Analytical tradition: searches for perfect language
The paper is devoted to the analysis of searches for perfect language within the limits of analytical philosophy. The authors examine basic stages of a classical paradigm of the language research, put by Ferdinand de Saussure, as well as stages of development of analytical philosophy and its main currents. The work provides in detail the points of view of the most important representatives of analytical philosophy.
Correlation of religious and scientific knowledge
The paper reinterprets principles of a correlation of scientific and religious knowledge. On the basis of the analysis of the domestic and foreign literature on a correlation of religious and scientific consciousness, the author notices that a lot of disputable and unresolved questions remain in researches of this problem. Nevertheless, studies of mutual relation of a science and religion within the limits of a nonclassical science allow the author to draw a conclusion on possibility of dialogue between a science and religion in modern conditions.
Historical consciousness: features of formation and objectivation
An analysis is made of the content of historical consciousness in a context of its influence on social practice. The purpose of this paper is to find out opportunities of overcoming aberrations of historical memory and to actualize those components which are capable to provide forward development of a society on the basis of historically approved sociocultural models.
Legal hermeneutics as a science division on understanding
The paper is devoted to elucidation of a legal hermeneutics. Genesis of a legal hermeneutics as a science division on understanding is investigated. In studying distinctive properties of a legal hermeneutics, the comparative analysis with definition of a classical hermeneutics is carried out. The general definition of the term “understanding” is given.
Argot as a text version
This paper discusses a question of existence and examination of slang as a text within the limits of the language. The purpose of the paper is a regular analysis of the text as an object of research: revealing the layers forming a modern language field and accordingly complicating it, a consequence of which is the origin of diverse text forms. The most important method of jargon study is its hermeneutic analysis as a text.
Freedom as the necessary form of existence (M.K. Mamardashvili’s philosophy)
The paper discusses M.K. Mamardashvili’s idea that freedom is always an improbably difficult effort which each person should make in the life. Freedom is complex, it is always related to a choice, to an effort and to decision-making. The purpose of the work is to analyze a problem of freedom in M.Mamardashvili’s philosophy. A method of research is a hermeneutic reflection.
Pedagogical question: from rules to art
The paper discusses the basic logic conditions of putting pedagogical questions in cognitive activity. The author defines their developing potential by using a system of sayings of great philosophers in the interrogative form. The aim of the research is disclosing interrelations between pedagogical questioning art and creative and developing component of pupils’ activity.
Military virtue in theoretical wars
An analysis is made of display of military virtue in the war of new generation – the theoretical war. To achieve victory in theoretical war in the conditions of globalization the domestic philosophers must create the theoretical foundations based on standards of naturalness, generated at ancient times.
The economic projects adequate to metaphysical type of economic thinking
The paper describes the philosophical and methodological foundations of economic thinking of the metaphysical type. The author proves that this type of thinking determines the formation of market and planned economic projects.
On history of the English trading company of Merchant Adventurers
During a transitive epoch from the Middle Ages to New time the trading company of Merchant Adventurers occupied the outstanding position in economic, financial and internal political life, as well as in foreign policy of England. Despite importance and uniqueness of the company, full and regular research of its history in the European historiography is not present till now. In this work, the author proposes the general analytical review of history of the company, constructed on the basis of materials of the sources which are available today at the disposal of historians.
The purposes, principles and system of training professionals with higher education in the countries with the developed market economy
An analysis is made of the main objectives, base principles and system of training professionals with higher education in the industrially-developed countries. Research of this issue is especially important in a context of total transition of the Russian higher school to two-level system of higher education.
The reasons of deportation of Armenians by the Young Turk regime in days of the First World War
The paper discusses the reasons of deportation of Armenians by the Young Turk regime in days of the First World War. The work discloses the political, social, economic and religious factors which have affected the policy of the Ottoman authorities concerning Armenians.
Artistic intelligentsia in the Khrushchev period: structure and social position (based on Leningrad data)
The paper investigates Leningrad branches of creative unions, which united the artistic intelligentsia in its ranks. On the basis of archival documents the numerical, age-related and party structure of intelligentsia is defined, the social position of this group is examined.
Activity of provincial merchants of the Volga region belonging to zemstvo institutions in the middle of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century
Public activity of merchants, except charity and service in local governments, has involved also a zemstvo. In the post-reform period, the structure of zemstvo institutions has changed in favor of merchant class. This work shows the results of activity of merchant class in zemstvo institutions for advantage not only of trade and the industry, but also for the blessing of Russia.
On history of mutual relations between the party-state control bodies of All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks and the law and order bodies in the late 1920s through the beginning of 1930s
The origin of the Soviet model of statehood and its institutes, as well as their subsequent evolution is one of the key problems of a domestic historiography. Despite long working out, it keeps the urgency until now. This work addresses one of the basic and still poor studied aspects of the Soviet political and social history – the party-state control of bodies of the law and order.
Development of capitalist relations in agriculture in the Northwest Caucasus (the late 1860s – 1890s)
This work examines the development of capitalist relations in the Northwest Caucasus after the termination of the Caucasian War, serfdom cancellation in Russia and agrarian reform implemented in this region.
Features of the foundation and social and economic development of villages of Maikop Department in the Kuban region
This work examines the military-Cossack colonization of the Northwest Caucasus as the basic tool of realization of the Caucasian policy by the Russian government in the conditions of the Caucasian War. The author analyzes features of the foundation and social and economic development of Maikop Department of the Kuban region, underlining domination of reasons of military expediency over economic advantages of a site of new villages.
The development of modern theatre arts in Turkey
This work discusses the emergence and development of theatre arts in Turkey, it gradual formation and transformation into a theatrical skill and art which we are accustomed to seeing. The author undertakes an attempt to consider the original form of theatre, its participants, scope of activity, genres and the influence of theatre on the Turkish citizens, on the government and on the Turkish art in its broadest sense.
“An image of the enemy” in memoirs of Russian officers, participating in the Caucasian War of the 19th century
In this work, an analysis is made of the character of perception of the enemy by the Russian officers participating in the Caucasian War of the 19th century. The basic criteria for this are moral, religious and civilizational, as well as the evolution of views and specific features (romanticizing the enemy, loans and becoming “related” with him).
