach and the provision of state support to potential investors can ensure the implementation of the competitive potential of the Adyghe Republic. he examines its progressive economic development, economic growth increasing and social and economic problems solving.
M.l. Golubova, L.Z. Bzasezheva
RePRODUCTIVE FUNCTION IN THE REGIONAL HEALTH-IMPROVING LOCALIZATIONS: DEPRESSIVE ECONOMIC SYSTEM
The scientific article investigates the function of reproduction in depressed regional health-improving localizations arising in the process of transforming relations at the meso-level of modern Russian economy. The author studies the health-improving localizations of Southern Russia and development potential which increases rapidly at the present stage.
A.A. Dzharimov, R.A. Popov
RESOURCES OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE NEW ENVIRONMENT
The paper shows the urgency of deepening the updated resource use of the areas in an integrated manner at the present stage and involvement of new sources of economic development in economic circulation. The increasing of the regional factor in economic
management attaches new value and organizational forms to the task of the productive
forces developing. The author actualizes the use of alternative energy sources. The formation of regional industrial clusters, grocery syndicates and other forms of economic organizations consolidate regions acquires greater importance with the increased competition.
À.À. Kerashev, K.A. Tamov
Competitive opportunities in the Adyghe Republic in the conditions of growing influence of regional factors
This scientific article considers some aspects related to the study of competitive opportunities and the Adyghe Republic and, besides, the factors shaping them. The author pays his particular attention to regional characteristics of the republic that influence greatly on the formation of its competitive position in the economic environment of the Southern macro-region
Recreational potential as a basis for sustainable territorial development
This paper considers recreational potential as a basis for sustainable
territorial development. The author analyzes the basic principles of sustainable development of the recreation area. He studies not only the system of indicators that reflects the sustainable development of the region but also highlights the recreational features of the functional role
of intangible resources in foundation of sustainable development.
Modeling of social and economic indicators of a certain region type
The article discloses the model of social and economic development of the
region. It represents a multi-agent model of the region in conditions of the public sector reforming
Tools for implementing strategy of development of budgetary -deficit region focused on the effective use of its potential competitive advantages
The paper discusses some aspects of instrumenting development strategy
of budget-deficit region development, focused on improving its competitiveness. The author pays his particular attention to the cluster system of instruments.
R.D. Khunagov, R.A. Popov
Market imperatives in the development of management and industrial base of construction : a regional aspect
This paper highlights the development of capital construction and building
materials industry in the branch and regional level taking into account the imperatives of modern management and the needs of optimal allocation of productive forces. It focuses on environmental management issues within the context of the technical improvement of building production and increasing of population employment of the areas.
Methods and models of gross regional product volumes for ecasting
This scientific article describes and summarizes the research experience
in Russia and neighboring countries in the development and practical application of methods and models to predict the gross regional product. The author analyzes advantages and disadvantages of methods and models and formulates conclusions about their future potential practical application.
Implementation of e-government in the Adyghe Republic in the economic and informational space of the region
The paper presents the analytical and generalizing-cognitive information
on the implementation of e-Government in the Russian regions as a whole and in the Adyghe Republic in particular. The author provides a list of measures aimed at improving the position of the republic in the ranking of subjects of the Russian Federation on the level of e-government implementation.
The Account, Audit and the Control
Experience the Florentine company of Giovanni Farolfi in Provence
This scientific article starts a series of publications devoted to the study
of the first ledger conducted by the method of double entry. The author studied previously published limited sources and examined surviving accounts of this book.
Systematization of differences between income and expenditure in account and tax accounting
This paper represents the discrepancies between factors of forming of financial result in accounting and tax accounting. It reveals the impact of these differences on the amount of income tax. The paper also identifies and groups the main permanent and temporary differences between income and expenditure in the accounting and tax records. The author determines variants of reflection of these differences in accounting.
Basic contradictions in the system of regulatory tax accounting and ways of overcoming them
The scientific article reveals the basic contradictions in the system of regulatory tax accounting. It defines the principles of the tax system in general and tax accounting in particular. The paper studies conformity to these principles determined by Russian regulatory accounting system. The author describes the cases of tax legislation introducing their own interpretations of the concepts of non-conventional and used in other legal acts. He also presents the activities necessary for creation a model of the tax system and tax accounting.
I.G. Panzhenskaya, D.I. Ponokova
Theories analysis forming the basic methodological framework for business valuation
This paper, in an accessible form, considers and analyzes the main economic
theories being the basis for the business valuation. The purpose of the article is to structure and focus the attention of readers to the aspects of each of the theories that are most important for economists-assessors. The scientific article examines, in particular, the following theories as labor theory of value, theory of the firm, theory of property, theory of agency, theory of marginal utility, theory of supply and demand, theory of production costs, theory of the
three factors of production.
History of the development and establishment of management accounting as science of management
The scientific article reveals the main issues of management accounting
terminology, its goals, objectives and functions. It pays particular attention to the chronology of the origin, development and establishment of management accounting both in global and domestic practice. The article analyzes the main stages of the theory and practice of management accounting. The author clarifies theoretical propositions explaining the main goals, objectives and functions of management accounting in the current economic conditions and shows shortcomings as a result of development of management accounting.
F.T. Khot, S.B. Furtseva
The possibility of registering forward -futures transactions in electricity wholesale trade
This scientific article deals with the author’s position concerning the use
of forward-futures accounting operations of commercial transactions in the wholesale market for energy and power. The paper reveals the peculiarities of futures transactions and the possibility of their use in electricity trade. The author also describes the possible options for accounting operations for futures trading.
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
R.K. Belmekhov, E.N. Zakharova, A.A. Kerashev
Conceptual foundations of the systemdynamic approach to the management of the resource potential of the subjects of agricultural business
The scientific article considers the specifics of the resource potential of
the agrarian sector. It reveals a set of principles of management and resource potential. The paper shows the role of the adaptive enterprise resource planning. The author proposes a mechanism for controlling the dynamic capabilities of the enterprise which is the basis of such system. He draws a conclusion that the system control and resource potential of the enterprise includes structuring, grouping and utilization of resources.