T.I. Afasizhev, M.A. Shenkao
Sociocultural imperatives of Adyghe-Abkhazian and Abasin table etiquette
The paper examines various forms of toasts from the time of Nart epos until present days. Culture of a dialogue at the banquet table is shown. It is emphasized that a moral code of ethics of the Abkhasian people and the Adyghe etiquette formed a style of thinking and behavior of the people of the Western Caucasus.
Sociocultural process: a condition, features and interaction factors
The paper examines the concepts of “process” and “sociocultural process” in a context of a philosophical-sociological heritage. The author considers the essence and forms of the sociocultural process, its integrity and the social organization.
Factors and the reasons of migratory process in the Stavropol Territory
This work discusses problems of migration and integration of the compelled immigrants. Factors and the reasons of migratory process in the Stavropol Territory are considered. It also identifies the factors and reasons of migration in the Stavropol territory and influence of dispersal movements on settling, structure, population reproduction etc.
Culture of health in system of a healthy way of life at students with the weakened health
This work discusses the importance of formation of health culture for preventive maintenance of a healthy way of life among students. Special attention is given to students with the weakened health. The paper provides also data of sociological poll of students.
Ethnogender features of family-marriage relations in Adygheya Republic
Ethnogender aspects of family-marriage, personal and economic relations of the title population in Adygheya Republic are analyzed. The author describes the features of gender hierarchy in a family revealed during sociological research, gender division of house work, display of ethnic traditions and etiquette norms in the course of formation of a family and interpersonal interaction.
Intellectual property in sociocultural space of an information society: problems and prospects
The paper examines the issues of development of the information society, related to the current legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of the copyright, and creation of the uniform educational-scientific information environment.
Cultural-identification processes of ethnic minorities in the multiethnic region
The paper discusses the cultural-identification processes of ethnic minorities in the region of the North Caucasus in terms of a postnonclassical paradigm, tendencies in transformation of ethnic identity of minorities in the Adygheya Republic and the level of ethnic affiliation. The obtained results correspond to various types of sociocultural adaptation of minorities in the multiethnic society.
A self-reflexion of organizational culture (a sociological case-study)
The paper deals with the features of organizational culture of municipal cultural institutions in terms of the altered economical, political and social conditions of their existence. The author addresses the results of the sociological investigation devoted to the comprehension of mission and prospects of organization development by the involved agents, their estimation of positive and negative aspects of the activity and active position of their own.
Cognitive measurement of legal consciousness in generational cohorts of the Adygheya Republic inhabitants
The paper provides an analysis of the condition of legal consciousness in various socially-demographic groups of citizens of Adygheya Republic, belonging to various generations. The author describes the dependence of character of sense of justice revealed during sociological research on the degree of expressiveness of subordination or participation types of value orientations and on cognitive installations at three generational cohorts, the socialization of which has taken place in the Soviet, reorganization and modern stages of development of the Russian society.
The childhood status in a modern research paradigm
The paper discusses the characterologic features of various types of culture. The author shows the defining for the socialization determining qualities, as well as the role and significance of process of socialization in all types of a society. The work provides also an analysis of the existing research paradigms forming scientific potential on the problems related to the modern status of the childhood.
The sociological definition of territorial clusters
The paper discusses the sociological problems of the analysis of territorial clusters. The task of the research is to give a sociological definition of territorial clusters. The author offers a definition of territorial clusters on the basis of the approach by R. Collins.
Methodological approaches in research of a phenomenon of corruption: a sociocultural aspect
This paper addresses the research of sociocultural determinants of the phenomenon of corruption, the problems related to stability of corruption models of behavior in a modern Russian society and the phenomenon of legitimation of corruption behavior in mentality of the Russian citizens.
Ways of increasing legal culture of the Russian society
With a view of creation of the harmonous, interconnected system of legal education and teaching citizens of the Russian Federation including state structures, mass media and public associations, ways of increasing legal culture of the Russian society are suggested.
Legal culture of youth as an object of sociological research
In the paper, on the basis of materials of the conducted research, the author analyzes the level of legal culture of youth in new social conditions and defines the value factors influencing it. The legal culture of the person reflects character and degree of legal development of the person based on advantages of positive sense of justice, realized in active creative legal activity. The legal culture of the person acts as a value core of public legal culture. The legal culture reflects objective requirements for perfection of social management and obligatory mechanisms of realization of interests of a civil society and helps to make them a means of estimating a conformity of standards of behavior to norms of the right.
Role of stereotypes in designing and functioning of gender identity: theoretical aspect
In this article, we tried to make an analysis of the discourse of gender stereotypes as the universal mechanisms of gender practices in the works of the domestic scholars. The role, place and method of functioning of the gender stereotypes and their structure and the means of their application within the framework of various theoretical approaches are considered. We tried to demonstrate the importance of gender stereotypes in the formation of person identity and their role in the socialization of an individual. Also this work highlights the reasons why the topicality of the problem is increasing within social and cultural transformation of the Russian society.
Sociocultural adaptation of children with the limited possibilities
The paper is devoted to the analysis of sociocultural adaptation of children with the limited possibilities. Children-invalids belong to a most socially unprotected category of the population. In this connection the author suggests to lift the social status of the invalid, to raise his material independence and to develop technologies of his social adaptation.
The state contract in Russia: problems related to the institute development
In this paper, the author analyzes a way of formation of the institute of state contract in Russia and compares positions of the statutory acts operating in the previous historical stages with the modern legislation.
The phenomenon of traditional law (adat) and Mohammedan law (shariath) in the North Caucasus
The goal of the research is to consider the unique phenomenon of traditional law in the North Caucasus. The tasks of the research are to represent the historical progress; to analyze the dynamism of shariath and adat in the region; to define the position of traditional law institutes for today. Adat and shariath are the integral part of the social, political and cultural life of the nations in the North Caucasus. A lot of points of the law are topical in the 21st century being the factor of the law order, guarantee of political and social stability in the region.
Topical problems of counteraction to corruption in public service system
The attention of the government and institutes of a civil society to a corruption issue in system of public service is caused by that recently the corruption of civil officers has got global character.