F.P. Khripliviy, E.M. Kobozeva
Agriculture production reserves of the Adyhge Republic
This paper examines the dynamics and structure of crop production and animal
husbandry and agricultural land use efficiency for the last eight years. The author gives proposals to increase it in various forms of management.
Mathematical Methods in Economy
Intelligent algorithm of multi -agent support of solution acceptance according to diagnosis in electric power network
The paper considers the main aspects of the development of a descriptive
model and block diagram of the algorithm multi-agent intelligent decision support on the use of active-adaptive processes. The author proposes an agent model grid and improves the term economic agent itself. He works out a three-level series of critical state data object and formulates the terminology of active-adaptive processes.
Justification of organizational and economic conditions of providing business activity of HBC enterprises
The scientific article discloses the organizational and economic conditions
of business activity of enterprises providing housing construction. The author substantiates the preconditions of their business activities according to their importance at the regional level based on an assessment of factors limiting business activity HBC.
Prospects of secondary vocational education in the mod ernization of the social and economic system of modern Russia
This paper considers the main trends in the development of vocational
education. The author examines the dependence of the education system from the country’s economic system and characterizes the priority areas of education and development scenarios.
Development resources of scientific and educational subsystem of St . Petersburg
St. Petersburg as well as any other regions of modern Russia includes
functional subsystems. One of the highly developed subsystems of St. Petersburg is a scientific and educational subsystem. This article discloses the main indicators of scientific and educational subsystem of St. Petersburg for s everal years.
V.A. Teshev, Z.U. Blyagoz, A.V. Nagoev, L.V. Shelekhova
Elements of dual education at the economic faculty of ASU
The scientific article discusses the elements of dual education in relation
to higher education. The author pays particular attention to the dual system of education in Germany, which took a long historical testing and demonstrates high quality of education. He draws a conclusion that, despite some shortcomings, the dual system of education is one of the most successful models of cooperative learning and practice. Its positive experience can be used in the learning process in higher education of the Russian education system.
The Crimean crisis inflcence on the living standards of the population
This paper deals with the problems of living standards of the population
in the Crimea as a subject of the Russian Federation. The author suggests statistics, real facts, causes of potential crises and points out the directions to overcome and to avoid them.
Payments system improving of forest resources
The paper substantiates the need to improve the system of payments for
forest resources in order to improve nature conservation activity. The author represents the most significant and multi-factorial causes that have a direct and immediate impact on the size of the forest income as well as indicators, reflecting the dynamics of size and volume of forest management activities. The scientific article reveals the mechanism of the formation of the total forest income derived from the use of forest resource potential of the area.
Leasing operations development in realestate in the public -relation partnership mechanism
The paper presents the key parameters of the leasing operations development in Russia. It notes the similarity of leasing mechanism properties with the procedure of leasing equipment or vehicles. The author shows that a public-private partnership can be the effective mechanism for promoting the development of leasing relations in real estate. The scientific article represents diagrams of public-private partnership based on the use of leasing real estate.
B.A. Kumpilova, S.A. Khatukay
Creation of a competitive business model for Russian companies with economic globalization advantages
The article examines the current state and prospects of building a competitive
business model by Russian enterprises using the advantages of globalization. Canvas business modelling is used as a framework for this analysis. According to this study the most significant reserves of increasing the efficiency of Russian multinational enterprises are enclosed in diversification of value proposition for customers and revenue structure.
E.V. Levkina, O.Yu. Vorozhbit, M.E. Vasilenko,
The role of innovation in the effectiveness of fishing industry development of Primorskiy Region
The purpose of the study is to substantiate the theoretical and methodological
approaches and develop practical proposals to improve the economic efficiency of the fishing industry in terms of innovative development of the sector. It takes into account its specific characteristics, domestic and foreign advanced experience and management of organizational, economic and technological factors. The theoretical significance of the results of the study is to determine the role of categories efficiency and innovation in economics, science and refinement of theoretical propositions to increase economic efficiency, taking into account the fishing industry and industry-specific trends in the development of modern fishing industry. The practical significance of the study is that formulated in the findings suggestions and recommendations are of scientific and methodological nature and can be used to improve the effectiveness of fishery enterprises in terms of innovative development of the industry. The author proves the economic feasibility of the application of innovation to improve efficiency fishing industry.
The main direction s and prospects of transport infrastructure development in the world economy
The scientific article deals with theoretical aspects and position of transport
infrastructure in the country’s economy. It reveals the role, participation of the state in the development of port facilities, the content of maritime infrastructure and methods of public policy. That allows them to develop and create transport corridors. The author pays particular attention to the factors forming the port economy and the prospects for the development of maritime transport in the world economy.
Analysis of the competitive environment in the strategic planning of freight for warding open company «Dalk »
Strategic planning is an important part of enterprise management.
The successful operation of the enterprise in a market economy is impossible without it. This scientific article suggests different interpretations of the term ‘strategic planning’ by different authors. The author also analyzes competitors of freight forwarding company «Dalk». The paper considers a number of transport companies providing different range of services in the market which are completely identical or slightly different. The author examines such factors as the concentration index, the Herfindahl-Hirschman index of the intensity of competition on the ratio of market shares for the analysis of the market situation.
Statistical factor s using in risk management
The paper considers the problem of evaluating the effectiveness of financial risk
management based on the influence of factors on return on equity. It studies the statistical coefficients to assess the objective conditions of the financial risk.
General Problems of Pedagogy
PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE AS AN INTEGRAL CHARACTERISTIC OF PROFESSIONAL LEVEL OF A TEACHER LOGOPEDIST
An analysis is made of psychological and pedagogical competence of the teacher logopedist as an integral characteristic of professional level of specialist, which is based on the fundamental psychological and pedagogical knowledge and communication skills, manifested in unity with the personal qualities of the teacher. The concepts of "professional competence" and "teaching activities" are specified and the opinions of different authors are analyzed. A structure of psychological and pedagogical competence of the teacher logopedist is disclosed, namely: cognitive, methodological, activity, communicative, motivational-value and personal substructures.