The different elements of criminal characteristics of crimes against health of the population and the public morals, made by the persons having mental frustration, not excluding insanity
The paper provides the materials on decision of theoretical problems in investigation of criminal cases. The issues of studying reasons and factors, which lead to disharmonious formation of personality, taking into account inherent or after-acquired anomaly of mental development, are designated. It is inferred that only in the presence of the certain reasons the persons having mental frustration, not excluding insanity, can have deformed perception of public values and an individual pathological sight at rules and norms of morals. In investigationg the criminal cases related to crimes against health of the population and public morals, made by the persons having mental frustration, not excluding insanity, the investigatory body should give special attention to research of motive, the purpose, circumstances of commission of crime by the person having anomalies in mentality.
Problems of formation and application of institute of the pre-judicial cooperation agreement in the Russian Federation
The emergence of chapter 40.1 in Criminal Law Code of the Russian Federation “The Special order of acceptance of the judgement at the conclusion of the pre-judicial cooperation agreement”, as the analysis shows, is caused by public interest, namely: necessity to provide fast and full disclosing of crimes. As a result of research of the problems related to special order of acceptance of the judgement at the conclusion of the pre-judicial cooperation agreement, the author believes necessary to improve the legislation and to exclude an ambiguity in interpretation of the rules of the law.
Culture-forming potential and the sociocultural nature of language: the peculiarities of ethnosemantical interpretation
The paper is focused on the problem of the development of modern society which is regarded as the process of interaction of different cultures. The author analyzes and interprets the ethnocultural peculiarities of language.
Sociopolitical factors of journalism functioning in a political system of society
The paper discusses features of functioning of mass media in a political system of society, the journalism role in management of public life, institutional indicators and functions of the press, television and broadcasting. Special attention is given to regional aspects in activity of printing and electronic mass media.
Geopolitical construction of a modern world order
The paper provides an analysis of the geopolitical world order expressed in the organization of geographical space and the government. The geopolitical vision of the world is presented in the form of theoretical constructs, geopolitical theories and doctrines. The author studies the geopolitical perception of the world in the form of geopolitical outlook and orientation, basing on formation of geopolitical identity.
Opportunities of using a foreign experience in formation of e-government in Russia
The experience in e-government formation in foreign countries is analyzed proceeding from the main worldwide tendencies in IT development. In terms of the sociological approach to e-government application, the author shows successful practice of foreign countries, as well as the opportunities of foreign experience application for e-government formation in Russia.
The reasons and forms of display of youth extremism on the national basis
The present paper examines the questions related to an ethnic animosity and interethnic intensity. The important place in questions of international and interreligious interaction is occupied by youth as a group of the population most susceptible to international relations. Using the Karachaevo-Circassian Republic as an example, the analysis is made of data on extremist and terrorist activity. The regular analysis of the information on such crimes will allow people to estimate real threats reliably, as well as to avoid large acts of terrorism in relation to the civilian population.
System of crediting small business enterprises
The research focuses upon the topical issues of functioning of the credit system in Russia and its role in supporting and developing small business. The author developed an original system of crediting small businesses, taking into account the specific principles of credit, and features of financial and economic activities of small business enterprises. The author's interpretation of the concept of crediting small entrepreneurship is formulated, and the structure of its system-forming elements is substantiated. Key areas of further development of the infrastructure of the state support of small businesses with new participants and mediators are proposed.
Competitive advantages and strategy of transnational banks
The paper discusses quantitative and qualitative characteristics of transnational banks, their competitive advantages, competitive strategies and the influence of transnational banks on the world system.
Financial strategy of the insurance company
The paper deals with the methodological approach to the concept of financial strategy of the insurance company in modern conditions. The model of investment strategy of the insurance company is proposed. On the basis of the solution of optimization task with the use of forecasting parameters, with a view of optimum distribution between tools of investment, the structure of an investment portfolio is developed in order to reach the maximal profitableness and to preserve a comprehensible risk level. The considered project of perfection of financial strategy will allow increasing collections of insurance premiums and lowering payments and charges of the company. This will finally result in increase of profitableness of the company and in achievement of the designated basic strategic purpose – increase in a share of the company in the market.
R.R. Avanesova, F.I. Ragimov
The role of regional specificities in development of agro-industrial sector of economy in the Adygheya Republic
This paper addresses a number of unexplored aspects related to a study of regional specificities as a factor of the development of agro-industrial complex in problematic regions of the country, especially in the Southern macro-region. Here this dependence is manifested most prominently in the post-crisis conditions. Particular attention is paid to regional specificities of the Adygheya Republic, which stimulate and inhibit the development of agro-industrial sector of its economy.
Rural development: a view from the future into the present
The paper examines the approaches to city and village convergence, the processes of anti-integration, disintegration, and specific integration of urban and rural areas, caused by to both old and new tendencies. The author identifies contradictory processes, which have exacerbated the problems between cities and villages. The content of the concept of “rural development” is defined and the significance of factors affecting rural development, which has a local character, are investigated.
A.A. Ermolenko, S.A. Chernyavskaya
The method of formation of regional food subsystem
The paper proposes a new approach to system organization of location of the regional food business, namely: realization of principles of rational land management, zero technology of soil treatment, use of the forces of market specification, which provide formation of the functional food subsystem of the region and realization of effective economy policy of the region in this sphere.
B.M. Zhukov, O.V. Bulatova
Approaches to improve the system of financial support of territorial administration locality
On the basis of the author's researches, approaches are given to improve a system of effective control of territorial administration localities in the Krasnodar territory. The authors present three basic modifications of the model of the locality budgetary system which are based on the state-forming status of municipality and uncover accordingly three variants of its realization in the state budgetary mechanism.
Perfection of mechanisms for increasing efficiency of real sector in the regional sustainable innovative development of economy of Russia
This paper focuses upon the formation and functioning of mechanisms of real sector branches in domestic economy adequate to conditions of the competitive environment (using an example of a building complex). This is one of the crucial issues among the large variety of problems related to increasing efficiency of the Russian economy. Complex realization of innovative processes includes the system measures of scientific and technical activity, protection of intellectual property, certification of high technology production, presentation of services in the field of metrology and standardization and industrial-technological support of creation and development of new competitive production.
A.A. Kerashev, A.A. Mokrushin
The strategic management of interaction between vertically integrated corporations and regional economic systems of the South of Russia
The present paper defines a strategic field of interaction between vertically integrated corporations and regional economic systems. The strategy of focused integration of the mentioned meta-systems in economic sphere of the Southern Federal District is substantiated.
Theoretical aspects of the region energy strategy in terms of energy deficit: the goals, objectives and principles
The importance of balanced development of energy sector in the region is due to the high importance of energy for regional economic systems and the national economy as a whole. The present paper discusses the theoretical foundations and laws of formation of the regional energy strategies which are the main mechanism for regulating the region energy-supply system.
The resources and instruments of reproduction of human capital at the meso level
The paper discusses the vital issues of reproduction of human capital in the process of modernization of regional economical systems of contemporary Russia. The creative component of human factor becomes the form of assets and plays the leading role in this process, since the modernization is directed to assertion of innovation type of reproduction at the meso level.
I.P. Lazareva, I.V. Belomestnova
Human capital in the process of renovation of regional economic systems of Russia
The paper addresses the vital issues of participation of human capital as a subject form of realization of creative competences in the process of renovation of regional economical systems of contemporary Russia. The authors investigate special features of human capital at the meso level and tools of stirring up its role in this process, determining the aim of this process as an assertion of “knowledge-based economy”.
Functional content and structure of interaction between vertically integrated corporations and regional economic systems of the South of Russia
The paper defines the determinants of functional content of vertically integrated corporations and regional economic systems. The author examines the basic functions, the mode of structural organization and elements of interaction of the mentioned integrated subjects. The prevailing mode of structural organization of interaction between vertically integrated corporations and regional systems in economic sphere of the Southern Federal District is identified.
I.Yu. Natkho, N.M. Makarchouk
A subregional component of modernization of the regional economic system
The process of modernization has become a sense core of the regional economic policy of Russia. Problems that regions experience under the influence of the factors of competition cause the necessity of formation of effective subregional locations. The present paper discloses the most significant aspects of subregional component of modernization and presents recommendations for their solution.
Formation of centralized resources of region development in modern conditions
The paper examines formation of centralized resources of region development in modern conditions. Development of market relations requires from business entities searching and optimal use of the economic resources of development. Regional systems are not exception in this aspect. The identification of sources and instruments of formation, as well as directions of spending the centralized resources of regional development seems to be very urgent. This research allows a classification of the centralized resources of regional development on the basis of tools of their formation and direction of spending.
Imperatives of territorial managment in the conditions of globalization
The paper discusses perfection of the motivational mechanism of regional management by innovative processes in economy on the basis of formation of the reproductive structures of the territorial economy adequate to modern imperatives of information and globalization of public life and development of society of spatially localized systems.
Overcoming interbudgetary imbalance and fiscal subsidizing the subjects of the Privolzhsky federal district of the Russian Federation
Throughout a long period of time there is a tendency to maintain a constant number of regions getting subsidy in the Privolzhsky federal region of the Russian Federation. The present paper deals with overcoming economic dependence of subjects. In order to successfully establish fiscal independence of region budgets it is necessary to create conditions stimulating the increase of the revenue base of sub-federal budgets, as well as to carry out an effective adjustment of interbudgetary regulation.
The Account, Audit and the Control
N.N. Khakhonova, I.N. Emelyanova
A role of strategic audit in a system of audit of commercial organizations
The paper defines the role of strategic audit in the system of audit of commercial organizations. The authors discuss functions and basic tasks for its conduction, the basic place of strategic audit in structure of coordinated procedures and the basic concept of strategic audit and its constituents. Methods of obtaining information on client activity with the use of the system of balanced indices are discussed in the paper.
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
Instrumental support strategic priorities of agro-industrial sector economy of the region
This article discusses several aspects related to the formation mechanism for implementing the strategic priorities of the agro-industrial sector economy of the region under current conditions, taking into account the need to intensify the use of regional characteristics of its development. Particular attention is paid to regional specifics of the Republic of Adygea, their influence on the choice of the priorities of the agricultural sector and the instruments of implementation priorities.
Problems of financial maintenance of development of agrarian and industrial complex and ways of their solution at regional level
The paper deals with financial maintenance of development of agrarian and industrial complex at regional level in modern conditions. The retrospective review of development of this problem is given and the mechanisms of its solution are considered. On the basis of the analysis of foreign experience the mechanism of release of bonded loans for development of regional agrarian and industrial complex is proposed.
E.N. Zakharova, L.I. Brovkina
Formation of agro-clusters as a promising instrument of the investment development of regional agro-industrial complex (as shown by the Rostov region)
This paper focuses upon the formation of agro-clusters in the Rostov region. The authors discuss the largest investment projects of agro-industrial sphere in the Rostov region, included in the list of “One hundred governor's projects” and systematize the main principles of agro-cluster formation.
À.Z. Rysmyatov, I.A. Chayka
Development of land tenure and land management institution with a view to enhance sustainability and liquidity of farm enterprises
The present paper focuses upon the development of methodological approach to estimation of financial stability and liquidity of farm enterprises by including the real estate cost into accounting balance. This will be an efficient tool for improving accessibility to financial resources.
Integration potential of structural modernization of intersectoral interaction between subjects of regional agrarian-industrial complex at the meso level
The paper discloses the facilities and limitations of integrated structures in development of system of intersectoral interaction between economic subjects in the regional agrarian-industrial complex. On the basis of principles of vertical integration the crucial displays and consequences of structural reorganization of agrarian-industrial complex are specified. Special attention is paid to peculiarities of corporatization of intersectoral relations in the regional agrarian-industrial complex.
A.Sh. Khuazheva, Z.A. Dzharimova
Substantiation of economic efficiency of implementation of outsourcing relations in agroindustrial complex
The paper describes grounds for realization of agrarian outsourcing in the Russian agro economy on the basis of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar territory. The authors propose the organizational-economic model of outsourcing relations in the regional agro-industrial complex. The current methodology which can be used to assess the effectiveness of the application of the agrarian outsourcing is examined.
Management by Innovations
N.O. Starkova, V.V. Zabolotskaya
A system of intellectual asset management of small innovative company implementing outsourcing
An analysis is made of the current state of domestic small innovative business; the key problems hindering the further development of enterprises are identified. In order to solve the identified problems and increase intellectual capacity and the competitive advantages of Russian business an original model of the system of management of intellectual assets of small innovative company implementing the outsourcing in the conditions of instability of external business environment. The authors substantiate the advantages of its practical application in the activity of small innovative companies to solve problems related to the lack of financial funding at the stages of production and sales, as well as in the activity of large enterprises (outsourcing contractors) to increase the level of intellectual asset management and growth of competitiveness owing to the unique properties of the innovative product.