A.U. Dekkusheva, E.A. Makarova
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AS FOUNDATION FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING
Language teaching in the higher professional education system should choose as its goal not simply knowledge and skills acquiring, but also develop students’ abilities to use a foreign language as an instrument of communication in their future professional activity not only for the dialogue of cultures, but also as a means of professional scientific and technical intercourse. Intercultural communication competence is the ultimate goal of foreign languages teaching. It should contribute to Russian educational system integration into European and world intellectual community and promote Russian education graduate’s status at the world market of labour.
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF GENDER CULTURE EDUCATION OF FUTURE FIRE PREVENTION SPECIALISTS
The paper analyzes and systematizes the theoretical and practical approaches of domestic psychologists and educators on organizational and pedagogical conditions of gender culture education of future fire protection specialists. The basic organizational and pedagogical conditions of gender culture education of future fire protection specialists in the conditions of higher education institutions of GSChS of Ukraine are defined.
INCLUSION OF TRAINEES IN ACTUALIZATION OF THE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE AS MEANS OF OPERATIONAL FEEDBACK
The paper discloses the interrelation of the concepts of "pedagogical influence", "pedagogical interaction" and "feedback", as well as the essence of natural relation between the frequency of feedback and learning efficiency. In this regard excursus is made to history of development of training laws. The author describes the role of knowledge and accounting of didactic laws in educational process, the different character of feedback and its main function, as well as the conditions of realization of this function. The actualization of trainee’s knowledge is considered to be the main condition of effective implementation of operational feedback. Intrinsic characteristics of actualization are considered.
M.E. Paatova, E.V. Demkina
SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL REHABILITATION OF DEVIANT TEENAGERS IN THE CONTEXT OF PERSONALLY FOCUSED PARADIGM OF EDUCATION
The paper describes the procedural characteristic of social and pedagogical rehabilitation of deviant teenagers in a context of personally focused paradigm of education. The authors propose a new approach to the organization of social and pedagogical rehabilitation of teenagers with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior in the conditions of special educational institutions.
INTEGRATION OF SCIENCE, EDUCATION, INDUSTRY AND BUSINESS AS A BASIS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REGIONAL SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
This paper discusses the pedagogical conditions for effective integration of science, education, industry and business, as well as promoting and impeding factors affecting the success of its operation as an integrated system. The aim of this study is to investigate mechanisms of improving the regional system of professional education. To achieve this goal the following tasks are solved: to study the current state of science, education, industry and business integration in a regional system of professional education; and to identify the main mechanisms for their successful integration.
THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF THE PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF THE WORLD-VIEW OF STUDENTS BY MEANS OF THE HUMANITIES KNOWLEDGE
This paper presents the current methodological approaches that identify pedagogical conditions providing efficient formation of the world-view of students by means of the humanities knowledge.
F.P. Khakunova, Yu.Yu. Shaverneva
INNOVATIVE STRATEGY OF HIGHER SCHOOL IN THE CONTEXT OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS PSYCHOLOGISTS
The study examines the essential features of innovative activity, innovative personality and innovative thinking. The theoretical and practical training of professional is regarded to be the main strategy of his formation. The authors show the main group of competences, providing purposeful and specially organized effective professional development of students psychologists.
RESTORATION OF TRADITION OF PARISH CHURCH SINGING EDUCATION IN THE POST-SOVIET PERIOD: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
The paper generalizes the results of observations concerning restoration of tradition of church singing education of specialized choral groups in the Post-Soviet time. On the basis of the analysis of the personnel situation which has developed in church choirs in the last quarter of the century, the author substantiates the need of purposeful actions of the regent to form special strong-willed qualities of choristers, necessary for professional self-realization on a choir.
Special Methods and Teaching Technologies
A.M. Sagdatullin, Z.M. Sakhipova, R.R. Khusainova
USE OF SIMULATION AUTOMATION SYSTEMS TO TRAIN THE MODERN QUALIFIED PERSONNEL FOR THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
This paper discusses the use of simulation automation systems in the training of modern qualified personnel for the oil and gas industry. The aim of this work is the adaptation of future specialists to the professional activity through the introduction of information technology in the educational process. To achieve this goal we solve the problem of improving the educational process on the basis of new educational technologies, training methods, technical and information support in the integration of science, education, business and production through the development of software tools for modeling modes of pumping stations and simulation modes of production and injection wells.
F.P. Khakunova, Yu.Yu. Shaverneva
APPLIED ASPECTS OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-EFFICACY OF PRACTICAL PSYCHOLOGISTS
This study presents strategies, approaches and methods of professional and personal development of students psychologists whose own personality serves as basic tools and means of activity. The paper examines the criteria for self-efficacy of practical psychologists (activity, communicative and personal), contributing to the development of notions of a man about his capabilities, potentials and abilities to become productive practical psychologist. Implementation of future activities, conduct and communication, coupled with the certainty that he will be able to realize himself in them and to reach the expected objective and subjective effect, contributes to the development of self-efficacy of students.
Modern Problems of Psychology
THE MAIN STAGES OF DESIGN OF PSYCHO-DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONNAIRE TO ASSESS THE LEVEL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF STUDENTS TO EXTREME SITUATIONS
The paper deals with the basic stages of practical design of psycho-diagnostic techniques, starting with the definition of the number of tasks, specifications of the questionnaire, the percentage weight of content areas, manifestations and design of the test. The author examines the peculiarities of conducting a pilot research, task analysis, the reliability and validity of the test. The author uses factor analysis to present the matrix of correlations between tasks of scale to assess the level of preparedness of students to extreme situations. In conclusion, the paper presents the results of the standardization of the test and data on the internal consistency of the tasks of the questionnaire.
Educational Space of Physical Training and Sports
I.O. Komlev, D.M. Samarskiy
DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE SPORTS EXERCISE MACHINES FOR THE ELITE SPORT AND PHYSICAL REHABILITATION
Existing fitness equipment as a whole does not provide individual kinematics of parts of a body for each athlete and often increases risk of injury. Proposed innovative simulators increase the effectiveness of the training process of elite athletes, amateur athletes and people leading sports lifestyle and reduce risks of injury.