Mathematical Methods in Economy
New results of phase representation of the Russian macroeconomic dynamics
The paper informs that gross national product, inflation, the number of unemployed workers and other macroeconomic categories are extremely difficult for studying because of a large number of stochastic exogenous and endogenous influences. The new methods of the phase analysis of cycle representation and visualization help us to find strokes to understanding of the nature and mechanisms of macroeconomic development of Russia for 1992-2011.
Innovative Technologies in Marketing
N.P. Ketova, E.Yu. Timchenko
Ethnoterritorial specificity of the consumer behaviour of the population in the South of Russia as the factor of choice of the marketing strategy of companies in the local market
Consumer behavior of the ethnooriented population groups, considered in the paper, is one of the important components of the modern ethnomarketing. The publication shows that the consumer preferences, revealed in the author’s research, influence profoundly the choice of marketing strategies by the companies, functioning in the food markets, intended for the concrete ethnic population groups of the Northern Caucasus republics.
The Theory and Practice of Business
S.A. Kuzmenko, V.S. Khimicheva
Entrepreneurship as the phenomenon of the market economy: economic essence, subject determinacy and adaptation properties
Evolutional analysis of the development of category “entrepreneurship”, made in this paper, allowed us to track the historical retrospective of the formation of essential characteristics (properties and features) and the content of this phenomenon. The identification of its subject determinacy formed the economic image of the actor of the entrepreneurial process. The research of the functional role of his adaptation potential explains sustainability of this phenomenon owing to achievement of the organic character of his interaction with the changing external market environment.
M.V. Rossinskaya, M.V. Bugaeva
Regional features of development of service sphere in the Southern Federal District
The formation of the service economy is one of the directions of modernization in modern Russia. The uneven economic development of the regions of the Russian Federation determines the degree of their services. The paper examines the development of the service sector of the regions of the Southern federal district.
The concept of service sphere development in non-wood forest management
The paper addresses the formation and development of service sphere in non-wood forest management. The development terms of non-wood forest management, existing in territory of contemporary Russia, define the necessity of searches for special tools of development.
O.V. Aluyan, L.M. Osadchuk
Macroeconomic preconditions of increasing efficiency of foreign economic activity at industrial enterprises
The paper deals with the improving mechanism of regulation of foreign economic activities undertaken by industrial enterprises. The work systematizes macroeconomic preconditions of the increasing efficiency of foreign economic activity at enterprises. The authors substantiate the necessity of interrelation of organizational and economic preconditions within the framework of industrial policy.
A.N. Gritsenko, O.I. Tolmachyovà
The terms and preconditions of the embedding a controlling system at sugar enterprises of the Krasnodar territory
The paper gives a review of development of the sugar industry in the Krasnodar territory in the last decade. The existing controlling systems at sugar factories are estimated. The authors disclose the terms and preconditions of the embedding a controlling system.
R.L. Lushnikov, G.L. Bayanduryan
Substantiation of ways to improve the mechanism of resource protection in terms of economic modernization
The paper deals with the problems of development and perfection of the mechanism of resource protection in the industry. The authors identify basic directions of saving resources and show their dependence on market instruments and government regulation. The necessity of public-private partnership in providing resource protection aimed at sustainable increasing efficiency of the use of resources.
L.V. Popova, A.E. Bogdanova
The diagnostics of counterparty internal risks on the basis of financial risk controlling model
Building up the reliable and promising business relationships is one of the key elements of any business development strategy. In practice it is rather difficult to assess the counterparty in the context of financial stability, respectability and business reputation. This paper is devoted to the construction of a diagnostics model of the internal risks of the potential business partner. This tool will significantly improve the efficiency of the financial risk management.
Artistic elucidation of philosophical lyrics by Nalbiy Kuek
The paper examines the poetry of talented poet Nalbiy Kuek. The author studies Nalbiy Kuek’s lyric poetry of the 1960-1970s. In this paper, artistic features of verses of this poet are identified. On the basis of verses the poet’s thoughts are characterized. The essence of the lyrical hero is discussed.
Traditions of F. Tyutchev in the philosophical lyric of the Yaroslavl poet K. Vasilyev
The paper discloses traditions of philosophical lyric of F.Tyutchev in poetry of the Yaroslavl poet of the 20th century K.Vasilyev. Both authors are notable for the aggravated feeling of perception of the surrounding reality and for the attempt to take a glance beyond the borders of other-wordly, as well as similarity of subjects, problematics, motives and the poetic techniques, the main of which is a technique of contrasting. For F.Tyutchev and K.Vasilyev the “philosophy” is an organic poetic thought.
The image of death in “Steppe Book” by Oleg Pavlov
The paper provides an analysis of the image of death in a cycle of stories “The Steppe Book” by O.Pavlov. This image, emerging throughout the narrative, is the key in understanding this work and symbolic for the writer’s prose in general. Just the attitude of heroes to death helps the author to reveal the true nature of a man.
The evolution of the Tatar children’s poetry of the 1920-1960s
The paper examines the tendencies in development of the Tatar children’s poetry of the 1920-1960s. The author defines the influence of a cultural-historical context on the content and the form of children's poetry. The genre structure and stylistic features of poetry for children of some well-known Tatar poets are investigated. A connection is established between the children's poetry of the 1920-1960s and products for children written at the beginning of the 20th century. The influence of folklore on creativity of children's poets is identified.
The comic peculiarity in late creativity
The paper discusses specificity of the comic in late creativity of Vsevolod Sergeevich Solovyev (1843-1903). An analysis is made of the novels “Evil Vortices” and “The Tsar’s Embassy”. In the first novel, the comic and ridiculous situations lay bare an absurd style of thinking of separate representatives of para-religious trends. The second novel shows specificity of dialogue of cultures, as well as the curious aspects of social and domestic life of pre-Pertine Russia. On the basis of the analysis it is established that in the early works the author considered mainly tragic and drama aspects of historical and social life, but in the late creativity the writer uses another approach to elucidate the past and the present.
Spatial-temporal coordinates of a model of the world in the Adyghe modern novel
The aim of the present paper is to define the influence of mythic poetic on features of world modeling in the Adyghe modern novel. The author investigates space and time categories, analyzes features of their artistic realization and shows their transformation in the mythic poetic context of novels of mythologizing writers (Kh.Beshtokov, N.Kuek, Yu.Chuyako, D.Koshubaev). Results of research testify to multidimensionality of the spatial-temporal continuum of novels under study and to a polysemy of space and time categories in a narrative.
Category of home in the artistic conception of the person in Russian prose at the boundary of the 20-21st centuries
The paper examines the category of home as a device of disclosing an artistic concept of the person in the Russian prose at the boundary of the 20-21st centuries. Methodological approaches to this concept are compared. The author studies the traditions and innovation of the writers addressing this category and accentuates its universality and prospects. The permanence of spiritual and metaphysical criterion in studying national literatures is proved.
Features of personification of an ideal of the man in R. Kharis's poetry
The paper describes Renat Kharis’s creativity who is one of the talented and uncommon persons of the present time. Consideration of data on the poet is followed by the analysis of an image of the man in the Russian and Tatar literature in terms of harmony of the physical, spiritual and intellectual. A number of poems are analyzed; images of the hero are characterized. The author gives a picture of life of the man and discusses his physical and spiritual formation.
The person and the nature in the modern lyric poetry of Mordovia (as shown by creativity of Victor Gadaev)
The theme of the person and the nature in the modern lyric poetry of Mordovia is considered. The paper examines the basic laws of development of this theme in creativity of V.Gadaev, one of the modern poets of Mordovia. It is proved that in early creativity the hero of V.Gadaev’s poetry is only the detached onlooker of the phenomena occurring in the kingdom of the nature. In the course of time the poet puts him in the center of the nature. The person, in the poet’s opinion, is capable “to create the nature”, dependent on his will and reason. Thus, the paper provides the art-esthetic concept related to the solution by the poet of a question on a place of the person in the kingdom of the nature and on a role of the nature in human life.
R.B. Unarokova, M.M. Pashtova
Prospects of studying the Adyghe folklore
The paper examines the modern problematic aspects of the Adyghe folkloristic science, defines the basic vectors of its development and substantiates the choice of priority directions. The authors touch upon the theoretical questions of subject borders of folkloristic and interdisciplinary sciences. The work describes the field, scientific-theoretical, scientific-practical and publishing experience of the Center of the Adyghe Studies of the Adyghe State University in the solution of the designated problems.
Reconsideration of romantic stereotypes of folklorism in P.Merimee's book “Guzla”
The paper analyzes folklorism of the book “Guzla” by Prosper Merimee as a part of his philosophic-esthetic system. The question is examined in a context of views on folklore depicted in the Romanticism literature. As a result the author comes to a conclusion about qualitative novelty of the concept of P.Merimee related to parody and game reconsideration of traditional images, plots and motives in his book.
Folklore heritage of the peiple as the basic principle of the north caucasian literatures
This research focuses upon complicated interrelations of the North Caucasian literatures and national folklore. The author identifies the folklore motives and the techniques which have entered into poetic works of art, as well as a concrete image of the national poet, having a prototype in real life, who is the basic founder, the keeper and the distributor of songs concerning this subject in the North Caucasus.
Concept of death in L.N. Tolstoy's great story “Ivan Ilich's Death”
The paper analyzes the originality and features of the concept of death in L.N. Tolstoy's great story “Ivan Ilich's Death” in the light of the modern ethic-philosophical approach. The author examines a sense-forming function of death for constructing a plot structure. The great story by Tolstoy is always in the field of vision of researchers of last decades who emphasize the writer’s conception on fundamental incomprehensibility of death. The human consciousness is capable only to establish such a fact, but it is not capable to uncover it empirically.
Self-determination of the provincial press (as shown by a publicistic material of the 1860-1880th Astrakhan newspapers)
The paper discusses the debatable publicistic material of the 1860-1880th Astrakhan private editions, devoted to dispute on priorities of the capital and provincial press. It gives us an opportunity to get acquainted with stages of formation and self-determination of the provincial press as an independent public institute. The basic stages of discussion are correlated with public transformations. Both provincial and a capital press are partners equal in rights in public opinion formation.
Incentive character of information field in the political newspaper text: modeling and components
The paper provides a characteristic of political newspaper communication through a prism of the news text as a base element of the given communication. The theoretical problems related to interpretation of a news material are disclosed. The model of incentiveness of information field in the political newspaper text is presented. The author examines two plans of incentive space of the information material the structural parts of which are closely interrelated and mutually complemented. The aspects of each of the allocated plans of incentiveness are described.
Change of priorities in genre system of periodicals of the Post-Soviet period
The paper discusses changes which have occurred in a genre paradigm of periodicals at the end of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st centuries. Promotion of genres which are connected with high degree of display of author’s “I” in the foreground is marked. The conclusion is drawn about strengthening the influence of the author’s journalism presented by such genres as the comment, the review and the essay.
M.V. Nedogarko, F.B. Beshukova
National structure and political orientation of the first editions of «Russian press» of the USA
The paper examines history of Russian emigration in a context of specificity of its publishing in territory of the USA. Newspapers in Russian are analyzed in terms of their language features related to purposes and the audit factor. By comparison the author identifies the leading tendencies in an editorial policy of various editions of the Russian emigration, including the Jewish, which are basically caused by their political orientation.
Educational-scientific speech as interaction area of scientific and educational discourses in the conditions of changing speech standards
The article is devoted to the actual problems of educational communication and educational discourse and text. Educational communication is influenced by present-day standards of language and discourse. Educational speech and text are viewed as an interaction area of scientific communication and educational communication.
Communicative-pragmatic aspect of studing polipredicative composite sentenses in publicistic texts
The paper describes the results of research of communicative-pragmatic aspect of studying polypredicative composite sentences on the basis of a material of publicistic texts. The author shows the influence of different communicative-pragmatic installations on semantics and the syntactic organization of sentences. It has been established that the formation of the text with the use of polypredicative composite sentences is caused not only by linguistic, but also by extralinguistic factors. In this connection a strategy and tactics defining an orientation of the publicistic text is disclosed.