Bagirokov Kh.Z. ,Khut M.R.
Cross-cultural aspect in the bilingual fiction text
This paper examines the way of representation of cross-cultural component in the fiction text of the bilingual language personality. The complex processes related to dynamic development of relevant fragments of a picture of the world are shown to be the result of the cognitive activity of the writer bilingual. The language incorporates results of a combination of activity of the person since a parallel cognitive and culturological picture of the world is created in language consciousness of the bilingual.
Specific features of use of a perceptual metaphor in advertising
This paper discusses how a perceptual metaphor is functioning in advertising and its positive impact on the addressee (consumer). The perceptual metaphor in advertising is used, in the majority of cases, as the metaphorical phrase the cornerstone of which is the adjective. Examples are given to show the use of adjectives in a perceptual metaphor at different levels of perception in advertising. It has been revealed that the nominative discourse possibilities of a perceptual metaphor which is used by advertisers to give a positive assessment to advertised goods are of special interest.
The macro - and micromodels of functioning of a prepositional presubstantive dative case basing on a press material in a genre of «an event note» (1946-1955)
This paper describes eight macromodels and several micromodels of functioning of a prepositional presubstantive dative case in a genre of «an event note» in the German press. Within a time span of 1946-1955, 17 micromodels are used in style of the press in the genre of «an event note». In this genre, the constructions that include a presubstantive dative case are various. Of 17 micromodels which are noted on this cut, only one incorporates two adnominal modifiers. It is inferred that this genre is filled with presubstantive constructions. They are also used in headings. These constructions are lapidary.
Improperly - direct speech: pragmatical aspect
The paper deals with the improperly-direct speech in pragmatical aspect. The pragmatics is investigated as an aspect of semiotics of the improperly-direct speech. The author allocates the following aspects of the improperly-direct speech pragmatical component: emotional - personal, estimated - professional, deep - superficial). It has been established that the emotional - estimated image of the political personality can be created in a newspaper material by means of perception by the recipient of fragments of performances, statements, interview or any other acts of communication, i.e. the so-called improperly-direct speech.
Lingual-culturological features of the translation of proverbs and sayings into the Russian, English and Estonian languages (as shown by the translations of the novel of Jaroslav Hašek «The Fateful Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk During the
The comparative analysis is made of the proverbs and sayings revealed in the translation texts of Jaroslav Hašek’s work “The Fateful Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk During the World War” in the Russian, English and Estonian languages. Semantics of the revealed proverbs and sayings is studied. The language, being part of culture, displays national specifics of an objective picture of the world. It has been established that information coded in language by the author of the translation text, organizes, display of that reality at the reader to which the translator and the reader belong.
Case category of the Rutul language in comparison with the English language
An analysis is made of case category in the Rutul and English languages. In the Rutul language, case meanings reflect wider range of noun relations to other words. In English, this grammatical paradigm demonstrates narrower reflection of case relations. In particular, in the Mukhad dialect we can find three main, two intermediate and twelve locative cases, while in the Khnov dialect of Rutul language there are three main, two intermediate and eight locative cases. In English language, case paradigm contains common and possessive case forms.
Gender suffixes in the English language (based on English lexical units, nominating a person)
The paper is devoted to the study of the gender component of meaning as shown by English nominations of a person, built up by means of gender suffixes. The given suffixes serve to produce feminine nouns. An analysis is made of the practical material to single out and describe the main subject groups. In the course of the research we have established that the gender element was used as an important link for understanding the peculiarities of the linguistic personality.
The structural and functional characteristic of cases of the Post «beyond the reference point» series in the Rutul language
In this paper, we identify the postessive/ postlative and postelative case designing features in the Rutul language. Guided by the factual material we describe the functions of cases of Post «beyond the reference point» series. It has been determined that the cases of the Post series in the Rutul language expand the semantics and design not only the adverbial modifier of place, but the subject and the object of the action, as well as the adverbial modifier of time and the adverbial modifier of manner.
Semantic features of the verbal comparative phraseological units in the Kumyk and English languages
The paper deals with the category of comparative semantics in the verbal phraseological units. In each language, by a way of solid sampling from dictionaries, we have selected about 100 verbal phraseological units. The comparative analysis of the phraseological unit components is made. The problems of structural changes of phraseological units are examined. The study of the comparative semantics helps us to reveal interlingual compliances and distinctions in comparative relations.
Kvashevich (Popovskaya) V.B.
Analysis of concept “definition” in the discourse (logical aspect)
In this paper, we tried to present a naming issue in connection with the functioning of gender stereotypes in the discourse. In the context of speech implementations, understanding of gender stereotypes is formed through the analysis and systematization of namings and classifications, reflecting the diversity of gender stereotypes and their evolution. Discursiveness is expressed in the multi-factor social and cultural reasons of synonymous variability which is observed in the verbalization of one and the same stereotype.
On the legitimacy of the term «totalitarian» linguistics in contemporary research paradigm
The concept of «totalitarian» linguistics is considered. The «totalitarian» linguistics is shown to be an object of several discourses: political and aggressive. The «totalitarian» linguistics is a broad concept, which is implemented in several meanings. It has been found that the «totalitarian» linguistics can be regarded as a term of the linguistic paradigm of «totalitarian», which refers also to the «totalitarian language» and «totalitarian discourse».
Definition of the concepts of «performativity» and «performance» in scientific discourse
The paper discusses various approaches to definition of the concepts of «performativity» and «performance» in linguistics, social sciences and the humanities. An analysis is made of common and distinctive features of these phenomena. The common features are shown to exist: implementation of «the phenomenal event (performing something)», process and «reality creation». Essential distinction between performativity and performance is defined: existence or absence of the intentionally operating subject.
Namitokova R.Yu. ,Shevatlokhova E.D.
Some scientific and informative - educational aspects of new lexicon
The paper discusses the scientific and informative - educational potential put in the neological lexicon. The author sheds light on some aspects of studying new lexicon. Prospects are shown of functioning of new words and, in this regard, word-formation opportunities of the Russian language.
National and cultural specifics of aphorisms in the Russian institutional discourse
This paper examines the aphorism as the author’s individual text, which can accumulate extra-linguistic information. Almost any text can be the object of analysis for the detection of national specific character. The institutional discourse is noted to be a variant of the national discourse continuum. It has been established that sustainable verbal complexes operate in the institutional discourse not in isolation with each other.
Popova L.G. ,Bagronov E.D.
On opportunities of a lexical-semantic explication of a conceptual component of a concept
The paper presents the systematization of the contemporary approaches to studying a verbalization of conceptual component of concepts from positions of lingual culturology. The authors show an opportunity of disclosing a conceptual component of a concept through core lexemes and their synonyms on the basis of dictionaries and texts of different styles. The lexical-semantic representation of a conceptual component of the lingual culturological concept «sincerity» in English is given as an example. A conclusion is made about core and peripheral characteristics of this concept.
Popova L.G. ,Zhilina I.S.
On specific features of the translation of non-native-direct speech from Russian into German (semantic aspect)
The paper examines specific features of interpretation of someone else’s speech, in particular non-native-direct speech, in the contemporary theory of translation. The non-native-direct speech is shown to include substantial and introducing parts. At its translation from Russian into German, the semantic status of this type of someone else’s speech is altered. It has been established that replacement of introducing part causes a change of semantics of its substantial part.
Rybalchenko O.V. ,Pavlovskaya O.E.
Quasiphraseological units in headings of the Kuban print media in light of an axiology
The paper examines quasiphraseological units in headings of the Kuban print media as the means to describe the axiological sphere of the Kuban publicistic discourse. The quasiphraseological units are noted to act as some kind of sociocultural phenomenon since it is possible to characterize attitude and moral guidelines of modern native speakers through their interpretation. It is inferred that research of the Kuban modern publicistic discourse in light of an axiology is promising and interesting both for the purpose of enrichment of knowledge in the field of a paremialogy, and for the description of mentality of the people living in Kuban, their attitude and system of values in the conditions of changing reality.
Functioning of the Russian realities in French (on the basis of the novel of Marc Levy «La première nuit»)
The paper discusses realities reflecting specific national fragments of the Russian language picture of the world in French. Specificity of words realities is noted to consist in features of their plan of the contents. Its essence is defined by uniqueness of the subjects and phenomena designated by them which are characteristic only of the given ethnoculture. It has been established that in a fiction, realities play a great role in creation of local color and in expression of figurativeness and expressivity.
Act of the decision making and execution (an argumentative aspect)
The paper is provided to show the results of the analysis of the practical material representing the argumentative component in the act of the decision making and execution. The conclusion is drawn that nature of relationship between the argumentative component and the act of the decision making and execution is presented by different types of the relations. It is marked at various levels of semiotic space, namely: syntactic, semantic and pragmatical.
Specific features of compatibility and valency properties of verbal phraseological units with the meaning of person’s behavior
An attempt is undertaken to describe the most characteristic types of compatibility of verbal phraseological units in a field of behavior, to reveal dependence of compatibility on semantics of phraseological units and to define possible types of unit valency. Lack of uniform government within the phraseosemantic groups has been revealed. The nature of compatibility of phraseological units in the speech is noted to be subject to dynamics that is expressed in object replacement and in its absence. The unit valency in the speech, except the obligatory one, tends to be expanded or implisitly expressed. It has been established that verbal phraseological units are characterized by a syntactic link of government (both strong and weak).
Onomastics of rose varieties
The paper examines onomastics of modern rose varities. The principles are shown according to which the rose receives the name, ways of the nomination and metaphorical names. Metaphorical names, as a rule, have expressional character, giving the additional emotional characteristic to the name in the form of the hidden comparison.
Shkhapatseva M. Kh. ,Pazova L.M.
On a lexical meaning of the word
The paper discloses the depth and multicity of aspects of lexical meaning of the word as a lexicon phenomenon, as well as sheds light on types of lexical meanings of words and gives their characteristics. The lexical meaning of the word is related to concept, is specified and concretized as a part of the phrase and sentence. It has been established that information on a lexical meaning of the word, put in the text by the authors, does not remain invariable. It is characteristic of every period of lexicon development.
Folklore and literary interrelations in W. Irving’s prose as an element of its literary and esthetic concept
The paper discusses features of a folklorizm in various prosaic works of Washington Irving and the main tendencies and motives of folklore and literary interaction in his books. An analysis is made of diverse elements of genres, motives, folklore images of people of the world in W. Irving’s creativity as a factor of dialogue of cultures. The conclusion is drawn that folklore tradition is efficient in works of the American writer.
Problem of the personality in M.A. Tarkovsky’s stories
The problem of the personality in M.A. Tarkovsky’s creativity is examined by using the analysis of stories «Ice Drift» and «From Height». The type of the heroes’ personality in these works is defined. Comprehension of the concept of the personality is possible only through consideration of its typology. The hero of the work is referred to a particular personality type on the basis of his value system. It is inferred that along with two other types of the personality – egocentric and ambivalent, a pattern is Christian as is an ideal of the Russian literature.
Typological features of the Adyghean sketch prose in the early 21st century (the short review)
The paper examines the dynamics of a sketch in the Adyghean modern literature of the last decade. The portrait, problem and traveling sketches are allocated in the problem and thematic aspect of a genre. The carried-out review of the sketch works of the last decade allowed the author to reveal the genre, structural and style features of the Adyghean sketch prose, its ideological, thematic and structural - style variety. It is inferred that architectonic varieties prevail in the Adyghean sketch literature: sketch article, sketch story, sketch book and collection of sketches.
Gubashiyeva E.M. ,Zhilova A.Kh.
On romanticism and realism correlation in Khassan Tkhazeplov’s works
The paper deals with the romanticism and realism correlation acquiring a serious scientific interest in research of a phenomenon of national literatures of the North Caucasus. Similarly to romantic heroes of the Russian literature, the romantic personality in national literature gets the tragic shade. Any touch of the lyrical hero to the world is conflict and even disastrous for him. At the same time the poet strives for the concrete representation of the social environment and a life of the individual person. It is inferred that national poetry asserts such spiritual and moral values as the love for the country and to the people. Lines of romanticism and realism in it are connected in organic unity.