R.A. Volkova, Yu.P. Nechay
Features of stylization of German informal conversation in E.M. Remarque’s art prose
The paper examines features of informal language stylization in E.M. Remarque’s art prose. A number of terms of the German linguistics designating a concept of “informal language” are described. The authors show how informal language parameters are displayed in his novels. These parameters are manifested at all levels of the language, but to a greater degree, in lexicon and syntax. It is established that by these means the writer manages to present ease of dialogue of the heroes and to disclose their images.
A notional essence of borrowings from the English language in advertising text
The article examines indicated the most frequency notions of borrowings from the English language in advertising text. It is described a notional essence of information component of borrowings from the English language, it is given and analysed the examples of borrowings from the English language in advertising text. It is singled out four most frequency notions that are dominant in advertising: object, service, quality, procedure. A notional essence includes the whole layer of systemic cognitive relations, reflects the object in its common notional indications.
A.G. Dedukhina, T.M. Grushevskaya
Definitional concept of information essence of borrowings from the English language
The article examines meanings of notions of information essence of borrowings from the English language in distraction of language form of their expression. It is described a definitional concept of information essence of borrowings from the English language, it is given and analysed definitions of borrowings from the English language. Definitional concept of information essence of borrowings from the English language has several species and subspecies of definitions, which disclose a meaning of advertising goods or service more precisely and completely or help to learn it.
Language behavior of Internet communication
In this article the Internet is considered as a special communication sphere, which brings new ways of communication and new forms of language. The features of Internet communication – written pronunciation, hyper-intertextuality, spontaneity.
The role of sound semantics in formation of dictionary meanings in the kalmyk linguistic culture (as shown by sound [a:])
This article is dedicated to the investigation of the problem of forming lexical meaning in the Kalmyk linguistic culture and the analysis of the role of the basic semantic meanings of the sounds in this process. On the basis of the material under examination it is presumed that the vowels in this linguistic culture have their own broad meanings that constitute the general semantics of the words in the modern Kalmyk language.
Methods of realization of communicative-pragmatical tasks of polypredicative compound sentences-paragraphs in the scientific speech style
The realization of communicative-pragmatical tasks of polypredicative compound sentences-paragraphs in the scientific speech style is accomplished in different methods using unequal lexical, morphological, syntaxical language means, etc.
Children’s occasional word as a unit of neology
Some peculiarities of mechanism of mastering a language and word creation processes in the speech of Russian children are presented in the article. Occasionalisms as a part of word-formation system show the possibilities of a language at producing new words; their study promotes revealing of tendencies of word-formation processes. Neologisms are considered - on the one hand - as special regularity in children's speech development, and as an evident illustration of ways and forms of development of a language - on the other hand.
A concept of a “child” in proverbial fund (as shown by material of the Russian and German proverbs and sayings)
The present article deals with a comparative analysis of German and Russian proverbs and sayings which are mentioned the problem of family relationships. In the article are analyzed the key-words: concept «child», proverb, saying, a picture of the world, lingwoculturel aspect. As the result of the comparison of Russian and German proverbs and sayings demonstration concept «child» their common features and national peculiarities of people are revealed.
A rhymed translation and a translation by using a free verse
The present research focuses upon rhymed and unrhymed translation of Russian poetry into the French language. The author demonstrates that loss of a rhyme in translation of the poetic original leads to a discord between the original and translation. The rhyme cements the verbal-art information in a single whole, implementing a text-forming function. The analysis shows that unrhymed translation reduces the emotional-aesthetic potential of rhymed poetic speech.
Realization of aesthenic function in text of art
The paper characterizes the sign nature of aesthetic functions of the text of art as an expression of culture level of the author’s mental consciousness. After examining aesthetic features of the text of art the author gives a characteristic of expressive – image-bearing organization of the text of art as an expression of a category of figurativeness. Expressional means of language are listed, including domination of a connotative component and expansion of semantic volume of lexical meaning. The aesthetic functions of the text of art are described. With the help of expressional means they can reflect both the language person of the author and his outlook.
The plan of authorization of the political newspaper text in terms of the mechanism of the semantic organization of a text material
The paper examines the structural-semantic organization of a text material of the political newspaper article and discloses semantic integrity of information field of the article. The author analyzes the text field partitioning into paragraphs and allocates three groups of paragraphs: informative, argumentative and explicative. Using examples from English newspapers, the author shows language shaping of each of the allocated paragraphs.
L.G. Popova, R.S. Osipov
The semantic characteristic of synonymic core lexemes of «der Mut/courage», expressing a concept of «courage» in the German and English languages
The research focuses upon elucidation of similarities in structure of synonymic rows of “der Mut/courage” core lexemes. For this it is necessary to draw up a list of synonymic rows of the mentioned lexemes, to find out their semantic characteristics on the basis of data obtained from explanatory dictionaries and to compare them with the comparison elements using data from etymological dictionaries in order to find out the character of their resemblance. The analysis has shown a relative character of similarity of separate synonyms from the revealed synonymic rows of core lexemes.
Text space of interview: a model of its organization
The paper gives a characteristic of a communicative model of interview. The text space of interview is defined. Two levels of interview representation are distinguished and the organizational structure of the text of interview is provided. The work describes the model of the organization of text space of interview.
System of values as reflection of the mechanism of the mental organization in the Adyghe’s language
The paper examines the approach to learning language of the Adyghe fantastic texts on the basis of reflection in it of key moral-ethical values of the people. The fantastic lexicon, transferring a national-cultural originality of language consciousness, is presented as the means of reflection of the Adyghe’s mentality. The national-cultural originality of the Adyghes turns to be one of the most important components of mentality of the people, defining world perception and the further behavior in various reality situations.
R.Kh. Khayrullina, Aychichek Musap, Boztash Abdullakh
Universal cultural concepts in a context of cross-cultural communication
Thematic and ideographical systematization of Russian and Turkish phraseological units analysis of two universal concepts - a man and water in the article. Aim of the article is linguacognitive analys of this two universal concepts. During an analysis the common to all mankind and national features of interpretation of these concepts are educed by Russian and Turkish people, that allowed to draw conclusion about importance of account of national world vision in the process of cross-cultural communication.
Semantic and structualfunctional specifity of the author’s modelling of the world in space of the text of art
An attempt is undertaken to examine the text of art as a speech product of the certain style having definite semantic and structural-functional specificity. The key verbal signs carry out a special cognitive function in the text of art. They are a means of representation of the author’s cognition, as well as they participate in construction of the text cognitive structure.