Panesh S.R. ,Kerasheva F.N.
Sociohistorical factors in poems of Safer Yakhutl on the theme of war
An analysis is made of the problem, style and genre-structural lines of poems on the theme of war in the Adyghean literature. It is shown that the reasonable use of the document, its masterful inclusion in a plot and psychological display of the front reality allows the author to make sense of the heroic character of war heroes more profoundly. It is established that the theme of courageous fight of the people was implemented through a plot and difficult destinies of the main characters.
Transcendental heroes in image system of the novel «Wine of Dead» of the Adyghean writer N. Kuyek
The paper explores the image system of the novel «Wine of Dead» by N. Kuyek. The through heroes with immortality and staying on the verge of the real and unreal worlds are allocated in a mythic-poetic context of the novel. The archetypical features of the main characters and degree of their mythologization are revealed. The conclusion is drawn that these images are conceptual for realization of the author’s idea and achievement of structural-semantic integrity of the fiction text.
The nature as a concept of spiritual and moral attitude in North Caucasian prose
The paper examines the different types and functions of landscape in North Caucasian prose. Nature mythemes are analyzed. Landscape sketches are shown to carry out various emotional, social and psychological functions. It is established that this subject takes a worthy place in literatures and each work differs in the unique relation to the nature and transfers related proximity to it.
Semenova R.E. ,Semenova R.E.
Nature of the Caucasus as concept of fiction and moral attitude of the Russian writers
The paper examines the motives and images of the Caucasian nature and the world and their conceptual role in the Russian prose. The authors show the principles of depiction of pictures of the nature as object of moral experiences of the person and means of disclosure of his inner world. The analysis of texts gives the chance to make sense of poetic models, to understand the trans-cultural and global processes touching all aspects both of Russian and national life and to define that they inevitably affect ideology and metapoetics of writers. This, in turn, generates new meanings and new art forms of creativity.
Personal freedom in the Russian and North Caucasian prose: modern vision
The paper discusses reflection of traditions in art creativity. The author shows the continuity process, as well as ways of a reconstruction of a national picture of the world and national character. It is noted that research of «freedom» concept gives an opportunity to reveal the most diverse relationships of language with thinking and spiritual culture. It is inferred that comparison of works of writers with different esthetic systems discloses social, moral and spiritual proximity of searches.
Expression of an open author’s position in judgment of the priority principles of the Chechen national character (as shown by journalistic works of Musa Akhmadov)
The paper sheds light on features of expression of an open author’s position on the basis of journalistic works of Musa Akhmadov. An analysis is made of the basic principles of the Chechen national character and types of their embodiment in the text as ways of a reconstruction of a national picture of the world. The journalistic methods serve the purpose of actualization of traditional ethics and culture material. It is inferred that the journalistic component is the most demanded at the crisis moments of national history.
Nature ethnopoetics in the Karachay and Balkar literatures
The paper explores the motives, images of the nature and concepts. Their functional role in national literatures is analyzed. The ethnopoetics is investigated. Features of the representation of the nature are revealed. Their relationship with mythological ideas of the people is traced. It is established that natural constants bring national spirit, color and figurativeness in poetics of authors.
The memoirs literature: synthesis of memoirs and autobiographical constituents
The article is devoted to the study of the peculiar features of the memoirs literature. The author of the article establishes that, on the one hand, the memoirs literature has the main features of the documentary literature, such as documentary basis of works, accurate image, retrospection, etc; and on the other hand, it has own peculiar traits, such as subjectivism, reliance on the autobiographical memory, etc. The different degree of correlation of the memoirs and autobiographical constituents is one of the principal traits of this kind of the self-writing.
Originality of the national poems («pshchynatl») and their influence on formation of literary poems - fairy tales
An analysis is made of ideologically - art features of large poetic works of the Adyghean national poetry which has received the name «pshchynal» («pshchynatl»). The author investigates national fairy tales and poems, plots, motives, subjects, ideas and images of the fantastic epos, as well as the poetics of national poems. It is established that the poem - fairy tale enriched literature with plots, characters of heroes, ideas, means of art expressiveness, a figurative and language palette, the national expressions and the rich imagination of subject lines in the representation of feats of heroes.
Mythical image of the Isp in the Nart’s epos of Adyghes
The paper sheds light on the Isps, one of the mythical images of «Nartkher», the heroic epos of the Adyghe people. Isps are undersized people, possessing sufficient courage, force and bravery. Along with giants Isps are perceived by tradition carriers as the first human beings and inhabitants of the territory occupied by them. Functions of giants and dwarfs as «cultural heroes» are not limited by creation of the first people. They are also the first owners of some subjects of culture. It is inferred that in a context of an ethno-mental worldview, representations about the Isps are important in research not only of the Adyghe «Nartkher», but also of the whole Caucasus.
Chernyavskaya I.V., Tolstikova T.N., Ednich E.M., Kuasheva D.A.
Cultivars of Thuja L. genus in the Botanical Garden of the Adyghe state university
The paper shows the results of introduction testing of cultivars of Thuja genus in the Botanical garden of Adyghe State University. Emphasis is placed on the water regime of plants as a measure of ecological species plasticity. The seasonal dynamics of the tissue water-holding capacity of different garden forms of arborvitae in the botanical garden of Adyghe State University is shown. Maximum spring water loss and more stable autumn-winter performance of the water regime, with a high water-holding capacity of tissues, are identified. On the basis of physiological studies of cultivars of Thuja genus, as well as proceeding from the biological characteris-tics, their prospects are evaluated.
Anokhina E.N., Tuguz A.R., Rudenko K.A., Muzhenya D.V.
Association of IL-4 and IL-2 gene polymorphisms with the malignant growths of female reproductive organs
Frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the promotor regions of the IL-4 (C589T; rs2243250) and IL-2 (T330G; rs2069762) cytokine genes are typified for malignant growths of female reproduc-tive organs (a mammary gland, a body and a uterus neck) using an allele-specific primers (NPO Litex, Moscow) at inhabitants of the Adyghea Republic. No interethnic distinctions in distribution of alleles and IL-2 and IL-4 genotypes at the Adyghes (n=39) and Russians (n=65) were detected. The oncological patients unlike donors show the authentically (Ρ≤0,05; χ2=10,96) increased frequencies of 589T of alleles and TT of genotypes of the main anti-inflammatory IL-4 cytokine. Depending on histotypes and organ localization of new growths of female reproductive organs, no statistically significant differences in distribution of SNP of IL-2 and IL-4 genes were found. 589T IL-4 allele is associated with a tumoral progression. The availability of 589T (IL-4) and T330 (IL-2) of alleles is interfaced to fast progressing of neoplasia of female reproductive organs.
Shkvirina O.I., Trokhimchuk L.F., Khasanova N.N., Mesheryuk Yu.V., Lineva T.A.
Dynamics of a functional condition of an organism of 12-13 year-old juveniles as a criterion for adaptation to the educational environment
The integrated approach to research of a functional condition of juveniles' organisms during the aca-demic year was used to estimate functional reserves of cardiorespiratory system, the character and the amount of physiological expenditures in school students' adaptation. Sexual differencies in adaptative abilities of I2-I3 year-old students' organisms were revealed. The processes of development and the adaptative changes in 12-13 year-old girls' organisms are shown to be more energy – consumptive than those of boys of their age.
Rudenko K.A., Tuguz A.R., Anokhina E.N., Muzhenya D.V.
Toll-like receptor gene polymorphisms, associated with a hereditary history and age of bronchial asthma manifestation
As a result of study of association of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of Toll-like receptor genes of membrane TLR4 (missens-mutations of Asp299Gly; rs4986790 and Thr399Ile; rs4986790) and intra-cellular TLR9 (A2848G; rs352140 – nucleotide replacements in the coding region of a gene) with bronchial asthma depending on age of manifestation and hereditary history, statistically significant differences in frequen-cies of SNP genotypes of an intracellular TLR9 gene are revealed between donors and patients. For A2848/2848G of the polymorphisms located in the coding region of an intracellular TLR9 gene, the association is detected of pathological homozygous (G2848/2848G or GG) genotype with non-hereditary form of bronchial asthma (χ2=3.62; OR=3.03) and mature age of an illness manifestation (χ2=4.69; OR=5.19). At inhabitants of the Adyghea Republic, of three most often registered genotypes of studied SNP TLR4 and TLR9
(AspAsp/ThrThr/AA, AspAsp/ThrThr/AG, AspAsp/ThrThr/GG), the increased risk of development of bronchial asthma at mature age is connected with the combined availability of AspAsp/ThrThr/GG.
Tsikunib A.D., Kaytmesova S.R., Ezlyu F.N.
Obesity and insulin independent diabetes morbidity among different age groups of the Adyghea Republic population
An analysis is made of obesity and type 2 diabetes morbidity among different age groups of the Adyghea Republic population during 2001 through 2012. Risk groups are identified. The territory of the Republic is ranked by the morbidity level of the mentioned nosologies for 2012.
The role of DNA methylation in carcinogenesis
The origin and development of the tumor is accompanied by serious violations in the nature of DNA me-thylation. Frequently, the total DNA hypomethylation in malignant cells is combined with local hypermethyla-tion, which causes the genomic instability. Of great importance in tumor progression are also violations in the normal regulation of methyltransferases DNMT1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b. Changes in DNA methylation are the potentially sensitive molecular markers to determine the risk of tumor development, to carry out early diagnosis and to develop measures to prevent the development of malignant processes.
Shumilov D.S., Tuguz A.R., Ashkanova T.M. , Smolkov I.V. ,Muzhenya D.V. , Anokhina E.N., Tatarkova E.A., Rudenko K.A.
AGT and AGT2R1 gene polymorphisms associated with coronary atherosclerosis in ethnic groups of the Adyghea Republic
Distribution of M235/235T polymorphisms of AGT gene and A1166C gene polymorphisms of AGT2R1 is investigated by SNP-method (single nucleotide polymorphism) in ethnic groups (Russian and Adygheans) of the Adyghea Republic: donors and patients with different types of cardiovascular disease. The most common 1166C «mutant» allele of vascular angiotensin receptor of type I-2 (AGT2RI) is associated with the risk of coronary atherosclerosis in Adygheans ethnic group (P<0,05; OR=2,77). M235T angiotensinogen gene polymorphisms (AGT) for the Adyghea Republic residents are not prognostically significant.
Doronina N.V., Kagazezheva N.Kh., Kolomiytseva N.S.
Gender and age differences in mobility of coxofemoral joint at school students of the first-sixth classes
The conducted pilot research, in which pupils of the first-sixth classes of comprehensive schools of the city of Maikop (Republic of Adyghea) and the city of Sochi (Krasnodar Region) took part, focused upon detec-tion of sexual features of age dynamics of mobility in a coxofemoral joint.
Smolkov I.V., Tuguz A.R., Ashkanova T.M., Shumilov D.S., Muzhenya D.V., Anokhina E.N., Rudenko K.A., Tatarkova E.A.
Allelic polymorphisms in the genes IL-17A and MTHFR associated with peripheral atherosclerosis in ethnic groups of the population of the Republic of Adygea
Frequency distribution G197A gene polymorphisms in the IL-17A and Ala222Val SNP MTHFR gene in samples of genomic DNA donors and patients with clinical manifestations of peripheral atherosclerosis investi-gated SNP-method (single nucleotide polymorphism), ethnic groups (russian and adyghe) of the Republic of Adygea: donors and patients with cardiovascular disease. With the risk of peripheral atherosclerosis (P<0,05; χ2=7,158) is associated to a «normal» G197 allele IL-17A. When cardiovascular disease Ala222Val SNP MTHFR gene residents of the Republic of Adygea does not have prognostic value.