Study of Arts
The academic music in non-academic performance: some features of «middle culture»
The paper presents new alternative forms of the traditional academic concert. The author describes a new field of culture – middle culture – in which elements of elite and mass cultures are echoed. As a result of analysis of the various experiments related to the non-traditional approach to performance of the musical classics, the author distinguishes factors influencing the change of existence environment, the functional and content features of the opus; and describes the means promoting this transformation.
Compliance with rites in modern divine service: stable and mobile elements
The paper discusses correlation of stable and mobile elements in modern observance of the rules in Russian Orthodox Church divine services. Analyzing theological and musicological researches, as well as generalizing the data of sociological researches and own twenty years’ supervision, the author distinguishes the expansion and reduction zones of compliance with rites, testifying to proceeding evolution of divine service forms.
About a strange error of V.G. Belinsky
This work is devoted to A.S. Pushkin’s poem “Tazit” and to V.G. Belinsky’s treatment of the content of this poem. The great critic has incorrectly defined a national identity of protagonists in the poem. The author asserts that there is no identification of the Circassians with the Chechens in the text of A.S. Pushkin’s poem. It is assumed that someone has corrected V.G. Belinsky’s article without consent of the author.
V.A. Kozlov, L.Zh. Palandzhyants
Multiplicative integrals of matrix functions generated by the representation of Lie algebras A1
The paper proposes a method for calculating the product integral of the matrix functions generated by the representations of Lie algebras Ëè1.
A.Kh. Khokonov, M.B. Masaev, M.Z. Konov
Results of two-year exposition of emulsion chamber of Elbrus high-mountainous spectrometer
The paper discusses the result of a two-year exposition of a small emulsion chamber at an elevation of 3850 m («Ice Base», a slope of Elbrus). On the basis of calculation of quantity of the tracks formed by space beams in an emulsion, the stream of protons at this level was determined to be 3,410^-5 ñì^-2•ñ^-1.
Yu.F. Golovnev, I.G. Sidorova, A.B. Lakovtsev
Triplet excitons in nanodimensional superlattices EuO – SrO
The work examines a heterosystem on the basis of ferromagnetic semiconductor EuO. Using a spin-Hamiltonian method the scheme of power levels of exciton conditions is constructed. It is established that energy of communication of electron and hole in based exciton increases by a size of energy of an exchange.
G.N. Gudkova, V.S. Druzhinina
Morphological and anatomic structure of funicles of showered and non-showered pea varieties
The paper examines the results of studying the funicle structure of pea varieties with tendency to cast or not to cast grain. For the first time distinctions in morphological and anatomic structure of funicles are shown.
Z.Kh. Mashukov, A.V. Yakimov
Current state of populations of a chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758)) in the hunting farms of the Kabardin-Balkariya (the Central Caucasus)
The work provides data on a current state of a population of a chamois in the hunting-pilot farm of the Kabardin-Balkar Republic.
Landscape distinctions in economic development and management of soils in Adygheya Republic
The paper discusses the basic types of management of the processed soils in territory of Adygheya Republic, their landscape distinctions and vegetative microzones.
A.Yu. Mishenin, E.M. Berdichevskaya
Peculiarities of functional interhemispheric asymmetry in Top-Level wrestlers of Greek-Roman style
A wrestler's preferred stance is an example of the organization of the man's asymmetrical posture control, reflecting individual peculiarities of the functional interhemispheric asymmetry. Bat the laws of the stance formation taking into account lateralization of an athlete's sensor and motor function have not been investigated yet, though they are important for the sporting selection and individualization of the training process. The paper presents the comparative analysis of the specific character of an individual profile of the asymmetry, as well as the analysis of its sensor and motor components in Top-Level wrestlers of Greek-Roman style preferring right- and left-sided stance.
A.R. Tuguz, R.Sh. Ozheva, D.V. Muzhenya, S.P. Lysenkov, A.Kh. Agirov, T.M. Ashkanova, T.A. Ivanenko, E.N. Anokhina
Ecological and genetic factors of predisposition of the population of Adygheya Republic to cardiovascular diseases: frequencies of the angiotensinogen genes Met235Thr and Thr174Met polymorphisms and A1166C alleles of angiotensinogen-2 receptor I (AGT2R1)
The basic ecological factors influencing development of cardiovascular diseases in Adygheya Republic include natural sources of ionising radiation (radon isotopes and the products of its disintegration that are found in air of inhabited and public premises), the increased contents of iron and manganese in potable water and excess of concentration of inorganic and organic compounds and metals: oxides of nitrogen, carbon, sulphur, ammonia, hydrocarbons, formaldehyde, phenol, lead and cadmium in atmospheric air. Frequency of the AGT gene Met235Thr polymorphism associated with risk of development of cardiovascular diseases is 0,410 at teenagers of Adygheya Republic that exceeds similar indicators for the population of the Rostov region (0,179). The authors have not revealed authentic distinctions in frequency of the AGT gene Met235Thr polymorphism in the surveyed ethnic groups living in Adygheya Republic.
Model of accumulation of primary material of fossil coals and coal-bearing formations: modern view
In the paper, the notion about allochthonous phytomass accumulation at formation of overwhelming majority of seam-like coal deposits is substantiated. An alternative version of the theory of rhythmical sedimentation of coal-bearing series, where leading role belongs to pulsing lifting of wash-out areas rather than to wave-like movements of the sedimentation area, is suggested.
E.V. Lutsenko, V.E. Korzhakov
Some problematic aspects of the classical cluster analysis
The paper discusses the basic problems related to the cluster analysis, namely: (a) parameters of the cluster generalized image are calculated as the average of initial objects (classes) or the gravity centers; (b) the Euclidean distance or its variants, incorrect in neortho normalized spaces, which usually occurs in practice, is used as a criterion for similarity; (c) the cluster analysis is carried out on the basis of initial variables or a matrix of conjugacy, depending on units of measure on axes for formalization of which scales of different types are used. For these reasons results of clusterization are often unclear to experts and cannot be substantially interpreted, they do not agree with experts’ estimations, their experience and intuitive expectations. The idea of the solution of the listed problems is suggested.