Tuguz F.V., Tuova T.G.
Geographical features of cancer morbidity distribution in the Adyghea Republic
An analysis is made of geographical distribution of cancer morbidity among the population of the cities and districts of the Adyghea Republic. Maps of spatial distribution of cancer morbidity at the territory under study are constructed. The significance of anthropogenic factors in structure of cancer morbidity is shown.
Localization of agro-industrial systems of the Adyghea Republic
The paper deals with the development of integrated economic relations in the agriculture of the Adyghea Republic which is characterized by multiplicity of branches within the unsettled market. The author suggests some steps for raising the economic effectiveness of the agriculture in the area.
Tendencies and development of territorial social and economic systems of Russia (as shown by the Adyghea Republic)
An analysis is made of the present condition of social and economic capacity of the region, the developed and possible directions of its development in a context of macroeconomic tendencies of long-term economic de-velopment. Proceeding from features of modern economic growth, the main problems and risks of development of social and economic spheres of the region and consequences of their structural changes are estimated. The paper deals with the research of a problem range of development and realization of strategy of social and eco-nomic development of the subsidized region. The assessment is given of the main indicators of social and eco-nomic development of the region in the medium-term period. The directions of development of strategy of effec-tive development which consider need of the solution of the revealed problems, as well as possibilities of activi-zation of competitive advantages available in the region and growth sources are formulated.
Kozlov V.A. ,Palandzhyants L.Zh.
On a curvilinear multiplicative integral
The paper proposes a method for calculating the curvilinear integral of the matrix multiplicative func-tions of arbitrary order. Integration is carried out along the plane of the rectangle using the integral representa-tion of the corresponding ordinary multiplicative integral and expansion of the integrands of matrix functions in powers of independent variables.
On a bifurcation of thee-dimensional piecewise smooth vector fields
We consider a bifurcation under which the closed orbit belonging to the surface of sliding motions re-ceives an arc outside of this surface.
Nagoev A.V. ,Blyagoz Z.U. ,Teshev V.A. ,Shelekhova L.V.
Cost management model of the enterprise, presented as a problem with Boolean variables
The paper deals with the modified algorithm of optimization of MTR redistribution, similar to the method of implicit search. Increase in speed of the algorithm is achieved by constructing a sequence of solutions with undiminishing sequence of values of the objective function.
On finite spectra of full and vector frequencies of linear two-dimensional differential periodic system
The paper shows that there is no number limiting from above a cardinal number of essential (both metri-cally and topologically) values of full and vector frequencies of any linear two-dimensional differential system with periodic coefficients.
Bobylev Yu.V. ,Panin V.A.
On the influence of initial modulation of a nonrelativistic electron beam on nonlinear dynamics of tree-wave processes, developing in the regime of the collective Cherenkov effect
The original analytical methods were used to analyze the influence of initial modulation of the electron beam on the dynamics of tree-wave processes in the regime of the collective Cherenkov effect. It is inferred that the initial value of the beam modulation does not affect amplitude of wave saturation, whereas the time of the volatility stabilizing is strongly reduced with increasing depth of modulation.
Mechanisms of value system creation in youth mass media
The paper discusses the creation of value system in regional youth mass media. The youth prefers the Internet and TV which often propagandize cruelty, violence and platitude. The local press is shown to have higher circulations unlike the central mass media. It propagandizes traditional values. The author proposes to create youth supplements in regional and city newspapers, as well as schools for young reporters.
Reader’s address of the periodic printing edition as category of culture
The category of the reader’s address is examined as the culturally-based characteristic of the periodic printing edition. Correlation of the given category with concepts of the implicit reader, the prototypical language and the lingua-cultural personality is traced. The conclusion is drawn that the reader’s address, as the generalized image of the culture carrier, imparts the special characteristics related to dominant installations of society to the media text.
Prais-Harding N.Yu. ,Beshukova F.B.
Role of Russian-English newspapers in political and spiritual life of the Russian diaspora in Great Britain
The paper discusses functioning of printing editions of the Russian first wave diaspora in Great Britain. An analysis is made of peculiar features of newspapers and magazines, in particular typological and content features, as well as the language of edition. The role of the press of the Russian diaspora in political and cultural life of emigrants is shown. Basic researches are attracted. Their critical elucidation allowed the author to make a number of specifications. The author uses the original archival documents of library of the Cambridge University to substantiate the observations and to draw conclusions.
Study of Arts
Genre features and concept of the oratorio of C. Franck «Les Beatitudes»
For the first time in a musicology, lines of multi-genre character of Franck’s writing are depicted as process of interaction of a number of sacral and secular genres. The author examines the features of formation of inter-text within the libretto, multilevel substantial layers of the oratorio and its spatial-temporal and composite organization. Polar intonation and thematic spheres are differentiated. Semantics of the leitmotifs is revealed. Presence of the concept of the Christian tragedy at each part of the composition and on the scale of an art ensemble is shown.
Avanesova T.P., Yazov D.V., Melanich A.V.
Reduction of influence of human factor at vessels’ safe passing in the sea: way of the problem solution
This paper describes the solution of problem of the human factor influence reduction during vessels safe passing at sea. The proposed model based on the neural networks assists to minimize accidents at sea.
Interpretation of structure of forest vegetation in conditions of mid-mountain relief
A map of species structure of forest vegetation is made on the basis of the Earth’s remote sensing data of high resolution. A river basin of Big Sakhray is taken as an example to develop a technique of a partial solution of interpretation of the mountain territories, connected with uneven illumination of slopes of various expositions.
Korzhakov A.V., Korzhakova S.A.
Methods of parameter calculation of the acoustic magnetic device for liquid processing
The paper presents a method of calculation of specifications for the acoustic magnetic device optimizing the water preparation for hydroponic installations, intended for cultivation of plants without soil, using artificial nutritious solutions. The proposed technique allows us to design devices of various sizes and types needed for various capacities. The following specifications of the acoustic magnetic device are examined: working fre-quency, overall dimensions of a magnetostriction radiator, as well as characteristics of elements of electric and mechanical chains of a magnetostriction radiator.